UK News: Ban on blood transfusions from British donors for people born after 1996 may be lifted - PressFrom - United Kingdom
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UK NewsBan on blood transfusions from British donors for people born after 1996 may be lifted

12:31  11 september  2019
12:31  11 september  2019 Source:   dailymail.co.uk

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Since 2004 people born after 1996 had blood imported from Austria or Poland. The controversial ban on using British blood transfusions for people born after 1996 could be lifted after 15 years. Officials made the ruling in 2004 following the deaths of three people who got 'mad cow disease' from

Ban on blood transfusions from British donors for people born after 1996 may be LIFTED as official review claims the chances of catching 'mad cow disease' is just five million to one. Mayonnaise miracle! Couple who suffered three heartbreaking miscarriages and a failed course of IVF are

The controversial ban on using British blood transfusions for people born after 1996 could be lifted after 15 years.

Officials made the ruling in 2004 following the deaths of three people who got 'mad cow disease' from blood transfusions.

It meant the NHS had to import blood from Austria and Poland when anyone born after the cut-off needed a donor.

But an official advisory committee has now called for a U-turn on the ban, thought to cost the health service around £5million every year.

Ban on blood transfusions from British donors for people born after 1996 may be lifted
Ban on blood transfusions from British donors for people born after 1996 may be lifted
Ban on blood transfusions from British donors for people born after 1996 may be lifted

In a review of evidence, experts argued the risk of dying from transfusion-acquired variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) was minimal.

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Blood transfusions from UK donors could be made available again for people born after 1996 . Officials made the ruling in 2004 following the deaths of three people who got ‘mad cow disease’ from blood transfusions . It meant the NHS had to import blood from Austria and Poland when anyone

Blood transfusion is the process of transferring blood or blood products into one's circulation intravenously. Transfusions are used for various medical conditions to replace lost components of

The body calculated only one person would die from the fatal, degenerative brain disorder for every 5.2million transfusions of British blood given.

The Advisory Committee on the Safety of Blood, Tissues and Organs even claimed there is five-fold greater risk of dying in a car accident while driving between London and Bristol.

The body claims putting an end to the ban will reduce the 'risks' of importing blood from other countries and free up funds to 'save lives elsewhere in the NHS'.

Mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), is a fatal neurological disease in cattle caused by an abnormal protein that destroys the brain and spinal cord.

The disease was first identified in the UK in 1986, although research suggests the first infections may have spontaneously occurred in the 1970s.

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A ban on blood donations from people who lived in the UK between 1980 and 1996 has been People who lived in the UK for a cumulative duration of one year during the 16 year period were banned due to fears over mad cow disease but the Irish Blood Transfusion Service (IBTS)

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It is believed to be spread by feeding calves meat and bone meal contaminated with BSE. The human variant of mad cow disease is called Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD).

It is caused by an abnormal protein called a prion. Prions accumulate at high levels in the brain and cause irreversible damage to nerve cells, causing a rapid deterioration of the brain and body.

Ban on blood transfusions from British donors for people born after 1996 may be lifted © Provided by Associated Newspapers Limited Cows exposed to BSE must be slaughtered and disposed of to ensure they never make it near the food chain (pictured: a cow being cremated during the 1996 cull) Ban on blood transfusions from British donors for people born after 1996 may be lifted © Provided by Associated Newspapers Limited More than 70,000 cows were infected with mad cow disease in 1992 and 1993, and the raging crisis in the UK led to the EU banning British beef exports three years later

Humans can contract vCJD if beef products contaminated with central nervous system tissue from cattle infected with mad cow disease are eaten.

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The FDA recently recommended lifting the ban on blood donations by gay men. And we believe three clinical cases of those may have arisen due to blood transfusion in the And I think next year when we have the results of the appendix study on these young people born after 1996 , we will have

Image. CreditCreditThe New York Times Archives. See the article in its original context from January 2, 1993, Section 1, Page 8Buy Reprints. View on timesmachine. TimesMachine is an exclusive benefit for home delivery and digital subscribers. About the Archive.

There were 36,000 diagnosed cases of mad cow disease in the UK in 1992, leading to British beef exports being banned and dozens of people dying. There is no treatment and 177 people have been killed by the variant.

People are no longer in danger of getting vCJD from eating British beef, after ministers ordered the slaughter of millions of cows when the mad cow disease scandal broke in 1989.

WHAT IS MAD COW DISEASE?

Mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), is a fatal neurological disease in cattle caused by an abnormal protein that destroys the brain and spinal cord.

The disease was first identified in Great Britain in 1986, although research suggests the first infections may have spontaneously occurred in the 1970s.

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The service is the successor to the National Blood Transfusion Association which was established in 1948 and was , itself, born from the work carried out by the St. John Ambulance Brigade of Ireland in setting up an 'on call' blood donor ^ "Irish Lifetime Ban On Blood Donation Lifted For Gay Men".

