•   
  •   

MoneyChina Labor Watch: Foxconn's Apple iPhone factory breaks laws on temp workers, overtime

16:21  09 september  2019
16:21  09 september  2019 Source:   qz.com

Apple reportedly shelves 'walkie talkie' iPhone feature

Apple reportedly shelves 'walkie talkie' iPhone feature Apple has put its plans for a 'walkie talkie' iPhone feature on hold, The Information reports. The technology would have allowed people with iPhones (in a certain vicinity) to send messages over long-distance radio waves when cellular networks weren't available. It would have functioned a bit like a walkie talkie for text messages and allowed iPhone users to communicate in remote areas. This is the first time we've heard of the technology, which went by Project OGRS at Apple. It reportedly used the 900 megahertz radio spectrum, often used by the utility, oil and gas industries.

Apple Inc. and manufacturing partner Foxconn violated a Chinese labor rule by using too many temporary staff in the China Labor Watch alleges harsh conditions before iPhone event. Apple and Foxconn both said this issue has been corrected. Most factory workers are paid about 4,000

Apple accused of worker violations in Chinese factories . Apple denied most of the allegations, but acknowledged that it exceeded the number of contract workers allowed by Chinese law . An employee works on the assembly line at a Foxconn plant in Shenzhen, Guangdong province, China , in 2010.

China Labor Watch: Foxconn's Apple iPhone factory breaks laws on temp workers, overtime © Reuters

Most workers in Apple’s largest iPhone factory are struggling enough that lack of overtime hours is a punishment—and overtime on all phones spiked in the months just after Apple’s last iPhone launch.

Those findings, just ahead of Apple’s iPhone 11 launch tomorrow (Sept. 10), come from a yearlong investigation by China Labour Watch conducted by multiple investigators who worked undercover at Foxconn’s largest iPhone factory in China, its Hengfujin unit in central Zhengzhou. It’s one of three subsidiaries in the area run by Foxconn, or Hon Hai Precision Industry, as the Taiwanese firm is formally known, and as of August had 150,000 workers.

Apple’s next iPhone event will take place on September 10th

Apple’s next iPhone event will take place on September 10th ‘By innovation only.’

Chinese labor law states that temporary hires cannot exceed 10% of the total employed workers . "We looked into the claims by China Labor Watch and most of the allegations are false," Apple said in a Apple did not disclose which of the allegations are true. Foxconn confirmed that a review of its

China Labor Watch alleged the violations; the companies confirmed. Apple and Foxconn violated a Chinese labor rule by using too many temporary staff at a major factory that makes iPhones . Chinese labor law allows facilities like Foxconn ’ s Zhengzhou plant to operate with no more than 10

The report from the New York-based nonprofit provides a rare detailed look at China’s overwork problems, already drawing renewed attention in recent weeks after the Netflix release of American Factory, a documentary backed by the Obamas that looks at a US factory under its new Chinese management. Apple has faced criticism over poor labour for years over its supply chain, and has been releasing “supplier responsibility” reports to showcase its progress in training and ensuring safe workplaces.

The CLW report presents a picture of ongoing problems. Investigators, including one who worked at the plant for more than four years, detailed how the Foxconn factory used overtime hours both as a reward, and as a mandatory requirement. Workers often want overtime because their monthly base pay, at around 2,100 yuan ($300), is low, while overtime hours are paid at 1.5 normal hourly weekday wages.

Apple to start supplying independent iPhone repair shops with parts

Apple to start supplying independent iPhone repair shops with parts The firm has totally flipped its stance toward unofficial iPhone repair shops

iPhone 11: Apple denies breaking labor laws in China on the heels of watchdog report. Apple ' s factory is accused of underpaying workers and forcing them to work in harsh conditions. Unlike full- time employed workers , dispatch workers do not receive paid sick leave and social insurance for

CLW said undercover investigators worked in Foxconn ’ s Zhengzhou plant in China , including one who was employed there for four years. One of the main findings: Temporary staff, known as dispatch workers , made up about 50% the workforce in August. Chinese labor law stipulates a maximum of

China Labor Watch: Foxconn's Apple iPhone factory breaks laws on temp workers, overtime © Provided by Atlantic Media, Inc. Foxconn-Zhengzhou-China-Apple One of the ways in which overtime is used to punish is linked to referrals. Workers in the factory have been required to refer others to join the factory since 2016. The report says it’s mandatory to make referrals when the factory needs workers most—usually in August to October, or about the time every year Apple releases new iPhone models. “If a worker refuses to refer others to work at the factory, they will receive fewer overtime working hours in the following weeks. Fewer overtime hours is seen as a punishment for many workers, as the base wage is pittance,” reads the report.

