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Cars Ford gears up for a future beyond the combustion engine

03:30  14 february  2020
03:30  14 february  2020 Source:   news.sky.com

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An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine in which the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.

The AB Engine is an internal combustion engine , with the highest efficiency theoretically possible, that is capable of a significant impact in many different industries. It can be up to the point where the pressure of the burnt exhaust gasses is equivalent to the outside environmental pressure or lower.

In the farthest corner of a basement gallery at the Victoria & Albert Museum is an object that may have changed the world more than any other in the museum's vast collection.

A 1926 Ford Model-T Tourer is the starting point of an exhibition examining the impact of car design.

It's there because it was transformative: for manufacturing, industry, travel, leisure, economies, cities and the environment.

a truck that is driving down the street: Ford pioneered mass car production with the Model T © Sky News Screen Grab Ford pioneered mass car production with the Model T The car ushered in the age of mass production and the democratisation of vehicle ownership and established Ford as an industrial giant, a position it retains to this day.

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Pull up your modern sedan alongside a Model T Ford and the two will hardly seem related. Yes, there are still four wheels and a steering wheel The internal combustion engine as we know it has been tweaked and improved, and has proven to be highly reliable, very safe and ultimately cheap to make.

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Its founder aimed the vehicle unashamedly at the American everyman.

"I will build a motor car for the great multitude," Henry Ford promised.

"But it will be so low in price that no man making a good salary will be unable to own one - and enjoy with his family the blessing of hours of pleasure in God's great open spaces."

He was as good as his word and in 19 years of production, 15 million Model T's were made and sold around the world.

More than a century on however there is no question the age of the motor car has come at a price, with the climate the principal victim of Ford's success.

a red car parked in a parking lot: The Mustang Mach-E is Ford's first all-electric model © Other The Mustang Mach-E is Ford's first all-electric model Today the motor industry is finally grappling with the emissions crisis, and Ford has launched its first all-electric model, the Mustang Mach-E.

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Various scientists and engineers contributed to the development of internal combustion engines . In 1791, John Barber developed a turbine. In 1794 Thomas Mead patented a gas engine .

[Source: Ford ] ADVANCES PROPEL INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES INTO THE FUTURE . The Lincoln MKR concept, introduced recently at the North Refinements like TwinForce technology may ensure that the gasoline-powered internal combustion engine will continue to offer consumers with a

Tellingly this is not an 'electric Model T' aiming to repeat the universal affordability of the car that made the marque.

The name is a giveaway.

Mustang is Ford's best-known brand, the badge on the noisy, thirsty sports coupe driven into Hollywood lore by Steve McQueen in Bullitt.

The Mach-E is not an electric version of a gas-guzzling US classic.

Instead the Mustang name is there to burnish the sporty credentials of an SUV designed to be sleek enough to catch the eye of petrolheads but with enough room in the back to make it a viable family car.

With a starting price of around £46,000 for the entry level model, rising to £56,000 and more for a battery with longer range, it is closer to the top end of the electric market created by Tesla than the mass market into which Ford sells its best seller, the Fiesta.

a red car parked in a parking lot: The car takes the name of the classic gas-guzzling Ford Mustang © Other The car takes the name of the classic gas-guzzling Ford Mustang There are practical and economic reasons for the positioning.

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Learn why the internal combustion engine , an engineering marvel, may soon be a thing of the past and what the car of tomorrow might look like. Since before even the time of Henry Ford , the internal combustion engine has been the dominant method of powering automobiles and delivering to us

Car and Driver presents The Future of the Internal- Combustion Engine . Forcing additional air into an engine ’s combustion chambers with a turbocharger definitely boosts power; car manufacturers Ford has shown serious interest in the project. For a pickup application, a twin-turbo 5.0-liter EBS

The Mach-E's battery costs around £10,000, which is a quick way of making a £15,000 Fiesta unaffordable.

And it is heavy, so an SUV makes it a good starting point for electrification.

Ford follows Jaguar, Audi and others in focusing on larger battery-powered vehicles.

