US News: Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest. - PressFrom - United Kingdom
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US NewsWildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.

02:30  21 august  2019
02:30  21 august  2019 Source:   vox.com

How Did the Amazon Rainforest Fires Start?

How Did the Amazon Rainforest Fires Start? Brazil has experienced a record number of wildfires this year, more than half of which occurred in the Amazon region. That's according to data collected by the country's National Institute for Space Research (INPE). © Thomson Reuters Smoke billows during a fire in an area of the Amazon rainforest near Porto Velho, Rondonia State, Brazil, Brazil August 21, 2019. REUTERS/Ueslei Marcelino The figures show an 83 percent increase in comparison to the same period in 2018, representing the highest number of blazes since the agency began collecting such data in 2013, Reuters reported.

THIS month Jennifer Balch will head into the Amazon rainforest of Mato Grosso state, in Brazil. Tropical wildfires are different from the ones that happen in temperate woodlands, for example The results so far are worrying. Though many of the largest trees in the Amazon can survive repeated

The Amazon is a wet jungle, and hence should not burn but over the last decade, vast areas of the rainforest have been lost to fire . He has set up controlled experiments to study how fire is affecting the Amazon , which he demonstrates here to Justin Rowlatt.

Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest. © Lance King/Getty Images A plane passes by as smoke rises from a wildfire on July 3, 2019 south of Talkeetna, Alaska near the George Parks Highway. New fires ignited in Alaska over the weekend.

Major wildfires are burning all over the world right now.

More than 21,000 square miles of forest have gone up in flames in Siberia this month, putting Russia on track for its worst year on record for wildfires. The smoke from these blazes shrouded large parts of the country, including major cities like Novosibirsk, and has crossed the Pacific Ocean into the United States.

On Monday, a wildfire in the Canary Islands forced more than 8,000 people to flee. Over the weekend, new fires ignited in Alaska, extending what’s already been an unusually long fire season for the state. Last week, Denmark dispatched firefighters to Greenland combat a wildfire approaching inhabited areas. If not extinguished, officials are worried the blaze would burn through the winter, further driving up the already massive ice melt Greenland has experienced this year amid record heat.

Amazon fires: Brazil's president accuses world leaders of 'interfering'

Amazon fires: Brazil's president accuses world leaders of 'interfering' Brazil's president has accused other countries of interfering as they express fears for the burning Amazon rainforest. The number of forest fires in Brazil - more than 74,000 - has increased by 83% compared with the same period last year, with smoke that is visible from 400 miles up in space. World leaders are increasingly worried about the situation, as the Amazon - described as the world's lungs - is a vital absorber of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

Many of the world 's tropical forests are associated with the location of the monsoon trough, also known as the intertropical convergence zone.[8] The broader category of tropical Tropical forests cover a large part of the globe, but temperate rainforests only occur in few regions around the world .

And now, NASA is warning that the Amazon rainforest might be in store for an epic wildfire season this summer due to the long-lasting effects of El Niño. This means that it absorbs more carbon dioxide than it creates. The rainforest is also crucial in regulating most of South America’s rainfall

Video: Flames Encroach on Mountain Roadway as Wildfire Blazes on Gran Canaria (Storyful)

California, which suffered its most destructive wildfire season on record in 2018, is having a much calmer year by comparison, although the potential for a major fire remains.

But perhaps even more alarming are the wildfires in the Amazon rainforest, the world’s largest tropical forest. It’s an area that almost never burns on its own, yet the blazes have grown so intense that they blacked out the sky above São Paulo, Brazil’s largest city, on Monday. The state of Amazonas has declared an emergency. The #PrayforAmazonia tag has surged on social media.

The blazes in the Amazon are so big they can be seen from space. One map shows the alarming scale of the fires.

The blazes in the Amazon are so big they can be seen from space. One map shows the alarming scale of the fires. The Brazilian Amazon is burning at a record rate. Nearly 10,000 fires have sparked in the last week, and satellites have spotted the blazes.

The Amazon Rainforest is known to emit a whopping 255 million metric tons of carbon a year. The reality is that this number could be much , much higher Aragão and his team found, however, that the wildfires that spread away from man-made fire use during drought to, for example, burn crops or

5. The Amazon rainforest has been described as the “lungs of our planet” because it provides the essential environmental world service of continuously recycling carbon dioxide into oxygen. More than 20 percent of the world oxygen is produced in the Amazon rainforest .

Many of these fires stem from unprecedented warmth and dryness across many parts of the world this year. And in the case of the Amazon, they are an unmistakable sign of how humans are radically reshaping the planet.

Gallery: Wildfires across the globe (Photo Services)

Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.
Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.

Conditions were ripe for major fires this year

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration reported last week that this past July was the hottest July on record. The next five hottest Julys were all in the past five years.

This is not just for the northern hemisphere, where it’s summer right now, but for the whole world. The average global temperature last month was 1.71 degrees Fahrenheit above the 20th century average.

It may not seem like much, but remember that this is an average, which can obscure the extremes. And there were plenty of extremes last month.

