US News: Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing - - PressFrom - United Kingdom
  •   
  •   

US NewsRussian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing

17:35  04 august  2019
17:35  04 august  2019 Source:   msn.com

Mysterious spike in radioactivity over Europe ‘came from Russia’

Mysterious spike in radioactivity over Europe ‘came from Russia’ Two years ago, a mysterious spike in radioactivity was detected in central Europe, with particles detected in Germany, Italy, Austria, Switzerland and France. 

If that continues, greenhouse gases from permafrost could accelerate climate change. Nikita Zimov was teaching students to do ecological fieldwork in northern Siberia when he stumbled on a disturbing clue that the frozen land might be thawing far faster than expected.

Cracking and collapsing homes are a growing problem in cities such as Norilsk in northern Russia . As climate change accelerates the problem, what can be done to maintain the resource-rich hubs the country relies on?

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing © Emile Ducke for The New York Times The landscape of the village of Usun-Kyuyol in Yakutia, Russia, is disfigured by thermokarsts, hummocks caused by the shifting temperatures underground.

The lab assistant reached into the freezer and lifted out a football-size object in a tattered plastic grocery bag, unwrapping its muddy covering and placing it on a wooden table. It was the severed head of a wolf.

The animal, with bared teeth and mottled fur, appeared ready to lunge. But it had been glowering for some 32,000 years — preserved in the permafrost, 65 feet underground in Yakutia in northeastern Siberia.

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing © Emile Ducke for The New York Times Water has inundated the cemetery in Srednekolymsk, shifting the graves.

As the Arctic, including much of Siberia, warms at least twice as fast as the rest of the world, the permafrost — permanently frozen ground — is thawing. Oddities like the wolf’s head have been emerging more frequently in a land already known for spitting out frozen woolly mammoths whole.

Dramatic moment British fighter jets intercept Russian military transport plane as it passes close to Estonian air space

Dramatic moment British fighter jets intercept Russian military transport plane as it passes close to Estonian air space Fighter jets operating from Ämari Air Base in Estonia launched on Sunday 28th July to intercept a Russian IL-76 military transport aircraft that was flying close to Estonian airspace. This is the the dramatic moment RAF jets intercept a Russian military aircraft which passed close to Estonian airspace. Typhoon fighter jets operating from Ämari Air Base in Estonia launched on Sunday to escort the Russian IL-76 military transport aircraft away from Estonian territory. Dramatic pictures show the jets flying close to the larger Russian plane as they intercepted it as part of a NATO deterrent mission.

Permafrost is soil that has been frozen year round for at least two years. Permafrost comprises 24% of Northern Hemisphere land (Figure 1), and is The upper layer of permafrost , or the active layer, sometimes thaws in the summer. Recently, the active layer of permafrost has been observed to be

The thawing of permafrost has implications for the global climate.[6] A global temperature rise of Permafrost is soil, rock or sediment that is frozen for more than two consecutive years. The extent of permafrost varies with the climate: in the Northern Hemisphere today, 24% of the ice-free land

The thawing of the permafrost — along with other changes triggered by global warming — is reshaping this incredibly remote region sometimes called the Kingdom of Winter. It is one of the coldest inhabited places on earth, and huge; Yakutia, if independent, would be the world's eighth largest country.

The loss of permafrost deforms the landscape itself, knocking down houses and barns. The migration patterns of animals hunted for centuries are shifting, and severe floods wreak havoc almost every spring.

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing © Emile Ducke for The New York Times Vasily P. Okoneshnikov, 54, the head of the village of Nalimsk, inspecting a pole used to tie horses. Due to frequent floods, the poles no longer stand straight, but some, considered sacred, cannot be righted.

The water, washing out already limited dirt roads and rolling corpses from their graves, threatens entire villages with permanent inundation. Waves chew away the less frozen Arctic coastline.

