Health & Fitness Great Ormond Street surgeon successfully separates conjoined twins with fused brains

12:21  01 august  2022
12:21  01 august  2022 Source:   mylondon.news

Government to consider banning sunbeds

  Government to consider banning sunbeds Health minister James Morris today agreed to discuss prohibiting sunbeds in the UK amid warnings that the Government must take their dangers 'seriously'.Health minister James Morris today agreed to discuss prohibiting the beds following Labour calls to take the 'dangers of sunbeds seriously'.

Brazilian twins who were joined at the head have been successfully separated with the help of a British neurosurgeon.

Bernardo and Arthur Lima, who were born with fused brains, underwent several operations in Rio de Janeiro, with the direction of Great Ormond Street Hospital paediatric surgeon Noor ul Owase Jeelani.

The three-year-olds had seven surgical procedures, involving more than 27 hours of operating time in the final operation alone, and almost 100 medical staff.


It was one of the most complex separation processes ever completed, according to the charity which funded it and which Mr Jeelani founded in 2018 – Gemini Untwined.

Just a little bit of exercise can boost the brain speed of women

  Just a little bit of exercise can boost the brain speed of women Greater physical activity was associated with greater thinking speed in women - but not in men.From strengthening muscles and getting better sleep to helping heart health, daily movement is essential.

Surgeons in London and Rio spent months trialling techniques using virtual reality projections of the twins based on CT and MRI scans – something Mr Jeelani described as “space-age stuff”.

He said that, for the first time in the world, surgeons in separate countries wore headsets and operated in the same “virtual reality room” together.

Speaking about the VR aspect of the surgery, Mr Jeelani told the PA news agency: “It’s just wonderful, it’s really great to see the anatomy and do the surgery before you actually put the children at any risk.

“You can imagine how reassuring that is for the surgeons.

“In some ways these operations are considered the hardest of our time, and to do it in virtual reality was just really man-on-Mars stuff.”

Hepatitis in children: Mysterious outbreak of UK cases not linked to Covid, scientists discover

  Hepatitis in children: Mysterious outbreak of UK cases not linked to Covid, scientists discover The rise has now been connected to the common adeno-associated virus 2, or AAV2 , which was found at high levels in almost all samples from young patients with unexplained hepatitis. AAV2 is not known to normally cause disease on its own and often accompanies infection with adenoviruses, common viruses that typically cause mild cold- or flu-like illness. From January, doctors in the UK noticed that young children, mostly those under five, were suddenly developing liver inflammation, known as acute hepatitis.

He said that previously unsuccessful attempts to separate the boys meant their anatomy was complicated by scar tissue, and he was “really apprehensive” about the risky procedure.

Mr Jeelani said he was “absolutely shattered” after the 27-hour operation, where he took only four 15-minute breaks for food and water, but it was “wonderful” to see the family feeling “over the moon” afterwards.

“There were a lot of tears and hugs,” he said. “It was wonderful to be able to help them on this journey.”

He added that, as with all conjoined twins after separation, the boys’ blood pressures and heart rates were “through the roof” – until they were reunited four days later and touched hands.

Mr Jeelani said they were recovering well.

He added that his charity has fast become a “global repository for knowledge and experience” of separation surgery, and he hopes it will serve as a model for a “global health service” providing expert care in other rare diseases.

What exactly is fragile X syndrome?

  What exactly is fragile X syndrome? "Fragile X syndrome" — have you ever heard of it? Don't beat yourself up if you haven't, because it's quite the rare condition. Fragile X is actually a genetic condition that affects a person's learning, behavior, and health. Thankfully, as mentioned, it is relatively rare, but that also means that awareness is low. Let's change that. Check out this gallery to learn all about fragile X syndrome.

“The idea behind the charity was to create a global health service for super-rare cases to try and improve results for these kids,” he said.

“The model of what we have done, I think, can and should be replicated for other super-rare conditions.”

This was Mr Jeelani’s sixth separation procedure with Gemini Untwined, after previously operating on twins from Pakistan, Sudan, Israel, and Turkey.

He led the procedure alongside Dr Gabriel Mufarrej, head of paediatric surgery at Instituto Estadual do Cerebro Paulo Niemeyer in Brazil.

Dr Mufarrej said the hospital where he works has been caring for the boys for two-and-a-half years, and their separation will be “life-changing”.

He said: “Since the parents of the boys came from their home in the Roraima region to Rio to seek our help two-and-a-half years ago, they had become part of our family here in the hospital.

“We are delighted that the surgery went so well and the boys and their family have had such a life-changing outcome.”

As Bernardo and Arthur are almost four years old, they are also the oldest craniopagus twins with a fused brain to have been separated.

According to Gemini figures, one in 60,000 births result in conjoined twins, and only 5% of these are joined at the head – known as craniopagus children.

It is estimated that 50 such sets of twins are born around the world every year.

Of them, it is thought only 15 survive beyond the first 30 days of life.

With current technologies, which the charity aims to make more accessible, approximately half of these cases would be candidates for successful surgical separation.

28 of our tastiest ever three-ingredient dip recipes .
Some of the world’s best-loved (and most easily made) dips have surprisingly few ingredients. From a Middle Eastern-style hummus to Mexican guacamole and a French tapenade, you can go globe-trotting from your kitchen in a flash. Each of our simple recipes needs just three ingredients, a little salt and pepper, and can easily be jazzed up with fresh herbs for flavour and colour, a squeeze of lemon or lime, or a dash of chilli.

usr: 0
This is interesting!