Weekend Reads WHO warns of stopping progress in malaria control

19:05  30 november  2020
19:05  30 november  2020 Source:   ouest-france.fr

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Progress in eliminating malaria has stalled in recent years, the World Health Organization said Monday, with more In its World Malaria Report 2020, the WHO said progress against the mosquito-borne "Funding shortages have led to critical gaps in access to proven malaria control tools," it said.

The World Health Organization has warned malaria deaths in sub-Saharan Africa could dramatically rise due to border restrictions and disruptions caused by

L’OMS met en garde sur l’arrêt des progrès contre le paludisme. © Illustration photo: EPA archives WHO warns of stopping progress against malaria.

The World Health Organization (WHO) warns of stopping progress in the fight against malaria. In 2019, 400,000 people died from the disease.

Progress in the fight against malaria has stalled in recent years, warns the World Health Organization (WHO) on Monday, November 30. Some 400,000 people died again last year from the disease.

The WHO emphasizes that this finding is particularly notable in

Africa , the continent which has the most cases of the disease transmitted by female mosquitoes and the greatest number of deaths, according to the report that the UN agency devotes to this scourge every year.

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© Provided by The Manila Times. GENEVA: Progress in eliminating malaria has stalled in recent years, the World Health Organization said on Monday, with more than 400,000 people once again estimated to have died from the disease last year.

WHO ’s World Malaria Report 2016 reveals that children and pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa have greater access to effective malaria control . Funding shortfalls and fragile health systems are undermining overall progress , jeopardizing the attainment of global targets.

In 2019, the number of new infections was around 229 million people, a number that has been relatively stable over the past four years.

A lack of funds

After significant progress which saw the number of deaths drop from 736,000 in 2000 to 411,000 in 2018 and 409,000 in 2019, the WHO notes that it is necessary to

“better target interventions, new tools and more funds to change the global trajectory of the disease and achieve common and internationally agreed objectives ”.

As in many other areas, the agency notes that only half of the funds hoped for, around $ 3 billion of the $ 5.6 billion targeted, were raised in 2019.

“Lack of funds causes shortages in access to tools to fight against malaria which have been proven ", insists the WHO and stresses that this poses " a significant danger ".

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Malaria Control . ©UNICEF/Quarmyne. WHO recommends that: Universal coverage remains the goal for all people at risk of malaria . In order to maintain universal coverage, countries should apply a combination of mass free distributions and continuous distributions through multiple channels, in

The World Health Organization says border closures and disruption could see malaria deaths in sub-Saharan Africa double.

Rather than a one-size-fits-all approach, affected countries have started to implement more targeted local evidence-based actions in an attempt to combat the disease.

With some 94% of the total number of deaths (384,000 deaths from malaria on the African continent last year),

“It is time for leaders across Africa - and the rest of the world - to mobilize once again to fight the challenge of malaria ”, asked WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. Four countries concentrate half of the cases

“By acting together and committing ourselves to leaving no one behind, we can achieve our common goal: to eradicate malaria in the world” , he added.

In 2019, four countries concentrated almost half of all cases worldwide: Nigeria (27%), Democratic Republic of Congo (12%), Uganda (5%) and Mozambique (4% ).

Unlike other campaigns, the WHO estimates that those for the prevention of malaria have not been slowed down by the Covid-19 pandemic for the time being, but the agency considers that

"the Covid-19 threatens to derail more than before our efforts to defeat malaria, and in particular to treat the sick ”, said Matshidiso Moeti, WHO regional director for Africa.

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The World Health Organisation ( WHO ), has commended the African region for making significant progress in malaria control in the last five years. Dr Matshidiso Moeti, the WHO Regional Director for Africa, in a statement in Abuja on Tuesday, said malaria incidence and mortality rates had declined

Prior to 1929, unsuccessful malaria control efforts had resulted in migrant workers abandoning some of the same copper mine sites, and rumours flourished along the labour routes of the malaria dangers associated with copper mining in the area. Integrated malaria management both dissipated these

“Despite the devastating impact of Covid-19 on African economies, international partners and countries must do more to ensure that the necessary resources are available to develop the anti-malaria programs that are making such a difference in people's lives ”, she added. Positive figures in some countries

Even small disruptions in access to medicines, of the order of 10%, would result in 19,000 additional deaths, the WHO calculated. The report noted that since 2000, twenty-one countries have successfully eradicated malaria.

India has shown spectacular results over the past two years with an 18% drop in infections and a 20% drop in deaths.

Even more impressive, the progress of the six countries watered by the Mekong in Southeast Asia, which are on track to reach their goal of eradicating the disease by 2030. They have succeeded in bringing down the number of cases 90% between 2000 and 2019.

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