US News: Find of the century: Incredibly preserved 2,400-year-old Celtic warrior's shield made from tree bark is dug up in Leicestershire - the first ever found in Europe - PressFrom - United Kingdom
  •   
  •   

US NewsFind of the century: Incredibly preserved 2,400-year-old Celtic warrior's shield made from tree bark is dug up in Leicestershire - the first ever found in Europe

17:25  24 may  2019
17:25  24 may  2019 Source:   dailymail.co.uk

3 handwritten wills found in Aretha Franklin's home

3 handwritten wills found in Aretha Franklin's home A lawyer says three handwritten wills have been found in the Detroit-area home of Aretha Franklin, months after her death, including one that was discovered under cushions in the living room. 

An “astonishing and unparalleled” 2 ,300- year - old shield made of tree bark has been discovered in Leicestershire , the only example of its kind ever “This is an absolutely phenomenal object, one of the most marvellous, internationally important finds that I have encountered in my career,” said Julia

Archaeologists find shield made from ultra-light bark rather than metal or solid timber they are Dozens of metal shields have been found across Europe but this one , made from green bark , is Archaeologists uncovered a 2 , 400 - year - old Celtic shield in a field in Leicestershire made from

Find of the century: Incredibly preserved 2,400-year-old Celtic warrior's shield made from tree bark is dug up in Leicestershire - the first ever found in Europe © Associated Newspapers Limited

An incredibly well-preserved shield made from tree bark may be the find of the century and revolutionise what is known about Celtic weaponry.

It is the first shield ever excavated in Europe to be made from bark and dated by archaeologists who found it in Leicestershire to be 2,400 years old.

All other shields previously unearthed on the continent were made from timber or metal.

The use of bark made it far lighter than the alternatives and would have allowed its wielder to move swiftly as they were not restricted by a cumbersome shield.

Analysis shows that it was stiffened with wooden straps and fitted with a rim and handle to make it easier to hold and use.

Pensioner jailed for life 25 years after murdering woman, 86, in her home

Pensioner jailed for life 25 years after murdering woman, 86, in her home A pensioner has been jailed for murdering an 86-year-old woman, nearly a quarter of a century after committing the crime. Raymond Kay strangled elderly Amy Shepherd with a tea towel before slashing her throat with a knife on August 2 1994, the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) said. A jury heard how Kay, now 70, knew the victim as he had previously delivered meals on wheels to her home as part of a community service punishment for another offence. A number of items were missing from Ms Shepherd’s home following her death, including a ring, suggesting that the motive for the offence may have been a robbery, the CPS said.

The 2 ,600- year - old shield , made between 395 and 255BC, is the only example of its kind ever found in Europe and is providing new insight into the The outside of the shield has been painted and scored in red chequerboard decoration. Radiocarbon dating has revealed that the shield was made

Celtic literary tradition begins with Old Irish texts around the 8th century CE. The Celtic languages form a branch of the larger Indo-European family. Celtic river-names are found in great numbers around the upper reaches of the Danube and Rhine, which led many Celtic scholars to place the

The shield was first discovered in 2015 south of Leicester on the Everards Meadows, buried deeply within the waterlogged soil of the excavation pit.

Known as the Enderby shield, it measured 26 x 15 inches (670 x 370mm) in the ground in a spot where archeologists think was once a livestock watering hole.

Speaking to MailOnline, Matt Beamish, project officer at the University of Leicester Archeology Services (ULAS), said: 'The shield was found "face down" in the ground and you could see part of the handle on the inside.'

In pictures: The greatest lost treasure in US history and the incredible story behind it (lovemoney)

Radiocarbon from the wooden pieces found has dated it to between 395 and 255 BC and researchers have made a modern copy using bark sliced from a tree.

Scale of plastic pollution ‘underestimated’ as scientists find 414 million pieces on remote island

Scale of plastic pollution ‘underestimated’ as scientists find 414 million pieces on remote island Researchers found 4154 million pieces of plastic pollution from bottles to straws to toothrburshes, littering two tiny, remote coral atolls. The sheer scale of the debris on Australia’s Cocos Islands has made scientists reassess the amount of plastic pollution that may already be in the world. The researchers say that much of the waste is buried beneath the surface, meaning that previous surveys may have missed it. Even the figure of 414 million may be an underestimate, the researchers warned. The researchers surveyed seven out of 27 Cocos Islands, and found 262 tons of plastic, including 977,000 shoes. The researchers say that 93% of the debris was below the surface.

