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Health & Fitness Signs and symptoms of anorexia and how to get help

18:00  22 november  2019
18:00  22 november  2019 Source:   netdoctor.co.uk

Former Emmerdale star Gemma Oaten's anorexia caused a heart attack

Former Emmerdale star Gemma Oaten's anorexia caused a heart attack Former Emmerdale star Gemma Oaten's anorexia caused a heart attack

Warning Anorexia nervosa is potentially life-threatening. If you believe someone is anorexic , get them immediate medical help . Step 1: Be mindful of Step 7: Notice poor health Watch for symptoms of poor health, such as thinning hair, jaundice, and bruising. These symptoms are caused by vitamin

Anorexia Nervosa: Causes, Symptoms , Signs & Treatment Help . What is Anorexia Nervosa How Malnourishment Affects the Brain: Research on Anorexia and Neurobiology Many individuals who This is one of the top questions posed to our team at Eating Disorder Hope, learn now how to best

a woman looking at the camera: Anorexia is a severe mental illness that has both mental and physical symptoms. Yes, it’s a severe restriction of food over a period of time, but obviously it’s a lot more than that. It can stem from low self-esteem, environmental factors such as bullying, childhood trauma or genetic vulnerability. © gawrav - Getty Images Anorexia is a severe mental illness that has both mental and physical symptoms. Yes, it’s a severe restriction of food over a period of time, but obviously it’s a lot more than that. It can stem from low self-esteem, environmental factors such as bullying, childhood trauma or genetic vulnerability.

If you’re concerned that a friend or family member is displaying signs of anorexia nervosa (commonly referred to as anorexia), it can be a highly distressing time. You’re also not alone: according to eating disorder charity Beat, approximately 1.25 million people in the UK are living with an eating disorder, with a 2015 study by Hay et al finding that anorexia accounts for eight per cent of all cases.

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Learning to recognize warning signs of anorexia nervosa is a big step toward becoming strong and fit again. Find out more from WebMD. Don’t forget that doctors treat lots of people for anorexia and they’ve gotten better. When you spot symptoms and ask for help , you put yourself on the road to

Anorexia nervosa affects about 1 out of 100 people between the ages of 10 and 20 years old. Anorexia tends to develop in early to Although not every person who develops anorexia exhibits all or even some of these traits — nor may her family — they help paint a picture of the issues that many

It’s true that anorexia can be devastating – it has the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric disorder, often arising from medical complications associated with the illness. But it’s also true that there is hope: according to Beat, while 20 per cent of patients remain chronically ill, some 47 per cent do go on to make a full recovery.

We speak to Lynn Crilly, a mental health counsellor and author of Hope With Eating Disorders, to find out more about the illness and how to offer practical and emotional support:

What is anorexia?

While a person with anorexia often has a fixation with losing weight and controlling their food intake, as well as having a distorted body image, the illness’s roots often run far deeper than simply a desire to be thin.

Christopher Eccleston shares he was "very ill" with anorexia during Doctor Who

Christopher Eccleston shares he was "The illness is still there raging within me as the Doctor."

How is Anorexia Nervosa Treated? Treatment of anorexia varies depending on the individual circumstances. There is no one single line of treatment. A person with anorexia nervosa may exhibit a number of signs and symptoms , the type and severity of which may vary in each case and may be

Anorexia eating disorder is more common in girls and women. Learn more about anorexia signs , symptoms and risk factor. What Are The Symptoms Of Anorexia ? Anorexia nervosa is a complex mental illness that causes individuals to restrict their food intake due to an irrational Get help now.

‘Anorexia is a severe mental illness that has both mental and physical symptoms,’ explains Crilly. ‘Yes, it’s a severe restriction of food over a period of time, but obviously it’s a lot more than that. It can stem from low self-esteem, environmental factors such as bullying, childhood trauma or genetic vulnerability.

'While sometimes eating disorders, particularly anorexia, can start off fairly innocently, with the person liking the way weight loss makes them feel, it can quickly become an obsession. Many people with anorexia also suffer with obsessive compulsive disorder – in fact, the two illnesses are often intrinsically linked. The very nature of anorexia is an obsessive compulsive behaviour, after all. But at its worst, it can be quite devastating, which is why early intervention is key.’

Rigidly restricting food intake can often give sufferers a sense of control, which they may feel is lacking in other areas of their life. Many sufferers report that this this gives them a feeling of calm and peace, which may explain why they are often reluctant to seek help.

Christopher Eccleston reveals battle with anorexia and how depression almost drove him to suicide

Christopher Eccleston reveals battle with anorexia and how depression almost drove him to suicide Doctor Who actor Christopher Eccleston has said that his battle with anorexia made him consider taking his own life. Eccleston revealed that he suffered the eating disorder in a new memoir, and that he struggled with it while appearing as the ninth Doctor on the veteran BBC sci-fi series. He added that it was stereotyped male northern stoicism that meant that he neglected to seek help. Read more: Eccleston reveals BBC ‘blacklisting’ “Many times I’ve wanted to reveal that I’m a lifelong anorexic and dysmorphic,” he writes. “I never have. I always thought of it as a filthy secret, because I’m Northern, because I’m male and because I’m working-class.

