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UK News Nato turns 70: the biggest threats facing the alliance

15:10  03 december  2019
15:10  03 december  2019 Source:   theweek.co.uk

NATO's birthday summit risks highlighting splits not unity

  NATO's birthday summit risks highlighting splits not unity A birthday celebration for NATO this week is set to be overshadowed by rows about Turkey's offensive in Syria, France's declaration the alliance is brain dead and uncertainty over US commitment to trans-Atlantic defence. © Getty A NATO aircraft marks 70 years of the alliance President Donald Trump and 28 other heads of state and government will travel to the UK to mark the bloc's 70th anniversary alongside Prime Minister Boris Johnson.The leader of North Macedonia is included because his country will soon become the 30th member state.

The Nato alliance is facing increasingly sophisticated and damaging cyberattacks by hostile states. The organisation has acknowledged that “cyberattacks Macron said that the alliance must start thinking of itself strategically as a geopolitical power, or would “no longer be in control of our destiny”

Welcome to the 70 th anniversary celebrations of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation . Macron insists that Nato should focus urgently on its overall purpose and specific aims, not on Trump’s His pre-Watford contribution was to announce a big cut in US funding for the alliance ’s operational budget.

a group of people wearing military uniforms © Provided by Dennis Publishing Limited

Boris Johnson will call for Nato unity today as international leaders gather in London for a summit marking the 70th birthday of the trans-Atlantic military alliance.

Under the Nato system of collective defence, the 29 member states pledge to come to the aid of one another in the event of attacks, yet tensions have been growing between a number of these supposed allies.

In a bid to ease the discord, the British prime minister will remind his foreign counterparts that Nato helps “keep a billion people safe” - but from what exactly?

Russia

One of the key threats facing Nato is a resurgent and expansionist Russia. Following Russia’s 2014 annexation of Crimea from Ukraine, Moscow has consistently accused Nato of hostile action.

Impeachment shadows Trump on trip to NATO leaders meeting

  Impeachment shadows Trump on trip to NATO leaders meeting LONDON (AP) — Crying foul over timing, President Donald Trump on Monday accused Democrats of scheduling this week’s impeachment hearing to undercut him during his trip abroad for a NATO leaders’ meeting playing out at a crucial moment for the 70-year-old military alliance. Trump, who arrived in London late Monday for two days of meetings, called the trip “one of the most important journeys that we make as president” and said Democrats had long known about it.Trump’s trip to the U.K. comes amid ongoing quarrels over defense spending by NATO allies and widespread anxiety over the president’s commitment to the alliance.

" NATO is agile, NATO is active, NATO is adapting," Stoltenberg said before chairing a meeting of the alliance 's members at a luxury hotel and golf resort Other NATO leaders and diplomats were also at pains to put a brave face on a series of awkward encounters as leaders gathered for discussions on a

NATO , the world's most powerful military alliance , turns 70 this week. But is the alliance that was founded "to keep the Soviet Union out, the Americans in, and DAVID WELNA, BYLINE: NATO 's 70 th anniversary has been a rather subdued affair, but at a joint meeting of Congress today, the Norwegian

The military alliance has deployed an “enhanced forward presence” of more than 4,500 troops to Baltic states at the request of the home nations. The Brussels-based organisation also has a missile defence system to defend allies against ballistic missiles that might be fired by Russia or other aggressors.

But Nato is still vulnerable. A recent study by the Royal United Services Institute (Rusi) found that Nato forces would be “comprehensively outgunned” in any conflict with Russia in Eastern Europe, with a “critical shortage” of artillery and ammunition.

Indeed, some commentators say the involvement of the US in Nato may be the only thing stopping Russia from attempting to push out further into the Baltic states. ––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– For a round-up of the most important stories from around the world - and a concise, refreshing and balanced take on the week’s news agenda - try The Week magazine. Start your trial subscription today –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Turkey threatens to block NATO plan on summit eve

  Turkey threatens to block NATO plan on summit eve Turkey threatens to block NATO plan on summit eveLONDON (Reuters) - Turkey will oppose a NATO plan to defend Baltic countries unless the alliance backs it in recognising a Kurdish militia as a terrorist group, President Tayyip Erdogan said on Tuesday ahead of an alliance summit in London.

At the grand old age of 70 , NATO faces some of its most daunting challenges yet. Ignoring or papering over them risks reducing the Alliance to an institutional irrelevance, argues Despite all the twists and turns of our recent history, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization has reached its 70 th anniversary.

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization ( NATO ) is far from being brittle, but the alliance seems much less NATO is marking its 70 th anniversary this week. But it is becoming increasingly clear that the alliance NATO ’s political leaders refuse to counter the real threat facing the transatlantic alliance

Turkey

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is blocking a Nato military plan for the Baltics and Poland unless his country receives support in its ongoing battle to repel Syrian Kurdish forces from Turkey’s borders, says The Guardian.

However, he has rejected claims that Turkey is “blackmailing” Nato.

“Nato is an institution where Turkey has full veto rights, politically and militarily, and there are procedures here,” government officials said this week. “There is no such thing as Turkey blackmailing – a statement like that is unacceptable.”