Celtic toponymy is the study of place names wholly or partially of Celtic origin. These names are found throughout continental Europe , Britain, Ireland, Anatolia and, latterly

However, the naked warrior did carry his shield because that particular item was considered as an integral part of his warrior panoply. So while the tactics of warfare evolved throughout the centuries in ancient Europe , the psychological approach of the Celtic warriors to warfare largely remained

Detailed analysis had showed that the bark came from either alder, willow, poplar, hazel or spindle tree and that the the outer layer of bark formed the inside of the shield.

Its consolidating straps were made of apple, pear, quince or hawthorn whilst the rim was a half-split hazel rod, say the researchers from University of York who found it.

The stud on the centre of the shield was made from a willow core stitched together with either a flat fibre of grass, rush or bast fibre.

In pictures: Incredible treasures discovered in 2018 (lovemoney)

'The handle made from willow roundwood, flattened at the end and notched, and fixed to the bark with twisted ties,' the archaeologists said.

The shield had been painted and scored in red chequerboard decoration using hematite based paint and was likely severely damaged from the pointed tips of spears nearby, before being cast into the ground.

Ireland must send message that it wants to stay at heart of Europe – Varadkar

Ireland must send message that it wants to stay at heart of Europe – Varadkar The Taoiseach said Brexit was going to be back ‘centre stage’ in the coming days.

The famous Celtic shield found at Battersea likely used for ceremonial purposes.[18]. In earlier times, the Celts would employ the chariot.[19] Although chariots had fallen out of use in continental Europe from the end of the 3rd century BC, Caesar found that they remained significant in British warfare.

Smallpox vaccine was available in Europe , the United States, and the Spanish Colonies during the last part of the The disease killed an estimated 400 ,000 Europeans annually during the 19th century and one third of all the Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart also had Smallpox when he was only 11 years old .

Researchers used an array of analytical techniques to understand the construction of the object, including CT scanning and 3D printing.

Dr Rachel Crellin, Lecturer in later Prehistory at the University of Leicester, explained why the find was so unique.

Find of the century: Incredibly preserved 2,400-year-old Celtic warrior's shield made from tree bark is dug up in Leicestershire - the first ever found in Europe © Provided by Associated Newspapers Limited The object has been dated to 2,300 years ago and has all the signs of a working shield. The image shows the inside of the shield as it was found, 'face down' in the soil and part of the handle can be seen  in the middle Find of the century: Incredibly preserved 2,400-year-old Celtic warrior's shield made from tree bark is dug up in Leicestershire - the first ever found in Europe © Provided by Associated Newspapers Limited Analysis shows that it was stiffened with wooden straps and has a rim and handle. Shown is a reconstructed shield made by researchers from bark She added: 'Bark and basketry objects were probably commonplace in ancient Britain, but they seldom survive, so to be able to study this shield is a great privilege. It holds a rich store of information about Iron Age society and craft practices.

'Our initial thoughts that a bark shield would be too fragile for use in battle.

'Our experimental work showed that the shield could stand up to heavy impacts, including protecting from arrows.

Refugee is found hiding in car's GLOVE box in a desperate attempt to sneak into Europe through Spain

Refugee is found hiding in car's GLOVE box in a desperate attempt to sneak into Europe through Spain Astonishing pictures show the moment a man in his 20s is found squeezed behind a car dashboard trying to enter Spain's North African enclave, Melilla. Another stowaway was found under car seats

On 24 September the find was examined there by archaeologist Konrad Spindler of the University of Pollen in the first meal showed that it had been consumed in a mid-altitude conifer forest, and other The pollen was very well preserved , with the cells inside remaining intact, indicating that it had been

The 17th century was the century that lasted from January 1 , 1601, to December 31, 1700, in the Gregorian calendar. It falls into the Early Modern period of Europe and in that continent

'A bark shield, although not as strong as a solid wood or metal shield, is much lighter, allowing for speed and movement.'

In pictures: Britain's luckiest treasure hunters of the 21st century (lovemoney)

According to the dig's website, barks shields may well have been common the Iron Age, but due to the lack of wood preservation and the biased survival of metal, it is hard to find evidence.

