•   
  •   

Weird News This single working mum was Europe's first professional woman writer

17:45  17 march  2020
17:45  17 march  2020 Source:   nationalgeographic.com

Woman dies during Australia Day lamington eating competition

  Woman dies during Australia Day lamington eating competition Shocked witnesses describe how a woman "shovelled the lamington into her mouth" before having a seizure and dying at an Australia Day eating competition in Hervey Bay on Sunday.A woman has died during an Australia Day lamington eating competition in South East Queensland.

Working woman . She found work as the manager of a scriptorium, where she Christine argued that the work ’ s portrayal of women was problematic, attributing negative traits to allegorical female Christine de Pisan’ s choice to become a professional writer allowed her to build a body of work and

Women -focused travel companies have existed on the fringes of the tourism industry since the late 1970s. This single working mum was Europe ' s first professional female writer .

a colorful rug: Christine de Pisan kneels before Queen Isabella of Bavaria (left) to present her with  One Hundred Ballads of a Lover and a Lady in a 15th-century illustration. British Library, London. © BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD/BRIDGEMAN IMAGES Christine de Pisan kneels before Queen Isabella of Bavaria (left) to present her with One Hundred Ballads of a Lover and a Lady in a 15th-century illustration. British Library, London. For a daughter to receive the same education as a son was rare in the mid-14th century, and Christine de Pisan’s childhood was one such exception.

Born in Venice in 1364 and raised in France, Christine (also known as Christina) used the advantages of her early education to forge a prolific writing career to support herself and her family, an unprecedented achievement for the time.

Killing Eve's Villanelle to 'marry a woman' in series three: 'The wedding is one of the key scenes'

  Killing Eve's Villanelle to 'marry a woman' in series three: 'The wedding is one of the key scenes' Jodie Comer's character Villanelle is set to marry a woman in series three of the popular show Killing Eve – but it's not who you think.The season two finale ended with a literal bang after Villanelle shot Eve, played by Sandra Oh, in the back and left everyone wondering if she was really dead.

This mighty medieval woman outwitted and outlasted her rivals. Ruler of two nations, mother to kings and queens, leader of a crusade: Eleanor of Aquitaine was a Christine de Pisan upended medieval norms not only by refusing to remarry but also by being the first woman to make a living with her pen.

When the dance first whirled through the ballrooms of Vienna, it caused an outrage and marked a decisive shift in European social customs. Whatever its exact origin, by the late 1700 s the waltz spread throughout Europe . The dance craze was particularly popular among young people from the

A poet and biographer, Christine celebrated remarkable female figures in her works, including an account of Joan of Arc written during her lifetime.

a person sitting on display: Christine de Pisan helped craft the beautifully illustrated manuscripts of her literary creations. Using her experience as manager of a scriptorium, she oversaw the work of skilled miniaturists to produce these detailed images. In some editions she is often the subject of the illustrations. In a 15th-century edition of her 1405 work  One Hundred Ballads of a Lover and a Lady, she is shown working in her study (left). As in this image, she is often shown wearing a long blue dress and a white wimple, the standard attire across many other portraits of her. © BRIDGEMAN/ACI Christine de Pisan helped craft the beautifully illustrated manuscripts of her literary creations. Using her experience as manager of a scriptorium, she oversaw the work of skilled miniaturists to produce these detailed images. In some editions she is often the subject of the illustrations. In a 15th-century edition of her 1405 work One Hundred Ballads of a Lover and a Lady, she is shown working in her study (left). As in this image, she is often shown wearing a long blue dress and a white wimple, the standard attire across many other portraits of her. Christine’s father was a Bolognese physician and astrologer, Tommaso da Pizzano. His reputation as an intellectual secured him employment as the court astrologer of King Charles V of France. Tommasso moved the family there when Christine was four.

