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US NewsNasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist

07:40  12 july  2019
07:40  12 july  2019 Source:   msn.com

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Fears moon rock would be sold on the black market prompted a raft of security procedures to follow the Apollo 11 samples to Britain. Dr Grenville Turner obtained one of the first 16 lunar specimen allocated to research groups in the UK , following the first landing on the moon 50 years ago this month.

Fears moon rock would be sold on the black market prompted a raft of security procedures to follow the Apollo 11 samples to Britain. Dr Grenville Turner obtained one of the first 16 lunar specimen allocated to research groups in the UK , following the first landing on the moon 50 years ago this month.

Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist © Provided by The Press Association Dr Grenville Turner studying rock samples from the moon (Dr Grenville Turner/PA)

Fears moon rock would be sold on the black market prompted a raft of security procedures to follow the Apollo 11 samples to Britain.

Dr Grenville Turner obtained one of the first 16 lunar specimen allocated to research groups in the UK, following the first landing on the moon 50 years ago this month.

According to the 82-year-old, Nasa insisted safes were used to store fragments, and sent security personnel on a visit to ensure they were being handled appropriately, amid concerns that they could be illegally traded.

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“They were worried about the black market in moon rocks and so they had these rules about storage facilities and they also had very careful legal contracts so that we couldn’t sell them,” Dr Turner told PA.

“They sent security people round to check how you’re looking after them and a lot of my samples were held in glassware.

“We had to have a safe and I had an alarm system on them.

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Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist
Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist

“When the first ones arrived I spoke with a local safe person to lend me a safe and fix it up so that it would contact the police if someone tried to break into it but we just did that until we got our own safe.

“We had to keep a very strict list of when samples were split into different amounts one way or another and we had this great long table of the sequence of events.

“That wasn’t a problem until you had to send things back and you had to fill in all these forms.

Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist © Provided by The Press Association Dr Turner studied the age of moon rock from Apollo 11 (Dr Grenville Turner/PA)

“They weren’t difficult, they just wanted to make sure that there wasn’t a black market.

“I think there have been examples when some have been sold and they have got onto it pretty quickly.”

Dr Turner was in his 30s when he enlisted to work out the age of rocks taken from the moon by astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin during the Apollo 11 landing in July 1969, a moment that propelled his career and led to him being elected to the prestigious Royal Society in 1980.

Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist © Provided by The Press Association Letter sent to Dr Turner from Nasa (Dr Grenville Turner/PA)

“The thing I was measuring was the age,” he explained.

“The basalts which are from the mare regions, the so-called seas, they range from 3.2 billion up to 3.8 billion, but this was a major period of volcanic activity on the moon and after that the amount of volcanic activity decreased.”

The scientist, who believes he is only one of two original principal investigators from the UK still living, decided to put the “soot-like” moon dust that he had also received on display in a Sheffield museum, attracting more than 34,000 people.

Nasa fears of Apollo 11 moon rock black market revealed by UK scientist © Provided by The Press Association Apollo 11 command / service module (PA Graphics)

“I wasn’t interested in the soil, that would just screw my equipment up,” he explained.

“All I did with the soil is put it on display for a short time in the local museum, I didn’t have it on for very long because it was a pain collecting it every day and putting it into the safe.

“The crowd was absolutely astonishing, people trailed all the way around the inside the museum and out onto the street and around the park next to the museum, waiting to see this bit of dirt… it just looked like soot.”

After keeping hold of the samples for several years, Dr Turner had to eventually return them to Nasa.

“It’s nice to look back and think that you were a part of it,” he said of Apollo 11’s 50th anniversary.

“I really started to make a name for myself after that, because I had been doing some work on meteorite measuring, meteorite ages, but the community of people who analyse meteorites is actually quite small but then working on the moon and working on a new technique that nobody else has used.”

MSN are empowering Women In Sport this summer. Find out more about our campaign and the charity fighting to promote the transformational and lifelong rewards of exercise for women and girls in the UK here.

To Make It to the Moon, Women Have to Escape Earth’s Gender Bias.
Correction: July 19, 2019 This article has been revised to reflect the following correction: An earlier version of this essay misstated the genders of people involved in testing of the SpaceX's Crew Dragon capsule. The testing included both men and women, not only men. It also incorrectly stated that an astronaut had completed a spacewalk. Cady Coleman qualified for a spacewalk, she did not perform one. As we celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing, NASA has started Artemis, a program that aims “to return astronauts to the lunar surface by 2024, including the first woman and the next man.

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