The shield is first of its kind to have been found in Europe, although there is evidence for bark shields in the southern hemisphere, from Australia, Borneo and the Philippines.

The famous The Battersea Shield, dated to 350 BC-50 BC is made of several pieces of sheet bronze and is in fact a metal cover that was attached to the front of wooden shield.

Find of the century: Incredibly preserved 2,400-year-old Celtic warrior's shield made from tree bark is dug up in Leicestershire - the first ever found in Europe © Provided by Associated Newspapers Limited Known as the Enderby shield, it measured 26 x 15 inches (670 x 370mm) in the ground and was found in a spot where archeologists think was once a livestock watering hole (shown above)

WHY WAS THE SHIELD MADE OF BARK?

There is good ethnographic evidence for shields made of bark in the southern hemisphere, from Australia, Borneo and the Philippines.

There has been little evidence for this in Europe, although Julius Caesar did record in his Commentarii De Bello Gallico (Commentaries on the Gallic War) that the Gauls had 'shields made of bark or interwoven wickers, which they hastily covered over with skins'.

Extraterrestrial organic matter found in mountains in South Africa from three billion years ago

Extraterrestrial organic matter found in mountains in South Africa from three billion years ago Extraterrestrial organic matter has been found in volcanic sediment in South Africa, dating from 3.3 billion years ago. The traces of carbon could come from ancient meteorites which hit our planet, and are thought to be the oldest extraterrestrial organic matter ever found. The find doesn’t prove that aliens visted our planet – but it lends weight to the idea that the building blocks of life may have arrived in rocks from space. Frances Westall from the CNRS Centre for Molecular Biophysics said, ‘This is the very first time that we have found actual evidence for extraterrestrial carbon in terrestrial rocks.

The Commonwealth of Australia was formed in which year through the Federation of six states? The champion of Federation believed that Australia was ready for unity because of ' the vigour, the industry, the enterprise, the foresight, and the creative skill of its people'.

The 1 st century was the century AD 1 to AD 100 according to the Julian calendar. It is often written as the 1 st century AD or 1st century CE to distinguish it from the 1 st century BC (or BCE)

The famous The Battersea Shield, dated to 350 BC-50 BC is made of several pieces of sheet bronze and is in fact a metal cover that was attached to the front of wooden shield.

Although a bark shield is not as strong as one made from wood or metal, use of bark would have made the weapon much lighter than metal or timber, and would have given soldiers more speed, archaeologists say.

Find of the century: Incredibly preserved 2,400-year-old Celtic warrior's shield made from tree bark is dug up in Leicestershire - the first ever found in Europe © Provided by Associated Newspapers Limited The use of bark would have made the weapon much lighter than metal or timber, and would have given soldiers more speed, archaeologists say. The image shows a the front (left) and back (right) of the piecestha make up the shield, with the latter showing the handle Michael Bamforth, project manager at the Department of Archeology at the University of York said: 'Initially we didn't think bark could be strong enough to use as a shield to defend against spears and swords and we wondered if it could be for ceremonial use.

'It was only through experimentation that we realised it could be tough enough to protect against blows from metal weapons.

Although a bark shield is not as strong as one made from wood or metal, it would be much lighter allowing the user much more freedom of movement.'

Further analysis is planned to help understand if this occurred in battle or as an act of ritual destruction.

Find of the century: Incredibly preserved 2,400-year-old Celtic warrior's shield made from tree bark is dug up in Leicestershire - the first ever found in Europe © Provided by Associated Newspapers Limited The shield was found south of Leicester on the Everards Meadows, buried deeply within the waterlogged soil of the excavation pit. The image shows researchers from Leicester University trying to reconstruct the shield The shield has now been conserved by York Archaeological Trust and will be deposited with the British Museum on behalf of Everards of Leicestershire, who funded and supported the project.

Pelicans crossing! Three large water birds from Prague have a new home in London park after zookeepers drove them 17-hours across Europe from Czech Republic.
Three pelicans are being driven 17 hours from Prague to London, so that they can join the colony at St James's Park. This is the third time Prague Zoo has sent birds to join the flock founded in the 1600s.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks
usr: 21
This is interesting!