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Weekend Reads Nagorno-Karabakh: Emmanuel Macron calls for an immediate ceasefire

22:35  01 october  2020
22:35  01 october  2020 Source:   lepoint.fr

Karabakh. At least 24 dead in one day, the world calls for an end to the fighting

 Karabakh. At least 24 dead in one day, the world calls for an end to the fighting © EPA-EFE / MELIK BAGHDASARYAN In the center of the Armenian capital, several dozen volunteers gathered on Sunday afternoon to go to the front. Further fighting in the breakaway Azerbaijani region of Nagorno-Karabakh has left at least 24 dead. An escalation that arouses international concern.

macron, france © Provided by Le Point macron, France

Emmanuel Macron continues to promote mediation. Alongside the Russian and American presidents, Vladimir Poutine and Donald Trump , the French head of state called, Thursday, October 1, for "the immediate cessation of hostilities" at Nagorno-Karabakh , a separatist Azerbaijani territory supported by Armenia . As leaders of the three countries of the "Minsk group", formed in 1992 to mediate this issue, the three presidents call in a joint statement "the leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan to s' undertake without delay to resume substantive negotiations ”under the aegis of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).

Nagorno-Karabakh caught between Armenia and Azerbaijan

 Nagorno-Karabakh caught between Armenia and Azerbaijan © Reuters (Archive) Armenian soldiers in a trench near the town of Martuni, in Nagorno-Karabakh, in April 2016. Armenia and Azerbaijan, two former Soviet Caucasian republics, have held each other in stubborn hatred for decades over territorial conflict. Spotlight on two neighbors that everything opposes and who still clash since Sunday in deadly fights. Armenia and Azerbaijan have been fighting over the Nagorno-Karabakh region for almost a hundred years.

"We condemn in the strongest terms the escalation of recent violence on the contact line in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict zone," add the leaders of the three countries, who are thus coordinating their diplomatic efforts to put an end to the conflict. conflict after having each expressed themselves in this direction these last days, in dispersed order. Arriving Thursday in Brussels where a European summit is being held, the French president revealed that he "has information today, with certainty, which indicates that Syrian fighters of jihadist groups have left the theater of operations by passing through Gaziantep to reach this theater of operations in Nagorno-Karabakh ”. "It is a very serious new fact, which changes the situation," he added.

Canada concerned about broader conflict as renewed fighting erupts on Armenia's border

  Canada concerned about broader conflict as renewed fighting erupts on Armenia's border With Armenia and Azerbaijan now pounding each other's tanks and troops from the ground and the air, a regional conflict over an old battleground in the South Caucasus Mountains is threatening to spiral into something larger and much harder to control. Canada is warning against escalation, while one expert warns that the conflict could turn into a humanitarian catastrophe if it persists. The enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh — internationallyCanada is warning against escalation, while one expert warns that the conflict could turn into a humanitarian catastrophe if it persists.

A dispute never resolved despite decades of mediation

The Minsk group never succeeded in ending the clashes along the front line. Nagorny Karabakh (or Nagorno-Karabakh), mostly populated by Armenians, seceded from Azerbaijan at the end of the USSR, leading to a war in the early 1990s which left 30,000 dead. Large-scale fighting between Azerbaijani forces and Yerevan-backed separatists resumed on Sunday and continued on Thursday. According to partial reports, they killed at least 128 people.

Read also Mayors of France denounce pressure from Azerbaijan

On the night of Wednesday to Thursday, Vladimir Poutine and Emmanuel Macron had once again called for a truce. The day before, in Riga, Emmanuel Macron had also said he was “concerned” by “warlike” declarations from Turkey, which supports Baku. Russia, which maintains cordial relations with the two ex-Soviet republics, has also expressed concern over the role of Turkey, its geopolitical competitor in the region.

Fierce fighting in Nagorno-Karabakh claims more and more victims. .
Hopes for a quick end to the war in South Kauskasus have proven to be an illusion: Neither Azerbaijan nor Armenia, nor its protégés in Nagorno-Karabakh want to give up the violence at the moment. © Azerbaijan's Defense Ministry / AP / dpa / picture alliance The video still image published by Azerbaijan shows a hit on an Armenian army camp Despite international appeals to end the violence, the bitter fighting over the South Caucasus region of Nagorno-Karabakh continues.

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