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UK News Border Force spot 100 people a DAY with fake Covid certificates

22:30  20 april  2021
22:30  20 april  2021 Source:   dailymail.co.uk

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Border Force officials spot around 100 people a day trying to enter Britain with badly-spelled fake Covid certificates, MPs have heard.

The fake documents claiming a traveller has a recent negative test result are said to be 'very easy' to forge and there is no way to tell how many are being missed.

Lucy Moreton, professional officer for the Immigration Services Union (ISU), which represents border immigration and customs staff in the UK, also said there is 'little to no' evidence on how well people are adhering to quarantine rules.

Meanwhile, MPs heard that long queues found at airports could be a 'breeding ground' for the virus.

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And experts raised concerns about the traffic light system for travel.

MPs heard today that Border Force officials spot around 100 passengers a day trying to enter Britain using a fake negative Covid test certificate. Picture: Stock © Provided by Daily Mail MPs heard today that Border Force officials spot around 100 passengers a day trying to enter Britain using a fake negative Covid test certificate. Picture: Stock graphical user interface, website: Lucy Moreton, professional officer for the Immigration Services Union (ISU), (pictured in a Zoom meeting with member of Parliament) revealed there is 'little to no' evidence on how well people are adhering to quarantine rules © Provided by Daily Mail Lucy Moreton, professional officer for the Immigration Services Union (ISU), (pictured in a Zoom meeting with member of Parliament) revealed there is 'little to no' evidence on how well people are adhering to quarantine rules

Ms Moreton told the All Party Parliamentary Group on Coronavirus that around 20,000 people are coming into the country each day, the majority of whom are hauliers.

To enter England people must provide proof of a negative test taken in the three days before departure - which can be shown to border agents as a printed document or through an email or text message.

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Asked how border agents are able to verify proof of a negative test, Ms Moreton told MPs: 'We're not is the simple answer, it's predominately taken on trust.

'We do get 100 or more a day of fake Covid certificates, that we catch.'

Europol warned earlier this year about the illicit sale of false negative Covid test certificates.

This included a forgery ring selling negative test results to passengers at Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris for up to £260.

And in the UK, a man in his 30s was arrested at Luton Airport on suspicion of selling bogus Covid-19 documents showing negative test results for £100 each.

He was later released Bedfordshire Police under investigation, the BBC reports.

Speaking at the time, Detective Sergeant Tom Hamm said: 'Unfortunately, fraudsters have seen the ongoing pandemic as an opportunity to prey on people, and if you are approached by someone offering to sell certificates who is not an authorised provider, please report it immediately.'

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Those who attempt to evade quarantine or testing by providing false information face a fine of up to £10,000, and up to 10 years in prison, while those who do not book a hotel place before arriving in England face a £4,000 fine.

As far back as October last year, airport staff in the UK were said to have been handed fake Covid test certificates from some travellers so they could board planes to Pakistan.

Reports at the time suggested some travellers had doctored the name on negative test emails, printed them out and handed them over the check-in staff.

According to the Lancashire Telegraph, one Blackburn man said he was handed a negative test by a friend and then changed the name to his and printed it out.

He was able to travel to Pakistan with what was a fake Covid-19 test certificate.

The man, who did not wish to be named, said: 'It is quite simple. Everyone knows someone who has had a Covid test.'

Discussing how fake Covid certificates are spotted, Ms Moreton said: 'We catch them if there is a spelling error somewhere.'

But many certificates are in a foreign language which could make spelling mistakes trickier to spot, she added.

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'Otherwise they are taken at face value,' she added.

She said that the documents are checked against a series of code numbers but 'these things are very easy to knock up electronically unfortunately'.

Asked how many could be falling through the cracks, she added: 'It's inherently unknowable.

'A lot of the border and immigration and migration and quarantine controls are based on trust: we trust people when they say they have not been in a red list country in the last 10 days; we trust people when they say that they are going to 2 Acacia Avenue to quarantine; we trust that there is an Acacia Avenue and that when they are going to go there, they are going to stay there.

'The whole thing is based on an assumption that people will do the right thing.'

The latest update from the ISU comes as Britain added India to its 'red list' yesterday as the country's health system is said to be on the brink of collapse while it battles its fastest spreading coronavirus surge since the pandemic began.

Many have accused the government of acting too late as more than 100 people in the UK have now tested positive for the new Indian Covid variant - most traced to foreign travel.

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Some 900 people were able to arrive from India every day for the last three weeks, while Britons have been banned from overseas travel to stop the spread.

Another 5,000 people are due to fly from India into Britain before the travel ban comes into effect on Friday amid a desperate scramble to dodge quarantine.

They risk carrying with them variant B.1.617 which is believed to spread more easily and could even be more lethal than other strains, with Indian doctors concerned by a significant proportion of young patients.

Some doctors say the reason that under-45s are now vulnerable is that they go to work and eat out more, but there is no definitive proof.

Medics in Delhi say that two thirds of their new patients are under-45, while in Mumbai, doctors say that they are seeing children aged 12 to 15, where there were virtually no child admissions in the first wave.

It comes as last week the UK government blamed passengers for long queues at Heathrow where one traveller collapsed while waiting seven hours in the airport's overwhelmed passport control.