All the same, Erdogan is demanding that Europe endorse his plan for an expanded “safe zone” in northern Syria that could be home to as many as three million people, and will seek EU funding for the construction of the area.

Britain, Germany and France are critical of Turkey’s actions in Syria, but “believe it would be a major strategic blunder if the criticism caused Turkey to desert Nato”, says The Guardian.

Trump and Macron build bridges after diplomatic flare-up over Nato

  Trump and Macron build bridges after diplomatic flare-up over Nato The US president accused the French leader of insulting other member states after he said the alliance was suffering ‘brain death’.The US president earlier denounced a claim by Mr Macron that the alliance was suffering from “brain death” as “very insulting” to other member states.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said the summit on Dec. 3 and 4 will give members the opportunity to address "current and emerging security challenges LONDON — As heads of state and government meet in the U.K. for the 70 th anniversary of the military alliance NATO , discussions are

The alliance ’s 70 th-anniversary gathering was punctuated by testy exchanges with President Trump and Trump canceled a news conference and called Trudeau ‘two- faced .’ Stoltenberg called for unity but The NATO leaders’ meeting at The Grove hotel and resort in Watford, north of London, on

Migration

The deteriorating security situation in the Middle East and Africa has led to an increase in migration to Nato countries in Europe.

The UN puts the number of displaced people worldwide at 70.8 million, 57% of whom come from three countries - Syria, Afghanistan and South Sudan.

Nato has a role in many countries where people are fleeing conflict, war and unrest, and its presence is “crucial to restoring stability to these regions and strengthening governance”, says the Atlantic Council security think-tank.

In February 2016, at the request of Germany, Greece and Turkey, Nato joined international efforts to deal with the refugee and migrant crisis, which the alliance has described as “the worst humanitarian crisis Europe has witnessed since 1945”.

Cyberattacks

The Nato alliance is facing increasingly sophisticated and damaging cyberattacks by hostile states.

The organisation has acknowledged that “cyberattacks could be as harmful to our societies as a conventional attack” and in 2016 declared cyberspace a “domain of operations - just like air, land and sea”.

The Latest: Macron wants bigger Europe military role in NATO

  The Latest: Macron wants bigger Europe military role in NATO LONDON (AP) — The Latest on the NATO summit in London (all times local): 7:05 p.m. French President Emmanuel Macron said Europeans should play a greater role within the NATO military alliance in order to be less dependent on the United States. Macron said he wants “more European defense to get a less unbalanced NATO.” That came after he met with Turkish President Erdogan, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson on the sidelines of a NATO summit. © Provided by Associated Press President Donald Trump meets French President Emmanuel Macron at Winfield House, Tuesday, Dec. 3, 2019, in London.

The cornerstone of the NATO alliance is in its founding treaty , which states in Article 5 that an attack on one member is an attack on all members. A NATO Strategic Concept is an official document that outlines the geopolitical and security challenges facing the Alliance , and the strategy that should be

WASHINGTON — NATO turned 70 years old on Thursday and, not unlike another figure in his 70 ’s who is in the news these days, a heavy dose of We must adapt our alliance to confront emerging threats … whether that’s Russian aggression, uncontrolled migration, cyberattacks, threats to energy

Although each member state is responsible for its own cybersecurity, Nato’s collective defence sees members sharing information and intelligence through a dedicated platform, exchanging best practice, maintaining rapid-reaction cyber-defence teams, and investing in cybersecurity education, training and exercises.

Trump

The US president has threatened to pull the US out of Nato unless the other members commit to the organisation’s  aim for each country to spend a minimum of 2% of their GDP on defence.

However, Trump’s tone seemed to have softened ahead of this week’s two-day Nato summit in London. Yesterday, the president tweeted that since he took office almost three years ago, the number of Nato allies “fulfilling their obligations” has “more than DOUBLED, and NATO spending increased by $130B!”.

In the 3 decades before my election, NATO spending declined by two-thirds, and only 3 other NATO members were meeting their financial obligations. Since I took office, the number of NATO allies fulfilling their obligations more than DOUBLED, and NATO spending increased by $130B!

— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) 2 December 2019

Macron

French President Emmanuel Macron last month claimed that Nato was suffering “brain death” and was no longer cooperating on key issues.

Macron said that the alliance must start thinking of itself strategically as a geopolitical power, or would “no longer be in control of our destiny”, The Economist reports.

But those claims have been shot down by Trump. Addressing reporters in the English capital today, the US leader said: “I heard that President Macron said that Nato was brain dead. I think that is very insulting to a lot of different forces. It has a great purpose.”

Trump added: “It is a very, very nasty statement.”

More on Nato turns 70: the biggest threats facing the alliance

The Spiritual Disunity of the West .
NATO is the physical embodiment of the idea of shared Western values. But a meeting in London highlighted how far apart its members now stand.On January 22, 1948, Britain’s foreign secretary, Ernest Bevin, got to his feet in the House of Commons to lay the foundations of the Western world’s postwar order. Bevin—a working-class titan, trade-union leader, and fierce critic of Communism—set out the urgent need to “organise the kindred souls of the West” in the face of the emerging totalitarian reality of the Soviet Union.

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