NASA tests new rocket launch abort system
NASA has successfully tested its new launch abort system - ensuring that astronauts can escape from on top of a rocket if a launch is going wrong. The Orion spacecraft's abort system needs to be faster than a rocket in flight so it can pull the astronauts to safety, meaning a simple ejector-seat cannot really make the grade. Planned to carry the first woman to the moon in 2024, the Orion spacecraft will be rocketed off Earth by NASA's new Space Launch System - the most powerful engine the agency has ever used.
© Nick Ansell The moon (Nick Ansell/PA)
The UK is hoping to provide essential communication between the moon and scientists on Earth as multinational plans to build a new space station The UK Space Agency is bidding for a slice of key activity on the proposed Lunar Orbital Platform – Gateway, a future outpost intended to serve as a
You've probably heard about the moon -orbiting space station that NASA plans to start building in the next half-decade. This outpost, known as the Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway, will help humanity extend its footprint out into deep space and also enable a variety of interesting scientific and commercial
The UK is hoping to provide essential communication between the moon and scientists on Earth as multinational plans to build a new space station around the moon get under way.
The UK Space Agency is bidding for a slice of key activity on the proposed Lunar Orbital Platform – Gateway, a future outpost intended to serve as a laboratory and short-term accommodation post for astronauts exploring the moon.
In November, the next round of funding decisions will be determined by the European Space Agency (ESA) of which the UK is a member.
Gallery: Famous milestones in space (Picture Service)
NASA is about to grow fruit in space
If humans begin to travel to other worlds on a regular basis — or even set up shop and live there — we're going to need food, and that means finding a way to grow fruits and vegetables in otherworldly environments.
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station , or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit. The ISS programme is a joint project between five participating space agencies: NASA
Take a walk through Lockheed Martin's proposed habitat for NASA's moon -orbiting space station , which the agency plans to start building in 2022. Once the additional systems are installed, the habitable space will be much smaller, though Hauf said the final measurements will depend on how
June 20, 1944: First man-made object in space
The MW 18014, a V-2 guided ballistic missile, was launched from the Peenemünde Army Research Center in Nazi Germany. It reached an altitude of 109 miles (176 kilometers) above the Earth’s surface.
Oct. 4, 1957: First artificial satellite in space
Weighing 184 pounds (84 kilograms), Sputnik 1, a metal sphere with a diameter of 23 inches (58 centimeters), was launched by the Soviet Union into an elliptical low-Earth orbit, giving the Russians a first ‘win’ in the Space Race. The spacecraft completed an Earth orbit every 96.2 minutes and transmitted a series of beeps that could be monitored around the world.
Head of NASA’s human exploration program demoted as agency pushes for Moon return
William Gerstenmaier is no longer leading the way
With its Chang’e 4 landing, China has eclipsed US and Russian achievements. Expect them to take fresh interest in the moon , says Mary Dejevsky, a former foreign correspondent.
Since the moon prevents direct communications from the far side, China launched a satellite to act as a relay China’s goal is not just to join the space race, but to lead it. If the International Space Station is decommissioned — the Trump administration has proposed ending federal financing for it
(Pictured) Replica of Sputnik 1.
Nov. 3, 1957: First animal to orbit the Earth
Laika, a three-year-old stray dog from the streets of Moscow, Russia, was sent up to space in Sputnik 2. Scientists believed animals could help understand the effect of space flight on humans. However, since they hadn’t yet, at the time, figured out the technology to de-orbit, it was a one-way flight. Laika died soon after her flight, possibly from overheating caused by a malfunctioning spacecraft.
Aug. 14, 1959: First photo of Earth from space
American satellite Explorer 6 transmitted crude pictures of a sunlit area of the Central Pacific Ocean and its cloud cover while it was crossing Mexico.
Oct. 7, 1959: First photos of another space object
Although no human has ever stood on the far side of the moon, Soviet-era space probe Luna 3 was the first to take photographs of the area. The probe took 29 images; they were of low-resolution but many features could still be identified, such as the Mare Moscoviense (the dark spot in the upper right corner).
Apollo 11 anniversary: Toyota edges closer toward creating a space-traveling moon rover
Toyota teamed up with the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency to create a new lunar rover that astronauts will use to search the moon for frozen water.
