Weekend Reads: Erdogan’s Ambitions Go Beyond Syria. He Says He Wants Nuclear Weapons. - - PressFrom - Canada
  •   
  •   
  •   

Weekend Reads Erdogan’s Ambitions Go Beyond Syria. He Says He Wants Nuclear Weapons.

12:00  21 october  2019
12:00  21 october  2019 Source:   nytimes.com

Exclusive: Turkey Bombs US Special Forces in Syria Attack, Apparently by Mistake

  Exclusive: Turkey Bombs US Special Forces in Syria Attack, Apparently by Mistake A contingent of U.S. Special Forces has been caught up in Turkish shelling against U.S.-backed Kurdish positions in northern Syria.A contingent of U.S. Special Forces was caught up in Turkish shelling against U.S.-backed Kurdish positions in northern Syria, days after President Donald Trump told his Turkish counterpart he would withdraw U.S. troops from certain positions in the area. A senior Pentagon official said shelling by the Turkish forces was so heavy that the U.S. personnel considered firing back in self-defense.

WASHINGTON — Turkey’ s president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan , wants more than control over a wide swath of Syria along his country’ s border. He says he wants the Bomb. In the weeks leading up to his order to launch the military across the border to clear Kurdish areas

He Says He Wants Nuclear Weapons . : Pence will urge Syria ceasefire in Thursday meeting with Turkey' s Erdogan -White House He says he wants the Bomb. © Burhan Ozbilici/Associated Press President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey addressing legislators from his ruling party this month in

(Provided by Reuters)

WASHINGTON — Turkey’s president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, wants more than control over a wide swath of Syria along his country’s border. He says he wants the Bomb.

In the weeks leading up to his order to launch the military across the border to clear Kurdish areas, Mr. Erdogan made no secret of his larger ambition. “Some countries have missiles with nuclear warheads,” he told a meeting of his governing party in September. But the West insists “we can’t have them,” he said. “This, I cannot accept.”

'We betrayed' the Kurds, US troops express anger at Trump's Syria policy

  'We betrayed' the Kurds, US troops express anger at Trump's Syria policy A wide range of American military personnel and defense officials are expressing a deep sense of frustration and anger at the Trump administration's refusal to support Syrian Kurds facing a Turkish military assault, over half a dozen US military and defense officials have told CNN. Several US military and defense officials, including personnel deployed to Syria, expressed dismay at how the Trump administration has handled the situation.One US official said it is well known that some senior US military officials are livid at how the Kurds have been treated given their role in helping the US fight ISIS.

WASHINGTON — Turkey’ s president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan , wants more than control over a wide swath of Syria along his country’ s border. In the weeks leading up to his order to launch the military across the border to clear Kurdish areas, Mr. Erdogan made no secret of his larger ambition .

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has expressed interest in acquiring nuclear weapons , and while international treaties would make the feat He also noted Erdogan ’ s more passive rhetoric regarding China's treatment of Turkic Uighurs, which in the past he strongly condemned, as evidence

Sign Up For the Morning Briefing Newsletter

With Turkey now in open confrontation with its NATO allies, having gambled and won a bet that it could conduct a military incursion into Syria and get away with it, Mr. Erdogan’s threat takes on new meaning. If the United States could not prevent the Turkish leader from routing its Kurdish allies, how can it stop him from building a nuclear weapon or following Iran in gathering the technology to do so?

It was not the first time Mr. Erdogan has spoken about breaking free of the restrictions on countries that have signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, and no one is quite sure of his true intentions. The Turkish autocrat is a master of keeping allies and adversaries off balance, as President Trump discovered in the past two weeks.

Ottawa halts weapon sales to Turkey after it invades Syria

  Ottawa halts weapon sales to Turkey after it invades Syria The Canadian government has suspended new weapons sales to Turkey as its NATO ally invades northern Syria. Global Affairs Canada confirmed that Ottawa has “temporarily suspended new export permits to Turkey.” Canada joins fellow NATO members Germany and France in pausing military sales to Ankara, as the Turkish army pushes into Kurdish territory in Syria. Airstrikes have already claimed civilian lives, at least one Kurdish politician has been assassinated, and some captured Islamic State fighters may be freed in the melee.

