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UK News Coronavirus: China ‘successfully exited its stringent social distancing policy’

13:40  25 march  2020
13:40  25 march  2020 Source:   uk.style.yahoo.com

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China appears to have “ successfully exited [ its ] stringent social distancing policy ” amid the coronavirus , scientists have said. The previously-unknown strain is thought to have emerged at a seafood and live animal market in the city Wuhan, capital of Hubei province, at the end of last year.

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a close up of a person wearing a helmet: A women wears a face mask, amid concerns of the COVID-19 coronavirus, at a street market in Banda Aceh on March 25, 2020. (Photo by CHAIDEER MAHYUDDIN / AFP) (Photo by CHAIDEER MAHYUDDIN/AFP via Getty Images) © Provided by Yahoo! Style UK A women wears a face mask, amid concerns of the COVID-19 coronavirus, at a street market in Banda Aceh on March 25, 2020. (Photo by CHAIDEER MAHYUDDIN / AFP) (Photo by CHAIDEER MAHYUDDIN/AFP via Getty Images) a blurry photo of a forest © Yahoo Style UK

China appears to have “successfully exited [its] stringent social distancing policy” amid the coronavirus, scientists have said.

The previously-unknown strain is thought to have emerged at a seafood and live animal market in the city Wuhan, capital of Hubei province, at the end of last year.

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“Strict social distancing” measures were put in place in Wuhan on 23 January, quickly followed by similar polices in other provinces.

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HONG KONG — The Chinese province of Hubei, where the coronavirus pandemic began, will on Wednesday begin allowing The easing of the lockdown is the latest sign that China appears to have successfully tamed the epidemic by placing sweeping restrictions on hundreds of millions of people

At the peak of China’s outbreak, between 2,000 and 4,000 new cases were confirmed every day.

Up to 23 March, the country had no new “domestic” incidences for five consecutive days.

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This indicates social distancing measures have controlled the outbreak in China, the Imperial College London scientists claimed.

Once these were relaxed somewhat, the number of new cases remained reassuringly low.

“After very intense social distancing which resulted in containment, China has successfully exited [its] stringent social distancing policy to some degree”, said the scientists.

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BEIJING (Reuters) - China ’s Hubei province where the coronavirus pandemic originated will lift travel restrictions on people leaving the region as the epidemic there eases, but other regions will tighten controls as new cases double due to imported infections.

a person sitting on a park bench: 25 March 2020, Lower Saxony, Hanover: Marco Lodolo is sitting at the Maschsee with a breathing mask. Photo: Julian Stratenschulte/dpa (Photo by Julian Stratenschulte/picture alliance via Getty Images) © Provided by Yahoo! Style UK 25 March 2020, Lower Saxony, Hanover: Marco Lodolo is sitting at the Maschsee with a breathing mask. Photo: Julian Stratenschulte/dpa (Photo by Julian Stratenschulte/picture alliance via Getty Images)

Since the outbreak was identified, cases have been confirmed in 170 countries across every inhabited continent.

More than 425,400 patients have been noted worldwide, of whom over 109,100 have “recovered” to date, according to John Hopkins University.

Cases have been plateauing in China since the end of February, with Europe now the epicentre of the pandemic.

The UK has had more than 8,100 confirmed cases and 422 deaths.

Globally, the death toll has exceeded 18,900.

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‘China’s containment strategies are continuing to be effective’

The Imperial scientists measured the number of coronavirus cases arising daily in every province of mainland China.

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The coronavirus pandemic is prompting unprecedented measures around the world. Health policy and human rights experts warn countries face a difficult balance between protecting public health and As the situation has eased, there are signs life in China is slowly returning to normal in places.

Physical distancing or social distancing is a set of infection control actions intended to stop or slow down the spread of a contagious disease.

“Within-city movement data” was collected between 1 January and 17 March for “major metropolitan cities”.

GPS tracking allowed the scientists to gauge the number of trips taken per person, compared to 2019.

The team then calculated the virus’ basic reproduction number, the number of people a patient statistically goes onto infect.