Part of a long-term project to send humans to Mars, the Nasa- led programme will see the two countries working to create a crewed spaceport in lunar orbit.
American astronauts aboard the International Space Station told VOA on Wednesday that their excitement about recently Russia and the United States in September agreed to cooperate on a NASA- led program to build the first lunar space It’s going to take a lot of manpower, and it’s going
March 11, 1960: First solar probe is launched
NASA launched the Pioneer 5 space probe, via a Thor-Able 4 rocket, to investigate the interplanetary space between Earth and Venus. The probe was designed to provide information on solar flares, radiation and interplanetary magnetic fields.
April 12, 1961: First man in space
Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin completed an orbit of the Earth on the Vostok 1. This was Gagarin’s first and only spaceflight. The flight lasted 108 minutes and Gagarin parachuted out of the capsule when it was 4.3 miles (seven kilometers) from the planet’s surface. However, he didn’t man the mission – it was controlled either by an auto-pilot mechanism or from the ground.
May 5, 1961: First completed manned spaceflight
American astronaut Alan Shepard piloted the Mercury-Redstone 3 (also called Freedom 7) to demonstrate humans could withstand the high gravitational forces of launch and landing. He completed a 15-minute suborbital flight before landing in the North Atlantic, off the coast of the Bahamas.
This Is What the Next Space Suit Will Look Like
The vintage Apollo moonwear is getting a major upgrade.
"And to take the capabilities that we're developing on station , take them to the next level and test them a little And that's the idea of going to cislunar space ." Boeing's plan involves assembling the station between Crews can come home quickly in an emergency, communication is almost instantaneous
The Lunar Orbital Platform – Gateway (LOP-G) is a future space station in lunar orbit intended to serve as a solar-powered communications hub, science laboratory, short-term habitation module
June 16, 1963: First woman in space
Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova completed 48 orbits of the Earth in three days. She was awarded the title of “Hero of the Soviet Union” on return and the United Nations Gold Medal of Peace.
March 18, 1965: First spacewalk
Voskhod 2 pilot Alexey Leonov completed a 12-minute spacewalk when he left the craft to attach a camera to the end of the airlock. An endeavor to mark a space milestone, it could have cost Leonov his life since his suit was over-pressurized and he almost suffered a heatstroke. Fortunately, all ended well and the cosmonaut was recorded floating in space before safely re-entering the spacecraft.
July 15, 1965: First close-up photographs of another planet
NASA's Mariner 4 became the first man-made object to successfully fly by Mars. It transmitted 21 images of the Martian surface, which showed deep craters (like those on the surface of the moon) and no signs of life.
Feb. 3, 1966: First soft landing on another celestial body
Russia's Luna 9 accomplished a lunar landing by deploying a landing bag to survive the impact. The unmanned spacecraft landed undamaged near the Oceanus Procellarum and the on-board television camera system took photographs of the surface. This was the first time photos were transmitted to Earth from the surface of another celestial object.
India aborts moon mission launch, citing technical glitch
India aborted the launch on Monday of a spacecraft intended to land on the far side of the moon less than an hour before liftoff. The Chandrayaan-2 mission was called off when a "technical snag" was observed in the 640-ton, 14-story rocket launcher, Indian Space Research Organization spokesman B.R. Guruprasad said. The countdown abruptly stopped at T-56 minutes, 24 seconds, and Guruprasad said that the agency would announce a revised launch date soon.
It shows a Canadarm on a proposed space station in orbit around the moon . The stars are aligning for Canada to supply a robotic arm with AI capabilities on a space station destined to orbit the moon − but only if Ottawa moves quickly to join the U.S.- led venture before competitors elbow their way into
CEO Elon Musk said the private journey would take about a week, nearing the moon ’s surface While Nasa has contracted SpaceX to launch crewed missions to the International Space Station , the Musk said the space agency would receive priority if it decided to do another lunar mission first, and
Dec. 25, 1968: First manned mission escapes Earth's orbit
Apollo 8 departed from Earth's orbit at 6:10:17 UTC, going into lunar orbit and circling it 10 times. Commander Frank Borman, Command Module Pilot James Lovell and Lunar Module Pilot William Anders marked a list of firsts that include: first humans to see the Earth as a whole, enter the gravitational force of another celestial object, to photograph Earth from space, see the far side of the moon and see an Earthrise.
