Weekend Reads Sudan and Israel make peace, Trump boasting

17:50  24 october  2020
17:50  24 october  2020 Source:   liberation.fr

Tribal unrest in Kassala State in Sudan

 Tribal unrest in Kassala State in Sudan © ASHRAF SHAZLY / AFP On a road in the town of Kassala, on the eastern border of Sudan, in front of the Taka mountains. In Sudan, the violence between the Beni Amer and Hadendowa communities in the east of the country cannot be brought under control. On Wednesday, six people were killed in the port of Suakin, during clashes between militants, following the dismissal of the bitter Beni governor by Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok.

Donald Trump au téléphone avec Benyamin Nétanyahou depuis le bureau ovale, le 23 octobre. © ALEX EDELMAN Donald Trump on the phone with Benyamin Netanyahu from the Oval Office, October 23.

Eleven days before the US presidential election, Donald Trump did not hesitate to stage his "huge victory for world peace". From the Oval Office, in conjunction with the Prime Ministers of Israel and Sudan, he announced the normalization of diplomatic relations between the two countries. A historic rapprochement that aims to put an end to decades of hostilities between Khartoum and the Hebrew state created in 1948.

The White House had announced just before that Sudan was going to be removed from its list of states supporting terrorism, where it has been featured since 1993. Sudanese Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok thanked the US President for the move, saying it would have a major economic impact. His Israeli counterpart, Benjamin Netanyahu, also praised Trump: "We are expanding the circle of peace so quickly thanks to your leadership."

Bahrain and Israel officially formalize diplomatic ties

 Bahrain and Israel officially formalize diplomatic ties © Ronen Zvulun, Reuters Israel and Bahrain signed a joint statement on October 18 to formalize their diplomatic ties in Manama. The states of Bahrain and Israel initialed on Sunday in Manama, the capital of the archipelago, a document that establishes diplomatic relations between the two countries, a month after the signing at the White House of a normalization agreement between the two countries, becoming the fourth Arab country to take this diplomatic step.

Surrounded by his Foreign Minister Mike Pompeo and his son-in-law and adviser Jared Kushner, the US president also said that "at least five" other Arab countries wanted to normalize their relations with the Hebrew state, and said he expected that Saudi Arabia be among them. Egypt, the only Arab state with Jordan to recognize Israel until last month, welcomed the announcement.

HUGE win today for the United States and for peace in the world. Sudan has agreed to a peace and normalization agreement with Israel! With the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, that’s THREE Arab countries to have done so in only a matter of weeks. More will follow! pic.twitter.com/UHB8H6oaZc

- Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) October 23, 2020

Sudan is the third Arab country since August to announce a normalization of relations with Israel, after the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain.

Sudan about to leave the US blacklist

 Sudan about to leave the US blacklist © Getty Images / Robert Caputo Aerial view of Khartoum, Sudan. Negotiations concerning the withdrawal of Sudan from the American list of states supporting terrorism continue. A vital withdrawal for the country's economy, but one voice suggests a quick and positive outcome: that of Donald Trump. On Twitter, the American president assured Monday evening, October 19, an imminent agreement. “Great news! », Writes the American president.

Washington stepped up pressure for Sudan to normalize its relations with Israel ahead of the November 3 presidential election, assuring that there was no link to the lifting of US sanctions against the country, but many observers believed opposite. In Gaza, the Islamist movement Hamas denounced "a political sin which harms the Palestinian people and their just cause, also harms the national interest of Sudan [...] and only benefits Netanyahu".

The United States returned to Khartoum under Barack Obama, when former Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir began to cooperate in the fight against terrorism and played the game of peace in South Sudan. The revolution that swept through Omar al-Bashir in the spring of 2019 only accelerated the movement.

Sudan's removal from the list of countries supporting terrorism comes after Khartoum “agreed to resolve certain demands of American victims of terrorism and their families. Yesterday, in application of this agreement, the transitional government of Sudan transferred 335 million dollars to an escrow account for these victims and their families ”, specified the White House. These include the attacks perpetrated in 1998 by the jihadist nebula Al-Qaeda against the United States embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, which killed more than 200 people.

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