Before coronavirus: The deadliest pandemics in history

  Before coronavirus: The deadliest pandemics in history Disease has plagued humanity since the dawn of time. Luckily, medicine has evolved and continues to do so, and diseases that were once fatal are now treatable and even preventable. But every now and then an outbreak happens, and, as history tells us, these can be truly devastating. In this gallery, we look back on the worst pandemics in history. If you think the recent coronavirus outbreak is bad, wait until you read about what our ancestors had to go through. Click on.

This single working mom was Europe ' s first professional woman writer . This mighty medieval woman outwitted and outlasted her rivals. Ruler of two nations, mother to kings and queens, leader of a crusade: Eleanor of Aquitaine was a savvy power player in medieval France and England.

MSN are empowering Women In Sport this summer. Find out more about our campaign and the charity fighting to promote the transformational and lifelong rewards of exercise for women and girls in the UK This single working mum was Europe ' s first professional female writer . National Geographic.

She had two younger brothers, and their father, who was an open-minded man for the times, decided to provide a formal education for all three of his children. Christine received lessons in Greek, Latin, great works of literature, history, philosophy, and medicine.

A voracious reader, she was known to have spent hours in the library of the royal palace of the Louvre, which had been founded by her father’s patron, Charles V. 

Wife then widow

Alongside her desire to soak up knowledge, Christine de Pisan also demonstrated precocious literary flair.

As a child, she composed songs and ballads that delighted members of the court. Her father, who gained prestige in King Charles V’s inner circle, did his utmost to ensure an advantageous marriage for his daughter as soon as she was old enough to wed.

In 1379, age 15, Christine married Étienne du Castel, a notary and secretary to the king. It was, by Christine’s own account, a blissfully happy union. The pair had three children: two sons and a daughter.

Cabdriver saves 92-year-old woman from $25,000 scam, police say

  Cabdriver saves 92-year-old woman from $25,000 scam, police say Police in Northern California are crediting a cabdriver with helping save a 92-year-old woman from becoming the victim of a scam that would have cost her tens of thousands of dollars. The woman had called Raj Singh, who owns Roseville Cab, to pick her up from her home in Sun City and drive her to the bank, Roseville police said in a Facebook post.

This single working mom was Europe ' s first professional woman writer . Christine de Pisan upended medieval norms not only by refusing to remarry but also by being the first woman to make a living with her pen.

It grew prosperous by selling enslaved people to the United States or sending them to work in Dutch colonies, and some nobles “gifted” each other Will warming spring temperatures slow the coronavirus outbreak? Here’s what coronavirus does to the body. This single working mom was Europe ' s first

A few years later Christine lost her father, and her husband died soon afterwards in an epidemic (some sources say the bubonic plague) around 1389. 

At age 25, Christine became a widow with three children and a mother to support. Her brothers had returned to Italy and could not help her.

The conventional solution at the time would have been to seek out a new husband and remarry, but Christine took a different course of action. She decided to carry on alone and support her family with her own literary talents.

As she wrote in her journal: “I had to become a man.”

Working woman

She found work as the manager of a scriptorium, where she supervised the work of calligraphers, bookbinders, and miniaturists. In her spare time, she wrote, drawing on her wealth of reading. For additional income, Christine began sending the poems she composed to influential figures, hoping to attract their patronage.

Her boldness paid off, and she gained appreciative sponsors. Writing became Christine’s livelihood, and she was able to support her family. Her principal patron and source of income was King Charles VI (the son of the French king Charles V, who died in 1380). Christine was able to attract more noble patrons, even some from outside France. They included Philip II of Burgundy, Queen Isabella of Bavaria, and England’s Earl of Salisbury. (Life for this Bavarian princess was no fairy tale.)

Phoebe Waller-Bridge says working on James Bond was just like 'every other job'

  Phoebe Waller-Bridge says working on James Bond was just like 'every other job' The actor and writer had been working on the forthcoming Bond scriptThe Fleabag actor and writer was drafted in to liven up the 25th instalment, No Time to Die, starring Daniel Craig.