July 20, 1969: First man on the moon
Apollo 11 Mission Commander Neil Armstrong made history when he set foot on the moon. Along with astronaut Buzz Aldrin (pictured), Armstrong landed the lunar module at 20:18 UTC and, six hours later, stepped outside. He was joined by Aldrin some 20 minutes later. Armstrong and Aldrin also became the first humans to take pictures on and off the moon.
Nov. 17, 1970: First lunar rover lands
Lunokhod 1 was the first of two unmanned rovers launched by the Soviet Union. Weighing 1,667 pounds (756 kilograms), it landed in the Mare Imbrium (also called Sea of Showers or Sea of Rains).
April 19, 1971: First space station
The Soviets launched the first space station of any kind, the Salyut 1 (R), to conduct tests and scientific research in low-Earth orbit. An accident on Soyuz 11 forced the Soviets to halt their space missions as their capsules had to be redesigned. This took too long and it was decided to terminate the Salyut 1 after 175 days.
"Corporate astronaut": How billionaires are joining the space race
Six hundred people have already paid Virgin Galactic $250,000 for a ticket to space
From the International Space Station , Expedition 42 Flight Engineer Terry W. Virts took this Nasa's Mars Rover Spirit took the first picture from Spirit since problems with communications began a China was excluded from the International Space Station mainly due to US legislation barring such
Meanwhile, NASA will move ahead with its plans to create another space station around the Moon The idea is for this space station to serve as an outpost where astronauts can work and train And the request proposes to eliminate the same five Earth Science missions it wanted to get rid of last year.
(Pictured) Artist's rendering of a Soyuz space craft docking with Salyut 1.
July 15, 1972: First mission to leave the inner Solar System
The Pioneer 10, launched on March 2, 1972, became the first spacecraft to enter the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. It would become the first to fly by Jupiter in December 1973.
(Pictured) Artist's rendering of Pioneer 10 moving away from the sun.
July 15, 1975: First international manned mission launches
The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project's aim was the first joint U.S.-Soviet spaceflight. With a mission to develop space rescue capability, the American unnumbered Apollo module and Soviet Soyuz 19 docked with each other in space on July 17, 1975, marking the first such link-up of spacecraft from the two nations. The mission also marked the end of the Space Race.
Oct. 22, 1975: First photos from the surface of another planet
The Venera 9 unmanned Soviet mission, that launched in June 8, 1975, became the first spacecraft to orbit Venus. The craft landed near the Beta Regio area on the planet and took images of the Venusian surface that were transmitted to the Earth.
April 12, 1981: First reusable shuttle launches
NASA’s maiden orbiter, Space Shuttle Columbia, was launched with two crew members – John W. Young and Robert L. Crippen. The mission was called STS-1 and Columbia orbited the Earth 37 times before landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California, U.S., on April 14, 1981, becoming the first reusable, manned spacecraft.
Feb. 7, 1984: First untethered spacewalk
American astronaut Bruce McCandless II used the Manned Maneuvering Unit (an astronaut rocket pack) to venture 98 meters (320 feet) from Space Shuttle Challenger.
July 25, 1984: First woman to walk in space
Cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya conducted an extravehicular activity (EVA) for over three hours, cutting and welding metal outside the Salyut 7 space station. She is, to date, the only Soviet woman to walk in space.
Neil Armstrong's son didn't realise how risky moon mission had been
Neil Armstrong's son didn't realise how risky moon mission had been
Jeffrey Epstein taken into custody in N.Y. on new charges related to sex crimes involving minors. The multimillionaire had previously reached an agreement with prosecutors in Florida to resolve allegations he molested dozens of young girls.
Jan. 28, 1986: Challenger explosion
Space Shuttle Challenger started breaking up 73 seconds after lift-off. It exploded shortly after, killing all seven crew members on-board, including school teacher Christa McAuliffe; she was a civilian selected from thousands of applications for the NASA Teacher in Space Project.
(Pictured, clockwise from L) Ellison Onizuka, McAuliffe, Gregory Jarvis, Judith Resnik, Ronald McNair, Francis "Dick" Scobee and Michael J. Smith
Feb. 19, 1986: First long-term space station
Mir’s Base Block was launched into orbit by a Soviet Proton launcher, becoming the world’s first modular space station – assembled over the 10 years it was orbiting Earth. During its 15 years of service, it remained the largest artificial satellite in orbit.
