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Health & Fitness Low levels of psychological distress linked to risk of chronic diseases

18:28  12 july  2018
18:28  12 july  2018 Source:   pressassociation.com

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Some studies report a lower level of psychological distress in workers satisfied with the rewards obtained within their workplace (de Jonge et al. Thus, at the population level , refugees are not systematically at higher risk of psychological distress than other immigrants.

Race/Ethnicity and Self-Reported Levels of Discrimination and Psychological Distress , California, 2005. Page last updated: November 15, 2012. Content source: National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.

  Low levels of psychological distress linked to risk of chronic diseases © Getty

Low levels of psychological distress can increase the risk of developing some chronic diseases including arthritis, and types of heart and lung disease, according to new research.

The study, led by Catharine Gale, a professor of cognitive epidemiology at the Medical Research Council’s Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit at Southampton General Hospital, assessed 16,485 UK adults over a three-year period.

  Low levels of psychological distress linked to risk of chronic diseases © Getty

Results, published in the Journal of Psychosomatic Research, showed that distress, even at low or moderate levels, was a significant risk factor in developing conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), arthritis and cardiovascular disease.

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The influence of psychological distress on processes acting at either or both of these disease stages could therefore influence the risk of cancer mortality. People with chronic distress typically have a less favourable lifestyle relative to those with lower levels ,12 and this has been advanced as one

Distress is common following a chronic disease diagnosis. " Psychological distress after initial treatment of breast cancer. Assessment of potential risk factors." Any electronic reproductions must link to the original article on the APA Help Center.

Signs of depression: Research found a link between psychological distress and some diseases (Dominic Lipinski/PA) © Provided by The Press Association Research found a link between psychological distress and some diseases (Dominic Lipinski/PA) Psychological distress is a term that describes a wide range of mental health symptoms, from mild anxiety and depression to severe psychiatric disease.

Prof Gale said: “Although the relationship between significant distress and the onset of arthritis, COPD, cardiovascular disease and diabetes is well established, there is a significant gap in knowledge regarding the link between lower and moderate levels of distress and the development of chronic conditions.

  Low levels of psychological distress linked to risk of chronic diseases © Getty

“Our findings show that even low levels of distress, below the level usually considered clinically significant, appear to increase the risk of developing a chronic disease, so intervention to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression may help to prevent the onset of these illnesses for some people.”

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After 3 years, employees with LBP not due to organic causes had an increased risk of psychological distress . Moreover, low levels of quality of life in LBP workers affect productivity, efficiency, and J. Kruk, “Physical activity in the prevention of the most frequent chronic diseases : an analysis of the

The goal of this study was to evaluate whether low food security and very low food security were significantly associated with past month serious psychological distress (SPD) among Hispanic adults living in poverty. + Risk behaviors, chronic disease , country of birth. 0.696.

  Low levels of psychological distress linked to risk of chronic diseases © Getty The study used data from the UK Household Longitudinal Study (UKHLS) to examine whether level of psychological distress was linked with the later development of several chronic diseases and whether any link was explained by health habits – such as diet, exercise and smoking – or socioeconomic status.

  Low levels of psychological distress linked to risk of chronic diseases © Getty The UKHLS began in 2009 and gathers data on health, psychological factors, and socioeconomic status annually from a population sample selected from 39,802 UK households, with participants asked to indicate how frequently they experience 12 common symptoms of psychological distress.

  Low levels of psychological distress linked to risk of chronic diseases © Getty The study found that compared to people with no symptoms of distress, the chances of developing arthritis were 57% higher in those with low levels of distress, 72% higher in those with moderate levels and 110% higher in those with high levels.

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• Chronic disease and psychological distress are not necessarily linked . - What are the characteristics of those with a chronic disease but low psychological distress ? The table below presents the cut-off scores for the level of risk of anxiety or a depressive disorder .

Further adjustment for the level of psychological distress at baseline (wave 3) provided the following estimates: for smoking persistently intermediate OR=1.32 (95% CI 1.06 to 1.65), intermediate to low OR . Chronic diseases and risk for depression in old age: a meta-analysis of published literature.

  Low levels of psychological distress linked to risk of chronic diseases © Getty For cardiovascular disease, compared to people with no symptoms of distress, the risk of developing this condition was 46% higher in those with low levels of distress, 77% higher at moderate levels and 189% higher in those with high levels, while for COPD the risk was only increased in those with moderate (125%) or high (148%) levels of distress.

There were no significant associations between psychological distress and risk of diabetes.

  Low levels of psychological distress linked to risk of chronic diseases © Getty Prof Gale added: “These findings have considerable clinical and public health implications. Screening for distress may help to identify those at risk of developing arthritis, COPD and cardiovascular disease, while interventions to improve distress may help to prevent and limit progression of disease, even for people with low levels of distress.”

Professor Cyrus Cooper, a consultant rheumatologist and director of the Medical Research Council’s Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, said: “This fascinating data has the potential to have a major impact on the development and management of chronic diseases, which could not only save and change lives but also significantly reduce costs across the health service.”

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