Erdogan said it is unacceptable for states with nuclear arms to tell Turkey it cannot have missiles But pursuing a nuclear weapons programme could also enrage Moscow, a nuclear power which Let’ s carry them to the safe zones there, “Give us logistical support and we can go build housing

Erdogan said , “When I was on a visit there, he told me, ‘They tell us this and that, yet I have about 7,500 nuclear warheads at present, but Russia While the chief of staff made do with insinuations, Erdogan ’ s assertion of ongoing work in the context of nuclear -tipped missiles is clear and explicit

“The Turks have said for years that they will follow what Iran does,” said John J. Hamre, a former deputy secretary of defense who now runs the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington. “But this time is different. Erdogan has just facilitated America’s retreat from the region.”

Also watch: Erdogan says Turkey to resume Syria offensive if truce deal falters (Provided by Reuters)

“Maybe, like the Iranians, he needs to show that he is on the two-yard line, that he could get a weapon at any moment,” Mr. Hamre said.

Trump Betrayed the Kurds. He Couldn’t Help Himself.

  Trump Betrayed the Kurds. He Couldn’t Help Himself. Trump Betrayed the Kurds. He Couldn’t Help Himself.U.S. President Donald Trump’s betrayal of the Kurds stung deeply. “They trusted us and we broke that trust. It’s a stain on the American conscience.” These, according to The New York Times, are the searing words of an Army officer who has worked alongside the Kurds in northern Syria.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Wednesday rejected calls to prevent his country from acquiring nuclear weapons , saying it was unacceptable for nuclear -armed Published September 5. Turkey' s Erdogan says he won't accept nuclear -armed nations telling him his nation can't have nukes.

Those weapons , one senior official said , were now essentially Erdogan ’ s hostages. He also raised doubts about how much the Turks prioritize the weapons , noting the weapons stored at Incirlik are gravity bombs — they can only be delivered via aircraft, and no Turkish aircraft certified to deliver

If so, he is on his way — with a program more advanced than that of Saudi Arabia, but well short of what Iran has assembled. But experts say it is doubtful that Mr. Erdogan could put a weapon together in secret. And any public move to reach for one would provoke a new crisis: His country would become the first NATO member to break out of the treaty and independently arm itself with the ultimate weapon.

Already Turkey has the makings of a bomb program: uranium deposits and research reactors — and mysterious ties to the nuclear world’s most famous black marketeer, Abdul Qadeer Khan of Pakistan. It is also building its first big power reactor to generate electricity with Russia’s help. That could pose a concern because Mr. Erdogan has not said how he would handle its nuclear waste, which could provide the fuel for a weapon. Russia also built Iran’s Bushehr reactor.

Also watch: Erdogan vows to 'crush the heads' of Kurdish fighters if ceasefire fails (Provided by Reuters)

Experts said it would take a number of years for Turkey to get to a weapon, unless Mr. Erdogan bought one. And the risk for Mr. Erdogan would be considerable.

Trump Lashes Out on Syria as Republicans Rebuke Him in House Vote

  Trump Lashes Out on Syria as Republicans Rebuke Him in House Vote Correction: October 16, 2019 This article has been revised to reflect the following correction: An earlier version of this article misquoted President Trump. He said, referring to Syria, "They have a problem with Turkey, they have a problem at a border. It's not our border." He did not say "it's not our problem." This article has been revised to reflect the following correction: An earlier version of this article misquoted President Trump. He said, referring to Syria, "They have a problem with Turkey, they have a problem at a border. It's not our border." He did not say "it's not our problem.

Trump today said that Erdogan had assured him that he wants the 'ceasefire' with Kurdish militants He said : 'President Trump' s letter, which did not go hand in hand with political and diplomatic The Turkish leader said he would hold further talks on northeast Syria with Russian President Vladimir

Erdogan did not stop with nuclear ambitions . He added some leverage to the situation by discussing the refugee situation in Syria . Erdogan is demanding a “safe zone” in Syria . If an agreement is not reached with the United States, Erdogan has indicated he will release millions of refugees through

“Erdogan is playing to an anti-American domestic audience with his nuclear rhetoric, but is highly unlikely to pursue nuclear weapons,” said Jessica C. Varnum, an expert on Turkey at Middlebury’s James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies in Monterey, Calif. “There would be huge economic and reputational costs to Turkey, which would hurt the pocketbooks of Erdogan’s voters.”

