UK News: Former enemies unite to reject one-sided amnesty in Northern Ireland - PressFrom - United Kingdom
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UK NewsFormer enemies unite to reject one-sided amnesty in Northern Ireland

18:16  13 august  2019
18:16  13 august  2019 Source:   news.sky.com

Amnesty for IRA terrorists is ruled out by Defence Secretary Ben Wallace as he insists they should be put 'in the dock' for their crimes

Amnesty for IRA terrorists is ruled out by Defence Secretary Ben Wallace as he insists they should be put 'in the dock' for their crimes Defence Secretary Ben Wallace last night ruled out an amnesty for terrorists in Northern Ireland, claiming they should be put 'in the dock' for their crimes. He also called for a reconciliation process.

The Troubles, as Northern Ireland 's sectarian strife came to be known, erupted nearly 40 years ago, when Catholic Irish nationalists, favoring unification with the Irish Republic to the south, began a violent campaign against Britain and the Loyalist Protestant paramilitaries who supported continued British rule.

The Northern Ireland Good Friday Agreement of 1998 meant anyone convicted of paramilitary crimes was The Northern Ireland Office issued the assurance on receipt of information from the PSNI The parliamentary watchdog found that the " one - sided , secretive scheme of letters" had damaged the

A former British solider and a former IRA prisoner have united to warn that there cannot be a one-sided prosecutions amnesty in Northern Ireland.

Former enemies unite to reject one-sided amnesty in Northern Ireland © Other A former British solider and a former IRA prisoner shake hands

Lee Lavis and Michael Culbert spoke to Sky News as the British Army prepared to mark 50 years since troops were first deployed to Belfast.

Operation Banner, which ran from 1969 until 2007, remains the longest continuous deployment for the British military.

A total of 300,000 soldiers were sent on to the streets of Northern Ireland. More than 1,400 of them were murdered during the Troubles.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson has supported calls for a statute of limitations to prevent the prosecution of soldiers charged with historical offences in Northern Ireland.

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They show that every day in Northern Ireland someone from an ethnic minority is either being assaulted or having their property attacked. Patrick Corrigan, Amnesty ’s programme director for Northern Ireland , said racists were operating with “near impunity” given the lack of convictions.

Northern Ireland Secretary Peter Hain, a member of British Prime Minister Tony Blair's cabinet, said on Tuesday:"These are the two most polarized forces in McGuinness, a former top commander of the IRA, became convinced in the 1990s, along with Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams, of the need to reject

But under international law, any amnesty for veterans is likely to apply to former members of the paramilitary groups too.

Former enemies unite to reject one-sided amnesty in Northern Ireland © Other Lee Lavis (right) and Michael Culbert talked to Sky News about the Troubles

Mr Lavis, a former member of the Staffordshire Regiment, said politicians calling for an amnesty need to "be honest" about what that really means.

Former enemies unite to reject one-sided amnesty in Northern Ireland © Getty A British soldier of the Queen's Regiment on duty beside a barricade in the Falls Road area of Belfast in 1969

"They know that by calling for an amnesty for British soldiers, it becomes a de facto amnesty for all," he added.

Mr Culbert, who served 16 years of a life sentence for the murder of a police officer, dismisses claims of a witch-hunt against former British soldiers.

"Twenty-five thousand of us have been through the prisons, sentenced through the courts, for actions against the British state during the conflict," he explains.

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Abortion in Northern Ireland has historically been considered a devolved matter to be decided by In Belfast a rally took place advocating for the liberalisation of abortion laws in Northern Ireland ,[114] Separately, on 31 July the Court of Appeal rejected McConville's appeal against the refusal to allow

BELFAST, Northern Ireland , May 8 — Paying tribute to the thousands of victims in one of Europe’s bloodiest sectarian conflicts, the leaders of The proceedings were dominated by two parties — the republicans of Sinn Fein, seeking a united Ireland , and the Democratic Unionist Party, which wants

Some believe all parties should be immune from prosecution. Others argue that victims and their relatives must retain the right to pursue justice.

Both men agree that there are other options on the table for addressing legacy issues, already agreed by Northern Ireland's politicians but never implemented.

Former enemies unite to reject one-sided amnesty in Northern Ireland © PA British troops of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders with armoured cars in Belfast in 1973

Mr Culbert said: "I would rather have an information retrieval process, where families can find out information which they are seeking.

"You hear that what most families are wanting to know is the why and maybe some circumstances," he added.

Earlier this year, a former member of the Parachute Regiment, became the sixth veteran to learn he would be charged with historical offences in Northern Ireland.

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Henry McDonald (Labour rejects Peter Hain's call for Troubles amnesty , theguardian.com, 12 May) must know, or might have checked with me , that I have never supported an amnesty , let alone a "blanket" one for Troubles-related crimes.

