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UK News The London Bridge Attack Shows We Must Bolster, Not Abolish, Offender Reintegration

15:40  02 december  2019
15:40  02 december  2019 Source:   huffingtonpost.co.uk

London Bridge terrorist killed two innocent bystanders before hero police shot him dead after passers-by wrestled him to ground after stabbing rampage left up to 12 hurt

  London Bridge terrorist killed two innocent bystanders before hero police shot him dead after passers-by wrestled him to ground after stabbing rampage left up to 12 hurt One video filmed on London Bridge today shows what appears to be police pulling equipment out of a vehicle nearby. Those in the video can be heard saying: 'They've actually got guns out.'Armed police shot dead a knifeman wearing a fake suicide vest today after he stabbed up to five people in a shocking terrorist attack as frightened crowds fled the scene.

It is now well known that the London Bridge attacker was a former prisoner who had been convicted of terrorism related offences. However, the attack only underscores the need to bolster , not abolish , the reintegration approach to working with extremist offenders .

The London Bridge Attack Shows We Must Bolster , Not Abolish , Offender Reintegration .

a person that is standing in the rain: Flowers and a pictures are left in memory of the victims of the terror attack on London Bridge © ASSOCIATED PRESS Flowers and a pictures are left in memory of the victims of the terror attack on London Bridge

It is now well known that the London Bridge attacker was a former prisoner who had been convicted of terrorism related offences. Not surprisingly, the Conservative government is already calling for an end to early release policies that made it possible for Usman Khan to be at an education event in London with the University of Cambridge initiative, Learning Together. However, the attack only underscores the need to bolster, not abolish, the reintegration approach to working with extremist offenders.

Revealed: Hero filmed tackling London Bridge terrorist with a fire extinguisher was a heroin addict and convicted killer - before turning his life around after meeting Jack Merritt who died in the attack

  Revealed: Hero filmed tackling London Bridge terrorist with a fire extinguisher was a heroin addict and convicted killer - before turning his life around after meeting Jack Merritt who died in the attack John Crilly, 48, who is out on licence after serving 13 years for manslaughter, pursued Khan from the prisoner's rehabilitation conference after seeing Mr Merritt stabbed in the chest. © Provided by Daily Mail John Crilly (holding his degree certificate) is pictured on his graduation in Manchester with his mentor and 'the best guy he ever met' Jack Merrit, 25, who was murdered by Usman Khan last Friday Crilly, a former heroin addict and career criminal, was originally sentenced to life in prison in 2005 after a 71-year-old pensioner was killed by his accomplice in a botched burglary.

London Bridge attacker Usman Khan was jailed for terrorism offences in 2012, the Met said. He was part of the Stock Exchange plot which was disrupted We believe that the attack began inside before he left the building and proceeded onto London Bridge , where he was detained and subsequently

Credit Illustration by Nicholas Konrad; photograph by Getty Images.

As Friday’s tragic incident indicates, no policy is perfect, but the reintegration approach, combined with sophisticated risk assessment, has empirically been shown to be the most effective means of both reducing recidivism and preventing further radicalisation.

All EU member states have adopted general rehabilitation programmes, and the EU’s Radicalisation Awareness Network (RAN) has consistently emphasised rehabilitation for extremist offenders as crucial for both disengagement (behavioural change) and de-radicalisation (cognitive shift). Further, in my research interviews, prison staff, parole officers, and social workers across Europe and the Middle East have underscored the particular importance of reintegration during the license/parole period.

What You Won’t Hear About the London Bridge Attacks

  What You Won’t Hear About the London Bridge Attacks The Usman Khan situation is more complicated than either Boris Johnson or Jeremy Corbyn acknowledge. Don't expect real debate during an election.There’s an important debate to be had after Friday’s terrorist attack on London Bridge: At what point is it safe to release a prisoner convicted of terrorism back into the public? There’s no chance of that debate taking place now in the final throes of a bitterly contested U.K. general election campaign. Instead there’s an unseemly blame game.

London Bridge was the scene of another attack , on 3 June 2017, in which eight people were killed and many more injured. This latest attack comes after the UK's terrorism threat level was downgraded on 4 November from "severe" to "substantial", meaning that attacks were thought to be "likely" rather than

Bystanders took a stand against the London Bridge terror suspect Usman Khan, tackling him to the ground while wielding a fire extinguisher and an apparent narwhal tusk, as Acts of heroism emerge after London terror attack . By Tara John, Vasco Cotovio and Lauren Kent, CNN. MUST WATCH.

In the wake of Friday’s tragedy, it is more important than ever to stay committed to pragmatic solutions rather than emotional responses.

There is still much discussion among policymakers and practitioners about which models work best, however, the approach used by England and Wales has been held up as a model. While early release is understandably controversial, it helps prevent “detention damage”, which can fuel the individual’s radicalisation process, and also helps prevent the spread of radical ideas within prisons, especially when they are overcrowded.

Early release is most effective when used with risk assessment tools that look at different indicators to determine an individual’s likelihood to re-offend. Developed by the National Offender Management Service (NOMS), the Extremism Risk Guidelines (ERG 22+) methodology used by England and Wales is based on learning from casework with offenders, and has been recommended for focusing on factors of identity rather than ideology (which is the main motivating factor in only a minority of cases).

