Oommen Chandy appointed Congress in-charge of Andhra Pradesh, Tarun Gogoi gets West Bengal
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© Getty Commuters walk past as smoke comes out of traditional Indial coal 'chulahs' (oven) kept on the side of a busy road in Kolkata
KOLKATA : A report by the World Health Organization ( WHO ) has finally confirmed that Kolkata is the second - most polluted metropolis in the country, next only to Delhi. “There is no point in being complacent from the fact that Kolkata is better than the worst polluted cities in India ,” said
This is the POLLUTION CAPITAL of India . it about kolkata do you know this city is most polluted city in the world it is a source of global warming i don't say it some scientists Kolkata was home to many Anglo Indians who are now living abroad. Most of us often recall the good old days with much
A recent report released by the World Health Organization (WHO) states that Kolkata is the second-most polluted metro city in India after Delhi. The report also says that the quality of air in the city is declining faster than that of the national capital.
Kolkata is under the grip of severe air pollution which is not being assessed, impacting the health of people here. The city's pollution levels rose faster during 2017-18 than ever before due to steady rise increase in construction activities, biomass burning and the number of vehicles.
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It has recorded the highest levels among eight countries. | Kolkata most polluted city in India . Image: Steam rises from the cooling towers of a power plant. Photograph: Carsten Koall/Getty Images. Combodia recorded second highest levels of PAH with 1760 nano grams per gram PAH content
First of all, Kolkata has very poor air quality. Please check your sources. In fact all the major cities in India have a problem of air pollution . A recent report by the World Health Organization ( WHO ) states that of the 20 most polluted cities in the world, 13 are in India , with Delhi at the top.
As per a study by National Centre for Atmospheric Research and Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, an alarming rise in pollution has dropped the life expectancy in Kolkata by 6.1 years, second to Delhi, which is by 6.4 years.
After Delhi, Kolkata has now earned the infamy of being the lung cancer capital of India. According to the Kolkata Clean Air Campaign, about 70 percent of the population here suffers from respiratory disorders, while 47 percent are faced with serious lower respiratory tract infection owing to the air pollution. © Getty
Ajay Mittal, who is associated with the campaign, said that the health issue of citizens is being compromised severely.
Furthermore, it has been found that while 60 percent of motor vehicle mechanics have acquired impairment in lung functioning, about 79 percent of street hawkers in the city did not fare well in the test of lung function.
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This made Kolkata the most polluted metropolitan city in India , followed respectively by Mumbai, Delhi and Chennai. In a 6-years long study completed in 2007 In the World Health Organization's ( WHO ) ranking of cities by air pollution , Kolkata ranks 25th among a total of 1100 cities ..
Delhi is most polluted city in the world in PM 2 .5 concentrations. Half of the top 20 cities in the world with the highest levels of PM 2 .5 were in India , according to the pollution data released by the WHO , which included 1,600 cities .
In pics: How plastic is polluting our planet
World Environment Day, observed each year on June 5, is a clarion call for worldwide action to protect the planet. This year, the global host country is India and the theme is “Beat Plastic Pollution: If you can’t use it, refuse it.” The theme focuses on the detrimental results of single-use plastic damaging marine life, polluting oceans and endangering human and animal health.
Plastic has had a far-reaching effect on the landscape of earth, with South Pacific’s Henderson Island being the most plastic polluted island. Scientists have discovered that the island, whose beaches were once UNESCO World Heritage sites, is now littered with approximately 37.7 million pieces of plastic.
Here’s a look at some other places where the indiscriminate use of plastic is taking a toll on the planet.
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Recent Update: As per the latest report of World Health Organisation data, Kanpur has topped the list of the most polluted city in India .Faridabad is the second most polluted city , while Varanasi third. In the recent study held by WHO in 2018
Kolkata . Air pollution slashes life expectancy by 3. 2 years for the 660 million Indians who live in cities , including Delhi. The Ganga and Yamuna are ranked among the world’s 10 most polluted rivers.
Greenpeace, an environmental group, has ranked the country as the “third-worst polluter into the world’s oceans” after China and Indonesia.
(Pictured) A toy surrounded by plastic waste on a beach on the Freedom Island Critical Habitat and Ecotourism area near Manila on May 19, 2018.
Single-use plastic products manufactured by giant conglomerates have been named as the reason for the sorry state of affairs.
(Pictured) A whale shark swims by while a plastic bag floats around in Oslob on July 23, 2012.
According to studies by World Wide Fund for Nature-Pakistan, some remote beaches along the coast of the country such as Gwadar and Kund Malir are littered with plastic, posing serious risk to marine life.
(Pictured) A girl walks through rubbish left by sea waves along Clifton beach in Karachi on Sept. 5, 2017.
Plastic pollution contributes to 50 percent of the garbage at Clifton beach, Karachi.