Feb. 14, 1990: First photograph of the whole solar system
The Voyager 1, launched in 1977, took the first ever "family portrait" of the solar system. It was a mosaic of 60 images that only showed six planets since Mercury was too close to the sun to be seen, Mars could not be detected by the camera and Pluto was too small. The sun was seen in the center as just a point of light.
March 22, 1995: Longest human space flight
Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov lived aboard Mir Space Station for just over 437 days continuously. His combined space time, over multiple missions, is more than 22 months. His residency was helpful for scientists to study biomedical effects of long-term spaceflight.
July 4, 1997: First operational rover on another planet
Mars Pathfinder took four minutes to enter the Martian atmosphere and land in the Ares Vallis region. It deployed the Sojourner Rover soon after, which conducted experiments to analyze the atmosphere, climate and geology of the planet.
Nov. 20, 1998: Largest man-made object in space
The first module of the International Space Station (ISS) was launched by a Russian Proton rocket. The world's first multinational space station would continue to grow over subsequent missions until it became the largest man-made object in Earth's orbit and the largest satellite of Earth. The station has also been continuously occupied for more than 16 years, making it the longest continuous human presence in space.
March 6, 2009: First space telescope
A Delta II rocket carried Kepler, NASA’s first planet-hunting spacecraft, on its mission to look for Earth-like exoplanets. It would orbit the Sun every 372 days, observing an area and selecting stars for further study.
(Pictured) Artist's rendering of Kepler spacecraft.
April 28, 2001: First space tourist
American millionaire and engineer Dennis Tito flew to the ISS on the Soyuz TM-32. He is believed to have paid $20 million and returned safely after an eight-day trip.
Feb. 12, 2001: First landing on an asteroid
The NEAR-Shoemaker space probe's mission to Asteroid 433 Eros started in 1996 and ended with the probe landing on its surface. It collected data on the asteroid's composition and magnetic field, with the last data signal being received by NASA on Feb. 28, 2001.
(Pictured) Visualization of 433 Eros.
May 22, 2012: First private company in space
SpaceX’s Falcon 9 delivered the unmanned Dragon cargo spacecraft into orbit so that it could rendezvous with the International Space Station. The Dragon was also the first American vehicle to visit the International Space Station since the end of the space shuttle program.
(Pictured) The Dragon craft is grappled by ISS' robotic arm.
Nov. 12, 2014: First comet landing
The European Space Agency’s Rosetta probe reached the orbit of comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko on Aug. 6, 2014, and its lander module Philae successfully landed on the comet’s surface.
July 14, 2015: Last encounter with one of nine original planets
New Horizons space probe, launched in 2006, performed its closest flyby of Pluto, becoming the first interplanetary space probe to reach and observe the dwarf planet.
Aug. 10, 2015: Fresh food is harvested in space
After decades of eating Earth-packed food, NASA astronauts aboard the ISS managed to grow, harvest and eat red romaine lettuce in space. They cleaned the greens with citric acid-based wipes before eating them.
March 2, 2016: First ISS year-long mission ends
Russian astronaut Mikhail Kornienko (R) and American Scott Kelly recorded the longest time in space for ISS crew members after their 340-day mission. They were part of a program to study the health effects of long-term spaceflight.
Feb. 15, 2017: 104 satellites launched at once
The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) blasted off 101 smaller nano satellites and three Indian satellites in one go. The combined payload of 3,040 lbs (1,380 kgs) was aboard the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).
March 30, 2017: First reusable orbital rocket launched and landed
SpaceX sent a previously used Falcon 9 into space, carrying communication satellites. The first stage of the rocket had been used in an April 2016 NASA mission. It successfully returned to Earth and landed on a drone ship in the Atlantic Ocean.
Feb. 6, 2018: SpaceX tests the most powerful launch vehicle in operation
The private space company successfully completed the flight of the Falcon Heavy that can lift up to 141,000 pounds (64 metric tons) – a mass greater than a 737 fully-loaded jetliner. During its demo flight, the huge rocket launched Elon Musk’s cherry-red Tesla Roadster and its dummy astronaut, "Starman" (pictured), into orbit around the sun.