Learn more about Anorexia Nervosa, restrictive eating and the intense fear of losing weight. Find out signs and symptoms . This can have an impact on our body-esteem and how we feel about ourselves. While these cultural and social pressures do not cause eating disorders, they can make

Anorexia Discussion Guide. Get our printable guide for your next doctor's appointment to help you ask the Most of the symptoms and signs of anorexia nervosa are reversible with treatment. If you or a Read our editorial policy to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate

a man looking at the camera: Anorexia nervosa © franckreporter - Getty Images Anorexia nervosa

Who is affected by anorexia?

While typically, anorexia – as with other eating disorders – develops during adolescence, this is not always the case. According to Beat, cases have been reported in children as young as eight and some research reports of the illness developing in people in their 70s.

While sufferers can often display some similar characteristics, including perfectionism, Crilly reveals there is no such thing as a ‘typical’ anorexia sufferer.

‘I predominantly work with people under the age of 25, but anyone, regardless of their age, gender, race, sexuality or social background, can be affected – I’ve worked with people from all walks of life,’ she says. ‘It’s becoming more and more common in men and boys, too.’

Anorexia signs and symptoms

If you are worried about a friend or family member, there are some signs you can look out for, some of which are physical, others behavioural and psychological. These include:

Anorexia physical signs

  • Weight loss
  • Irregular periods (or periods stopping)
  • Tiredness
  • Feeling cold (especially fingertips, toes and nose)
  • Thinning hair
  • Growing a fine layer of hair over their body (lanugo)
  • Stomach problems, including constipation and bloating
  • Swelling in hands and feet (oedema)

Anorexia behavioural and psychological signs

  • A change in personality
  • Becoming withdrawn
  • Seeming preoccupied
  • Becoming secretive
  • Denying they have a problem
  • Concealing their weight loss
  • Saying they’ve already eaten, or will eat later, at mealtimes
  • Missing meals
  • Walking and exercising more regularly

‘I think the biggest sign for me is the change in personality and behaviour,’ reveals Crilly, whose own daughter suffered with an eating disorder in the past. ‘If they’re just not themselves or they become secretive, withdrawn or preoccupied. They just sort of lose their zest for life – they become haunted.’

Anorexia 'doubles among eight-year-olds in the past decade'

  Anorexia 'doubles among eight-year-olds in the past decade' Anorexia in children as young as eight has more than doubled in the past decade, statistics show. Scientists from King’s College London compared data submitted by psychiatrists in 2006 and 2015.

Fact: Anorexia can kill. Anorexia nervosa is very common – there are 2 out of 100 teenagers that are struggling with it. Parents and friends should be vigilant regarding the signs and symptoms of anorexia in teenagers in order to spot the disease early and help them deal with this problem.

The physical symptoms and signs of anorexia are very similar to the symptoms of malnutrition and starvation. However, these physical signs are closely At first, people with anorexia often don’t want treatment. Their wish to get or stay thin overcomes everything, including any fears about their health.

Long-term effects of anorexia

Anorexia can have very serious physical consequences, due to malnutrition and very low body weight. ‘Osteoporosis can be a huge problem for anorexia sufferers,’ says Crilly.

‘It can obviously play havoc with your hormones and periods, too. Then there’s the long-term effect that it has on your life – the life you’re missing out on because of the illness.

'And then obviously there’s the strain on the heart and organs, as well, which in severe cases can lead to heart and/or organ failure. Anorexia has the biggest mortality rate of all the mental illnesses, sadly.’

How to support a loved one with anorexia

While realising that a loved one has an eating disorder is scary, there is plenty you can do to help and support them, and lots of places you can seek guidance and advice, so never give up hope.

‘I think the first thing to do is to educate yourself,’ advises Crilly. ‘First, learn as much as you can about the nature of anorexia. Then you can approach them gently, in the right environment and somewhere they feel safe. Always ensure you take a non-judgemental approach.

'Some sufferers are very relieved to actually be able to talk to someone about it; others tend to be more secretive and are not ready to open up. But regardless, always let them know you’re there for them, and encourage them to seek professional help.’

The Number Of Children With Eating Disorders Has Doubled In The Past Decade

  The Number Of Children With Eating Disorders Has Doubled In The Past Decade A new study has found a rise in anorexia in children aged 8-12.The study, focusing on children in the UK and Ireland, was authored by Kings College London professors - researching children aged eight to 12. It estimates that there had been a rise from 1.5 per 100,000 children diagnoses with anorexia in 2006 to 3.2 per 100,000 in 2015. The children were diagnosed by psychiatrists in hospitals or specialist clinics.

