Tech & Science: 3 get Nobel Medicine prize for learning how cells use oxygen - - PressFrom - United Kingdom
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Tech & Science 3 get Nobel Medicine prize for learning how cells use oxygen

18:15  07 october  2019
18:15  07 october  2019 Source:   msn.com

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Get breaking national and world news, broadcast video coverage, and exclusive interviews. The 2019 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to scientists William G. Kaelin, Jr, Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza for their discoveries of " how cells sense and adapt to oxygen

The 2019 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to scientists William G The three scientists found "the molecular switch for how to adapt" when oxygen levels in the body vary. Get breaking news alerts and special reports. The news and stories that matter, delivered weekday

STOCKHOLM (AP) — The 2019 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to scientists William G. Kaelin, Jr, Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza for their discoveries of "how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability," the Nobel Committee announced Monday.

3 get Nobel Medicine prize for learning how cells use oxygen

  3 get Nobel Medicine prize for learning how cells use oxygen 3 get Nobel Medicine prize for learning how cells use oxygenThe discoveries made by the three men "have fundamental importance for physiology and have paved the way for promising new strategies to fight anemia, cancer and many other diseases," said the Karolinska Institute.

Three Scientists Just Won The Nobel Prize In Medicine For Discovering How Oxygen Affects Cells . William Kaelin, Sir Peter Ratcliffe, and Gregg Semenza were awarded the 2019 prize for discovering a fundamental process in animal life: how cells respond to oxygen .

The 1938 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine to Corneille Heymans awarded discoveries showing how blood oxygen sensing via the carotid body Gregg Semenza studied the EPO gene and how it is regulated by varying oxygen levels. By using gene-modified mice, specific DNA segments located

The discoveries made by the three men "have fundamental importance for physiology and have paved the way for promising new strategies to fight anemia, cancer and many other diseases," said the Karolinska Institute.

The trio — Kaelin and Semenza are Americans, and Ratcliffe is British — will share equally the 9 million kronor ($918,000) cash award. It is the 110th prize in the category that has been awarded since 1901.

Related slideshow: 2019 Nobel laureates and last year's winners (Provided by Photo Services)

Kaelin works at Harvard, Semenza at Johns Hopkins University and Ratcliffe is at the Francis Crick Institute in Britain.

In announcing the prize, the Nobel Committee said the work by the three laureates has "greatly expanded our knowledge of how physiological response makes life possible." The Committee said that Semenza, Ratcliffe and Kaelin found "the molecular switch for how to adapt" when oxygen levels in the body vary, noting that the most fundamental job for cells is to convert oxygen to food and that cells and tissues constantly experience changes in oxygen availability.

Thomas Perlmann, the secretary of the Nobel Committee at the Karolinska Institute, said he was able to call all three laureates Monday. But he reached Kaelin via his sister who gave him two phone numbers — the first one was a wrong number.

"He was really happy," Perlmann told a news conference.

The announcement kicked off Nobel week. The Nobel Physics prize is handed out Tuesday and the following day is the chemistry prize.

Scientist, 97, becomes oldest ever winner of Nobel Prize

  Scientist, 97, becomes oldest ever winner of Nobel Prize Three scientists have taken home the Nobel Prize for Chemistry, including the oldest ever winner. © Imagebridge John Goodenough is the oldest every Nobel winner The trio, John B Goodenough, Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino, share the nine million krona prize (£740,099).Mr Goodenough is the oldest ever winner of a Nobel prize at the age of 97.The three worked together on developing and refining rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, making the age of global information technology, mobile and fossil-fuel free revolutions possible.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1940. No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/ 3 allocated to the Main Fund and with Otto Fritz Meyerhof “for his discovery of the fixed relationship between the consumption of oxygen and the metabolism of lactic acid in the muscle”.

Winners of the Nobel prize in medicine ; William G. Kaelin Jr, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza are seen on a screen during a conference at Royal We need oxygen to live. The Nobel in medicine winners discovered how we adapt to changing levels. William G. Kaelin Jr, Sir Peter J

This year's double-header Literature Prizes — one each for 2018 and 2019 — will be awarded Thursday and the Peace Prize will be announced on Friday.

The economics prize will be awarded on Oct. 14.

The 2018 literature prize was suspended after a scandal rocked the Swedish Academy. The body plans to award it this year, along with announcing the 2019 laureate.

Prize founder Alfred Nobel — a Swedish industrialist and the inventor of dynamite — decided the physics, chemistry, medicine and literature prizes should be awarded in Stockholm, and the peace prize in Oslo.

He specifically designated the institutions responsible for the prizes: The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awards the Nobel Prizes in Physics and Chemistry; the Karolinska Institute is responsible for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine; the Swedish Academy picks the Nobel Prize in Literature; and a committee of five people elected by the Norwegian Parliament decides who wins the Nobel Peace Prize.

The economics prize — officially known as the Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel — wasn't created by Nobel, but by Riksbanken, Sweden's central bank, in 1968. It is the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences that was tasked with selecting the winner.

Nobel glory this year comes with a 9-million kronor ($918,000) cash award, a gold medal and a diploma. The laureates receive them at elegant ceremonies in Stockholm and Oslo on Dec. 10 — the anniversary of Nobel's death in 1896.

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Jan M. Olsen in Copenhagen, Denmark, contributed to this report.

Scientist, 97, becomes oldest ever winner of Nobel Prize .
Three scientists have taken home the Nobel Prize for Chemistry, including the oldest ever winner. The trio, John B Goodenough, Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino, share the nine million krona prize (£740,099). © Imagebridge The trio helped to refine and develop lithium-ion batteries Mr Goodenough is the oldest ever winner of a Nobel prize at the age of 97.The three worked together on developing and refining rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, making the age of global information technology, mobile and fossil-fuel free revolutions possible.

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