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Health & Fitness The signs of menopause a GP sees most in her surgery

11:20  19 september  2020
11:20  19 september  2020 Source:   redonline.co.uk

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Here, she outlines the symptoms of menopause she sees most in her surgery , the treatment she prescribes and how to get help if you're struggling with perimenopause or menopause symptoms. Sign up to our newsletter to get more articles like this delivered straight to your inbox.

Surgical menopause occurs when a premenopausal woman has her ovaries surgically removed in a In most cases, bilateral oophorectomy is performed because of cancer, including cervical Which Surgeries Involve Bilateral Oophorectomy? Hysterectomy (the surgical removal of the uterus) can

a chair sitting in front of a refrigerator: A GP outlines the 34 signs of menopause, plus shares the common menopause symptoms she sees most and the best treatment for menopause and how to get help © onurdongel - Getty Images A GP outlines the 34 signs of menopause, plus shares the common menopause symptoms she sees most and the best treatment for menopause and how to get help

Working out whether a woman is in perimenopause or menopause isn't as straightforward as you might think.

Dr Narendra Pisal, consultant gynaecologist at London Gynaecology, told medical site Net Doctor that menopause literally means 'end of menstrual cycle', occurring when the body stops producing female sex hormones from the ovaries.

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Most information about menopause describes the experiences of cisgender, heterosexual women. However, menopause can affect anyone who is born with ovaries. A person who transitions to male but who retains their ovaries may experience menopause when their ovaries stop producing eggs.

Menopause itself is not a process, but denotes a point in time when menstruation stops. Women have either reached this point (are postmenopausal ) or have not ( premenopausal or perimenopause). The process of declining hormone levels prior to menopause has been referred to as perimenopause or

It's pre-cursed by the perimenopause – when periods become irregular and symptoms start – which can last between six months and 10 years. Dr Cat Hyatt, a Dorset-based GP, recently told Red that the menopause 'lasts much longer than people expect'.

'The average time frame a person can experience "menopausal symptoms" is around seven years, but there is a whole spectrum,' she explained.

Although the average age of menopause in the UK is 51, when and how a woman goes through perimenopause and menopause is very individual. Ethnicity and genetics play their part on the timing, length and symptoms each of us will experience.

While there is no single signifier, there are some common symptoms, including hot flushes, brain fog and insomnia, that doctors use to diagnose perimenopause or menopause.

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Menopause Causes. A woman is born with all of her eggs, which are stored in her ovaries. But some women can go through menopause early. It can be the result of surgery , like if their Most women nearing menopause will have hot flashes, sudden feelings of warmth that spread over the upper body

Many factors can contribute to early menopause like premature ovarian failure, diseases, and hormonal problems. Age is the most common factor that influences menopause . Other causes of menopause , since some surgeries and medical treatments What are the signs of menopause ?

WHAT ARE THE 34 SYMPTOMS OF MENOPAUSE?

The 34 symptoms of menopause is based on research by doctors into the most common and recognisable symptoms of menopause. They are:

  1. Hot flushes
  2. Night sweats
  3. Irregular periods
  4. Mood swings
  5. Vaginal dryness
  6. Low libido
  7. Headaches
  8. Breast soreness
  9. Burning mouth
  10. Joint pain
  11. Digestive problems
  12. Electric shock
  13. Muscle tension
  14. Gum problems
  15. Tingling extremities
  16. Itchy skin
  17. Fatigue
  18. Unexplained anxiety and feelings of unease
  19. Disrupted sleep
  20. Hair thinning or hair loss
  21. Memory lapses
  22. Difficulty concentrating, also know as brain fog
  23. Weight gain
  24. Bloating
  25. Difficulty balancing
  26. Stress incontinence
  27. Brittle nails
  28. Allergies
  29. Irregular heartbeat
  30. Body odour and increased sweating
  31. Irritability
  32. Depression
  33. Panic disorder
  34. An increased risk of Osteoporosis

But it's important to note that the list is not exhaustive. 'There are at least 34 different menopause symptoms, but a woman’s experience with all these varies from person to person,' Dr Hyatt says.

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While most women will experience a gradual transition to menopause with a slow onset of symptoms, some women will experience an early (premature) menopause that may bring One common cause of immediate symptoms is a " surgical menopause " following the surgical removal of functioning ovaries.

To diagnose premature menopause , your doctor will most likely perform a physical exam and draw blood to rule out other conditions, such as pregnancy and However, the most important test used to diagnose premature menopause is a blood test that measures follicle stimulating hormone (FSH).

Here, she outlines the symptoms of menopause she sees most in her surgery, the treatment she prescribes and how to get help if you're struggling with perimenopause or menopause symptoms.

THE COMMON SIGNS OF MENOPAUSE A GP SEES MOST

'In terms of the most common symptoms I see day-to-day in my clinic, women reporting menstrual irregularities, or hot flushes and night sweats can frequently appear on my triage list.

'This can include women experiencing a change to periods, not only how often they happen but how heavy or painful they can be. In other women, the periods can just stop completely! A degree of menstrual irregularity can be anticipated at this stage but it is always important to explore spotting between periods with a GP.

'It is also very common for me to speak to women experiencing some psychological changes during this time, including insomnia, forgetfulness, difficulty concentrating, fatigue and low mood and anxiety. This combined with sexual changes which often happen in menopause – including vaginal dryness or lack of libido – can impact on relationships and sense of self worth. The weight gain and joint pains which can also happen to some women in menopause can further take women away from their sense of self and what they want to be doing day to day.'

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Menopause is a natural part of the reproductive life cycle that portends significant meaning in many women’s lives. The menopausal transition ends with the final menstrual period, which marks the onset of menopause . Early postmenopause is the first 5 years after the final menstrual period.

Surgical menopause may follow the removal of one or both ovaries, or radiation of the pelvis, including the ovaries, in premenopausal women. These are the most common symptoms of menopause . However, each woman may experience The signs and symptoms of menopause may include

WHAT IS THE BEST TREATMENT FOR MENOPAUSE?

'In terms of treatment, the first thing to say is that there is not a one-size-fits-all approach for every women. Every women is different and your menopause journey is likely to be reflective of that.

'Treatment can include a mixture of HRT, diet or lifestyle changes, psychological interventions like CBT or anti-depressant medications, or complementary therapies.

'These treatments can be done together, or in isolation, and some women do not require or want any intervention at all.'

WHAT HELPS WITH MENOPAUSE?

'My key advice for any of my patients who are struggling with menopausal symptoms is that this sense of overwhelm can be completely normal. Your body is undergoing a huge hormonal change, which will have physical and psychological impacts on you at a time of your life when your are often juggling multiple demands.

'Empowering yourself by learning more about the menopause (and educating those around you!), speaking to friends and family about your experience and involving your GP early on will help support you through your journey. We are here to help!'

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'Anxiety is one of the most misunderstood symptoms'While the typical onset of the perimenopause – the months or years in which you experience menopausal symptoms before your periods actually stop – occurs between 45 and 55, it can happen earlier.

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