Trying to help someone with anorexia can be very difficult, but your support is vital to their recovery. Explore this Article Voicing Your Concerns Encouraging Them to Get Help Avoiding Common Pitfalls Supporting Their Recovery Conversation How to . Recognize Signs of Anorexia in Young Girls.

of anorexia is extreme thinness or weight loss. If they display any of these symptoms or signs , you should suggest they seek treatment for this potentially life threatening illness. Get help from another adult. Tell a teacher or counselor or another trusted adult (ideally at school) about your anorexia , and

The difficulty with anorexia diagnosis

While the first steps should always be to try to persuade the sufferer to visit their GP, Crilly admits that diagnosis procedures can often be frustrating. ‘A lot of the diagnosis process is to do with BMI, which is wrong, because obviously everyone is different,' she says.

'It can be difficult for a lot of people whose weight isn’t perceived as being “low enough”, but this doesn’t mean to say they don’t have an eating disorder. This is where I think intervention is sometimes let down, because people aren’t offered the help they need straight away, because they don’t fit a certain criteria, and then the illness can manifest into something worse.’

There has been much publicity over the past few years surrounding this problem, with mental health campaigner and author Hope Virgo’s campaign, Dump the scales, calling on a change in procedure surrounding early diagnosis.

Anorexia treatment and therapy options

Treatment and therapy options for anorexia can mostly be performed as outpatient services, although hospital admission can become necessary.

Talking therapies, such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), psychotherapy and neurolinguistic processing (NLP) can all be very helpful, as can family therapy sessions. Crilly says that patience is key, and it’s vital to help the sufferer get to the root of the issue.

‘If you treat the mind, the mind will treat the body,’ she says. ‘The weight comes last – the person has to like themselves first. Because if they don’t want to put on weight, they won’t put on weight and maintain it.’

Why you don't have to be underweight to suffer with an eating disorder

  Why you don't have to be underweight to suffer with an eating disorder You don't have to be underweight to have an eating disorder - new study shows that a normal body weight can hide serious eating disorders like anorexia in teens…

Anorexia nervosa is characterized by specific signs and symptoms . Awareness of these signs can help with early identification. For most people, anorexia is extremely difficult to understand. It is not a diet gone too far or a game played by a young girl to get attention from friends or a member of the

Signs and symptoms include: missing meals, eating very little or avoid eating any foods you see as fattening. lying about what and when you've eaten, and how much you Young people with anorexia may gain less weight than expected and may be smaller than children of the same age. Getting help .

Crilly also says you must keep persevering and explore other options if a certain approach doesn’t seem to be working. ‘One thing I would say is that if a certain treatment is not working, don’t wait,’ she implores. ‘Don’t be afraid to challenge, ask questions and find out more, because there are so many different types of therapies and treatments out there – it’s not “one size fits all”.’

The importance of support for carers

Caring for a person with anorexia can become all-encompassing, so it’s vital to look after your own mental health, too.

‘This is so important,’ reiterates Crilly. ‘You really need to protect your own mental health and practise self care. Even if it’s just going out with a friend for a coffee – remove yourself from the environment often, just so that you can recharge your batteries. Never feel guilty about this – not a lot is going to change in the time it takes you to go out for coffee, or watch a film, or read a magazine. So just take some time out for you.’

Family dynamics often become strained, too, so Crilly advises spending time together, outside of talking about the illness.

‘As a family, it’s really important that you still do stuff together, outside of the eating disorder. Spend time together, have eating disorder-free talking time, even just sit down and watch a film together. I think carers suffer just as much as the person with the illness and siblings tend to get sidelined, so time together is so important.’

The sad fact is that an eating disorder can be a monumental challenge for a family, but it’s important never to blame the sufferer – they are not choosing to be unwell. And remember, there is always hope.

‘As a family, it’s so important that you all recover together,’ says Crilly. ‘And never accept that this is as good as it gets, because it can always get better.’

Further help and support for anorexia

There are lots of places you can find additional help, advice and support for people suffering from anorexia:

  • Beat – the UK’s eating disorder charity offers support and advice to sufferers and their loved ones. Beat also runs three helplines: Helpline 0808 801 9677; Youthline 0808 801 0711; Studentline 0808 801 0811.
  • Sane – this leading UK mental health charity runs a daily helpline, which you can call for support and advice: Saneline 0300 304 7000, 4.30pm-10.30pm daily.
  • Young Minds – the UK’s leading charity fighting for children’s and young people’s mental health: Parents’ Helpline 0808 802 5544, 9.30am-4pm, Monday to Friday; YoungMinds Crisis Messenger offers urgent help for young people under 25 – text YM to 85258, available 24/7.
  • Anorexia & Bulimia Care (ABC) – this national UK eating disorders organisation provides emotional support and practical guidance: Helpline 03000 11 12 13, 9.30am-5.30pm Monday to Friday.

Last updated: 22-11-19

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