World China Sea: new standoff between Washington and Beijing

11:05  14 july  2020
11:05  14 july  2020 Source:   lepoint.fr

US appears to change policy on Beijing’s ‘unlawful’ actions in the South China Sea

  US appears to change policy on Beijing’s ‘unlawful’ actions in the South China Sea The United States and China have long been at odds over maritime freedom in the South China Sea, but this week marked the first time that Washington made an official policy shift to clamp down on Beijing’s activity – calling it “illegal” and thus opening the legal floodgates to a potential military response. © Provided by FOX News Fox News Asia analyst Gordon Chang says ‘China is engaging in behavior that can lead to war through miscalculation,’ as tensions rise once again between the U.S. and China. Today, the U.S.

  Mer de Chine : nouveau bras de fer entre Washington et Pékin © Provided by Le Point

The head of the American diplomacy Mike Pompeo warned Monday July 13, 2020 that the United States considered the land claims of China at sea from China South as "illegal?" ", Thus increasing the pressure on Beijing. "The United States defends the idea of ​​a free and open Indo-Pacific region. Today, we are strengthening the policy of the United States in a vital and disputed area of ​​this region: the South China Sea? "Said the US secretary of state in a statement. He added, "We are making it clear: Beijing's claims to offshore resources in much of the South China Sea are completely illegal, as is its intimidation campaign to control them."

US allies once seemed cowed by China. Now they're responding with rare coordination

  US allies once seemed cowed by China. Now they're responding with rare coordination In 2017, China's Xi Jinping made a speech in Davos calling for global cooperation on free trade and climate change. It was a sign he was ready to commmit China to the rules-based order. Three years later, the warmth in the room at Davos has gone.Today, the warmth in the room at Davos has all but gone.

The Secretary of State of the United States recalled that a court of the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague had ruled in 2016 that China had no legal basis to claim "? Historic rights?" On this area. "? The decision of the arbitral tribunal is final and enforceable for both parties? ", He concluded. "The world will not allow China to treat the South China Sea as its maritime empire." »

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"Completely unjustified accusations"

In a statement published by the Chinese Embassy in the United States, Beijing denounced "? Totally unjustified accusations?" And said "strongly opposed?" "To the words of the head of American diplomacy. The United States has long rejected China's claims on almost all of the islets and reefs of the South China Sea facing neighboring countries ( Malaysia , Vietnam , Philippines , Brunei). The Pentagon had denounced in early July Chinese military exercises around the disputed archipelago of Paracels, claimed by China, Vietnam and Taiwan.

US-China tensions heat up in South China Sea

  US-China tensions heat up in South China Sea For the first time in six years, two US Navy aircraft carriers are in the South China Sea, the latest show of military might from Washington as it pushes back against China's sweeping claim to much of the contested region. © Petty Officer 2nd Class Samantha Jetzer/U.S. Navy An F/A-18E Super Hornet flies over the flight deck of the USS Ronald Reagan in the South China Sea on July 4, 2020.

More than the Paracels, it is the Spratleys archipelago, further south, which crystallizes most of the regional maritime tensions: the claims of the various neighbors overlap there. While the United States has so far refrained from taking a position in the territorial disputes in this region, contenting itself with asserting "freedom of navigation?" Mike Pompeo explicitly took sides with the states bordering on China. Thus, Mischief and Second Thomas Shoal reefs "fall under the jurisdiction and sovereign rights of the Philippines?" ", In accordance with the 2016 judgment, he said.

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As the U.S. and China spar on the world stage, Cold War 2.0 may already have begun .
For decades, U.S. conventional wisdom held that if the West traded and engaged with China, it would open up its system and curb its behavior. No longer.While China practiced amphibious landings in a contested area of the South China Sea earlier this month, the U.S. Navy dispatched two aircraft carriers to the area "to support a free and open Indo-Pacific," the Navy said in a statement.

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