'She repeatedly insulted me': Man 'confesses' to killing social media star

'She repeatedly insulted me': Man 'confesses' to killing social media star A man arrested over the murder of a social media star whose body was found in a suitcase with her throat slit has confessed to her murder, according to Russian officials. Model Ekaterina Karaglanova, 24, who had more than 80,000 followers on Instagram, was discovered with knife wounds last Saturday in her rented apartment in Moscow by a landlord after her parents had been unable to contact her. © Other Maxim Gareyev has allegedly confessed to the murder.

Permafrost is made of a combination of soil, rocks and sand that are held together by ice. The soil and ice in permafrost stay frozen all year long. Near the surface, permafrost soils also contain large quantities of organic carbon—a material leftover from dead plants that couldn’t decompose

A unique occurrence of permafrost —one that has no analogue on land —lies under the Arctic Ocean, on the northern continental shelves of North America Since the late 19th century, Russian scientists and engineers have actively studied permafrost and applied the results of their learning to the

Indigenous peoples are more threatened than ever. Residents joust constantly with nature in unpredictable ways, leaving them feeling baffled, unsettled, helpless, depressed and irritated.

“Everything is changing, people are trying to figure out how to adapt,” said Afanasiy V. Kudrin, 63, a farmer in Nalimsk, a village of 525 people above the Arctic Circle. “We need the cold to come back, but it just gets warmer and warmer and warmer.”

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing © Emile Ducke for The New York Times Afanasiy V. Kudrin, 63, a farmer in Nalimsk, showing a permafrost cellar whose walls now drip water.

Climate change is a global phenomenon, but the shifts are especially pronounced in Russia, where permafrost covers some two-thirds of the country at depths ranging up to almost a mile.

“People don’t comprehend the scale of this change, and our government is not even thinking about it,” said Aleksandr N. Fedorov, deputy director of the Melnikov Permafrost Institute, a research body in Yakutsk, the regional capital.

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing YAKUTSK, Russia — The lab assistant reached into the freezer and lifted out a football-size object in a tattered plastic grocery bag, unwrapping its muddy covering and placing it on a wooden table. It was the severed head of a wolf. The animal, with bared teeth and mottled fur, appeared ready to lunge. But it had been glowering for some 32,000 years — preserved in the permafrost, 65 feet underground in Yakutia in northeastern Siberia. © Emile Ducke for The New York Times Water has inundated the cemetery in Srednekolymsk, shifting the graves.

" That 's a mammoth leg right there," Douglas says as he points to a giant femur protruding from From prehistoric grass and trees to woolly mammoths and woolly rhinoceroses, just about every But what happens when the soil thaws ? That 's the question Douglas and his colleagues are trying to figure out.

Mammoth bones are surfacing in the Russian Far East — so many that people have begun selling the tusks as a substitute for elephant ivory. Permafrost covers about 25 percent of all ice-free land in the Northern Hemisphere. For millennia, much of this ground has been a cemented mass of soil, rock and

In Yakutia, almost 20 percent of Russia, distances are vast and transportation erratic. The population is just under one million. Natives joke that every resident could claim one lake.

Yakutia’s 33 districts are the size of countries. In the far northeast, the Srednekolymsk district, which lies entirely above the Arctic Circle, is slightly smaller than Greece. Just 8,000 residents live in 10 villages, including 3,500 in the capital, also Srednekolymsk.

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing © Emile Ducke for The New York Times A 32,000-year-old wolf head, which had been frozen in permafrost 65 feet underground.

The region has been a synonym for remote for centuries. Empress Elizabeth exiled the first prominent political prisoner to Srednekolymsk in 1744, when it took a year to reach overland from St. Petersburg. There are just two main highways transiting Yakutia, with the one built mostly by Gulag prisoners under Communism still largely unpaved.

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing © Emile Ducke for The New York Times A Soviet-era memorial to honor political prisoners exiled to Srednekolymsk under Tsarist rule.

