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Health & Fitness How dance fights depression, Parkinson's, and other brain diseases

18:15  10 december  2019
18:15  10 december  2019 Source:   qz.com

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Dance magic, dance . Dancing could treat depression and other brain diseases . By Adrianna MendrekDecember 9, 2019. Why do we stop dancing when we grow up? Improvements in Parkinson ’ s disease . Dance typically involves learning sequences of steps and movements in space

Improvements in Parkinson ’ s disease . Dance typically involves learning sequences of steps and movements in space, in coordination with music. In other words, it requires substantial physical and cognitive engagement and, as such, it should improve not only muscle tone, strength, balance and

Young girls expressing themselves in the circle on a therapy © Getty Young girls expressing themselves in the circle on a therapy Why do we stop dancing when we grow up? Why do we disconnect and alienate ourselves from the body? It is surprising to me that dance/movement therapy (DMT) is not more popular within the fields of psychology and psychotherapy globally.

For a couple of decades, I devoted my attention as a researcher in behavioral neurobiology and psychiatry almost exclusively to the brain and mental health, neglecting the rest of the body.

I was trained in the late 1990s, the decade of the brain. I have been mesmerized by the complexity of the brain, completely forgetting that it is part of the entire organism, intimately connected and reciprocally interacting with the entire body.

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Parkinson ' s disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system. As the disease worsens

Parkinson ’ s disease affects the neurological system, and it has also been linked to depression . This may result from changes in levels of dopamine Parkinson ' s disease is a condition affecting nerve cells in the brain , which then impacts the way a person moves. But how is Parkinson ' s disease

Interestingly, in my personal life my body has played a central role. My way to deal with any mental health problems has been through long walks, dancing and yoga.

This is partly why in the past few years, as a professor in psychology at Bishop’s University, I have started incorporating bodywork in my teaching and research, and why I entered a dance/movement therapy training program in Canada this summer.

Understanding the body in motion

Dance/movement therapy goes beyond simply dancing. DMT uses dance and movement to promote insight, integration and well-being, as well as to diminish undesirable symptoms in various clinical populations.

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In Parkinson ' s disease , certain nerve cells (neurons) in the brain gradually break down or die. Depression and emotional changes. You may experience depression , sometimes in the very early Parkinson ' s disease and other movement disorders . In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine.

In this article, we explore how " Parkinson ' s Disease " is really a much more complex issue than just a neurodegenerative or movement disorder , via the Do you suffer from the following additional symptoms of "Ideopathic" PD? Anxiety Depression Apathy Fatigue Skin issues (dermatitis) Erectile

Unlike mainstream talk therapies, DMT uses the entire body to approach the client primarily on a non-verbal and creative level. The body in motion is both the medium and the message. DMT recognizes the moving body as the centre of the human experience, and that body and mind are in constant reciprocal interaction.

Just like with more traditional psychotherapies, DMT can be applied in a wide range of ways. It may involve talking, different types of music or no music at all. It can be done in groups, with individuals or with couples. Therapists sometimes dance with their clients and at other times observe.

a close up of smoke: Ballerina performing in white powder in a dark room © Provided by Quartz Ballerina performing in white powder in a dark room A group therapy session may involve a warm-up and check-in as to where we are at emotionally, mentally, and physically. It may be followed by the development of a theme, which emerges spontaneously or has been prepared by a therapist (for example, working with difficult emotions). It ends with grounding (reconnecting with our bodies and our selves in the present moment) and closure (for example, a gesture, a sound, a word).

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Parkinson ’ s disease is a progressive neurological disease where, over time, dopamine in the brain is lost, leading to Connect with other patients and share tips on how to manage Parkinson ’ s Disease in our forums! Parkinson ’ s News Today is strictly a news and information website about the disease .

Parkinson ' s disease is due to the loss of brain cells that produce dopamine. Early signs and symptoms of Parkinson ' s disease include tremors or trembling, slow movement, body What other conditions resemble Parkinson ' s disease ? How can people learn to cope with Parkinson ' s disease ?

All of this is done with our bodies in motion or stillness, but some verbal sharing, journaling, drawing and other elements may be added.

Dance/movement therapy has been around for several decades but it has never become widely popular, possibly due to a lack of well-designed research studies. This has changed and I would like to highlight here a few recent studies supporting the benefits of dance and DMT on emotional regulation, cognitive function and neural plasticity.

Portrait of beautiful serious woman with sad eyes. © Getty Portrait of beautiful serious woman with sad eyes. A positive effect on depression

One of the main reasons people dance is to modify their emotional state; typically, they strive to feel more joy and happiness and to reduce stress and anxiety. Since its inception, dance therapy, similar to somatic psychotherapies, has emphasized the reciprocal interaction between body and mind, and the ability to regulate emotions via changes in body postures and movements.

The exploration of new movements can evoke novel perceptions and feelings. It may also facilitate seeing a wider range of possibilities in a given situation. Some new or old movement patterns may evoke repressed material and enhance better understanding of oneself and one’s environment and history.

