Cars What’s the difference between a hybrid and an electric car?

13:26  18 october  2021
13:26  18 october  2021 Source:   motoringelectric.com

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A hybrid car is a car with an engine. This engine powers a generator which converts mechanical energy of engine into electrical energy.. This electrical energy is then used to propel the vehicle . The primary source of Hybrid cars is the internal combustion engine, with a battery of electric cells and a hub mounted DC motors, which supplies the supplementary propulsion. An electric car has rechargeable batteries that provide power. In a hybrid car , the batteries not only provide energy but also store it.

Electric cars have just the electric motor and batteries. The difference in price is motivated by having doubled up on propulsion systems. 179 views ·. View upvotes. Hybrid cars contain both a gasoline engine and an electric motor and batteries which pushes their price higher. However, Plug In Hybrids will save you money over time while still giving you the ability to drive outside your normal range when you need to. So if you have a Chevy Volt with 50+ miles of EV range and cover your 40 mile daily commute your annual trip to grandmas house 200 miles away is still doable!

Here, we’ll focus on the fundamental differences between a hybrid and an electric car, along with the pros and cons of each.

Difference between hybrid and electric car © Provided by Motoring Electric Difference between hybrid and electric car

Cutting to the chase, an electric car offers zero tailpipe emissions, while a hybrid requires a petrol or diesel engine for its primary means of propulsion.

Just to confuse matters, there are two types of hybrid: standard or plug-in hybrid. A standard hybrid might also be referred to as a ‘self-charging’ hybrid, while a plug-in may be called a ‘PHEV’ (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle)

The main difference between the two is that in a hybrid, the electric motor is there to increase efficiency, improve fuel economy and provide a small amount of electric range. We’re talking really small, like a mile or so.

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A Hybrid Electric Vehicle , or HEV, adds electric motors and a battery to the gas vehicle[2]. The motor and engine work together; each applying its strengths where the other is weak. HEVs are also known as Charge Sustaining Electric Vehicles . They don’t “fill-up” their battery before driving. But then, BEV advocates do the exact same thing when they point out that an HEV can’t drive very far an a “charge.” I hope I have successfully described how, even though the physical process of “charging” is similar, the purpose is entirely different . [4] It is a cross between a BEV and an HEV.

Hybrids are a poor compromise between a traditional infernal combustion engine car and a Battery Electric . They made a bit of sense before Tesla came along with electric cars that had sufficient range and performance to clearly demonstrate that they were better than any infernal combustion engine car available at any An Electric car is exactly that, it' s powered solely by Electric . A hybrid can be a mix of normal engine and electric , one unit backs up the other. A good example would be an electric bike that also has pedals, the electric motor can help power the bike but it' s also possible to pedal.

As the name suggests, a plug-in hybrid can be plugged in to provide, typically, around 30-40 miles of electric range. Once this range has been used up, the petrol or diesel engine takes over.

Toyota Corolla Hybrid © Provided by Motoring Electric Toyota Corolla Hybrid

We like to think of a standard hybrid as a worthy alternative to a diesel car, with the likes of Toyota and Lexus offering some excellent options here.

Meanwhile, a plug-in hybrid is a good halfway-house between a conventional car and an electric vehicle. Depending on the length of your daily commute or school run, it’s quite possible to complete your journeys solely in electric mode, leaving the petrol or diesel engine for longer weekend trips.

However, you must recharge the batteries in order for a plug-in hybrid to make sense. If you don’t, you’re simply lugging around a heavy battery pack, which will have a negative impact on fuel economy.

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But what ' s the difference between an electric car and a hybrid ? Why are some hybrids different to others? Is there anything else available? What about hydrogen fuel cells? The electricity that powers an electric car is stored in batteries before being used by electric motors to drive the car ’s wheels; the addition of an fossil fuel engine would make it a hybrid . Hybrid cars , meanwhile, have electric elements to their powertrains but cannot be considered ‘ electric cars ’ due to the presence of a petrol engine.

