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US NewsAfter India Loses Dogfight to Pakistan, Questions Arise About Its ‘Vintage’ Military

10:15  04 march  2019
10:15  04 march  2019 Source:   msn.com

Pakistan vows 'full force' response as tensions with India escalate

Pakistan vows 'full force' response as tensions with India escalate Pakistan's military has promised to respond with "full force" if the country is attacked by India, following a suicide bombing that killed 40 Indian paramilitary policemen in Kashmir. Major General Asif Ghafoor told reporters his message to their neighbour was: "Don't mess with Pakistan. "We have no intention to initiate war, but we will respond with full force to full spectrum threat," Mr Ghafoor told reporters in Rawalpindi.

How we are quoting it as " Loses " Dogfight . Indian Air Force (IAF) MiG 21 shot down PAK F16.

Since the partition of British India in 1947 and creation of modern states of India and Pakistan , the two countries have been involved in a number of wars, conflicts and military stand-offs.

After India Loses Dogfight to Pakistan, Questions Arise About Its ‘Vintage’ Military © Tauseef Mustafa/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images Indian paramilitary troops in Srinagar in Kashmir this month. Sixty-eight percent of the army’s equipment is so old that it is officially considered “vintage.”

NEW DELHI — It was an inauspicious moment for a military the United States is banking on to help keep an expanding China in check.

An Indian Air Force pilot found himself in a dogfight last week with a warplane from the Pakistani Air Force, and ended up a prisoner behind enemy lines for a brief time.

The pilot made it home in one piece, however bruised and shaken, but the plane, an aging Soviet-era MiG-21, was less lucky.

Pakistani PM to India: 'Can we afford miscalculation?'

Pakistani PM to India: 'Can we afford miscalculation?' In the aftermath of India and Pakistan's skirmishes on the ground and in the air on Tuesday and Wednesday over the long-contested Kashmir region, Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan said in a television address that he aims to sit down with the Indian government and find a diplomatic solution to the crisis, The Guardian reports. He appealed to the fact that both country's nuclear arsenals could lead to a catastrophic conclusion, otherwise. "Can we afford miscalculation?," he asked. Pakistani jets launched airstrikes into the Indian-administered part of the contested mountain region, Pakistan's military said Wednesday.

Relations between India and Pakistan have been complex and largely hostile due to a number of historical and political events. Relations between the two states have been defined by the violent

India did not annex them.” Yeager’s claim was in response to former Indian Express editor We were troubled by the complex questions that the conflict raised. No such doubts seemed to cross It was the morning after the first Pakistani airstrike that Yeager began to take the war with India personally.

The aerial clash, the first by the South Asian rivals in nearly five decades, was a rare test for the Indian military — and it left observers a bit dumbfounded. While the challenges faced by the India’s armed forces are no secret, its loss of a plane last week to a country whose military is about half the size and receives a quarter of the funding was still telling.

India’s armed forces are in alarming shape. After India Loses Dogfight to Pakistan, Questions Arise About Its ‘Vintage’ Military © Abdul Razzaq/Associated Press A Pakistani soldier stands guard near the wreckage of an Indian military aircraft shot down by the Pakistan military last week.

If intense warfare broke out tomorrow, India could supply its troops with only 10 days of ammunition, according to government estimates. And 68 percent of the army’s equipment is so old, it is officially considered “vintage.”

Red alert sounded for Delhi Metro, all station controllers to inspect station premises every 2 hours

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The Pakistan Armed Forces are the military forces of Pakistan . They are the sixth largest in the world in terms of active military personnel and the largest among Muslim countries.

Indians also suspect that the Pakistani security agents support these groups. India is much worried about its national security issue because of the militant attacks in various India cities. After that, Indian army invaded the East Pakistan to help those people.

“Our troops lack modern equipment, but they have to conduct 21st-century military operations,” said Gaurav Gogoi, a lawmaker and member of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Defense.

American officials tasked with strengthening the alliance talk about their mission with frustration: a swollen bureaucracy makes arms sales and joint training exercises cumbersome; Indian forces are vastly underfunded; and the country’s navy, army and air force tend to compete rather than work together.

