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Health & Fitness Dementia warning signs: Seven early signs of dementia - Oxford study reveals new symptom

20:15  24 july  2021
20:15  24 july  2021 Source:   express.co.uk

Around 78 million people may have dementia by 2030, WHO predicts

  Around 78 million people may have dementia by 2030, WHO predicts About 78 million people may have dementia by 2030, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates in a new report - a 42% increase from 2019. By 2050, that number could be 139 million.It would be a 42 percent increase from current figures - the number was 55 million in 2019.

Dementia is an overall term for a range of specific conditions caused by abnormal brain changes. These brain abnormalities trigger a decline in thinking skills which can have an impact on your behaviour, feelings and relationships. Express.co.uk has compiled a list of seven early signs of this debilitating disease.

Dementia is not a disease but a collection of symptoms which result from brain damage.

It is a general term of memory loss, as well as the loss of language, problem-solving and other thinking skills.

Dementia warning signs: Dementia © GETTY Dementia warning signs: Dementia

When these losses are severe enough to impact your daily life, you are deemed to have dementia.

Dementia carers across Cornwall thanked for help and hard work through pandemic

  Dementia carers across Cornwall thanked for help and hard work through pandemic It's predicted the number of people with dementia in Cornwall will increase by 53% in the next 10 years . NHS Digital figures show that 4,851 older people in Cornwall have a dementia diagnosis, however the number of those living with the condition is estimated to be around 9,101. Research by the Alzheimer's Society predicts that the number will swell to 13,900 in 2030. It comes as a Cornish GP and dementia champion is recognising the hard work, compassion and dedication of people who care for people with dementia, and their families, to mark dementia action week.

There are several different causes of dementia - Alzheimer's being the most common cause.

There are several established warning signs of dementia, but a new study has identified a new potential signifier for this disease,

a person wearing glasses and smiling at the camera: Dementia warning signs: Hearing loss © GETTY Dementia warning signs: Hearing loss

The inability to detect speech in a noisy environment is a hallmark of hearing impairment and Oxford researchers now believe it is linked to dementia.

In a study of 82,000, 1,285 people developed dementia and researchers found people who struggled to hear conversation in raucous environments were more likely to get the disease.

The study followed people aged over 60 for 11 years.

Lead author Dr Jonathan Stevenson said: "Difficulty hearing speech in background noise is one of the most common problems for people with age-related hearing impairment.

Traffic and railway noise associated with dementia, study suggests

  Traffic and railway noise associated with dementia, study suggests The Danish study found that over an average of 8.5 years some 31,219 participants received a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease and 8,664 a diagnosis of vascular dementia.Researchers in Denmark monitored almost two million adults aged 60 or older living in the country between 2004 and 2017.

"This is the first study to investigate its association with dementia in a large population."

a man and a woman sitting in a room: Dementia warning signs: Dementia patient © GETTY Dementia warning signs: Dementia patient

People who struggled to hear in loud environments were almost twice as likely to get dementia as those who had no difficulty hearing friends at a bar,

Even people who performed better, but were still "insufficient", were at 61 percent higher risk.

The study did not conclude if hearing issues cause dementia or if they are merely a symptom - and experts are split on this as well.

Anyone struggling with hearing issues is advised to speak medical advice as it could be a precursor to dementia.

a man and a woman sitting in a room: Dementia warning signs: Dementia © GETTY Dementia warning signs: Dementia

What are the warning signs of dementia?

Some common symptoms which may appear before a diagnosis of dementia include:

  • Memory loss
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Finding it hard to carry out familiar daily tasks, such as getting confused over the correct change when shopping
  • Struggling to follow a conversation or find the right word
  • Being confused about time and place
  • Mood changes.
  • Often these symptoms may be mild and worsen gradually over time.
a man and a woman looking at the camera: Dementia warning signs: Dementia © GETTY Dementia warning signs: Dementia

Alzheimer's disease patients may also develop difficulty regarding numbers or handling money.

In addition, they may ask questions repetitively or become more withdrawn or anxious.

Vascular dementia is the second most common cause of dementia and with these conditions, symptoms can sometimes develop suddenly and worsen quickly.

Precursor symptoms to a diagnosis of vascular dementia may include stroke-like symptoms such as muscle weakness or temporary paralysis, and movement problems.

Furthermore, people may have thinking problems and mood changes.

Coronavirus: Signs of UK's Covid surge 'levelling off' .
Professor Tim Spector, the King's College London epidemiologist who runs the Covid Symptom Study, said he thinks the number of people getting sick with coronavirus will start to drop within two weeks.Official data show that the rate of increase in infections has halved in a week and the Covid Symptom Study estimated that 15,760 people are now getting sick each day, up only a third in a week after doubling a week earlier.

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This is interesting!