In Srednekolymsk, summer used to last from June 1 to Sept. 1, but now extends a couple weeks longer on both ends. Outsiders might not notice that the thermometer in January often hovers around -50 F, rather than -75 F. Residents call -50 “chilly.”

RAF Typhoon jets scramble to intercept five Russian planes from Putin's air force near Nato airspace over the Baltic states in just two days

RAF Typhoon jets scramble to intercept five Russian planes from Putin's air force near Nato airspace over the Baltic states in just two days RAF Typhoon fighter jets have intercepted a fifth Russian military aircraft in the last two days. Today the Typhoons intercepted a Tupolev TU-134 'Crusty' aircraft flying close to Estonian airspace. The fighter jets yesterday intercepted a Russian Antonov AN-26 'Curl' transport aircraft. Gallery: Most powerful military nations of 2019 (Photo Services) 1/51 SLIDES © Marco Di Lauro/Getty Images Using over 55 factors to determine a country’s PowerIndex score, the Global Firepower 2019 list ranks the most powerful military nations in the world.

Scientists have estimated that the process of permafrost thawing could contribute as much as 1.7 degrees Fahrenheit to global warming The goal is to better understand how thawing permafrost affects the landscape and, ultimately, how much and what mix of greenhouse gases is released.

Discoveries give scientists insight into animals' demise as reindeer herders turn chance finds into lucrative paydays.

In a regionwide pattern, the average annual temperature in Yakutsk has risen more than four degrees, to 18.5 F from 14 F, over several decades, said Mr. Fedorov of the permafrost institute.

Warmer winters and longer summers are steadily thawing the frozen earth that covers 90 percent of Yakutia. The top layer that thaws in summer and freezes in winter can extend down as far as 10 feet where three feet used to be the maximum.

Eroding cliffs on riverbanks expose other areas, like where the wolf head appeared, that had long been deeply buried.

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing © Emile Ducke for The New York Times Across Yakutia, farmers have replaced tens of thousands of cows with native horses who eat less hay, but produce less milk. The market for their meat is limited.

The thawing permafrost, and increased precipitation, have made the land wetter. The snow and rain create a vicious circle, forming an insulating layer that speeds defrosting underground.

Water backing up behind ice floes now causes ravaging floods virtually every May.

In pictures: Striking images from around the world this week [The Atlantic]

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing

In Srednekolymsk last year, floods swamped the dirt airstrip, with its separate outhouses for men and women. Often battered Soviet turboprops are the lifeline to the world, but the airstrip had to close for a week.

HMS Forth scrambled to shadow Russian ship through Channel

HMS Forth scrambled to shadow Russian ship through Channel A Royal Navy patrol ship has been scrambled to escort a Russian ship through the English Channel. Portsmouth-based HMS Forth had just returned to UK waters from her first foreign port visit when it was scrambled to monitor the Russian patrol ship Vasily Bykov. A Navy spokesman said: "Forth had departed Gibraltar on July 31, before heading north at speed and conducting heavy weather trials before a quick logistics stop in Devonport. "She then sailed and positioned herself ready to meet the Vasily Bykov as the vessel sailed from the North Sea having taken part in Russia's Navy Days celebration in St Petersburg.

“ Permafrost is a silent ticking time bomb,” says Robert Spencer, an environmental scientist at Florida State University. For hundreds of thousands of years, the Siberian permafrost has been a giant freezer for everything buried within it. But global warming has put the frozen ground in defrost mode

Sea ice also melting at fastest pace in 1,500 years, US government scientists find.

Nalimsk, 11 miles north of Srednekolymsk, has flooded five years in a row. Mosquitoes grown fat in the expanding bogs swarm like kamikaze pilots. “Free acupuncture!” joked Vasily P. Okoneshnikov, 54, the village headman.

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing © Emile Ducke for The New York Times Fishermen hauling their boat off the Kolyma River in northeastern Yakutia around 9 p.m., during the summer nights when the sun never entirely sets.