Other witnesses included former Northern Ireland secretaries Peter Hain and Paul Murphy, current and former senior police officers, former detectives The report also accused the Irish government of "trying to persuade HM government to introduce an amnesty for republican terrorist suspects".

Identified only as 'Soldier F', he faces two murder charges in relation to the events of Bloody Sunday in Londonderry in 1972.

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Peter Hain, former Northern Ireland Secretary of State. "Horrible things happened in Northern Ireland 's grim, evil past on all sides and what was necessary to get the peace deal that has brought "Alliance has consistently opposed any amnesty in respect of crimes committed during the Troubles.

Unionists in Northern Ireland feared such a move could open the door to a de facto amnesty for paramilitaries. The fact that a proposed statute of limitations to prevent the prosecution of former soldiers who served in Northern Ireland during the Troubles has been withdrawn from a planned

To date, the Public Prosecution Service for Northern Ireland has made decisions on 27 historical cases - 13 Republican, eight Loyalist and six British Army.

United in a shared quest for truth

One is a former British soldier, the other a former IRA prisoner, sworn enemies during the Troubles in Northern Ireland.

But their shared quest for truth had brought them together, on a street off Falls Road in west Belfast.

"Here we go again," whispered Michael Culbert, and with that, he reached out his hand. "How are you doing Lee?"

Together, they talked about past, beside the crumbling facade of an old British barracks in this Republican heartland.

Lee Lavis explained: "So this would have been the responsibility of a company from a two-year battalion."

"There you are," replied Michael, "I'm learning every day."

Mr Lavis did two tours of duty with the Staffordshire Regiment - one in County Fermanagh, the other split between County Down and South Armagh.

Mr Culbert's family were burned out of their terraced home in Belfast's Bombay Street during rioting in 1969.

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Peter Hain, former Northern Ireland Secretary of State. Media playback is unsupported on your device. "Horrible things happened in Northern Ireland 's grim, evil past on all sides and what was Amnesty International's Patrick Corrigan. "Rather than political point scoring about a time which was

Such “self- amnesties ” were introduced in former dictatorships in Argentina and Chile and by Robert Mugabe’s There are also direct legal consequences. Parliament could introduce an amnesty . In fact, as Police Service of Northern Ireland figures show, the police are currently investigating 530

He was later convicted of the IRA murder of a police officer and served 16 years of a life sentence in the high security Maze Prison.

Former enemies unite to reject one-sided amnesty in Northern Ireland © Getty RUC officers with riot shields in Bellaghy, Northern Ireland, during a stand-off between Catholics and Protestants during the annual marching season

But the two men agree that there cannot be a one-sided prosecutions amnesty for soldiers accused of historical offences in Northern Ireland.

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The Northern Ireland Office has drafted a document circulated to the main Northern Irish parties, though consultation has stalled, partly owing to the deadlock in restoring the Northern Irish executive. The document is not thought to include any proposal for a statute of limitations.

Image caption Demographics are shifting in Northern Ireland . It is likely Catholics will outnumber Protestants by 2021 in Northern Ireland , according to a leading academic. Dr Paul Nolan, who specialises in monitoring the peace process and social trends, told BBC News NI that there could be

Former enemies unite to reject one-sided amnesty in Northern Ireland © Other Lee Lavis is a former British soldier

Mr Lavis says politicians calling for veterans to be granted immunity are "speaking out of both sides of their mouth" and creating tension.

Reflecting on the 50th anniversary of Operation Banner, the deployment of British troops to Northern Ireland, Mr Culbert says: "We don't know these people as human beings. We only knew them as uniforms.

Former enemies unite to reject one-sided amnesty in Northern Ireland © Other Michael Culbert was convicted of an IRA murder

"But you have got to reconcile, come to terms with the past and be building whatever you can, at our low level, for the future," he adds.

Mr Lavis ended up homeless after his discharge from the army but eventually won a place at university and it fuelled his search for answers.

He said: "As I moved further away from the events, I was able to look at them from a more detached viewpoint.

"I suddenly realised that the black and white picture I'd been given, I need to find the nuance and I had this urge to understand," he added.

Mr Lavis is a member of Veterans for Peace, a voluntary and politically independent organisation for those who have served in conflict at home and abroad.

Mr Culbert is the co-ordinator of Coiste, an association for 25,000 former IRA prisoners.

Operation Banner: 50 years since British Army campaign started in N Ireland.
It was the beginning of the lengthiest continuous campaign in British military history. Operation Banner lasted from August 1969 to July 2007 and cost 722 soldiers’ lives following paramilitary attacks. Northern Ireland’s Government at Stormont had urged the UK to deploy troops after sustained violence wore out police officers. Soldiers on the streets, at checkpoints or in vehicles on patrol in support of the police provided a ready target for a nascent Provisional IRA pre-eminent amongst the republican factions.

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