Can shorter working hours boost productivity? (The Financial Times). What a day without women looks like in Mexico (The Washington Post). This single working mum was Europe ' s first professional female writer . National Geographic. Skull of smallest known dinosaur found preserved in amber.

This single working mum was Europe ' s first professional female writer . National Geographic. Skull of smallest known dinosaur found preserved in amber.

Inkwell, 15th Century, Louvre Museum, Paris © STÉPHANE MARÉCHALLE/RMN-GRAND PALAIS Inkwell, 15th Century, Louvre Museum, Paris Beyond writing poetry, Christine proved to be an outspoken and influential social and literary critic. In the early 1400s, she debated the king’s secretaries about the moral fitness of the Roman de la Rose, a long allegorical poem first written by Guillaume de Lorris and then continued by Jean de Meun in the 13th century. Christine argued that the work’s portrayal of women was problematic, attributing negative traits to allegorical female figures and also portraying women as mere objects to satisfy male desires. She was outspoken in her criticism of the work, helping to launch a more general debate in the French court about the status of women. She argued that women’s inferior position was not natural, but cultural.

In 1405 Christine further explored her defence of women in what became one of her most famous works, Le Livre de la cité des dames (The Book of the City of Ladies). In it, Christine imagines a city occupied by remarkable women from history: the poet Sappho; Dido and Semiramis, founders of Carthage and Babylon; Zenobia, queen of Palmyra; Eve and Esther from the Hebrew scriptures; the Virgin Mary; St. Cecilia; and Queen Isabella of Bavaria. (From Ancient Egypt to today, these women rule the world.)

Two Men In Their 70s Arrested After Woman Found Dead In Bolton

  Two Men In Their 70s Arrested After Woman Found Dead In Bolton Two Men In Their 70s Arrested After Woman Found Dead In BoltonThe men, aged 72 and 73, were detained after the woman’s death on Friday night, Greater Manchester Police said.

City of Ladies highlights the importance of education in shaping virtuous and strong women. One passage reads: “If it were customary to send little girls to school like boys...they would learn as thoroughly the subtleties of all the arts and sciences.” Christine points out that foolish men considered it bad for females to be educated “because it displeased them that women knew more than they did.” (These are the best places to be a woman today.)

Life during wartime

Christine’s life unfolded amid the political turmoil of the Hundred Years’ War, fought between France and England, a series of disputes over land and succession. With this conflict never far from her mind, Christine’s writings extended to the virtues of good governance.

In 1413 she penned one of her last major works, Le Livre de la paix (The Book of Peace), a series of governing advice for the heir to King Charles VI. Following England’s invasion of France in 1415, Christine took refuge in a convent in Poissy, where years earlier her daughter had taken her vows. She stopped writing for many years.

After Charles died in 1422, his heirs battled for the French crown. Henry V of England backed one faction, the Burgundians, and the other was led by the future Charles VII. Christine found the war troubling but found hope after the siege of Orléans, a French victory in 1429 led by Joan of Arc.

Inspired by the news, she took up her pen and wrote: “Le Ditié de Jehanne d’Arc” (“The Tale of Joan of Arc”), hailing her as a new shining light for the French. Christine died around 65 in circa 1430, and her poem stands as the only work penned during the Maid of Orleans’ lifetime.

Christine de Pisan’s choice to become a professional writer allowed her to build a body of work and express new thinking about women. Centuries later Simone de Beauvoir, in her 1949 treatise The Second Sex, described her stance as “the first time a woman takes up her pen to defend her sex.”


A Brazilian legend pays for itself Neymar: “Far from Messi and Ronaldo” .
For a former legendary player from Brazil, Neymar is far from having the consistency that would allow him to approach Leo Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo. © Provided by Football 365 Neymar PSG Certainly, Neymar is not very popular in the country. After Thiago Mendes who recommended the hard game on his compatriot, is Zico who attacks the Parisian.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

usr: 8
This is interesting!