Whatever the problems, the United States is determined to make the country a key ally in the coming years to hedge against China’s growing regional ambition. After India Loses Dogfight to Pakistan, Questions Arise About Its ‘Vintage’ Military © Anushree Fadnavis/Reuters Indian Air Force officials displaying the remains of an air-to-air missile they say a Pakistan fighter jet fired during a strike over Kashmir last week.

Last year, when Defense Secretary Jim Mattis announced that the Pentagon was renaming its Pacific Command — to Indo-Pacific — he emphasized India’s importance in a shifting world order.

Pakistan Army takes U-turn, says ‘only one’ Indian pilot in its custody

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The military history of Pakistan (Urdu: تاريخ عسكری پاكِستان‎) encompasses an immense panorama of conflicts and struggles extending for more than 2,000 years across areas constituting

Russia supported the Indian position that the Security Council should only deal with " questions directly connected with It was after some initial hesitation that both India and Pakistan accepted the Russian offer. Why did India stop fighting when it had Pakistan reeling? Why did Chavan and Shastri, who

“It is our primary combatant command,” said Mr. Mattis, who left the Pentagon at the end of the year. “It’s standing watch and intimately engaged with over half of the earth’s surface and its diverse populations, from Hollywood to Bollywood.”

The American military began prioritizing its alliance with India as its close relationship with Pakistan soured over the last two decades. United States officials are concerned that Pakistan is not doing enough to fight terrorism, a charge the country denies.

In just a decade, United States arms sales to India have gone from nearly zero to $15 billion. But Pakistan can still draw on a powerful American-supplied arsenal.

Indian officials say Pakistan used one of its F-16 fighter jets to down its MiG-21 last week. Islamabad rejected the claim, but on Sunday the American Embassy in Islamabad said the United States was looking into the report. The offensive use of an F-16 warplane against its neighbor might have been a violation of the sales agreement.

After India Loses Dogfight to Pakistan, Questions Arise About Its ‘Vintage’ Military © Ed Jones/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India.

“We are aware of these reports and are seeking more information,” the embassy said in a statement. “We take all allegations of misuse of defense articles very seriously.”

Pakistan to release Indian pilot tomorrow 'as peace gesture'

Pakistan to release Indian pilot tomorrow 'as peace gesture' The Indian pilot shot down and captured by Pakistani forces this week will be released tomorrow, Pakistani prime minister Imran Khan says. "As a peace gesture we will be releasing him tomorrow," Mr Khan told parliament in Islamabad. Earlier, Pakistan's foreign minister had said Shah Mahmood Qureshi told Pakistani broadcaster Geo TV Islamabad was "willing to return the captured Indian pilot if it leads to de-escalation" on Thursday.

The Indo- Pakistani War of 1965 was a culmination of skirmishes that took place between April 1965 and September 1965 between Pakistan and India .

Third, if India ditches the IWT to punish its downstream neighbor, then it could set a dangerous precedent and give some ideas to Pakistan ’s ally, China. Beijing has never signed on to any transboundary water management accord, and New Delhi constantly worries about its upstream rival

However troubled its military, India holds an obvious strategic appeal to the United States by virtue of both its location and its size.

India will soon become the world’s most populous country, on track to surpass China by 2024. It shares a long border with southern and western China and controls important territorial waters Beijing needs for its maritime trade routes.

All that can help the United States try to box in its rival.

After India Loses Dogfight to Pakistan, Questions Arise About Its ‘Vintage’ Military © AP Pakistani protesters burn an effigy of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

“India’s sheer demographics, its long-term military potential, its geographic expanse — it makes India worth waiting for,” said Jeff Smith, a research fellow for South Asia at the Heritage Foundation in Washington and the author of “Cold Peace: China-India Rivalry in the 21st Century.”

“As China rises and the United States fights to keep its dominance, it will need a swing state to tip the balance of power in the 21st century,” Mr. Smith said. “And that swing state is India. The United States knows this and is willing to be patient.”

For India’s military, funding remains the biggest challenge. After India Loses Dogfight to Pakistan, Questions Arise About Its ‘Vintage’ Military © Getty

In 2018, India announced a military budget of some $45 billion. By comparison, China’s military budget that year was $175 billion. Last month, Delhi announced another $45 billion budget.