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Dust storm hits Delhi, city plunges into darknessTemperatures in the city, which hovered around 40 degrees Celsius, fell after the dust storm hit. The humidity level was between 68 and 44 per cent.
Kolkata . The Indian capital has once again been found to be the world’s most polluted city and Mumbai is fourth, according to air quality data compiled by the World Health Organisation ( WHO ) for Of the cities for which PM 2 .5 2016 data is available, the top 10 are from India . tags. Delhi.
The WHO global air pollution database released in Geneva early Wednesday morning reveals that India has 14 out of the 15 most polluted cities in the world in terms of PM 2 .5 concentrations, with the worst Kolkata Knight Riders beat Royal Challengers Bangalore by 6 wickets. Match 30 - Apr 30.
(Pictured) Ragpickers collect recyclable materials from plastic bags in Karachi on May 14, 2018.
In 2014, the government of the African country introduced a ban on plastic bags used for packaging water to reduce pollution.
(Pictured) A scavenger searches for items amidst debris and plastic waste washed out from a river near Abidjan on May 23, 2017.
In August 2017, the country introduced a law banning the manufacture, sale and use of plastic bags.
(Pictured) A volunteer collects plastic waste during a clean-up exercise organized by UN Environment near the Nairobi Dam on May 25, 2018.
Those found in violation could face a four-year imprisonment term or fines of up to $40,000.
(Pictured) A man searches through waste at a dumping site in Ngong on Aug. 24, 2017.
In February 2016, the country launched a campaign to reduce the use of plastic bags and asked retailers to charge consumers up to $0.37 (IDR 5,000) for each plastic bag used.
(Pictured) Plastic waste that washed ashore following strong waves on Sanur beach in Bali on April 12, 2018.
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Mumbai is the busiest commercial city and increase in vehicles lets out more pollution in the city . 3. Kolkata : Kolkata is the capital city of West 12. Pune: Pune, the second largest city of Maharashtra has also joined the list of India 's most polluted cities , with high level of particulate & air Pollution .
In terms of PM10 levels, 13 cities in India figured among the 20 most - polluted cities of the world in 2016. Kolkata : A couple were allegedly thrashed by a group of people at the Dumdum Officer heading demolition drive shot dead by hotel owner in Himachal.
According to Ocean Conservancy, a non-profit environmental group, more than half of the plastic waste in the oceans comes from five countries — Indonesia, China, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.
(Pictured) Plastic waste after a storm at the Seminyak Beach in Bali on Dec. 14, 2016.
The Thames Estuary shoreline, a feeding ground for wading birds and other marine wildlife, has been battling plastic pollution. According to Thames River Watch surveys, plastic bottles make up 10 percent of all litter items on the river shore.
(Pictured) Plastics and other detritus line the shore of the Thames Estuary in Cliffe on Jan. 2, 2018.
The government promised $81.5M (£61M) to fight plastic pollution in the world's oceans in April 2018.
(Pictured) Volunteers pose for photographers with a Valentine's Day heart-shaped collection of plastic bottles they made from bottles that were lying washed up nearby on the north bank of the River Thames in London on Feb. 9, 2018.
More than two thousand volunteers turned up for a mass rubbish clean-up at Turtle Cove in Lamma Island after environment campaigners warned that plastic is killing marine wildlife, especially sea turtles who gobble up bags mistaking them for jellyfish.
(Pictured) Items collected by participants taking part in the beach clean-up drive on Lamma Island on May 27, 2018.
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Home India Top 10 Most Polluted Cities in India 2017 – Based On Pollution The list is prepared after following many research works done by various groups and organization such as WHO . What is Pollution Index: Pollution Index is an estimation of the overall pollution in the city .
By the end of this year, you probably won’t be seeing Delhi topping the charts for the most polluted city in India . By November 2016, Kolkata emerged as the second worst polluted city in the country, in terms of levels for respirable Air Pollution Killing 6 Million Each Year Says WHO Report.
In an attempt to curb plastic pollution, fishermen in Livorno are organizing a project called Arcipelago Pulito, in which they collect plastic caught in their fishing nets and bring ashore to recycle at a specialized plant. Each fish haul has about 10 percent of plastic waste.
(Pictured) A view of bales of plasmix ready to be recycled in Pontedera on May 24, 2018.
Isole Tremiti, an archipelago off the east coast of Italy, banned plasticware including plates, cups and other utensils from May 1, 2018.
(Pictured) Garbage on street in Adrano on Feb. 14, 2018.
It was the first country in the world to impose a ban on thinner plastic bags in 2002.
(Pictured) A man arranges plastic bags to dry and recycle in Dhaka on May 14, 2018.