Tesla has also demonstrated there is a market for electric vehicles at the upper end, one Ford hopes to reverse into with a more affordable offer.

But with the British government having imposed a 2035 deadline for a ban on new diesel and petrol cars, mass-producers like Ford need to bring electric technology into the reach of their founder's "great multitudes".

Gallery: M Sport, AMG, & all the other most famous car sub-brands (AutoCar)

a car on the road: BMW’s M Sport, AMG from Mercedes-Benz and SRT from FCA spring to mind.Some have proved so potent their owners have promoted them to become full brands in their own right. And the latest candidate is about to appear on our roads, in the case of Ford’s Mustang Mach-E, a new all electric crossover that promises as many as 300 miles of range on a single-charge. Purists won’t like it, but how will the new Mustang brand shape up?In our round-up we take a look at all the most famous automotive sub-brands there’s ever been, in chronological order:

Ford's European President Stuart Rowley acknowledges the challenge, but says governments and consumers, still wedded to our planet polluting cars, have to change too.

"We will be investing in lower-priced full battery electric vehicles as we move forward," he told Sky News.

"Our first European-built battery electric vehicle will be coming to market in 2023, and as we gain scale the cost of the technology will reduce and it will become more accessible

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"The internal combustion engine might not even be middle-aged," says Don Hillebrand, who leads transportation research at Argonne National Laboratory in Illinois. In labs like his, researchers are working to make gas and diesel cars as clean and efficient as possible.

Pull up your modern sedan alongside a Model T Ford and the two will hardly seem related. Yes, there are still four wheels and a steering wheel, but And what is more, the fuel efficiency of those engines has hardly altered. That first mass-produced car had an inline four cylinder engine , which produced

"But you have got to remember today the charging infrastructure isn't in there, so even if you can afford an expensive vehicle you wouldn't necessarily be able to use it.

"So many people will want different solutions.

BOSTON, MA - JANUARY 16:  An electric Ford Mustang Mach-E is seen at the 2020 New England Auto Show Press Preview at Boston Convention & Exhibition Center on January 16, 2020 in Boston, Massachusetts.  (Photo by Paul Marotta/Getty Images) © 2020 Paul Marotta BOSTON, MA - JANUARY 16: An electric Ford Mustang Mach-E is seen at the 2020 New England Auto Show Press Preview at Boston Convention & Exhibition Center on January 16, 2020 in Boston, Massachusetts. (Photo by Paul Marotta/Getty Images) "We'll have a mild, a full and a plug-in hybrid Cougar, and we're electrifying our commercial vehicles - we have a plug-in Transit custom one tonne van and next year we'll have a two tonne full-battery electric Transit."

Like its counterparts Ford wants governments to do more to incentivise and support the market, building charging infrastructure and offering tax breaks to buyers.

It will push back on some targets however, with Rowley arguing there should still be a place for "clean diesel" in their Transit and other light goods vehicles.

But strikingly, he says he can see the day the Ford Motor Company no longer makes petrol and diesel cars.

Ford Motor Co. shows the all-new electric Mustang Mach-E vehicle for a photo shoot at a studio in Warren, Michigan, U.S. October 29, 2019.   Picture taken October 29, 2019.   REUTERS/Rebecca Cook © Thomson Reuters Ford Motor Co. shows the all-new electric Mustang Mach-E vehicle for a photo shoot at a studio in Warren, Michigan, U.S. October 29, 2019. Picture taken October 29, 2019. REUTERS/Rebecca Cook "I'm sure that day will come, I don't know what date that is and it will be different in different countries but the technology will evolve.

"I don't know when, there will be many forces at play in that, but that's the direction of travel we're going in.

"That's what governments want, it's what society wants and we will be a part of that."

They will have to be if the internal combustion engine is to join the Model T as a museum piece.

New Ford Focus RS hinges on hybrid system breakthrough .
Engineers are battling to make a new Focus RS possible after a switch to full-hybridA senior Ford executive told Autocar: “We are waiting for our engineering team to come up with a solution on the powertrain and that is not easy given the new fleet CO2 regulations.

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