UK News How does the Government decide which parts of England will go in which tier?

23:55  25 november  2020
23:55  25 november  2020 Source:   msn.com

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The government will replace them on 2 December with a regionally-differentiated approach, where different tiers of restrictions apply in different parts of the country. On Thursday 26 November the government will announce which areas are in which tier .

Some 28% of England ’s population are in tier 2, while 3% are in tier 3, which will apply from Wednesday to the Liverpool city region. People are likely to be advised to only visit care homes in exceptional circumstances, but can go on holiday outside their area. In tier 3 areas, the government

England will return to a tiered system of coronavirus restrictions next week when the national lockdown ends.

a construction site: England will return to a tier system after the lockdown ends on December 2 (Peter Byrne/PA) © Peter Byrne England will return to a tier system after the lockdown ends on December 2 (Peter Byrne/PA)

The Government will announce on Thursday which places will be in Tiers 1, 2 and 3, but it has already briefly outlined the factors which will influence its decisions.

What are the key indicators that will primarily determine the restrictions in each area?

The five factors include case detection rates in all age groups, case detection rates in the over 60s and the rate at which cases are rising or falling.

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All political decisions are taken by the government and Parliament. In theory a government minister does not have to be a member of either House of Parliament. These are not part of Her Majesty's Government , and are directly accountable to their own institutions, with their own authority

How does Scotland's new five- tier system work? Each area of Scotland has been placed in one of five tiers . Eleven local authority areas in west and central The Covid tier system may then need to be "strengthened" , according to government adviser Dr Susan Hopkins from Public Health England .

The two other measures are the positivity rate – the number of positive cases detected as a percentage of tests taken – and pressure on the NHS, including current and projected occupancy.

But Downing Street has declined to give any further details on the indicators, nor any estimate of the thresholds.

graphical user interface, text, application: Covid-19 alert system in England (PA Graphics) © Provided by PA Media Covid-19 alert system in England (PA Graphics)

Why are there not rigid thresholds?

The Government has said it will need to maintain flexibility to weigh the indicators against each other – such as whether hospital capacity in neighbouring areas is lower.

Another example given in the Coronavirus Winter Plan is that case detection rates would need to be weighed against whether the spread of the virus is localised to particular communities.

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The history of local government in England is one of gradual change and evolution since the Middle Ages. England has never possessed a formal written constitution, with the result that modern administration (and the judicial system) is based on precedent

The formation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland has involved personal and political union across Great Britain and the wider British Isles. The United Kingdom is the most recent of a number of sovereign states that have been established in Great Britain at different periods in history

“Given these sensitivities, it is not possible to set rigid thresholds for these indicators, as doing so would result in poorer quality decisions,” the plan states.

Video: Grant Shapps: Covid tier areas to be outlined on Thursday (PA Media)

What about economic factors?

These are not listed among the key criteria but Downing Street said the Government was always aware of the effect of restrictions on the economy.

The Prime Minister’s official spokesman, when asked if economic factors would be considered, said on Tuesday: “Ministers have always been cognisant of the economic impact.”

How have local leaders reacted?

Mayor of Greater Manchester Andy Burnham said it was “more likely than not” the area would be made subject to Tier 3 restrictions.

He said although infection numbers in Greater Manchester were still high, the rates were falling.

He added: “If things continue in this direction at the rate at which we are seeing change in Greater Manchester, I would want to ask the Government for a serious review of Greater Manchester’s position at the first review of tiering arrangements which is scheduled to take place two weeks from now.”

Liverpool City Region mayor Steve Rotheram said he hoped the area – which was the first to enter the highest tier last time – would not return to Tier 3 restrictions.

He said: “The progress we’ve made since we were put in Tier 3 is remarkable – we’ve gone from having two areas with infection rates of about 750 per 100k to 180 across the city region.”

Meanwhile, Lancashire’s council leaders have submitted a proposal to the Government to divide the county into two different tiers when the lockdown ends.

A request has been made for Hyndburn, Rossendale, Burnley, Pendle and Preston to go into Tier 3 restrictions while Fylde, Wyre, Lancaster, Chorley, South Ribble, Ribble Valley and West Lancashire would go into Tier 2.

And London mayor Sadiq Khan said it would be the “right and sensible decision” for the capital to be placed in Tier 2, as he warned that Tier 3 would be a “hammer blow” to businesses.

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