Ireland Pope Francis appoints the first African-American cardinal in history

02:25  26 october  2020
02:25  26 october  2020 Source:   leparisien.fr

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Archbishop Wilton Gregory, right, celebrating Mass and blessing the badges of first responders in Atlanta in 2015.Credit Bob Andres/Atlanta Journal-Constitution, via Associated Press.

Pope Francis made the surprise announcement from his studio window to faithful standing below in St. Peter's Square. He said they would be elevated to the rank of cardinal Roman Catholic Church rules usually limit the number of cardinal electors to 120 but popes have bent that limit by naming more.

Pope Francis never stops shaking the church and the curia. The Sovereign Pontiff announced on Sunday that he would create thirteen new Catholic cardinals next month, including the first African-American “Prince of the Church” and a Franciscan preacher. The Sovereign Pontiff made this surprise announcement from his window overlooking Saint Peter's Square in Rome, at the end of the weekly Angelus prayer, and specified that they would be appointed on November 28.

On Wednesday, Pope Francis had openly pleaded in favor of civil union for same-sex couples. "They have the right to a family", notably defended the sovereign pontiff

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Pope Francis (r. 2013–present) has created cardinals at six consistories held at roughly annual intervals beginning in 2014, most recently on 5 October 2019.

Francis is the first Jesuit pope , the first from the Americas, the first from the On 3 June 1997, Bergoglio was appointed coadjutor archbishop of Buenos Aires with right of automatic succession. As a cardinal , Bergoglio was associated with Communion and Liberation, a Catholic evangelical lay

It will be "an unusual and perhaps even unprecedented ceremony, which will take place in the midst of a global pandemic which continues", declared the expert of the Vatican Joshua McElwee, quoted by the National Catholic Reporter. The Vatican is on high alert and is closely monitoring the health of the Pope, following the news of several coronavirus cases in the microstate, and such a ceremony could pose a risk to older participants.

Nine of the new cardinals are less than 80 years old, and can therefore participate in conclaves to elect the leader of the 1.2 billion Catholics in the world, who is chosen from among them. Cardinals, or “princes” of the Church, also hold the highest administrative positions in the Vatican.

Archbishop Gregory criticized President Donald Trump

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Pope Francis names 13 new Roman Catholic cardinals , including the first African - American person to Pope Francis has now appointed about 57 per cent of cardinal electors, whose number rises to about The others were appointed by Pope Francis 's two more conservative predecessors, Pope

He will be the first American cardinal named since 2016, when the pope elevated Cardinal Blase Cupich of Chicago, Cardinal Joseph Tobin He said he would make the men cardinals in a ceremony called a consistory on Nov. 28. Archbishop Gregory became the first Black man to lead Catholics in

Among the 13 new cardinals is therefore Archbishop of Washington Wilton Gregory, 72, a progressive who will be the first African-American cardinal.

Ordained a priest since the age of 25, he became Archbishop of Washington in May 2019. He replaced Cardinal Donald Wuerl, who resigned following criticism of his handling of cases of breast sexual abuse. of the American Church.

Archbishop Gregory criticized President Donald Trump for his use of rhetoric and his visits to religious sites. The Archbishop rebuked President Trump's visit to a shrine of Saint John Paul II in Washington, calling it "disconcerting and reprehensible". The visit took place in June, a day after the president ordered the dispersal of peaceful protesters near the White House.

In the United States, Archbishop Gregory has been an important voice in the effort to end abuse within the Church. As president of the American Bishops' Conference, he persuaded Church leaders to adopt tougher penalties for abusers in 2002.

A preacher becomes a cardinal

Another surprise in the papal tiara, the Italian father Raniero Cantalamessa, 84 years old, preacher of the papal household.

The Italian bishop Marcello Semeraro, prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints since the dismissal of his predecessor, Cardinal Angelo Becciu, for suspicion of financial embezzlement, is also among the new cardinals. As are the Maltese Mario Grech, general secretary of the synod of bishops, Antoine Kambanda, archbishop of Kigali in Rwanda, Jose Fuerte Advincula, archbishop of Capiz in the Philippines, and Celestino Aos Braco, archbishop of Santiago in Chile.

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