What Is Your favourite Electric Hybrid Car ? Has the real electric car revolution already taken shape with the extremely What is the difference between a hybrid and an electric car ? Whenever I go out for a jog or cycling, I am so grateful when an electric car passes by, you really feel the difference .

The Hyundai Ioniq

Hyundai Ioniq range © Provided by Motoring Electric Hyundai Ioniq range

Consider the Hyundai Ioniq. It’s unusual for being available with a choice of three electrified powertrains: hybrid, plug-in hybrid and electric. Let’s highlight the key differences between the three options.


  • Ioniq Hybrid: £24,045
  • Ioniq Plug-In: £30,450
  • Ioniq Electric: £30,550

The hybrid version is the least expensive, partly because it features the least sophisticated technology. Although it looks like the electric car is only fractionally more expensive than the plug-in version, the price is skewed by the government plug-in car grant, which is available on zero emission cars.

Electric cars used to be more expensive than their plug-in hybrid equivalents, but things are changing. Relatively affordable electric cars include the Seat Mii Electric, Vauxhall Corsa-e, MG ZS EV and Peugeot e-208.

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Hybrid vs Electric cars Hybrid and Electric cars are considered eco friendly and are designed in such a way to lower the gasoline use. Electric cars totally depend on electricity , which means they

The main difference between a standard hybrid and an electric car is that a hybrid car derives some of its power from a non- electric power source, like gasoline. Many automakers have introduced hybrids over the years, with reliable models that require little maintenance outside the scope of what a gasoline car would need. This includes traditional maintenance such as tire change, oil change, coolant replacement, etc. There can be slightly increased costs when maintenance involves the battery, oxygen sensors or evaporative emissions systems that are not working properly.

Electric range

  • Ioniq Hybrid: 1 mile
  • Ioniq Plug-in: 32 miles
  • Ioniq Electric: 193 miles

You’ll be lucky to get a mile of pure electric range out of the hybrid, because the electric motor is there to support the 1.6-litre petrol engine. The 32 miles offered by the plug-in version looks a little miserly, but when you combine it with the petrol engine, you get a total range of 660 miles.

The EV’s range of 193 miles is resonable, although many rivals now offer more. For example, the Kia e-Niro manages up 282 miles from a single charge.

Kia e-Niro © Provided by Motoring Electric Kia e-Niro

CO2 emissions and fuel economy

  • Ioniq Hybrid: 102g/km and 62.8mpg
  • Ioniq Plug-in: 26/gkm and 256.8mpg
  • Ioniq Electric: 0g/km and N/A

All three versions offer significant tax benefits – especially for company car drivers – but the electric car is the only one to offer zero emissions. As we mentioned earlier, if you don’t recharge the plug-in hybrid batteries, you may as well buy the cheaper hybrid version.

Performance (0-62mph and top speed)

  • Ioniq Hybrid: 10.8 sec / 115mph
  • Ioniq Plug-in: 10.6 sec / 110mph
  • Ioniq Electric: 9.9 sec / 103mph

Performance figures might be less important for a car like this, but it’s worth noting that electric cars offer smooth and immediate acceleration, making them great for driving in the city.

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Looking beyond the figures, the hybrid is the least enjoyable Ioniq to drive, but the pace of the electric car sets it apart. Some electric cars, such as the Tesla Model S and Porsche Taycan, offer performance to rival a supercar.


Electric car plugged in © Provided by Motoring Electric Electric car plugged in

These are just three of the things you need to consider when deciding whether to buy a hybrid or an electric car. Perhaps a good conclusion would be to say that in a hybrid you CANNOT plug-in, in a plug-in hybrid you SHOULD plug-in, and in an electric car you MUST plug-in.

One thing’s for certain: full electric cars are getting better with every passing year. Today, they offer the range, practicality and price to make them a realistic prospect for an increasing number of people.

By browsing the pages of Motoring Electric, you can discover if an electric car is right for you.


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