For example, a number of three means every patient is expected to pass the virus to three others.

This has proved tricky to calculate, with Professor David Heymann – from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine – previously telling Yahoo UK basic reproduction numbers “change daily as new information comes in”.

Nevertheless, the Imperial scientists found that as travel restrictions were put in place, inner-city movement declined alongside the coronavirus’ basic reproduction number.

Reassuringly, once these restrictions were relaxed somewhat, the basic reproduction number stayed low.

“These results provide evidence that China’s containment strategies are continuing to be effective as they restart their economy,” said the scientists.

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China has widened its travel restrictions in Hubei province - the centre of the coronavirus outbreak - as the death toll climbed to 26. The restrictions will affect at least 20 million people across 10 cities, including the capital, Wuhan, where the virus emerged.

Many are worried about the coronavirus’ impact on the economy, with the FTSE 100 down 34.1% on 19 March.

Shutting borders worldwide has hit the travel industry hard, while draconian measures forcing Britons to stay in their homes has driven down spending.

Boris Johnson announced on Monday evening Britons are only to go outdoors to buy essentials, for exercise or if they are unable to work from home.

He previously urged the public to avoid social contact, ditch non-essential travel and work from home, if possible.

Different countries are at different stages of the pandemic, with the outbreak appearing to have peaked in China.

Its strategy may help “inform decision making processes for [other nations] once containment is achieved”, said the Imperial scientists.

The team stressed they only looked at confirmed cases. These are more likely to be severe, with many patients being diagnosed in hospital.

Early research suggests four out of five cases are mild, with most likely going undetected in the community.

Professor Brendan Wren from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, said: “The latest data from Wuhan is encouraging and points the way to implementing strict social distancing measures in getting the epidemic under control.

“However, we still have no idea of the proportion of the population who are immunologically naïve to the virus and still susceptible to the potential re-emergence of the virus.

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a person talking on a cell phone: A woman's temperature is taken as a preventive measure against the COVID-19 coronavirus before entering a shopping mall in Yangon on March 25, 2020. - Myanmar confirmed its first cases of of the deadly novel coronavirus on March 23 after weeks of increasing scepticism over the under-developed southeast Asian nation's claims to be free of the disease. (Photo by Ye Aung THU / AFP) (Photo by YE AUNG THU/AFP via Getty Images) © Provided by Yahoo! Style UK A woman's temperature is taken as a preventive measure against the COVID-19 coronavirus before entering a shopping mall in Yangon on March 25, 2020. - Myanmar confirmed its first cases of of the deadly novel coronavirus on March 23 after weeks of increasing scepticism over the under-developed southeast Asian nation's claims to be free of the disease. (Photo by Ye Aung THU / AFP) (Photo by YE AUNG THU/AFP via Getty Images)

What is the coronavirus?

The coronavirus is one of seven strains of a class of viruses that are known to infect humans.

Others include the common cold and severe acute respiratory syndrome (Sars), which killed 774 people during its 2002/3 outbreak.

The coronavirus mainly spreads face-to-face via infected droplets that have been coughed or sneezed out.

There is also evidence it may be transmitted in faeces or urine and can survive on surfaces.

While most cases are mild, pneumonia can come about if the infection spreads to the air sacs in the lungs, causing them to become inflamed and filled with fluid or pus.

The lungs then struggle to draw in air, resulting in reduced oxygen in the bloodstream and a build-up of carbon dioxide.

The coronavirus has no “set” treatment, with most patients’ immune systems fighting off the virus naturally.

In severe cases, hospitalisation may be required if a patient needs “supportive care”.

This may include ventilation while their immune system gets to work.

Hand-washing and social distancing are thought to be the best ways to ward off infection.

  Coronavirus: China ‘successfully exited its stringent social distancing policy’ © Yahoo Style UK

From China to Italy and Spain: How coronavirus responses and lockdown measures have worked around the world .
Without the support of the public, strategies to limit the virus failNational governments have taken different approaches to tackling this crisis and these choices have affected the virus’s course in different ways, with various implications.

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