Regular exercise can cut your risk of depression - even if it runs in your family

  Regular exercise can cut your risk of depression - even if it runs in your family Here’s how much physical activity it takes to swerve around your genetics.Using data from nearly 8,000 participants in the Partners Healthcare Biobank—a long-term research project that collects genetic and health information—researchers looked at two years of lifestyle habits, including physical activity and diagnoses related to depression, in a study published in the journal Depression & Anxiety.

Parkinson ' s Disease (PD) is a progressive disorder that affects nerve cells deep in the brain responsible for planning and controlling body movement. The nervous system & dopamine. To understand Parkinson ' s , it is helpful to understand how neurons work and how PD affects the brain

Parkinson ' s disease is a fairly common age-related and progressive disease of brain cells ( brain How Does Parkinson ' s Progress? The majority of people develop Parkinson ' s disease after age Parkinson ' s Symptom: Impaired Balance. As Parkinson ' s disease progresses, other symptoms

One of the most compelling studies supporting this idea examined complex improvised movements, and identified unique sets of movement components that can elicit the feelings of happiness, sadness, fear, or anger. The associations between emotions and specific motor components have been used in the past for diagnosis or emotion recognition. This study goes further and proposes specific techniques for modifying emotions.

A recent systematic review of research on dance/movement therapy specifically found it to be effective in the treatment of adults with depression.

Diverse group of senior women take dance lessons in exercise studio at senior center. The women have their arms up as they learn the dance. Large bright windows are in the background. © Getty Diverse group of senior women take dance lessons in exercise studio at senior center. The women have their arms up as they learn the dance. Large bright windows are in the background. Improvements in Parkinson’s disease

Dance typically involves learning sequences of steps and movements in space, in coordination with music. In other words, it requires substantial physical and cognitive engagement and, as such, it should improve not only muscle tone, strength, balance and coordination, but also memory, attention and visuospatial processing.

When comparing relatively long-term dance interventions (of six and 18 months) to conventional fitness training, several studies have found improvements in attention and verbal memory and neuroplasticity in healthy older adults. Researchers also found improvements in memory and cognitive function for older adults with mild cognitive impairment after a 40-week dance program.

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Parkinson ’ s disease is a chronic, progressive, movement disorder that affects muscle control and balance. These symptoms gradually worsen over time, and generally other secondary symptoms start to occur. How your brain coordinates movement and what can go wrong. Parkinson ’ s disease is

Parkinson ’ s disease is a progressive neurological disorder . There’s currently no cure for Parkinson ’ s , a disease which is chronic and worsens over time. Read more about how these foods affect your brain and other things you can change in your diet to improve symptoms of Parkinson ’ s .

In addition, a recent meta-analysis of seven randomized controlled trials comparing the effects of dance therapy to non-dance interventions in Parkinson’s disease found that dance was especially beneficial for executive function, the processes that help us plan, organize and regulate our actions.

Changes in brain structure

In Control Room Doctor and Radiologist Discuss Diagnosis while Watching Procedure and Monitors Showing Brain Scans Results, In the Background Patient Undergoes MRI or CT Scan Procedure. © Getty In Control Room Doctor and Radiologist Discuss Diagnosis while Watching Procedure and Monitors Showing Brain Scans Results, In the Background Patient Undergoes MRI or CT Scan Procedure. Dancing engages extensive areas of the cerebral cortex as well as several deep brain structures.

A recent descriptive systematic review included eight well-controlled studies, all of which demonstrated changes in brain structure following dance intervention. These changes included: increased hippocampal and parahippocampal volume (involved in memory), increased gray matter volume in the precentral gyrus (involved in motor control), and white matter integrity in the corpus callosum (involved in communication between the two hemispheres).

Overall, these studies are compatible with the idea of using dance and DMT in various neurological and psychiatric disorders—such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and mood disorders—as well as in the general population.

New possibilities for feeling and perceiving

It is clear that dance has a powerful effect on the human body and psyche.

DMT from its inception emphasized that the body is inseparable from, and in constant reciprocal interaction with, the mind. As such, sensations, perceptions, emotions and thinking affect our body and the way we move. By observing the body we can deduce mental states.

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How Do You Treat Depression in Parkinson ' s Disease ? Other Mental Health Problems Linked to Parkinson ' s . Parkinson ' s and Depression . Depression is a mood disorder caused by a chemical imbalance in your brain . It's common in people with Parkinson ' s disease .

Learn how Parkinson ' s disease affects your brain and body and what to expect from tests and treatment. How Does Parkinson ' s Affect the Body? What Causes Parkinson ' s ? How Will My Doctor Test for Parkinson ' s can also cause a range of other issues, from depression to bladder problems.

Conversely, our posture and our movements have the power to transform our mental states, to evoke repressed memories, to release spontaneity and creativity, to reorganize our brains. New ways of moving and dancing may produce new ways of feeling and perceiving the world.

This is one of the most exciting and profound aspects of DMT and it is shocking that the body, movement and dance have been almost entirely ignored by mainstream psychotherapy. It is time to change that!

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

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