Injured London Bridge hero Lukasz fought terrorist 'right until the end'

  Injured London Bridge hero Lukasz fought terrorist 'right until the end' Despite being stabbed five times by the London Bridge attacker, one of Friday's heroes fought with the terrorist "until the end" as he bought time for others to escape. Sky News has been told of the extraordinary account of Lukasz who was working in the basement at Fishmongers' Hall when Usman Khan launched his deadly attack.Saskia Jones, 23, and 25-year-old Jack Merritt were both killed as they worked on the prisoner rehabilitation conference that was being held at the venue.However, the death toll could have been higher but for the actions of a number of bystanders.

How the London Bridge terror attack unfolded – video report. The attacker has been identified as Usman Khan Footage has emerged showing three members of the public, including one armed Security minister Brandon Lewis refused to say whether the attack showed a failure by authorities.

The stabbing attack in London on Friday has thrust the issue of what to do with former terrorists back into the public spotlight, especially as hundreds more convicted offenders across Europe London terror attack shows the risks. Analysis by Paul Cruickshank and Tim Lister, CNN. MUST WATCH.

Once released on license, individuals must comply with monitoring regulations, such as GPS tracking tags, and some, like Khan, are required to participate in the government’s Desistance and Disengagement Programme (DDP). Piloted in 2017 and added to CONTEST (the UK’s counter-terrorism strategy) in 2018, the initiative has been held up as a promising new practice by providing tailored interventions and practical support such as mentoring, psychological support, and theological advice to reduce re-offending and facilitate re-integration.

In accordance with best practice recommendations from RAN, the UK has also established so called Multi-Agency Centres (MACs) to improve information flows between related agencies and facilitate early interventions. Further, the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangement (MAPPA) aims to ensure that offenders’ rehabilitation needs are balanced with the risk they may pose to society.

Once released on license, parole officers in my research have stressed the importance of supported transition management, capacity building, and social and organization support. These priorities can help prevent the stigmatization that reinforces radicalized identities. The Learning Together initiative of which Khan was a part, which involved both prisoners and former prisoners in an education programme with Cambridge students and alumni, is an example of the type of initiative that provides both skills development and community reintegration.

London Bridge attack sparks review of licence conditions for freed terrorists

  London Bridge attack sparks review of licence conditions for freed terrorists The review began in the immediate aftermath of Usman Khan’s knife rampage on Friday.Usman Khan was released from prison less than seven years into a 16-year prison sentence in December 2018 and was wearing an electronic monitoring tag when he killed two people and injured three others in his attack on Friday.

London Bridge attack : Terror police shoot man after stabbing. Show all 29. A few more years behind bars will not stop a radicalised and determined offender from leaving prison and All this shows is that the law cannot hold terrorists like Khan forever. But he was well known to the police and

London Bridge attack . Image copyright Met Police. Image caption Jack Merritt and Saskia Jones were killed during a conference to rehabilitate offenders . Media playback is unsupported on your device. Media captionVideo footage shows moment London Bridge attacker was apprehended.

In other words, in the case of Khan, the UK was doing most things right, or at least as right as we know how, based on research and best practices from across the EU. Indeed, Her Majesty’s Government, like many states, has responded to criticisms of earlier policies under the original Prevent programme to move towards more integrated approaches that have shown promise to be more effective.

So what went wrong? In the case of Khan, we may not ever know. He is not the first, and won’t be the last, to re-offend, even in the best rehabilitation systems. It is natural after a tragedy like Friday’s to condemn the policies that enabled Khan to be where he was, when he was, at that time, but that would be a mistake. Khan should be seen as an outlier, rather than emblematic, of a constantly evolving counter-terrorism strategy that has been overall effective.

Further, Friday’s attack should not be politically exploited to justify policy preferences terminating early releases and prison education programmes. Even David Merritt, the father of one of the victims, Jack Merritt, wrote on Twitter that his son “would not wish his death to be used as the pretext for more draconian sentences or for detaining people unnecessarily.”

Indeed, in the wake of Friday’s tragedy, it is more important than ever to stay committed to pragmatic solutions rather than emotional responses. The UK’s approach to rehabilitating and reintegrating extremist offenders has been improving, and it is not the time to derail that progress. The system didn’t fail Khan, rather, he failed an otherwise well-informed and effective system.

Julie Norman, PhD (@DrJulieNorman2) is a Teaching Fellow in Politics and International Relations at University College London (UCL) and a member of the EU’s Radicalisation Awareness Network (RAN).

a man standing in front of a building: Flowers and a pictures are left in memory of the victims of the terror attack on London Bridge © ASSOCIATED PRESS Flowers and a pictures are left in memory of the victims of the terror attack on London Bridge

Sadiq Khan hails ‘breathtaking heroism’ after public takes on terrorist .
Mayor Sadiq Khan has praised the “breathtaking heroism” of members of the public who “literally ran towards danger” to tackle [] The post Mayor Sadiq Khan hails ‘breathtaking heroism’ after members of public tackle terrorist appeared first on CityAM.Multiple videos have emerged showing passers-by helping to detain the man believed to have carried out multiple stabbings.

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