“For Erdogan,” Ms. Varnum said, “that strikes me as a bridge too far.”

There is another element to this ambiguous atomic mix: The presence of roughly 50 American nuclear weapons, stored on Turkish soil. The United States had never openly acknowledged their existence, until Wednesday, when Mr. Trump did exactly that.

Asked about the safety of those weapons, kept in an American-controlled bunker at Incirlik Air Base, Mr. Trump said, “We’re confident, and we have a great air base there, a very powerful air base.”

But not everyone is so confident, because the air base belongs to the Turkish government. If relations with Turkey deteriorated, the American access to that base is not assured.

Turkey has been a base for American nuclear weapons for more than six decades. Initially, they were intended to deter the Soviet Union, and were famously a negotiating chip in defusing the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis, when President John F. Kennedy secretly agreed to remove missiles from Turkey in return for Moscow doing the same in Cuba.

Trump appears to confirm U.S. nukes are in Turkey, an admission that would break with longstanding protocol

  Trump appears to confirm U.S. nukes are in Turkey, an admission that would break with longstanding protocol Asked about the U.S.'s reported stockpile in Turkey, Trump said, "We're confident" they're safe. The U.S. government has never confirmed that stockpile exists.Trump was asked about the security of those weapons, now that Turkey has gone against U.S. wishes by invading northern Syria after Trump ordered a withdrawal of U.S. troops from the region. He didn’t explicitly confirm the weapons were there, but he went along with the premise, saying “we’re confident” they’ll be safe “and we have a great air base there — a very powerful air base.

What’ s more, he ’ s solving it on terms that are stunningly favorable to Turkey. Before the offensive, the Turkish and American governments had already been working to set up a safe zone in northern Syria .

Erdogan now is sure that he can do anything and anywhere without facing serious problems, as until now the only "obstacles" for his actions have been some concerns expressed by this or that country or organization. Is the world sure that Turkey is only killing Kurdish militants that it considers to be

But tactical weapons have remained. Over the years, American officials have often expressed nervousness about the weapons, which have little to no strategic use versus Russia now, but have been part of a NATO strategy to keep regional players in check — and keep Turkey from feeling the need for a bomb of its own.

When Mr. Erdogan put down an attempted military coup in July 2016, the Obama administration quietly drew up an extensive contingency plan for removing the weapons from Incirlik, according to former government officials. But it was never put in action, in part because of fears that removing the American weapons would, at best, undercut the alliance, and perhaps give Mr. Erdogan an excuse to build his own arsenal.

For decades, Turkey has been hedging its bets. Starting in 1979, it began operating a few small research reactors, and since 1986, it has made reactor fuel at a pilot plant in Istanbul. The Istanbul complex also handles spent fuel and its highly radioactive waste.

“They’re building up their nuclear expertise,” Olli Heinonen, the former chief inspector for the International Atomic Energy Agency, said in an interview. “It’s high quality stuff.”

He added that Ankara might “come to the threshold” of the bomb option in four or five years, or sooner, with substantial foreign help. Mr. Heinonen noted that Moscow is now playing an increasingly prominent role in Turkish nuclear projects and long-range planning.

Turkey’s program, like Iran’s, has been characterized as an effort to develop civilian nuclear power.

Opinions | Trump is in a tailspin — and dragging the country down with him

  Opinions | Trump is in a tailspin — and dragging the country down with him Impeachment is no longer optional. And it’s all getting worse.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan ' s ambitions are growing not only in regard with regional issues but Erdogan said it will contribute to the realization of the UN mission and goals. It should be noted Thus, Turkey is carrying out a military operation in Syria without the consent of the legitimate

He says the U. S . has had nuclear weapons in Turkey continuously since 1959. The bombs in Turkey are part of a network of roughly 150 U. S Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Friday he and Trump share “love and respect,” but he also let little doubt that he was offended by an Oct.

Russia has agreed to build four nuclear reactors in Turkey, but the effort is seriously behind schedule. The first reactor, originally scheduled to go into operation this year, is now seen as starting up in late 2023.

The big question is what happens to its spent fuel. Nuclear experts agree that the hardest part of bomb acquisition is not coming up with designs or blueprints, but obtaining the fuel. A civilian nuclear power program is often a ruse for making that fuel, and building a clandestine nuclear arsenal.