The FDA imposed the ban to prevent the possibility of people developing AIDS through contaminated blood transfusions . Advocates favoring a change cite sophisticated tests that now can show the presence of HIV only 20 days after infection. The FDA’s Blood Products Advisory Committee

It is believed to be spread by feeding calves meat and bone meal contaminated with BSE.

Humans can contract variant Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (vCJD) if beef products contaminated with central nervous system tissue from cattle infected with mad cow disease are eaten. There is no treatment and 177 people have been killed by the variant.

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Jehovah's Witnesses believe that the Bible prohibits ingesting blood and that Christians should not accept blood transfusions or donate or store their own blood for transfusion . The belief is based on an interpretation of scripture that differs from that of other Christian denominations.

The ban was originally introduced in 1983 to protect people receiving blood transfusions from people infected with HIV. Gay-rights advocates say gay or bisexual men in monogamous relationships may be a much lower risk than donors who are promiscuous.

There were 36,000 diagnosed cases of mad cow disease in Great Britain in 1992, leading to British beef exports being banned and dozens of people dying.

In August 1996, a British coroner ruled that Peter Hall, a 20-year old vegetarian who died of vCJD, contracted the disease from eating beef burgers as a child.

The verdict was the first to legally link a human death to mad cow disease.

However, the Government acknowledges that one in 2,000 Britons – or approximately 30,000 people - are already carriers of the infectious proteins that cause some people to develop vCJD.

Doctors used to believe these 30,000 carriers could unknowingly pass on the infectious proteins to new sufferers through donated blood.

The UK began importing plasma to treat people born after 1 January 1996 as part of measures that were brought in to prevent the spread of the disease in 2004.

Medics said people born after that time would not have been exposed to the disease through the food supply chain and determined extra precautions should be taken to prevent them being exposed through blood products.

Those born before 1996 were still treated with UK blood donations.

Now, blood components are only imported from Austria and Poland, countries which have equivalent safety regulations to the NHS and a lower risk of its donor population carrying CJD than the UK's.

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Irish people living in Britain may be able to donate blood at home again following a review of Irish Blood Transfusion Service rules. Current Irish Blood Transfusion Service (IBTS) regulations state that any person who has spent 365 days in Britain between 1980 and 1996 is prohibited from donating

Young blood transfusion refers to transfusing blood specifically from a young person into an older one with the intention of creating a medicinal benefit. The scientific community currently views the practice as essentially pseudoscientific, with comparisons to snake oil. There are also concerns of harm.

In Britain, four people have been known to acquire CJD infection from blood transfusions. The last known case was in 2006.

But the new report says the chances are now too minuscule to warrant the ban.

Last year there were scares of another mad cow outbreak after a case was confirmed in Scotland.

Routine testing found an animal which died on October 2 was infected and its four calves were put down as a safety precaution.

Some believe the infection was caught from the animal's food, suggesting other cows at the farm – believed to be in Huntly, Aberdeenshire – could be infected.

The farm was placed on lockdown while officials investigated the source of the disease.

The case was the first in Scotland since 2008 and mad cow disease was last found in the UK in 2015, when a dead cow in Wales was found to have had it.

At the disease's peak in the early 1990s, it was infecting more than 30,000 cows a year but, until today, there had been only five cases in the UK since 2012.

HOW BAD WAS THE 1990s MAD COW DISEASE OUTBREAK?

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) – more commonly known as mad cow disease – was first discovered in 1984 in Sussex.

In the ensuing outbreak British beef exports were banned, cows were culled, and people died because of a brain illness caused by BSE.

The first cow to be diagnosed, known as cow 133, had an arched back, had lost weight, suffered tremors and lost its co-ordination – it died within six weeks.

Officials found giving cows 'cannibal' feed with protein from other cows or sheep was the cause of BSE, so banned the practice in 1989.

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21 -- Australia said on Thursday it would ban thousands of donors from giving blood if they have had extended visits to Britain, after research showed mad cow disease can be transmitted through blood transfusions . It will be phased in over a three-month period to minimise the impact on blood banks.

The Government ordered that infected cows be killed but only offered a 50 per cent compensation to farmers, leading some of them to illegally sell infected animals for human food.

By 1992 and 1993, thousands of cows were infected.

In those two years alone, 72,370 cows in the UK were found to have mad cow disease. In comparison, there have been just six cases since 2012 – including today's.

By 1996, people had begun to die from variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, which occurs in the brain of people infected with mad cow disease.

In the same year, all beef exports from Britain were banned by the European Union and the ban wasn't lifted until 2006.

Cows over the age of 30 months were ordered to be killed to halt the spread of the disease – called the Over Thirty Months Scheme.

Sources: New Scientist and World Organisation for Animal Health

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Judge must decide what is best for Tafida, say hospital bosses.
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