Amazon Wildfires: G7 Leaders Agree $20m Relief Package – But Trump Was Absent

Amazon Wildfires: G7 Leaders Agree $20m Relief Package – But Trump Was Absent The leaders of the group of seven nations have agreed to provide $20 million in emergency help to stop the Amazon forest fires, President Emmanuel Macron of France said on Monday. “The reality is that for the emergency aid they especially need financing because they don’t have the funds to enable planes, fire-fighting planes to take-off,” a source told Reuters, confirming the $20 million figure (about £16 million). President Donald Trump was absent from the talks on climate change and biodiversity at a G7 leaders’ summit, with host Macron explaining that he was busy holding bilateral meetings.

The forest around us was dense, hot, all humming and watching. The hard light confused our senses. He works in the Brazilian Amazon as an environmental educator with sharp humor and a furry voice. We met in Manaus, a city nestled in the Amazon rainforest .

Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest. © Andrew Merry The fire front at night appears as a bright yellow and red jagged line in the dark blue eucalyptus forest in the Jamison Valley. Photograph taken from Echo Point lookout, Katoomba, Blue Mountains

The Netherlands, Germany, and Belgium set temperature records. Paris recorded its highest temperature ever, 108.6 degrees Fahrenheit. Parts of Poland, the Czech Republic, and Spain also experienced unprecedented high temperatures. Huge swaths of the United States also baked in a heat wave last month, with minimum temperatures approaching or breaking records.

So it’s not too surprising that many of the areas burning right now experienced extreme heat last month: Siberia, Alaska, the Canary Islands.

Alaska and the Canary Islands have also dealt with severe drought this year. In May, Alaska reported “extreme” drought conditions, the first time such a rating was recorded for the state, according to the US Drought Monitor.

Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest. Deer stands in burning forest

These conditions have long been known to exacerbate wildfires. High heat and low moisture means vegetation dries out. But people play a critical role too.

Humans make wildfires worse. In the Amazon, humans are the underlying cause.

In many ecosystems, wildfires are a natural and essential phenomenon. They clear out decaying brush, restore nutrients to soil, and even help plants germinate. But in recent years, humans have made the destruction from wildfires worse at every step. Suppression of natural fires has allowed dry vegetation to accumulate. Human activity is changing the climate, which is forcing some forests to heat up and dry out. People are building ever closer to areas ready to ignite. And people end up igniting the majority of wildfires, whether through downed power lines, errant sparks, or arson.

But the Amazon rainforest, which remains drenched for much of the year, does not burn naturally. Instead, the fires are ignited by people. Farmers use slash-and-burn tactics to clear land for farming and pasture, though it’s illegal in Brazil this time of year due to fire risk.

Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest. © Andrew Merry Tourists watch the bush-fire from the safety of the Echo Point Lookout. The World Heritage listed Blue Mountains National Park is one of Australia’s most popular tourist destinations. It includes the famous Three Sisters rock formation

Illegal logging operations in Brazil have also been known to start fires as a tactic to drive indigenous people off their land and to cover their tracks. The Amazon rainforest has experienced a record number of fires this year, with 72,843 reported so far.

“There is nothing abnormal about the climate this year or the rainfall in the Amazon region, which is just a little below average,” Alberto Setzer, a researcher at Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE), told Reuters. “The dry season creates the favorable conditions for the use and spread of fire, but starting a fire is the work of humans, either deliberately or by accident.”

The source of the current wildfires in Brazil is not yet known, and the government in Brazil is not all that inclined to find out. INPE’s director, Ricardo Galvão, was ousted from his job earlier this month after his agency reported an 88 percent increase in the deforestation rate in the Amazon.

Brazil’s president, Jair Bolsonaro, called the deforestation data “lies.”

Wildfires are burning around the world. The most alarming is in the Amazon rainforest.

This deforestation stands to have major regional consequences. Without trees in place to anchor the soil and retain moisture, the underlying vegetation can dry out, making it easier to burn. Trees also evaporate a huge volume of water and emit chemicals that make it condense, helping the rainforest generate its own rainfall.

Right now, the Amazon has been deforested by 15 percent or more from its primeval state and scientists are worried that if it reaches 25 percent, there won’t be enough trees cycling water through the forest. The region will cross a tipping point and eventually degrade into savanna.

This has huge consequences for the rest of the world as well. The Amazon rainforest produces huge amounts of oxygen. Its vegetation holds on to billions of metric tons of carbon that could oxidize into heat-trapping gases.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change earlier this month reported that conserving areas like the Amazon rainforest will be integral to mitigating climate change. But with the current pace of wildfires and deforestation, the world is rapidly galloping in the wrong direction.

Explore the issues faced by the UK’s most vulnerable children and young people this summer and discover what you can do to help.

Amazon Wildfires: G7 Leaders Agree $20m Relief Package – But Trump Was Absent.
The leaders of the group of seven nations have agreed to provide $20 million in emergency help to stop the Amazon forest fires, President Emmanuel Macron of France said on Monday. “The reality is that for the emergency aid they especially need financing because they don’t have the funds to enable planes, fire-fighting planes to take-off,” a source told Reuters, confirming the $20 million figure (about £16 million). President Donald Trump was absent from the talks on climate change and biodiversity at a G7 leaders’ summit, with host Macron explaining that he was busy holding bilateral meetings.

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