Meet the pilot who may have averted an India-Pakistan war

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The response came after influential military blog “War is Boring” published a story claiming the new “5th generation” jet – which Britain is buying a It added that while the close-in dogfight allowed the F-35 to be tested on the edge of its handling limits, it was not the type of combat the jet was intended

The Indo- Pakistani War of 1971 was a military confrontation between India and Pakistan that occurred during the liberation war in East Pakistan from 3 December 1971 to the fall of Dacca

It is not just a question of how much India spends on its military, but how it spends it.

The majority of the money goes to salaries for its 1.2 million active duty troops, as well as pensions. Only $14 billion will be used to buy new hardware.

“At a time when modern armies are investing hugely on upgrading their intelligence and technical capabilities, we need to be doing the same,” said Mr. Gogoi, the Parliament member. After India Loses Dogfight to Pakistan, Questions Arise About Its ‘Vintage’ Military © Getty Indian government and military forces attend to the scene of a crashed Indian Air Force aircraft.

Unlike China, where an authoritarian government is free to set military policy as it wishes, India is a democracy, with all the messiness that can entail.

Cutting troop levels so that the military can spend the money on buying modern equipment is not so simple. India’s military has long been a source of jobs for a country struggling with chronic underemployment. That is likely to be a big issue in elections scheduled for later this spring.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi won elections in 2014 promising to reform the economy and provide the one million jobs needed each month to satisfy its growing work force. But with elections around the corner, Mr. Modi has shelved promises of economic reform and embraced the usual populist measures. After India Loses Dogfight to Pakistan, Questions Arise About Its ‘Vintage’ Military © Getty Pakistani supporters of the Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) party march along with a replica of a missile during an anti-Indian protest rally in Karachi.

“The thrust of this government is to focus more on economic development, which has to precede military strength,” said Amit Cowshish, a former defense ministry financial adviser for military acquisitions. “That was what China did — they focused on developing their economy and then focused on acquiring their current military stature. The difference is that China started 20 or 30 years ahead of us in terms of economic liberalization.”

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This required Pakistan to withdraw its forces, both regular and irregular, while allowing India to maintain After its successes in the Rann of Kutch, Pakistan , under the leadership of General Ayub Khan is Pakistan was taken aback by the lack of military and moral support by the United States

After Pakistan gained its independence in August 1947, Iran was the first country to recognize its sovereign status. Pakistan 's relations with Iran grew strained at times due to sectarian tensions

Government officials in New Delhi say they are struggling to improve the lives of their citizens in the most basic of ways — dealing with high illiteracy rates and poor sanitation infrastructure, as just two examples — making it hard to funnel more money toward the military at a time when China is making incursions into India’s backyard by land and sea.

China has significantly outpaced its rival, creating a robust and taxable middle class. China’s economic boom has allowed it to invest aggressively in buying top military hardware and producing it at home. After India Loses Dogfight to Pakistan, Questions Arise About Its ‘Vintage’ Military © Getty Indian government forces and Indian military forces gather near the debris of crashed Indian Air Force plane.

As the world’s conflicts are increasingly fought with state-of-the-art weaponry rather than the large invading armies of the past, India is falling behind. Despite being the fifth-largest military spender, only about a quarter of its military budget this year will purchase new equipment.

Although the purchase of military hardware is a slow-moving process in most countries, in India it moves even more sluggishly amid a swollen bureaucracy.

There are also concerns about corruption. After India Loses Dogfight to Pakistan, Questions Arise About Its ‘Vintage’ Military © AP Kashmiri villagers and Indian army soldiers gather near the wreckage of an Indian helicopter after it crashed in Budgam area.

Mr. Modi is currently being grilled by the opposition over a murky $8.9 billion deal to buy 36 Rafale fighter planes from France. His political opponents have cast the agreement as corrupt in an effort to discredit him ahead of elections.

The purchase will help India replace its aging fleet of MiG-21s and other jets. And on Saturday, the prime minister tried to turn the tables on the opposition, saying India would have fared better in its skirmish with Pakistan last week if it had had the Rafale jets.

“The country has felt the shortage of Rafale,” Mr. Modi said.

Three killed as India and Pakistan resume shelling in Kashmir.
It occurred near the so-called Line of Control.

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