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Entertainment Covid vaccine: Low jab take-up linked to higher risk of deaths among some ethnic groups

20:04  26 january  2022
20:04  26 january  2022 Source:   msn.com

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Lower vaccination rates among some ethnic groups contributes to an increased risk of Covid-19 death, particularly for people from black African and Caribbean backgrounds, new research suggests.

Most ethnic minority groups have continued to experience greater rates of death involving coronavirus during the third wave of the virus compared with people identifying as white British. These differences have been attributed mostly to social and demographic factors, such as geography, type of residence and health.

However, levels of vaccination coverage are now contributing to the elevated risk of death observed in some groups, according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS). It is the first time vaccination take-up has been linked in this way with estimates of mortality rates.

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Between June 13 and December 1 last year, the risk of death involving Covid-19 for black African males in England was 1.4 times greater than that for white British males, after adjusting for age, demographic factors and certain pre-existing conditions.

However, after also adjusting for vaccination status – to reflect if someone has received a first, second or third dose – this difference was found to have been eliminated.

A similar pattern was evident for black Caribbean males, with the risk 1.7 times greater before adjusting for vaccination status, but no excess risk afterwards.

For black African and Caribbean females, the risk of Covid-19 death before adjusting for vaccination was estimated at 1.8 and 2.1 times greater than white British females respectively – but again, this excess risk disappeared after accounting for vaccine take-up.

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The figures suggest that, once adjusted for vaccination status, there is “no evidence” that the risk of death involving Covid-19 is greater for people from these ethnic groups than for the white British ethnic group, the ONS said.

People identifying as black African and Caribbean have the lowest vaccination rates among people over the age of 50, however. Differences in vaccination coverage between these two groups and the white British group “explain a large part of the excess risk”, the ONS added.

Overall, the ONS found that, during the third wave of the virus, the fully-adjusted risk of Covid-19 mortality – including vaccination status – is similar to the white British group for nearly all ethnic groups.

The exceptions were the Bangladeshi group (2.2 times greater for males and 2.1 times greater for females) and Pakistani men (1.2 times greater).

Vahe Nafilyan, senior statistician in the ONS health and life events division, said: “Today’s analysis shows that since the vaccination programme began, the risk of death from Covid-19 has continued to be higher in most ethnic minority groups than in the white British ethnic group.

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“As already highlighted in our analyses of earlier periods, these differences in mortality are largely explained by socio-demographic and economic factors and health. For the first time, we show that the lower vaccination coverage in some ethnic groups also contributes to the elevated risk of Covid-19 death, particularly in the black African and black Caribbean groups.”

The NHS has repeatedly targeted ethnic minorities since it became clear take-up rates among them were much lower, using celebrities to promote public health awareness about the benefits of the vaccines.

Veena Raleigh, senior fellow at The King’s Fund, described the ONS findings as “deeply concerning”. She said: “Whilst it is encouraging that the latest data shows smaller ethnic differences in Covid-19 excess mortality than previously, facilitated in part by the vaccination programme, there is no room for complacency.

“It is deeply concerning that vaccine uptake remains lowest in some communities with the highest risk of Covid-19 mortality in all three waves – only about one third of Pakistani, Black Caribbean and Black African adults, and less than half of Bangladeshi adults, have had three jabs.

“It’s vital that services engage with these communities to improve vaccine uptake. Addressing the factors driving health inequalities and the disproportionate impact of the pandemic on poorer and ethnic minority communities should be a priority in the Government’s post-Covid-19 recovery plans.”

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usr: 0
This is interesting!