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Money SpaceX debuts the Block V rocket it will use to launch humans in space

18:26  10 may  2018
18:26  10 may  2018 Source:   qz.com

ExoMars Rover prepares for shake down ahead of Mars trip

  ExoMars Rover prepares for shake down ahead of Mars trip If the 2020 mission goes to plan it would be Europe’s first rover on Mars, following several successful NASA landings. Europe's last attempt to land a rover vehicle on the surface of Mars ended in disappointment in 2016 when Schiaparelli span out of control and slammed into the red sand.The ESA rover will be more sophisticated though, featuring a two-meter exploration drill and an autonomous navigation system.

The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket sitting on the pad at Kennedy Space Center doesn’t look too different from its predecessors, but it represents the Today, it will lift a Bangladeshi satellite into orbit, but its final purpose is to show NASA it is safe to carry astronauts to the International Space Station next year.

The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket sitting on the pad at Kennedy Space Center doesn’t look too different from its predecessors, but it represents the If it works as expected, re- using the Block 5 Falcon 9—already the best deal in the market—could drive up SpaceX ’s profit margins at a time when it is

Watch: SpaceX to launch final version of its Falcon 9 rocket (Newsy)

The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket sitting on the pad at Kennedy Space Center doesn’t look too different from its predecessors, but it represents the culmination of two decades worth of rocket engineering at Elon Musk’s space company.

a large ship in a body of water: The Falcon 9 Block IV vehicle that launched the NASA TESS satellite.© Provided by Quartz The Falcon 9 Block IV vehicle that launched the NASA TESS satellite. The fifth iteration of the Falcon 9 rocket, called a “Block V,” it is intended to be the final version of the company’s workhorse orbital lifter, capable of being reused ten times or more with minimal refurbishment between flights. Today, it will lift a Bangladeshi satellite into orbit, but its final purpose is to show NASA it is safe to carry astronauts to the International Space Station next year.

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The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket sitting on the pad at Kennedy Space Center doesn't look too different from its predecessors, but it represents the Today, it will lift a Bangladeshi satellite into orbit, but its final purpose is to show NASA it is safe to carry astronauts to the International Space Station next year.

The Block 5 features a number of upgrades that should increase the rocket 's reliability and reusability, SpaceX officials have said. The first stage of the The aerospace giant will fly agency astronauts to and from the ISS using a capsule called the CST-100 Starliner and United Launch Alliance Atlas V

a plane sitting on top of a runway: Instagram Photo© Provided by Quartz Instagram Photo The first version of the Falcon 9 flew in 2010 as part of a NASA program designed to create a commercial cargo service to the space station, after the space shuttle program was cancelled for being too costly, complex and ultimately dangerous. Despite setbacks like a 2015 mission failure and a 2016 fueling accident that destroyed a rocket, the Falcon 9 has gone to orbit fifty-three times in the last eight years.

a screenshot of a cell phone© Provided by Quartz Now, to complete Musk’s vision, the final version of the SpaceX workhorse needs to take people into space.

Evolution of a rocket

The Falcon 9 is the first reusable, vertical-landing orbital rocket, a process that the company tested during missions. This “test as we fly” approach allowed it to develop its technology more cheaply than it could have otherwise, landing a booster safely for the first time in 2015 and launching a “flight-proven” booster for the first time in 2017. Since then, SpaceX has flown used boosters eleven times.

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SpaceX has upended the rocket industry, making founder Elon Musk the world's most disruptive space pioneer. The visionary entrepreneur is bent on building giant low-cost reusable rockets and spaceships that can be used to colonize humans on Mars.

SpaceX debuts the Block V rocket it will use to launch humans in space .

Reusability is intended to save money, but the benefit of not having to build nine new engines and the rest of the first stage for each flight is reduced by the cost of recovering the rocket and refurbishing it between flights. Currently, SpaceX is re-flying boosters after about a six month break, which is far from the forty-eight hour turnaround that Musk and company aim for.

The Block V is built to reduce turnaround time: It boasts sturdier gear, like titanium fins that steer the booster back to ground without bursting into flame, as the previous aluminum edition would. The engines are bolted, rather than welded, in place, for easier installation and maintenance. A bare section of carbon fiber is left unpainted to save weight and time.

