US News: The world's first private lunar lander just took a selfie with Earth on its way to the moon - PressFrom - United Kingdom

US NewsThe world's first private lunar lander just took a selfie with Earth on its way to the moon

03:50  06 march  2019
03:50  06 march  2019 Source:

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When you look up at a full moon , just remember that somewhere on the lunar face, the remains of Apollo 11, 12, 14, 15, 16 and 17 along with 8 unmanned

As part of human exploration of the Moon , numerous space missions have been undertaken to study Earth ' s natural satellite. Of the Moon landings

(Video by: Fox News)

Two weeks after SpaceX launched the first private lunar lander toward the moon, the Israeli spacecraft has sent back a stunning selfie of itself with Earth in the background (above).

The dishwasher-size robot is a four-legged lander called "Beresheet," which is Hebrew for "in the beginning" - the first words of the Bible. The $100 million mission is headed by a nonprofit called SpaceIL that is based out of Tel Aviv University and backed primarily by South African billionaire Morris Kahn.

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For the first time ever, a private company has permission to land on the moon . Artist' s concept of Moon Express' MX- 1 lunar lander on its way to the moon . The U. S . government has officially approved the planned 2017 robotic lunar landing of Florida-based Moon Express, which aims to fly commercial missions to Earth ' s nearest neighbor [Images: Moon Express' Private Lunar Lander ].

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In Beresheet's new selfie photo, which it took from 23,364 miles from Earth on Tuesday, a placard of the Israeli flag is visible that reads "Small country, big dreams."

The world's first private lunar lander just took a selfie with Earth on its way to the moon © SpaceIL Selfie taken by SpaceIL's Beresheet lunar lander on the way to the moon If the robot successfully touches down on the lunar surface on April 11 as planned, Israel will become the fourth nation in history to pull off a moon landing. But first Beresheet has to close the 239,000-mile gap between Earth and the moon.

"I wanted to show that Israel - this little country with a population of about 6 or 8 million people - could actually do a job that was only done by three major powers in the world: Russia, China, and the United States," Kahn told Business Insider before the launch. "Could Israel innovate and actually achieve this objective with a smaller budget, and being a smaller country, and without a big space industry backing it?"

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Beresheet, Israel’ s first spacecraft to be sent to the moon , snapped a selfie 20,000 miles into its journey on Tuesday, with the Earth ’s southern hemisphere serving as a backdrop. At a distance of 37,600 km from Earth , #Beresheet’s selfie camera took a picture of # Earth .

The Moon . A Cis- Lunar Lander . To colonize the moon or any other body in our solar system we will need to create a robust lander capable of taking 20-25 people and cargo from low- Earth orbit to the lunar surface A conceptual shuttle was designed for just such a purpose, more than forty years ago.

So far, that appears to be the case. But Beresheet has not landed yet, let alone reach lunar orbit.

The world's first private lunar lander just took a selfie with Earth on its way to the moon © SpaceX SpaceX's Nusantara Satu mission rockets toward space carrying a communications satellite, moon lander, and small military satellite. Since its launch aboard a Falcon 9 rocket on February 21, Beresheet has experienced a number of problems. The first major issue was an onboard computer error. This triggered the system to reboot itself right before a scheduled engine burn, causing it to miss the maneuver.

The team eventually recovered the spacecraft, though, and got Beresheet back on course to enter orbit around the moon in early April.

"It's quite normal for a new spacecraft to have some teething problems in its first days, and we've overcome them all, so we are quite happy," Opher Doron, a member of the Beresheet mission and the general division manager of Israel Aerospace Industries, said during a briefing. "The moon seems to be getting within reach."

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The first component of Chang’e 4 is scheduled to lift off in June. It will be a relay satellite stationed some 60,000km behind the moon and will provide a communications link between Once this link is established, it will allow China to send the second part of the mission: a lander to the far side’ s surface.

Artist' s illustration of Moon Express' MX- 1 lunar lander on its way to the moon . California-based company Moon Express, which aims to fly commercial missions to the moon and help unlock its resources, has signed a five-launch deal with Rocket Lab, with the first two robotic liftoffs scheduled

The world's first private lunar lander just took a selfie with Earth on its way to the moon © SpaceIL Lunar robot designed and built by SpaceIL. The first computer reset and subsequent ones are likely being caused by radiation in deep space, mission managers said Monday, according to Ynetnews.

"There are many things that cannot be tested on Earth - different phenomena that occur in space - and we've ironed them out. Hopefully most of them," Doron said last week. "There will probably be some more surprises along the way, and we'll hopefully manage to deal with them as well."

Beresheet was designed to be relatively small to save on costs. It's about 5 feet tall and 6 feet wide, and 75% of its mass at launch was rocket fuel. As a result, its total journey to reach the moon, enter orbit, and touch down will take about about seven weeks.

The mission cost around $100 million - a fraction of the $469 million that NASA spent in the 1960s on seven similarly sized Surveyor moon landers. NASA's sum would be roughly $3.5 billion today - about $500 million per mission - when adjusting for inflation.

The planned landing site for Beresheet is Mare Serenitatis, or the "Sea of Serenity," in the northern hemisphere of the moon. It's a dark lava-covered site of an ancient volcanic eruption. The area is also a source of magnetic and gravitational anomalies, and - in popular culture - the left eye of the "man in the moon."

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The first private moon landing attempt is nearly upon us. Fly Me to the Moon . The MX- 1 E lander needs the Electron to take it to low- Earth orbit. MoonEx' s original lander design, MX- 1 , would need to fly along with a satellite on its way to a higher orbit and use the additional velocity to make it to the

Just like the Gateway itself, the lander would also make its way near the Moon on the future SLS. The rocket would deploy the lander into Earth orbit and the lander would then travel the rest of the way to the Gateway. It would also receive its fueling at the Gateway, provided by cargo shipments launched

Because Beresheet needed to be built light, engineers did not include a cooling system. This means the robot will overheat in the blistering sun on the moon after about three days.

Until it overheats, Beresheet will take measurements of the moon's magnetic field using an instrument supplied by the University of California, Los Angeles. SpaceIL plans to share the data it collects with NASA and other space agencies. The spacecraft may also try to "hop" to another location using its thrusters.

Kahn said the scientific mission is not as important as what Beresheet's landing would symbolize.

"This project of ours will take Israel into deep space. I think this is a new frontier and actually what we're doing - this is the first nongovernmental project to go to the moon," Kahn said. "I think others will follow us. In fact, I'm sure others will follow us."

Gallery: Mind-blowing photos of the universe (Espresso)

NASA Could Go to the Moon Next Year.
The agency is willing to ditch its own billion-dollar rocket in favor of a commercial one, to meet a very tight deadline.

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