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India Facebook: New revelations on the role of the network in the diffusion of hateful content in India

11:05  25 october  2021
11:05  25 october  2021 Source:   rfi.fr

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Facebook : nouvelles révélations sur le rôle du réseau dans la diffusion de contenus haineux en Inde © Pixabay Facebook: New revelations on the role of the network in the diffusion of hate content in India Several internal documents revealed this weekend point The role of Facebook in the spread of hate content on its networks in India.

The role of Facebook in the spread in India of images and hatewithing likely to exacerbate the intercommunity conflicts has again been put forward this weekend via the disclosure of internal documents by various American media. Recovered by The Frances Haugen Alert launcher, These documents have already fueled several revelations on the impact of Facebook and its WhhatsApp and Instagram subsidiaries on the intense polarization of political life in the United States or the psychological health of certain teenage girls.

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Saturday and Sunday, the Wall Street Journal, the New York Times and the Washington Post, among others, focused on the presence of Facebook in India, its largest market with 340 million users. According to them, the group of Mark Zuckerberg was well aware of the growing presence of problematic content aimed at the Muslim community, but did not deploy sufficient means to hinder this phenomenon. This attitude is part of the wake of what the alert launcher denounces more generally: Facebook knows, and studies, the problems but chooses, in large part, to ignore them or not to devote sufficient resources to circumscribe them.

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a report from the July 2020 business researchers has shown that the share of incendiary content is skyrocketing from December 2019 in India, says The Wall Street Journal. "Rumors and violence calls were particularly propagated" on WhatsApp in February 2020, when clashes between the Hindu majority and the Muslim minority did dozens of deaths, points out the daily. Conscious of these problems, the group has sent dozens of researchers in the field to chat with users.

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Facebook also had February 2019 created a fictitious account, that of a 21-year-old woman in northern India, to better understand the user experience, reports several media. Without any indication, the account quickly found propaganda flooded for the Nationalist Prime Minister Hindu Narendra Modi and hate speech to Muslims. "I saw more images of deaths in the last three weeks that I saw in all my life," wrote the researcher in charge of this experimentation according to the New York Times.

The budget for misinformation mainly for the United States

The group is "well aware that a lower moderation policy in non-English-speaking countries makes the platform vulnerable to misuse of ill-intentioned people and authoritarian regimes," says The Washington Post. According to an internal document, the vast majority of the budget dedicated to the fight against misinformation is intended for the United States, even if they represent less than 10% of users.

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Responding to these new revelations, the social networking giant emphasizes having significantly strengthened its fight against problematic content in recent years. Facebook has "invested significantly in technologies detecting hate speeches in various languages, including Hindi and Bengali," said Sunday spokesperson in a message to AFP. It also has more than 15,000 people monitoring content in more than 70 languages, including 20 languages ​​spoken in India.

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regularly criticized to worry mainly of English-language content, the company also expresses the automatic detection of problematic content to other languages ​​spoken in India and ensures already having algorithms operating in Hindi, Bengali , Tamil and Urdu. The company therefore halves the volume of this kind of comment, which represent only 0.05% of the contents around the world, he added. "Haine speeches against marginalized groups, including Muslims, are increasing around the world" and Facebook "improves the implementation of its rules" as and when this evolution has also noted the carrier. Word. The influence of the group in India had already been pointed out in 2020 after revelations of the Wall Street Journal accusing it of a certain complacency towards the Hindu nationalist power in order not to harm its commercial interests.

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