Sports Greece inaugurates in Samos its first "closed" camp for asylum seekers
to the one: In Greece, "Moria no longer exists, but nothing has changed for refugees"
© AFP - Louisa Gouliamiki Photo of the refugee camp of Moria, in Greece, taken on September 10, 2020, ravaged by fires. Nearly 13,000 migrants left homeless remained in wandering on the island of Lesbos. On September 8th and 9th, 2020, Moria's camp, the largest in Europe, leaving smoke, ravaged by two fires. One year later, asylum seekers have been relocated in a new, more overcrowded structure, but in always precarious conditions, more isolated than ever.
barbed wire, X-ray scanners and magnetic doors: on the Greek island of Samos, the new "closed" camp for migrants, first of a "new generation" inaugurated Saturday, looks at first sight at a prison isolated to a quarter minutes of the main city.
on the Greekof Samos, on a plot of more than 12,000 m2 lined with a double line of barbed wire, more than 300 asylum seekers will be transferred to the new "closed" camp from Monday From the bidonville of Vathy soon dismantled, where they had so far were at the gates of the city. The camp, says "new generation" is located a quarter of an hour away from the main city.
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"From Samos, we send a message to all the islands: Moria (Lesbos) or Vathy's unhealthy camps now belong to the past", said the Greek minister of migrations, Notis Mitrachi, during The inauguration ceremony of the camp still empty Saturday, September 18th.
divided into several "neighborhoods", asylum seekers will have access to restoration areas, sports, games, but also shared kitchens. The containers have five beds and a cabinet, overlooking Turkish toilets and shared showers, has noted a team of AFP.
The new installation, criticized in advance by many NGOs, cost 43 million euros, according to the Ministry of Migration.
Retention for the disbouved asylum law
within it, a detention center has been planned for the disbouved migrants of the right of asylum and dedicated to be returned to Turkey.
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Similarly on the island of Leros, where a camp of this type should be completed next month and that of Kos, immediately after.
in Lesbos, where Moria camp was reduced in ashes last year, the work has not yet started and should not be completed before the fall of 2022, according to a government source.
The European Commission is committed to financing 276 million euros five new camps on the Aegean Islands which receive most migrants arriving nearby Turkish coasts.
"This is the first new generation reception center on the Aegean Islands" , "said Samos Beate Gminer, Deputy Director of Migration and Interior to the European Commission.
in Samos, the Bidonville de Vathy housed nearly 7,000 asylum seekers between 2015 and 2016, for an initial capacity of 680 people.
On the 550 migrants remaining on the island, some 300, living in insalubrity, agreed to be transferred to the new camp where they must arise on Monday.
Greece inaugurates in Samos its first "closed" camp for asylum seekers
© AFP B Arbeled, X-ray scanners and magnetic doors: on the Greek island of Samos, the new "closed" camp for migrants , first of a "new generation" inaugurated Saturday, looks at first sight at a prison isolated a quarter of an hour from the main city.
Fears about the confinement of
migrants But they will no longer be able to leave the day from 08:00 to 20:00, transported by bus to the city and forced to present their fingerprints and an electronic badge at the magnetic gate at the entrance.
Disciplinary sanctions are planned for those who would not return before 8 pm.
These new centers "will prevent efficiently identifying vulnerable people", "limiting access for asylum seekers to services" and "amplify the adverse effect of the containment on the mental health of persons" , have lasted about fifty NGOs, including Amnesty International.
"The word + closed + often returns" , admitted Mireille Girard, the representative in Greece of the Office of the United Nations' Refugees (UNHCR). "It worries the refugees who heard it. We discussed it with the authorities and it was repeated this morning that it will be open camps, which is very important ", she told AFP after the inauguration.
For her, "Vathy was the worst camp of the whole country, so it's good to close this chapter. That said, it is very important that people in the new structure can move freely inside and outside the camp to restore after their arrival a sense of normality ".
Athens continues to welcome the significant decongestion of camps and the arrival reduction of nearly 90% since 2019.
But NGOs explain this decline by the repression of migrants to Turkey, which the Greek Conservative government denies .
To one: What German policy in the Balkans after Merkel? .
© AFP / Tobias Schwarz After 16 years, Angela Merkel leaves his position as Chancellor. She went to Serbia and Albania for her last official trip abroad . Angela Merkel has always affirmed his commitment to the European integration of the Balkans, and opposed all territorial sharing projects in Kosovo. But has the Chancellor not supported authoritarian regimes, "stabilocracies" in the region? And after she, what will be the policy of Germany? Balance sheet and Perspectives .