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UK NewsWhat was the Peterloo Massacre?

17:30  14 august  2019
17:30  14 august  2019 Source:   theweek.co.uk

Peterloo massacre anniversary events: The memorials in Manchester and around the UK to mark 200 years since the tragedy

Peterloo massacre anniversary events: The memorials in Manchester and around the UK to mark 200 years since the tragedy Events have been organised to mark this momentous moment in British political history

The Peterloo Massacre took place at St Peter's Field, Manchester, Lancashire, England, on Monday 16 August 1819, when cavalry charged into a crowd of 60,000–80

In this GCSE History video, Dr Joe Cozens examines the historical significance of the Peterloo Massacre of 1819. Ideal for students studying AQA's Power and

What was the Peterloo Massacre? © Provided by Dennis Publishing Limited

Commemorations are taking place across England this week to mark the 200th anniversary of the Peterloo Massacre, one of the most controversial events in British political history.

On 16 August 1819, tens of thousands of peaceful protesters were charged by an armed cavalry as they gathered in Manchester’s St Peter’s Field to demand democratic reform. An estimated 18 people, including children, were killed, and hundreds more injured.

Earlier this week, Manchester City Council unveiled a £1m memorial to the atrocity - but in a more contemporary clash between the public and the authorities, was immediately accused of a “PR own goal”, The Guardian reports.

Peterloo Massacre: how a peaceful political protest in Manchester 200 years ago ended with 18 people being killed

Peterloo Massacre: how a peaceful political protest in Manchester 200 years ago ended with 18 people being killed On 16 August 1819, peaceful protesters, hungry and downtrodden, campaigned for political reform

It started as a peaceful appeal for political reform, but ended with 18 dead and hundreds injured. Stephen Bates describes how the events of 16 August 1819 became a landmark moment in the struggle for democracy.

The Peterloo massacre took place on Aug 16th 1819 in St Peter's Fields, Manchester, UK. It was called Peterloo after the recent battle of The peterloo massacre was an attempt by government to make an example of the working class proleteriat who sought to challenge law and authority.

The monument, made up of concentric circles that can be used as steps by visitors, drew criticism earlier this year after disability rights groups pointed out it would be inaccessible to wheelchair users. Campaigners had anticipated that a new version would be unveiled on Friday, exactly two centuries after the massacre, but have been left outraged after construction workers quietly installed the original in “a deserted square in Manchester city centre” on Tuesday, says the newspaper.

In what organisers hope will prove a more successful tribute, crowds will gather at Manchester Central this weekend for an event dubbed From The Crowd, which will weave together “eyewitness accounts of those present at Peterloo 1819 with the words of contemporary protesters and poets”, says the Manchester Evening News.

The Anniversary Of Peterloo Is A Timely Reminder That Attempts To Suppress Voters Must Be Resisted

The Anniversary Of Peterloo Is A Timely Reminder That Attempts To Suppress Voters Must Be Resisted Today, marks 200 years since the Peterloo Massacre, a brutal and bloody clash that became a turning point in the history of our democracy and Britain’s long struggle for universal suffrage. The right to vote is a powerful tool, one that is seldom given freely. And, on the morning of 16 August 1819, 60,000 peaceful pro-democracy and anti-poverty protesters marched towards Manchester and gathered at St Peter’s Fields calling for political reform. At that time fewer than two per cent of the population had the vote. Poverty and hunger were rife, and the right to representation was capturing the hearts and minds of large numbers of people.

the background to the peterloo massacre The peterloo massacre was a defining moment in british democracy which also played a significant role in the founding of the guardian In this gcse history video dr joe cozens examines the historical significance of the peterloo massacre of 1819.

Peterloo Massacre - Never Forget - Продолжительность: 4:39 mrdesiretofire 14 549 просмотров. The Oldham Tinkers singing " Peterloo " - Продолжительность: 5:39 LoofyBoy 26 362 просмотра.

What happened at the 1819 protest?

In the aftermath of the economically devastating Napoleonic Wars, which ended in 1815, the UK fell into a deep industrial depression. As food prices and unemployment soared, anger and unrest swept across the nation.

By 1819, the simmering tension had boiled over into mass protests, with demonstrators demanding expanded suffrage - fewer than 2% of the population had the vote - and the repeal of the disastrous “Corn Laws”, a series of tariffs and trade restrictions on imported grains that made bread unaffordable for many working people.

On  the afternoon of 16 August, 60,000 men, women and children gathered in Manchester’s St Peter’s Field, now St Peter’s Square, to demand parliamentary reform and to hear radical orator Henry Hunt make a speech calling for increased representation of the working classes, The Times reports.

According to accounts from the time, protesters waved flags bearing populist slogans such as “Liberty and Fraternity” and “Taxation without Representation is Unjust and Tyrannical”.

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Peterloo movie: Is Peterloo based on a true story? What is the Peterloo Massacre ? PETERLOO is one of the most radical events of British history, in which the

Peterloo Massacre , in English history, the brutal dispersal by cavalry of a radical meeting held on St. Peter’s Fields in Manchester on August 16, 1819. To radicals and reformers Peterloo came to symbolize Tory callousness and tyranny. The August meeting was the culmination of a series of

Frightened by the size of the crowd, the authorities argued that a violent outbreak could “ignite an English revolution to follow the French” that had ended just 20 years earlier, says The Guardian. City magistrates ordered the Manchester and Salford Yeomanry,  a volunteer cavalry regiment who some accused of being drunk, to arrest Hunt and other organisers, but in their chaotic attempt to do so, a number of people were trampled, with a two-year-old child killed.

In the ensuing panic, the 15th Hussars - a cavalry regiment in the British Army - were called in to disperse the crowd by William Hulton, chair of the Lancashire and Cheshire Magistrates.

“As the yeomanry became engulfed in the melee, the Hussars charged in after them and the crowd began to flee as best they could, screaming in terror and tripping over each other,” says The Guardian. “Behind them, the troops were striking out with their sabres.”

After 20 minutes of seemingly indiscriminate attacks, the Hussars and Yeomen had dispersed the crowd but taken the lives of an estimated 18 people, with up to 600 more injured.

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The Peterloo Massacre took place at St Peter's Field in Manchester on August 16, 1819. Sword-wielding cavalry charged into a crowd of 60,000 who had gathered to The massacre was given the name Peterloo to compare it to the Battle of Waterloo which had taken place four years earlier.

THE PETERLOO MASSACRE 1819 Below is a picture of what happened when 60,000 people gathered in St Peter’s Fields in Manchester in August 1819. The crowd were campaigning to have an MP because they needed somebody to speak up for them in Parliament.

What was the legacy of the massacre?

The British Library says there was “considerable public sympathy for the plight of the protesters” in the wake of the massacre. However, according to The Guardian, the pervasive view among government loyalists was that the deaths had been “the crowd’s own fault”, and that the protesters were violent, dangerous revolutionaries.

The newspaper, which was founded in Manchester in the wake of the massacre, reports that although Peterloo shocked the nation, it “did not lead directly to parliamentary reform, as the authorities closed ranks against any change”.

Nevertheless, historians generally acknowledge that Peterloo was a milestone event in the struggle to extend the vote, and led to the rise of the Chartist Movement that eventually gave rise to trade unionism.

Nick Mansfield, director of Manchester’s People’s History Museum, says Peterloo is a “critical event not only because of the number of people killed and injured, but because ultimately it changed public opinion to influence the extension of the right to vote and give us the democracy we enjoy today”.

“It was critical to our freedoms,” he concludes.

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