•   
  •   

Health & Fitness Vegan and pescatarian diets may reduce Covid-19 severity, study finds

03:50  08 june  2021
03:50  08 june  2021 Source:   pressassociation.com

A vegetarian or vegan diet could reduce the risk of stroke by up to 10 per cent, say researchers

  A vegetarian or vegan diet could reduce the risk of stroke by up to 10 per cent, say researchers Healthy plant-based diets are those rich in whole beans, whole grains and leafy greens with a reduction in the intake of processed foods and sugarHealthy plant-based diets are classified as those that are rich in foods such as whole beans, grains and leafy greens, while reducing the intake of refined grains, potatoes and foods containing refined and added sugars

Vegans and pescatarians may be less likely to get severe Covid-19, a study suggests.

a bunch of food is on display in a store: A study has suggested that vegans and pescatarians may be less likely to get severe Covid-19 (Kirsty O’Connor/PA) © Kirsty O’Connor A study has suggested that vegans and pescatarians may be less likely to get severe Covid-19 (Kirsty O’Connor/PA)

People whose diets are plant-based and those who eat fish but not meat appear to have lower odds of getting a severe infection compared with others.

Low-carbohydrate, high-protein diets appeared to be linked to an increased chance of getting moderate to severe illness, though the findings were not statistically significant.

The new study, published in BMJ Nutrition, Prevention and Health, examined data from healthcare workers across six countries including the UK.

Chernobyl's liquidators didn’t pass on radiation damage to their children

  Chernobyl's liquidators didn’t pass on radiation damage to their children Exposure to Chernobyl radiation increased the risk of thyroid cancer by breaking DNA strands, but the effects didn't carry to the next generation.The new research is a step forward in understanding the mechanisms that drive human thyroid cancer, said Stephen Chanock, the director of the division of cancer epidemiology and genetics at the U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the senior author on both research papers. It's also reassuring for those exposed to radiation in events such as the 2011 Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster and who plan to start families, Chanock told Live Science.

Patients completed a web-based survey about whether they had Covid and their diets.

More than 2,300 did not have the disease and 568 did.

Among those who had Covid-19, 138 reported moderate to severe symptoms and 430 had mild or very mild illness.

Participant were asked to think about the diet they had in the year before Covid and were given  had 11 choices: whole foods, plant-based diet; keto diet; vegetarian diet; Mediterranean diet; pescatarian diet; Palaeolithic diet; low fat diet; low carbohydrate diet; high protein diet; other; none of the above.

Among the 568 participants who reported they had previously had Covid-19, 41 said they followed a plant-based diet.

And 46 said they followed a plant-based or pescatarian diet.


Video: Study Suggests Eating Mushrooms Could Lower Cancer Risk by 45% (Cover Video)

28 science-backed weight loss tips that work

  28 science-backed weight loss tips that work The experts have spoken

The authors estimated that participants who reported they had a plant-based diet were 73% less likely to report moderate to severe disease compared to those who did not follow one.

Pescatarians had 59% lower odds than people who followed other diets.

Compared with participants following plant-based diets, those with low-carb, high-protein diets were more likely to have moderate to severe Covid-19.

The authors, led by a team in the US, wrote: “In six countries, plant-based diets or pescatarian diets were associated with lower odds of moderate-to-severe Covid-19.

“These dietary patterns may be considered for protection against severe Covid-19.

“Plant-based diets or pescatarian diets are healthy dietary patterns, which may be considered for protection against severe Covid-19

Gunter Kuhnle, professor of nutrition and food science at the University of Reading, said: “Since the beginning of the pandemic, there has been a lot of speculation about the impact of diet on disease risk.

England's Covid outbreak shrinks: 46,000 people had virus last week

  England's Covid outbreak shrinks: 46,000 people had virus last week Office for National Statistics random-swabbing suggested this was a 15 per cent fall from last week and less than half the number of cases at the start of April.Office for National Statistics figures indicated fewer than one in 1,180 people in England were infected in the week to May 2, based on random-swabbing of more than 100,000 Britons.

“This study attempts to answer this question, but there are a number of limitations that need to be considered: The study relied entirely on self-reporting, and a lot of data have shown that self-reported dietary intake is unreliable.

“In this study, participants were asked about their diet after they were diagnosed with Covid-19, and this might lead to further misreporting, especially among participants who are interested in a potential link between diet and disease.

“Finally, the study has been conducted in different countries with widely different diets – a plant-based diet in Spain or Italy is likely to be different from a mainly plant-based diet in Germany or the UK.”

Professor Francois Balloux of the UCL Genetics Institute said: “The study reports that doctors eating plant-based or pescatarian diets tend to be at significantly lower risk of developing severe Covid-19 symptoms upon infection.

“The sample size is decent, and the analyses look competently performed. Further validation may be required to confirm a direct, causal link between diet and Covid-19 illness severity.

“Indeed, unaccounted lifestyle variables correlated with diet might influence general health of the subjects of the study, and hence how well they coped with Covid-19 infection.”

According to the Eatwell guide, a vegan diet contains only plants such as vegetables, grains, nuts and fruits and foods made from plants. Vegans do not eat foods that come from animals, including dairy products and eggs.

Gut bacteria may 'talk' to the brain, mouse study suggests .
Research suggests that gut bacteria may also influence human brain activity and behavior.Specifically, researchers wanted to find out how gut bacteria influence the activity of brain networks involved in mouse social behavior. Normally, when a mouse encounters a mouse it's never met, the two rodents will sniff at each other's whiskers and clamber over each other, much like how two dogs might greet each other at a dog park. However, germ-free mice, which lack gut bacteria, actively avoid social interactions with other mice and instead remain strangely aloof.

usr: 1
This is interesting!