Plump black Turpan ducks used to arrive regularly during the first week of June. This year migrating birds began to descend on May 1. There were far fewer Turpans, and suddenly geese, a novelty.

Elsewhere, the migration routes of wild reindeer have shifted, while unfamiliar insects and plants inhabit the woods.

Nalimsk hunters once stored their fish and game in a 22-foot deep cave dug out of the permafrost, a kind of natural freezer. Now its thawing walls drip water, and the meat rots.

“We buy meat and it is no good, too dry,” Mr. Okoneshnikov said. “We have no choice, even if it’s shameful” to shop, rather than hunt.

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing © Emile Ducke for The New York Times Appolinariy H. Popov, 55, built his small fisherman’s hut in Vyatkino, north of Srednekolymsk, on a bluff overlooking the Kolyma River because floods swept away many similar structures closer to the water.

Farther north, residents refuse to abandon their waterlogged, riverfront villages, afraid of losing access to whitefish, their staple diet.

The village of Beryozovka has flooded virtually every spring for a decade, its 300 residents forced onto boats for weeks to run errands like buying bread. They finally accepted a five-year project to move the village 900 yards uphill.

Irish people urged to eat less meat and farm with fewer chemicals to help combat climate change

Irish people urged to eat less meat and farm with fewer chemicals to help combat climate change Eating less meat and farming with fewer chemicals needed to help combat climate change, experts claim

Melting permafrost in the Arctic is unlocking ancient diseases and warping land . Permafrost - ground that has been frozen for at least two years - is thawing . An estimated 35 million people currently live in cities or towns on top of permafrost , and thawed soil could cause the ground to become unstable

It is permafrost , ground that remains frozen year after year. Made up of soil and rocks as well as frozen water, permafrost forms when the depth of Study results show that much of the undisturbed discontinuous permafrost south of the Yukon River has warmed significantly and some of it is thawing .

In the district, Beryozovka has the only concentration of Even people, one of various dwindling indigenous tribes.

The Even, who are reindeer herders, were settled only in 1954 through a government drive. They speak a distinct language; individual clans inherit ancestral songs.

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing © Emile Ducke for The New York Times An exhibition at the Museum of Archaelogy and Ethnography in Yakutsk displays ancient life of indigenous people in Yakutia. Various small, indigenous tribes, who have herded reindeer for centuries, are under threat as global warming thaws the permafrost.

“At some point they talked about abandoning the village, but people did not want to move out,” said Octyabrina R. Novoseltseva, chairwoman of the Northern Indigenous People’s Association in the Srednekolymsk region. “They would lose everything, the culture would all disappear.”

The government in distant Moscow is an abstract concept. Alaska is closer. Villagers throughout Yakutia bemoan relying on their own resources to adapt to climate change.

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing © Emile Ducke for The New York Times In Yakutsk more than 1,000 buildings have been destroyed as global warming melts the permafrost under the foundations of buildings. This structure is on stilts to try to prevent its heat from melting the permafrost.

Even state-run institutions like the permafrost institute lack the means for the complicated field work needed to assess the full extent of permafrost loss. Nor can they gauge other fallout, like how much methane that microbes in the newly thawed ground produce, adding to global warming.

“We do not really monitor the situation, so we just have to see what it brings,” said Yevgeny M. Sleptsov, the head of the Srednekolymsk district, as he piloted a fishing boat along the Kolyma River at 10 p.m. in the muted light of the endless Arctic day.

The government is also unable to do much about other environmental problems, including wildfires surging through millions of acres of remote forest across Yakutia and the rest of Siberia. Reaching them is too costly.

Radiation Is Said to Be Released in Russian Military Accident

Radiation Is Said to Be Released in Russian Military Accident MOSCOW — A fire that broke out on Thursday at a weapons testing range in northern Russia killed two people, briefly raised radiation levels and prompted the authorities to prohibit shipping and sailing in parts of the White Sea for a month, according to officials and news media reports. 