Oct. 29, 2018: Closest man-made object to the Sun
The Parker Solar Probe became the closest ever man-made object to the sun. The record of 26.55 million miles (42.73 million kilometers) was previously held by the Helios 2 spacecraft, which was launched jointly by NASA and Germany’s DFVLR. The Parker probe is expected to approach within 4.3 million miles (6.9 million kilometers) from the center of the sun and the mission goals include understanding the flow of energy around the corona (outer layer of the sun’s atmosphere).
(Pictured) United Launch Alliance Delta IV Heavy rocket launching Parker Solar Probe at Cape Canaveral in Florida, U.S. on Aug. 12, 2018.
Jan. 1, 2019: NASA explores furthest point in space
NASA spacecraft New Horizons traveled to Ultima Thule, a trans-Neptunian object located four billion miles (6.5 billion kilometers) from Earth. The journey, which was made in six hours and eight minutes, marks the furthest point in space humanity has explored to date. Photographs sent back from the flyby – the space craft was 2,200 miles (3,500 kilometers) away – show two sphere-like objects fused together. The largest is believed to be 21 miles (33 kilometers) long.
(Pictured) This image made available by NASA on Jan. 2, 2019, shows the size and shape of the object Ultima Thule.
Jan. 3, 2019: China lands probe on far side of the moon
On this day, the Chinese government claimed to have successfully landed a space probe on the far side of the moon. The probe – Chang’e-4 – landed in the South Pole-Aitken Basin, according to a statement issued by country's space agency. The event now means China is one of only three countries in the world to have made soft-landings on the moon – the other two are the U.S. and the former Soviet Union.
On Jan. 15, 2019, China National Space Administration revealed that seeds taken up to the moon by Chang'e-4 have sprouted, marking the first time any biological matter has grown there. "Learning about these plants' growth in a low-gravity environment would allow us to lay the foundation for our future establishment of space base," said Professor Xie Gengxin, the experiment's chief designer.
(Pictured) This photo, provided on Jan. 3, 2019, by China National Space Administration, shows the Chang'e-4 probe during its landing process.
Guildford-based SSTL, a manufacturer of small satellites, is being supported by the UK Space Agency in its bid to be the technology provider for communications, allowing astronauts and rovers on the moon to send data back and forth between the moon, the space station, and Earth.
Sue Horne, head of space exploration at the UK Space Agency, said it was not only bidding for communication but also the refuelling features of the joint effort.
“Europe – hopefully, if we get sufficient subscriptions – will be building the habitation module and the service module,” she told the PA news agency.
“In the UK, we would like to do the communications system and the refuelling element but there will be a lot of competition for the refuelling element. © Provided by The Press Association (PA Graphics)
“I think on the refuelling element, it’s probably 50/50, we have a much better chance of getting the communications – we have a strong communications industry.
“Looking to the future moon programme, there’s a lot more commercial activity and there is a UK company that is planning to develop a commercial communications service around the moon, because there is India, Israel, the US and China all sending missions, there is a demand for communications services, so there is a company, SSTL, who are looking to put that service in place and the UK Space Agency is helping them in that endeavour.”
Ms Horne said Italy was the biggest possible competitor for the UK on the communications side, while the French and Germans were challengers for refuelling.
Gallery: NASA's Apollo 8 mission to the moon launched exactly 50 years ago (Business Insider)
Developing an ISS-style space station around the moon could not only increase the number of missions to the lunar surface, but could be used as a testing ground for putting humans deeper into our solar system.
“There’s a lot of technology we have to develop and the best place to test it out is on the moon,” she continued. Illustration of an astronaut in front of Mars.
“It’s nearer, and therefore cheaper and easier to test it out on the moon, so we need to use the moon as a test bed to enable us to do the more distant places like Mars.”
Nasa is aiming to return astronauts to the moon by 2024, after US vice president Mike Pence called for an acceleration in pace.
The last time humans walked on the moon was in December 1972 during the Apollo 17 mission.
On July 20, the world will commemorate 50 years since the first moon landing, Apollo 11, which saw Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin walk on the lunar surface.
MSN are empowering Women In Sport this summer. Find out more about our campaign and the charity fighting to promote the transformational and lifelong rewards of exercise for women and girls in the UK here.
Neil Armstrong's son didn't realise how risky moon mission had been.
Neil Armstrong's son didn't realise how risky moon mission had been