The Scientists at the University of Bergen retrieved 30 plastic bags from the stomach of a dead whale on the west coast in 2017. The country manages to recycle over 90 percent of its plastic bottles. They have installed reverse vending machines at places for people to throw their waste. These machines are later taken to specialized recycling areas. Over 600 million plastic bottles were recycled in 2016.
(Pictured) Waste is seen during a beach clean-up drive off the coast of Norway, on April 25, 2018.
Approximately 10 million plastic bags are used every day in the country’s capital Phnom Penh alone, according to anti-poverty organization ACRA in 2015.
(Pictured) Trash strewn on Long Beach in Koh Rong Island on Feb. 14, 2018.
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Kolkata . Delhi and Varanasi are among the 14 Indian cities that figured in a list of 20 most polluted cities in the world in terms of PM 2 .5 levels in 2016, data released by the WHO showed on Wednesday.
By 2020, additional charges will be implemented for the use of plastic bags. The government is looking to ban the production and distribution of plastic and curbing 50 percent of its use by 2019.
(Pictured) A pile of garbage in a canal in Phnom Penh on May 9, 2018.
Out of all the European nations, the maximum demand of plastic is in Germany, according to PlasticsEurope. The demand for plastic in Europe is 46.3 Mtonne, out of which 25.4 percent is from Germany alone.
(Pictured) Discarded packaging lies in a makeshift fireplace on a beach along the Spree River in Berlin on May 29, 2018.
One of world’s largest plastics producers, the country had been recycling about half of the world’s plastic until 2017.
(Pictured) Bottles at a waste center in Beijing on May 16, 2018.
On Jan. 1, 2018, the country imposed a ban on recycling the globe’s dump, leaving many nations, like the U.S., in the lurch. The U.S. had been exporting more than 1.42 million tons of scrap plastics annually to China for recycling.
(Pictured) Plastic waste washed ashore on the coastal strip of Shanghai on May 13, 2018.
The country discards about 1.83 tonnes of plastic waste that winds up in the oceans.
(Pictured) A woman gathers shells in a coastal forest littered with waste stuck in branches, after it was washed up by rising coastal tide in Thanh Hóa on May 18, 2018.
According to government figures, the capital city of Beirut and its suburbs generate more than 3,000 tons of garbage in a day.
(Pictured) Piles of waste are seen on the seaside in the coastal town of Khalde on Sept. 22, 2016.
The untreated waste dumped into the Lebanese coast has polluted the Mediterranean Sea, killing marine life.
(Pictured) Empty plastic bottles and floating trash are seen in the coastline of the Mediterranean Sea in Beirut on May 28, 2018.
The country banned single-use plastic products from Jan. 1, 2018, after joining the CleanSeas campaign against ocean pollution, during the UN Environment Assembly in Nairobi, Kenya, in December 2017. The goal of the country is to make its ocean and coastline pollution-free by 2030.
(Pictured) Egrets gather in a garbage dump at Kadirana on May 6, 2018.
As part of World Earth Day 2018 celebrations on April 22, Afghanistan joined other nations by carrying out a clean-up operation at Hashmat Khan Lake in conjunction with the theme "End Plastic Pollution."
(Pictured) A woman walks next to a pile of plastic bags in Kabul on May 6, 2018.
The country’s Pollution Control Department has reported that its plastic waste is increasing at the annual rate of 12 percent, or around 2 million tonnes.
(Pictured) Bottle caps are collected to be sent to recycle factory for processing in Nakhon Pathom on Aug. 4, 2017.
A sperm whale was found dead on a Spanish beach in April 2018. An autopsy revealed that the whale had 29 kilos of plastic in its stomach, which blocked its digestive system and caused its death.
(Pictured) Waste lies on the ground during the Tamborrada, the Drum Festival held in the city of San Sebastián on Jan. 20, 2018.
In 2017, volunteers collected 148,636 pieces of plastic, 77,434 food wrappers and 46,041 plastic bottle caps during a one-day coastal clean-up operation at a California beach.
(Pictured) Plastic bottles wash into the Tidal Basin after heavy rains in Washington, D.C., on May 19, 2018.
The stores in the country began charging for plastic bags from Jan. 1, 2018. Notably, only 16 percent of the country’s trash is recycled, compared to EU’s average of 44 percent, according a news report published by the Associated Press.
(Pictured) Earthmovers push mountains of garbage as seagulls fly over the country's largest landfill at Fyli, Attica on Feb. 7, 2018.
"Nitrogen oxide and ozone pollution are two pollutants responsible for major increase in mortality from chronic bronchitis and pneumonia," said Dr. Debasish Basu, a preventive medicine expert to TOI. A number of cases have been registered of impaired liver function, hematological abnormalities, genetic changes and neuro-behavioral problems.
The rise in pollution is posing a greater risk in children, where about 65 percent of the kids here have developed lung function impairment.
