Tech & Science Trump declares war on TikTok: three questions on a possible ban

17:05  01 august  2020
17:05  01 august  2020 Source:   leparisien.fr

"TikTok Grandma", rookie of choice for the team of Joe Biden

 © Provided by Le Point A collective of support for the democratic candidate for the American presidential Joe Biden announced Friday to have made a rookie of choice, Mary Joe Laupp, alias "TikTok Grandma", recently become heroine of social networks. This 51-year-old woman posted a video on TikTok on June 12 to call social network users to book tickets for the Donald Trump campaign meeting in Tulsa, Oklahoma, knowing they were not there would not.

Image caption Mr Trump said he could ban the app as early as Saturday. President Donald Trump has announced he is banning the Chinese-owned video-sharing app TikTok in the US. He told reporters he could sign an executive order as early as Saturday. US security officials have expressed concern that

"We're looking at TikTok . We may be banning TikTok . People familiar with the matter have said the United States is preparing to take action on TikTok amid concerns over the security of the personal data collected by the popular short video app.

"Regarding TikTok, we ban it in the United States". In front of some journalists present in his presidential plane Air Force One Friday, Donald Trump indicated his wish to ban the application of video sharing very popular by the youngest. The American president could act as of this Saturday, he suggested. We take stock.

Why does Trump want to ban TikTok?

For several weeks, Donald Trump and the highest American officials have openly suspected China of using TikTok for espionage purposes.

The application, owned by the Chinese group ByteDance, has around one billion users worldwide. The Chinese do not have access to TikTok but to the equivalent Douyin application, developed by the same group. The latter, whose data is stored on different servers, does not offer the same sharing possibilities, due to the censorship that applies on the Chinese Internet.

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US President Donald Trump says he plans to ban Chinese-owned social networking app TikTok , citing security concerns. US officials are examining the potential for TikTok to be used by the Chinese government as tool for gathering intelligence.

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The American agency responsible for ensuring that foreign investments do not pose a risk to national security, the CFIUS , is currently investigating TikTok.

On July 6, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo previously said he was "considering" banning Chinese social media applications. People should only download TikTok "if you want your private information to be in the hands of the Chinese Communist Party," he hammered on Fox News, in a martial tone. Accusations of espionage which the application has always defended.

“Some elected Republicans consider TikTok to be a Beijing Trojan horse for Chinese propaganda. They also fear the recovery of data, which is a little ironic when we know the use of data from social networks that the Republicans make, especially during the 2016 presidential campaign ”, notes political scientist Marie-Cécile Naves, referring to the scandal Cambridge Analytica.

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Reports of Trump weighing a possible ban of TikTok in the United States emerged after several Republican Senators raised concerns that China might meddle with the US presidential election via TikTok - a video platform with short musical videos.

"As far as TikTok is concerned, we are banning them from the United States ByteDance and TikTok did not immediately respond to requests for comment. We encourage you to use comments to engage with users, share your perspective and ask questions of authors and each other.

This sequence is also part of an electoral context, three months before the presidential election. Donald Trump seems, at present, left behind by his Democratic opponent Joe Biden in the polls. “He is firing on all cylinders. Wanting to ban TikTok is part of its strategy to designate China as an external enemy responsible for its problems ”, judges Marie-Cécile Naves.

READ ALSO> Covid-19, racism, bitterness and tax bill ... Trump is going through the worst streak of his mandate

Trump is undoubtedly also annoyed to note that the application is widely used by progressive youth who oppose to him. Some have even claimed to have sabotaged his meeting in Tulsa on June 20 by reserving thousands of places that were ultimately left empty.

How could he do it?

The New York Times indicates that Donald Trump could issue an executive order based on the “International Emergency Economic Powers Act” in order to force American app stores to remove TikTok from their catalog. “I have that authority. I can do it with a decree, ”hammered Donald Trump on Friday.

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“As far as TikTok is concerned, we’re banning them from the United States,” Trump told reporters on board Air Force One on Friday, according to NBC News, adding that he may do Trump indicated that he might use an executive order or invoke emergency powers to effect the ban . I have that authority.

President Donald Trump said his administration is considering banning the short video app TikTok in the U.S. as one possible way to retaliate against China over its “ TikTok is led by an American CEO, with hundreds of employees and key leaders across safety, security Questions About Children.

Banning the application as it currently exists could also go through a roundabout route. Because the US administration also plans to force the Chinese parent company of TikTok, ByteDance, to sell the platform to an American group. Here too, it is the argument of the protection of national security that would be put forward. Negotiations are already open with Microsoft, according to the Washington Post .

Precedents exist, as the American daily points out. In March, a Chinese company was forced to sell its stake in an American hotel software company. Last year, the Trump administration forced the Chinese owners of the gay dating app Grindr to relinquish control of the company.

Have other countries already banned TikTok?

Yes. On June 29, India banned 59 Chinese apps, including TikTok (but also the very popular WeChat messaging). These "engage in activities [...] prejudicial to the sovereignty and integrity of India, to the defense of India, to state security and to public order", had justified the Ministry of Information Technology.

Neighboring Pakistan recently issued "a final warning" to the application to remove content deemed "immoral, obscene and vulgar".

In Hong Kong, the app's executives decided to suspend it due to the recent national security law imposed by China.

In France, it seems to be quite the opposite, for the moment. Several politicians, including Emmanuel Macron, have just invested in the social network. On July 7, the Head of State took advantage of the results of the bac to "land" on TikTok and send his congratulations to the winners.

VIDEO. "With his video on TikTok, Macron shows that he is campaigning for 2022"

Trump wants to ban TikTok in the US .

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