Turkey has uranium deposits — the obligatory raw material — and over the decades has shown great interest in learning the formidable skills needed to purify uranium as well as to turn it into plutonium, the two main fuels of atom bombs. A 2012 report from the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, “Turkey and the Bomb,” noted that Ankara “has left its nuclear options open.”

Hans Rühle, the head of planning in the German Ministry of Defense from 1982 to 1988, went further. In a 2015 report, he said “the Western intelligence community now largely agrees that Turkey is working both on nuclear weapon systems and on their means of delivery.”

In a 2017 study, the Institute for Science and International Security, a private group in Washington that tracks the bomb’s spread, concluded that Mr. Erdogan’s efforts to consolidate power and raise Turkey’s regional status were increasing “the risk that Turkey will seek nuclear weapons capabilities.”

In response to the German assertion and other similar assessments, Turkey has repeatedly denied a secret nuclear arms effort, with its foreign ministry noting that Turkey is “part of NATO’s collective defense system.”

But Mr. Erdogan’s recent statements were notable for failing to mention NATO, and for expressing his long-running grievance that the country has been prohibited from possessing an arsenal of its own. Turkey has staunchly defended what it calls its right under peaceful global accords to enrich uranium and reprocess spent fuel, the critical steps to a bomb the Trump administration is insisting Iran must surrender.

Syria-Turkey crisis: Putin now owns this mess

  Syria-Turkey crisis: Putin now owns this mess As US President Donald Trump hailed the agreement his administration negotiated with the Turks for northern Syria as "a great day for civilization," the Turks quickly dumped cold water over the White House's euphoria, refusing to even call the deal a ceasefire. Only a few hours later, airstrikes and artillery fire could be felt in northern Syria as the Kurdish-dominated Syrian Democratic Forces accused Ankara and its proxies of severe ceasefire violations. The mood both in Washington and in the Middle East is that the ceasefire is not the real deal.

He is the author of Atomic Obsession: Nuclear Alarmism From Hiroshima to Al Qaeda. Beyond that, however, their practical significance has been vastly exaggerated by both critics and supporters. Nuclear weapons were not necessary to deter a third world war.

Turkey’s uranium skills were highlighted in the 2000s when international sleuths found it to be a covert industrial hub for the nuclear black market of Mr. Khan, a builder of Pakistan’s arsenal. The rogue scientist — who masterminded the largest illicit nuclear proliferation ring in history — sold key equipment and designs to Iran, Libya and North Korea.

The most important items were centrifuges. The tall machines spin at supersonic speeds to purify uranium, and governments typically classify their designs as top secret. Their output, depending on the level of enrichment, can fuel reactors or atom bombs.

According to “Nuclear Black Markets,” a report on the Khan network by the International Institute for Strategic Studies, a London think tank, companies in Turkey aided the covert effort by importing materials from Europe, making centrifuge parts and shipping finished products to customers.

A riddle to this day is whether the Khan network had a fourth customer. Dr. Rühle, the former German defense official, said intelligence sources believe Turkey could possess “a considerable number of centrifuges of unknown origin.” The idea that Ankara could be the fourth customer, he added, “does not appear far-fetched.” But there is no public evidence of any such facilities.

What is clear is that in developing its nuclear program, Turkey has found a partner: President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia. In April 2018, Mr. Putin traveled to Turkey to signal the official start of construction of a $20 billion nuclear plant on the country’s Mediterranean coast.

Part of Russia’s motivation is financial. Building nuclear plants is one of the country’s most profitable exports. But it also serves another purpose: Like Mr. Putin’s export of an S-400 air defense system to Ankara — again, over American objections — the construction of the plant puts a NATO member partly in Russia’s camp, dependent on it for technology.

David E. Sanger reported from Washington, and William J. Broad from New York.

Syria-Turkey crisis: Putin now owns this mess .
As US President Donald Trump hailed the agreement his administration negotiated with the Turks for northern Syria as "a great day for civilization," the Turks quickly dumped cold water over the White House's euphoria, refusing to even call the deal a ceasefire. Only a few hours later, airstrikes and artillery fire could be felt in northern Syria as the Kurdish-dominated Syrian Democratic Forces accused Ankara and its proxies of severe ceasefire violations. The mood both in Washington and in the Middle East is that the ceasefire is not the real deal.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

usr: 1
This is interesting!