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Weird NewsSee the face of a man from the last gasps of the Roman Empire

06:30  16 may  2019
06:30  16 may  2019 Source:   nationalgeographic.com

Immaculate gold coin worth £100,000 emblazoned with the face of 'the first Brexiteer' who took Britain out of the Roman Empire in 293AD is discovered by an amateur metal detectorist

Immaculate gold coin worth £100,000 emblazoned with the face of 'the first Brexiteer' who took Britain out of the Roman Empire in 293AD is discovered by an amateur metal detectorist An anonymous hobbyist found the coin in a newly-ploughed field near an ancient Roman road in Dover, Kent. The 30-year-old finder thought the coin was fake at first as it was in such good condition.

The history of the Jews in the Roman Empire traces the interaction of Jews and Romans during the period of the Roman Empire (27 BC – AD 476). Their cultures began to overlap in the centuries just before the Christian Era.

The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire . Read in another language. Watch this page. Edit. The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire is a six-volume work by the English historian Edward Gibbon.

See the face of a man from the last gasps of the Roman Empire © Photograph by Oscar Nilsson

Adelasius Ebalchus, who lived in northern Swizterland 1,300 years ago. He was in his late teens or early twenties when he died.

Adelasius Ebalchus has a decidedly Latin name for a man who lived in Switzerland around 700 A.D., centuries after the western Roman Empire fell apart. That choice of name was deliberate, explains Mirjam Wullschleger of the Solothurn state archaeology department. It was at this time that Germanic peoples were moving into the Swiss Plateau in the country’s north, changing the language and culture of the remnant Roman empire to that of the German-speaking Alemanni tribe.

Immaculate gold coin worth £100,000 emblazoned with the face of 'the first Brexiteer' who took Britain out of the Roman Empire in 293AD is discovered by an amateur metal detectorist

Immaculate gold coin worth £100,000 emblazoned with the face of 'the first Brexiteer' who took Britain out of the Roman Empire in 293AD is discovered by an amateur metal detectorist An anonymous hobbyist found the coin in a newly-ploughed field near an ancient Roman road in Dover, Kent. The 30-year-old finder thought the coin was fake at first as it was in such good condition.

The causes and mechanisms of the Fall of the Western Roman Empire are a historical theme that was introduced by historian Edward Gibbon in his 1776 book The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire .

The Roman emperors were the rulers of the Roman Empire dating from the granting of the title of Augustus to Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus by the Roman Senate in 27 BC.

See the face of a man from the last gasps of the Roman Empire © Photograph courtesy Department of Archaeology of the Canton Solothurn, Switzerland

Adelasius was buried in a grave lined with rocks, which may indicate he was of high social status.

Adelasius’ name, and most of what we think we know about him, however, is speculation. His face was reconstructed from a skeleton discovered in 2014, recovered from one of 47 early medieval graves excavated ahead of building construction in the town of Grenchen in northern Switzerland. He was interred in a Roman-style burial, in a grave lined and covered with rocks and his feet pointing north.

See the face of a man from the last gasps of the Roman Empire © Photograph courtesy Department of Archaeology of the Canton Solothurn, Switzerland

A 3D-printed copy of the skull was used as the base of the facial reonstruction. Adelasius had unusually good teeth for the time.

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Based on his remains, researchers determined Adelasius was between 19 and 22 years old and about 5 feet, 6 inches tall. He suffered from chronic osteomyelitis, a bone infection, and vitamin deficiencies—the combination of which likely led to his early death. His rock-lined grave may indicate a higher social status than other people living in Grenchen at the time.

When Oscar Nilsson, an archaeological facial reconstructor, was commissioned to reconstruct the face of Adelasius Ebalchus, he was struck not only by the quality of the 3D-printed skull he had to work with, but also the state of his historical model’s dental work.

“I’ve never seen more even or perfect teeth,” says Nilsson, who has worked on facial reconstructions from remains going back to the Paleolithic. “It’s not the typical case for me. Quite often, I have to start reconstructing the teeth by looking at what’s around them.”

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Fall of the Western Roman Empire . Read in another language. Watch this page. Edit. The Fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called Fall of the Roman Empire or Fall of Rome) was the process of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which the Empire failed to enforce its rule

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Nilsson knew that he wanted to highlight Adelasius’ teeth and decided that the reconstructed face would smile—a decision he doesn’t take lightly.

When doing facial reconstructions—especially for law enforcement work—it’s not advisable to give your subject a smile, says Nilsson. It distracts from the overall physical impact of the reconstruction, he explains, while creating “an unconscious assumption that it’s a happy person.”

“I don’t want to describe a personality I know nothing about,” he says. “At the same time, though, I need to create a face that gives the impression that this person was once alive and has a soul.”

Nilsson has worked on individuals from many regions and time periods, but early medieval Switzerland was a first for him. “It’s quite exciting and quite under explored. I hope I can put some light into this period of history.”

Adelasius will be exhibited at Grenchen’s Kultur-Historischen Museum through early June, and then in November be put on permanent display at Solothurn’s state museum of archaeology in Olten.

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