If it works as expected, re-using the Block V Falcon 9—already the best deal in the market—could drive up SpaceX’s profit margins at a time when it is trying to recoup development costs and push forward into a new, larger rocket intended to ply the solar system.

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SpaceX 's first " Block 5" Falcon 9 rocket launches Bangabandhu Satellite-1 for the government of Bangladesh on May 11, 2018. SpaceX holds a multibillion-dollar contract to fly NASA astronauts to and from the ISS, and the company will use the Block 5 and Dragon to perform these missions.

Elon Musk seems to be happy with the nine-engine booster—so, he's moving on.

Upgrading the Falcon’s engines

The Falcon 9’s most important and controversial upgrades concern the engines and the plumbing that fuels them. NASA and its outside advisers have pushed SpaceX on safety, ahead of its first crewed test flight expected in early 2019. One key concern was cracking in the blades of a fan in the engine that forces high-pressure propellant into the combustion chamber. SpaceX worked to develop a more robust design for this critical component, called a turbopump, to ensure that it stands up to repeated re-use.

Watch: SpaceX looks to mass-produce space rockets (Buzz60)

The second and larger problem concerned the tanks that SpaceX uses to store its high-pressure propellant. The tanks are made of carbon fiber lined with aluminum to save weight. However, when the company fills its rocket with liquid oxygen, chilled to super-low temperatures to fit more inside, accidents can happen.

Elon Musk: SpaceX will launch more rockets than any nation on Earth this year — then make spaceflight history again in 2019

  Elon Musk: SpaceX will launch more rockets than any nation on Earth this year — then make spaceflight history again in 2019 SpaceX successfully launched the newest and final version of its workhorse Falcon 9 rocket on Friday. The rocket, called Falcon 9 Block 5, has a giant booster that can be launched, landed, and re-flown 10 to 100 times orBut the real star of the mission was a newly designed rocket called Falcon 9 Block 5. Elon Musk, the founder of SpaceX, said the launcher is built to be the most powerful, reusable, and affordable version of his company's workhorse orbital rocket.

The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket sitting on the pad at Kennedy Space Center doesn’t look too different from its predecessors, but it represents the If all goes well, BFR will ultimately replace all other SpaceX rockets , as it will be cheaper (by mass) to launch and reuse than any version of Falcon 9

SpaceX holds a multibillion-dollar contract with NASA to provide such taxi services. The first crewed flights of the Block 5-Dragon system could come as early as this year, SpaceX representatives have said. (NASA also signed a commercial crew deal with Boeing, which will use its CST-100 Starliner

After a rocket exploded during fueling ahead of a flight test in 2015, SpaceX launched a redesign of those tanks and how they are used to ensure that such a nasty surprise never happens while humans are onboard. NASA conducted its own independent testing. While the two organizations are still debating how to approach the actual fueling procedure, with some outside advisors concerned about fueling the rocket with astronauts on board, SpaceX’s engineers expect the design of this new rocket to satisfy the space agency’s safety concerns with their advanced technology.

SpaceX will need to fly its Block V rocket seven times before NASA okays it for human use. At the company’s current flight rate, that could take just a few months.

a screenshot of a cell phone© Provided by Quartz

NOW SEE: A day in the life of Elon: Elon Musk's insane daily schedule revealed (Business Insider)

Elon Musk standing on a city street: • Elon Musk splits much of his time between SpaceX and Tesla.• He is the CEO of both companies.• He plans every minute of his day, and often works through meals. Elon Musk is one busy guy. The Tesla and SpaceX founder generally spends a full workweek at each of his two companies, wolfing down lunch in five minutes and skipping phone calls for productivity's sake. So it's not surprising that his daily life is pretty jam-packed. Based on previous interviews, Business Insider pieced together an estimation of what an average day looks like for this real-life Tony Stark. Take a look at a day in the life of Elon Musk: A look at the demanding schedule of Elon Musk, who works in 5-minute slots, skips breakfast, and largely avoids emails

A NASA photographer caught the perfect SpaceX launch shot. Then his camera melted .
For photographers, the Robert Capa adage “If your photographs aren’t good enough, you’re not close enough,” is a guiding principle. For NASA photographer Bill Ingalls,…For NASA photographer Bill Ingalls, it can be updated to, “Even if your photos are good enough, and you’re photographing at a safe distance, your camera might still be toast.

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