The health of the residents in Kolkata is threatened due to particulate matter pollution, especially PM2.5. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) have been on the rise in the city, leading to fatalities.
It might be touted as the City of Joy, but looks like Kolkata might not be the best place to live in for the ones seeking a healthy environment.
In pics: 22 things you can do to curb air pollution
Many cities across the world are experiencing excessive air pollution and smog. While many steps can be taken to reduce air pollution, the less obvious ones are saving electricity, reducing plastic usage and avoiding paper and paper products. The production of all these requires using non-renewable sources of energy or destroying forest cover that directly affects the air quality.
Reduce, reuse and recycle
Follow the three golden Rs: Reduce your waste by reusing and recycling it as much as possible. This will limit the stress on waste collection facilities and is also more sustainable in the long term.
Maintain your automobiles
Get your vehicle regularly checked up and maintained to keep engines finely tuned and tires properly inflated. Vehicles consume more fuel when they are in poor condition, thus also increasing your expenditure.
Fruits and vegetables that are available in markets often travel hundreds of miles to get from the farm to your table. Food transportation is done by trucks and freight trains or planes, which contribute to air pollution. Locally grown food not only decreases the environmental impact but is also healthier since you’re eating fresher produce.
Don’t burn leaves, wood or garbage
Try composting kitchen and garden waste since burning it releases harmful carbon monoxide and benzopyrene.
Curb construction pollution
If you have construction going on in your house, sprinkle waters or cordon off the area with a drape since these sites release dust and dirt particles that get suspended in the air.
Avoid or quit smoking
The chemicals in cigarette smoke not only harm your respiratory system, they also affect the air quality in the vicinity, especially indoors. Negligently discarded cigarettes have also resulted in wildfires on occasions.
Use public transport, carpool, bike or walk
This will not only decongest roads but also make you a non-contributor to vehicular pollution. Cycling or walking to work reduce your carbon footprint.
Plant a garden
Apart from all the oxygen that the plants would be releasing, a kitchen garden is also not a bad idea for growing your own organic produce.
Use ENERGY STAR products
These products meet set government mandates for energy consumption. They tend to last longer and also cut down on the electricity bills. Lesser electricity consumption helps reduce air pollution because many countries are still reliant on non-renewable sources of energy such as coal and gas that release pollutants into the air once burned.
Switch to electronic mail
Paper products mean cutting trees. Switching to electronic mails and bank statements will reduce your consumption of paper and save millions of trees, helping the environment.
Cut back on the use of plastic
Plastic products choke rivers and oceans, destroy ecosystems and take forever to decompose. Most plastics are made from oil products and petrochemical extraction releases toxic gases into the atmosphere.
Choose products with minimal packaging
Plastic bags, cardboard boxes, bubble wrap and styrofoam peanuts are often thrown out and not reused. When making purchases, forego the packaging since these just go waste and damage the environment.
Refuel your car early morning or in the evening
Experts say that the optimum time for topping up your gas tank is when the day is cooler. Petroleum products expand and evaporate in the heat, so one can end up with lesser percentage of fuel for the money. Cooler temperature makes the fuel denser, lessening its wastage.
Run washing machines only when full
Running a partial load in your washer and dryer uses the same amount of energy and water as a full load, so it’s better to wait it out and run later. Also, front-load machines tend to use less water and clean better.
Use environment-friendly paints and cleaning products
Products that smell strongly of chemicals may release harmful particles on use and may contain volatile compounds that evaporate. A switch to organic and non-toxic products is good for health as well as indoor air quality.
Use cold water
Using cold water for laundry, doing dishes and cleaning means less usage of the water heater. A solar water heater, on the other hand, would also save energy.
Studies show that people who drive above the speed limit can consume significantly more fuel since they accelerate, decelerate and brake aggressively. Improper gearshift changes also add stress to the vehicle’s engine and use more fuel.
Use surge protectors/multi plug sockets
In areas such as the office, kitchen and living room where multiple gadgets need to be connected at the same time, surge protectors save electricity. One can also just turn off a single switch and shut down all devices.
Use rechargeable batteries
Billions of batteries get thrown out every year after they get discharged. They add to landfill sites and the chemicals inside them are not environment-friendly.
Avoid excessive idling of vehicle
At traffic lights, stop signs and stationary traffic, switch off the engine. A stationary vehicle with ignition on can produce twice as much exhaust emissions as a moving vehicle. In fact, idling is illegal in some countries.
Buy energy-efficient light bulbs
Use LED or compact fluorescent bulbs that last longer and use less electricity than traditional incandescent lights.
This is a lifestyle choice which can include using eco-friendly construction material for your home, switching to a fuel-less method of traveling via an electric car or bicycle, harnessing solar or wind energy and cutting down personal waste generations, which overall reduces your carbon footprint.
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