“It is obvious that this ability suggests that the Pleistocene nematodes have some adaptive mechanisms that may be of scientific and practical importance for the related fields of science, such as A 30,000-year-old giant virus found in Siberia’s permafrost also reanimated after being thawed .

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing © Emile Ducke for The New York Times “At some point they talked about abandoning the village, but people did not want to move out,” said Octyabrina R. Novoseltseva, the chairwoman of the Northern Indigenous People’s Association in the Srednekolymsk region.

In 1901, the first woolly mammoth discovered whole in the permafrost emerged from a riverbank near Srednekolymsk, an event immortalized with a stylized red mammoth on the town’s shield.

But thawing permafrost is exposing more of the huge hairy beasts, which roamed a more temperate northern Siberia 10,000 years ago. And with agriculture and hunting unreliable, more locals are looking for them.

Digging for mammoths is illegal, so the hunters are secretive, but one ivory tusk sold to China can earn $16,000 — enough to live on for a year.

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing © Emile Ducke for The New York Times The north side of Srednekolymsk regularly gets flooded during the spring.

Tusk hunters unearthed the Pleistocene wolf head stored in the Department of Mammoth Studies at the Academy of Science in Yakutsk.

The loss of permafrost also afflicts the capital, Yakutsk. Subsiding ground has damaged about 1,000 buildings, said the mayor, Sardana Avksentieva, while roads and sidewalks require constant repair.

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing © Emile Ducke for The New York Times Ivan D. Trofimov, a 63-year-old farmer, inside his old house in the central village of Usun-Kyuyol. The house sank due to melting permafrost.

As the permafrost thaws across Yakutia, some land sinks, transforming the terrain into an obstacle course of hummocks and craters — called thermokarst. It can sink further to become swamps, then lakes. From the air, thermokarst looks as if giant warts are plaguing the earth. It makes plowing or grazing on formerly flat fields impossible.

Thermokarsts besiege the Churapcha region, 120 miles east of Yakutsk.

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing © Emile Ducke for The New York Times In Srednekolymsk, after a local veteran of the war in eastern Ukraine went berserk, shooting dead a police officer and then himself, the police preserved his corpse in an old natural freezer carved out of the underground permafrost.

Thirty-three families once inhabited the northern part of Usun-Kyuyol, a village of 750 people. After their cow barns and fences repeatedly collapsed, 10 families decamped. Those remaining feel beleaguered.

To find flat, dry land to grow hay, farmers work further and further away.

Across Yakutia, farmers have replaced tens of thousands of cows with native horses. Horses consume less hay, but produce less milk, and the market for their meat is limited. They also die in droves when their hooves cannot penetrate thicker snow and ice to forage.

Russian Land of Permafrost and Mammoths Is Thawing © Emile Ducke for The New York Times The skeleton of a mammoth in the lobby that the Museum of Archaelogy and Ethnography shares with the Museum of Mammoths in Yakutsk.

Nikolai S. Makarkov, 62, is building a new house. He tired of jacking up his old one after it sank four times so that the doors would not open. Water also seeped underneath, rotting the floorboards and freezing in winter, chilling the interior.

Years ago, the village road ran straight, with log cabins and cow barns arrayed along its length. Now the potholed muddy track meandering among the hummocks barely resembles a road. Abandoned houses tilt at odd angles.

“There might as well have been a war here,” said Mr. Makarkov, whose new house is raised off the ground on pillars sunk 16 feet, where there is still permafrost. “Soon there will be no flat land left in this village. I only have 30-40 years to live, so hopefully my new house will last that long.”

Radiation Is Said to Be Released in Russian Military Accident.
MOSCOW — A fire that broke out on Thursday at a weapons testing range in northern Russia killed two people, briefly raised radiation levels and prompted the authorities to prohibit shipping and sailing in parts of the White Sea for a month, according to officials and news media reports. 

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

usr: 3
This is interesting!