“The work is gruelling but we still hope to do overtime work because that’s the only way we can earn more than 3,000 yuan ($420) per month. Whoever wants to live an exhausting life? What pushes us to work overtime is not the factory but life itself,” a worker told one investigator.

iOS 13 code suggests Apple’s exciting new AR glasses might launch sooner than we thought

iOS 13 code suggests Apple’s exciting new AR glasses might launch sooner than we thought Apple will unveil the iPhone 11 series next week, likely alongside new Apple Watch models, but these aren't the only new iOS products the company is developing. 

Apple and its Chinese supplier Foxconn have been accused of violating labour laws on the eve of the launch New York-based China Labour Watch (CLW) released a report on Monday detailing a string of China ’ s labour laws stipulate that temporary workers “shall not exceed 10 per cent of the total

Apple denies claims that staff experience poor working conditions in the Foxconn factory . The campaign group, China Labor Watch , said its investigators had spent time working in the factory "We have confirmed all workers are being compensated appropriately, including any overtime wages

Foxconn makes the line production leader’s bonus dependent on his or her workers meeting the monthly referral quota—usually six or seven per individual, the report said. The leader passes the pressure on to line workers, threatening fewer overtime hours for those who fail to deliver. “Some workers would go to the extreme and pay others to be hired into the factory in order to meet the quotas so that they can work overtime,” said the report.

The constant fear of not having overtime work makes sure factory workers behave. “Workers have to be careful when they chat during work. They are not allowed to chat too obviously,” reads the report. In addition, a worker who takes excessive bathroom breaks—more than two in the course of a morning for example—could be assigned to more tiring work, or not allowed overtime. Workers work at least 100 overtime hours a month during peak production season, CLW said, while China’s labour law says workers should now work more than 36 hours of overtime. One of the investigators reported working 130 hours of overtime to manufacture the iPhone XS in October 2018.

How Trump’s trade war with China is hurting Apple

How Trump’s trade war with China is hurting Apple Tech giant says new US import tariffs on gadgets including Apple Watch and AirPods will give rival Samsung an unfair advantage

China Labor Watch also reports harsh conditions at Foxconn . Also, overtime hours were taken away from those who didn’t meet referral quotas, the report said. “ Apple and Foxconn know that the issue with dispatch workers is in violation of labor laws , but because it is profitable to hire dispatch

Apple and Foxconn have admitted to breaking a Chinese labor law after an investigation by China Labor Watch reported the violation, reports Bloomberg. Apple , however, disputed other allegations from China Labor Watch ’ s investigation, including that workers were working up to 100 hours of

Not all overtime work is compensated, however. For instance, workers sometimes need to

work unpaid hours to complete the production quota designated for their shift—each shift produces 11,000 iPhones during peak seasons and around 3,000 units for the rest of the time.

Gallery: You won't believe how these big businesses started out (Love Money)

China Labor Watch: Foxconn's Apple iPhone factory breaks laws on temp workers, overtime

The report also found that more than half of the plant’s 150,000 workers were “dispatch” workers whose contracts aren’t with Foxconn but with local labour companies. That’s more than five times more the number of temporary workers allowed in a company under Chinese labor law.

Apple said it looked into the complaints raised by CLW and said it found “most of the allegations are false,” but did admit that its own investigation showed the percentage of temporary workers exceeded its standards and that it is working with Foxconn to address the issue. “We have confirmed all workers are being compensated appropriately, including any overtime wages and bonuses, all overtime work was voluntary and there was no evidence of forced labour,” read the statement from Apple. It didn’t respond to follow-up questions from Quartz seeking clarifications about the allegations.

Foxconn didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment from Quartz, but told Bloomberg, the first to report on the CLW report, that it had found excessive use of temp workers.

This is far from the first time Foxconn’s factory practices have been put under a spotlight. A spate of suicides at its factories in 2010 first drew global attention to working conditions for iPhones outsourced to China. As recently as January of last year, a temporary 31-year-old worker jumped to death from an apartment complex at the Zhengzhou factory.

MSN UK is committed to Empowering the Planet and taking urgent action to protect our environment. We’re supporting Friends of the Earth to help solve the climate crisis - please give generously here or find out more about our campaign here.

Apple's iPhone 11 goes on sale with lines outside major stores around the world .
Apple will get a taste of whether upgraded features on the new iPhone 11 are enough to lure shoppers to retail stores around the world as the new smartphones officially hit shelves Friday. At the Apple flagship store on Regent Street, a handful of diehard iPhone fans started waiting in line to purchase the new smartphones Thursday evening. As of 6 a.m. Friday, roughly 40 customers were waiting for the doors to open. The number started rising as Apple opened its doors. Among the features customers were most excited about: the triple-camera system on the iPhone 11 Pro and iPhone 11 Pro Max.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

usr: 1
This is interesting!