Speaking on Thursday, April 15,  the Prime Minister's official spokesman insisted Border Force has the 'right level' of staff despite complaints and chaotic scenes last week when the unnamed woman appeared unconscious on the floor of UK arrivals.

No 10, responding to reports of seven-hour queues at airports and the woman's collapse, said people should only travel when 'absolutely necessary' and suggested not enough people were filling in their forms correctly or pre-booking tests.

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MailOnline understands, as of last Thursday, only a maximum of 20 of the 40 passport control desks at Heathrow Terminal 2 are currently being manned because of social distancing.

Border Force officials who are sat checking passports are being forced to work in 'social bubbles' of four spread out across the enormous complex to reduce the risk of spreading different strains of coronavirus.

They cannot be moved from their tasks to alleviate pressure at passport control if they are not already working in the arrivals hall that day.

Lucy Moreton, of the Immigration Services Union, told MailOnline that in pre-Covid times the average time a passenger spent at a passport control desk was around two minutes.

This is four minutes now if a passenger's documents are all in order, but 'at least' 40 if there is an issue, she said.

She said: 'The delays are not caused by a lack of staff. If you look at it, we can now only man every other desk for covid reasons.

'If your bubble is assigned to admin tasks for the day, ordinarily we would hoik them out, but we can't do that.

'It makes it look like we are understaffed, when in fact we have the maximum number of people working we can'.

She said that Heathrow Terminal has 40 passport control desks, but because they only have front screens, the number of desks is halved, creating delays, being added to because officers have to check 100 per cent of forms - passports, passenger locator forms and negative Covid test results - on all arrivals, and many are not complying.

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Ms Moreton said: The cause of the delays is because people are not complying. We are seeing a lot of people saying was 'nobody told them' or 'it doesn't apply to me'.

Footage posted online on Monday afternoon shows a woman lying on the floor of Heathrow Airport being tended to by staff - as many more passengers wait to be cleared through the border.

The video's uploader claims the woman had collapsed following a seven-hour wait for entry clearance.

WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THE INDIA VARIANT?

Real name: B.1.617

When and where was it discovered? The variant was first reported as being of concern by the Indian government in late March.

The first cases in India appear to date back to October 2020 and it was first detected in Britain in February.

It has been detected in 21 countries as of April 19, according to Public Health England's Sharon Peacock.

How many people in the UK have been infected with it? Matt Hancock revealed there had been 103 cases so far.

But Public Health England's latest report, published on April 15, says 77. These were detected in England and Scotland.

What mutations does it have? It has 13 mutations that separate it from the original Covid virus that emerged in China - but the two main ones are named E484Q and L452R.

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Scientists suspect these two alterations can help it to transmit faster and to get past immune cells made in response to older variants.

Is it more infectious and can it evade vaccines?

The L452R mutation is also found on the Californian variant (B.1.429), discovered in December, even though the two evolved independently.

L452R is believed to make the American strain about 20 per cent more infectious.

The Indian variant's E484Q mutation is very similar to the one found in the South African and Brazil variants known as E484K, which can help the virus evade antibodies.

The South African variant is thought to make vaccines about 30 per cent less effective at stopping infections, but it's not clear what effect it has on severe illness.

Professor Peacock said there was 'limited' evidence of E484Q's effect on immunity and vaccines.

Lab studies have suggested it may be able to escape some antibodies, but to what degree remains uncertain.

Should we be worried?

Scientists are unsure how transmissible or vaccine-resistant the Indian variant is because the E484Q mutation is new and not well understood.

The fact it appears to have increased infectivity should not pose an immediate threat to the UK's situation, because the current dominant Kent version appears equally or more transmissible.

It will take a variant far more infectious strain than that to knock it off the top spot.

However, if the Indian version proves to be effective at slipping past vaccine-gained immunity, then its prevalence could rise in Britain as the immunisation programme squashes the Kent variant.

The UK currently classes the Indian strain as a 'Variant Under Investigation', a tier below the Kent, South African and Brazilian variants.

Experts studying Britain's Covid variants said the Indian variant was unlikely to ever take off in the UK because its mutations were 'not top tier'.

Dr Jeffrey Barrett, director of the Covid-19 Genomics Initiative at the Wellcome Sanger Institute, said it's still not clear if India's third wave has been caused by the new variant, or if it emerged at the same time by coincidence.

His comments have been echoed by PHE's Professor Peacock, who said today: ''It is not clear at the present time whether B.1.617 is the main driver for the current wave.

'The question is whether this is associated with the variant, with human behaviour (for example, the presence of large gatherings, and/or lack of preventive measures including hand washing, wearing masks and social distancing) or whether both are contributing.'

How deadly is it?

Again, scientists still don't know for sure - but they are fairly certain it won't be more deadly than the current variants in circulation in Britain.

This is because there is no evolutionary benefit to Covid becoming more deadly.

The virus's sole goal is to spread as much as it can, so it needs people to be alive and interacting with others for as long as possible to achieve this.

And, if other variants are anything to go by, the Indian strain should not be more lethal.

There is still no evidence to show dominant versions like the Kent and South African variants are more deadly than the original Covid strain - even though they are highly transmissible.

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