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Entertainment The number of displaced because of the wars and crises doubled in ten years

10:50  18 june  2021
10:50  18 june  2021 Source:   ouest-france.fr

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Des enfants dans un camp de déplacés à Marib, au Yémen, en avril 2021. © Ali Owidha / Reuters children in a camp of displaced in Marib, Yemen, in April 2021.

The number of refugees, of displaced persons Within their country and asylum seekers has also increased by 4% in 2020, compared to the already record figure of 79.5 million at the end of 2019.

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Despite the pandemic of Covid-19 , the number of People fleeing wars, persecutions and abuses reached a record of 82.4 million, a higher two figure than ten years ago, according to the UN .

According to the annual report of the United Nations Refugee Agency this Friday, June 18, the number of refugees, displaced persons within their country and asylum seekers increased by 4% in 2020 Compared to the already record figure of 79.5 million at the end of 2019.

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2020 represents the ninth year of continuous rise in forced displacement around the world.

Wars continued during the

pandemic during the pandemic, "Everything stopped, including the economy, but wars, conflict, violence, discrimination and persecution - all these factors that grow people To flee - have continued ", explained to AFP the head of the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), Filippo Grandi.

Today, 1% of humanity is moved and there are twice as many "uprooted people" that ten years ago, when the total number reached about 40 million, worries UNHCR.

End 2020, the world had 30.3 million refugees and other displaced persons from their country, including 5.7 million Palestinian refugees and 3.9 million Venezuelans. And asylum seekers accounted for 4.1 million people.

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But "The big jump concerns the number of displaced persons within their own country" , which now stands at 48 million, "an unprecedented number" , "said Filippo Grandi, during the Presentation of the report.

increased displaced in their country

mainly generated by crises in Ethiopia, Sudan, in the countries of the Sahel, Mozambique, Yemen, Afghanistan and Colombia, the number of internally displaced people increased by more than 2.3 million last year.

Despite the pandemic and calls to a global ceasefire launched by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, conflicts continued to flee people.

The report also notes that in the strongest of the pandemic in 2020, more than 160 countries had closed their borders and 99 of them had no exception for persons seeking protection.

Thanks to the adoption of measures such as border medical examinations, health certificates or temporary quarantine on arrival, simplified registration procedures and remote interviews, more and more countries were then found ways to ensure access to asylum procedures despite the pandemic.

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Nearly one million children born as refugees between 2018 and 2020

last year, more than two-thirds of all people who fled abroad were originating in only five countries: Syria (6.7 Millions), Venezuela (4 million), Afghanistan (2.6 million), South Sudan (2.2 million) and Burma (1.1 million).

Young, girls and boys, under 18 years of age account for 42% of all uprooted people. And according to the Estimates of UNHCR, nearly one million children were born as refugees between 2018 and 2020.

"The tragedy of so many children born in exile should be a sufficient reason to do much more effort To prevent and terminate conflicts and violence ", supported Filippo Grandi.

During the year 2020, some 3.2 million internal displaced and only 251,000 refugees returned to their home, a decrease of 40% and 21% respectively, compared to 2019.

a drastic decline of Resettlement of refugees

Refugee resettlement also recorded a drastic decline. Only 34,400 refugees were resettled last year, the lowest level for 20 years, resulting from the limited number of resettlement places and the CVIV-19 pandemic, according to UNHCR.

"Solutions require leaders around the world and people of influence leave aside their differences, put an end to a selfish approach to policy and focus on conflict prevention and settlement, as well as the Respect for human rights, "said Mr. Grandi.

For the seventh consecutive year, Turkey has hosted the largest refugee population in the world (3.7 million), followed by Colombia (1.7 million), Pakistan (1.4 million), Uganda ( 1.4 million) and Germany (1.2 million).

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