US News: Five things to know about the Amazon rainforest fires - PressFrom - United Kingdom
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US NewsFive things to know about the Amazon rainforest fires

02:30  24 august  2019
02:30  24 august  2019 Source:   thehill.com

How Did the Amazon Rainforest Fires Start?

How Did the Amazon Rainforest Fires Start? Brazil has experienced a record number of wildfires this year, more than half of which occurred in the Amazon region. That's according to data collected by the country's National Institute for Space Research (INPE). © Thomson Reuters Smoke billows during a fire in an area of the Amazon rainforest near Porto Velho, Rondonia State, Brazil, Brazil August 21, 2019. REUTERS/Ueslei Marcelino The figures show an 83 percent increase in comparison to the same period in 2018, representing the highest number of blazes since the agency began collecting such data in 2013, Reuters reported.

The Amazon is the largest tropical forest in the world, covering 5 . 5 million square kilometers (2.1 million square miles), an ecological treasure threatened by escalating deforestation and forest fires . The Amazon basin, spanning 7.4 million square kilometers

Brazil's Amazon rainforest has seen a record number of fires this year, new space agency data suggests. The largest rainforest in the world, the Amazon is a vital carbon store that slows down the pace of global warming. It is also home to about three million species of plants and animals, and one

Five things to know about the Amazon rainforest fires © Getty Images Five things to know about the Amazon rainforest fires

The surge in wildfires raging through the Amazon rainforest is posing a threat to the environment beyond Brazil's borders.

Environmental experts say the destruction of the rainforest could make it harder to combat climate change on a global scale.

That's because the rainforest - a source of 20 percent of the earth's oxygen - has served a vital role in carbon storage, absorbing a substantial amount of the 2.4 billion metric tons captured each year by forests worldwide. An increase in fires and deforestation in that region could markedly accelerate warming climates beyond South America.

Amazon fires: Brazil's president accuses world leaders of 'interfering'

Amazon fires: Brazil's president accuses world leaders of 'interfering' Brazil's president has accused other countries of interfering as they express fears for the burning Amazon rainforest. The number of forest fires in Brazil - more than 74,000 - has increased by 83% compared with the same period last year, with smoke that is visible from 400 miles up in space. World leaders are increasingly worried about the situation, as the Amazon - described as the world's lungs - is a vital absorber of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

The Amazon forest has been on the news recently as it has been burning up for the last three weeks. People don’t realise the importance of these It is an ecological pot of gold, which is now under severe threat by the raging forest fire . Sanctuary of biodiversity. The Amazon rainforest covers nearly 40

The Amazon is the largest tropical forest in the world, covering 5 . 5 million square kilometres, an ecological treasure threatened by escalating deforestation and forest fires . However, there have been a record number of fires in the forest this year

Video: Brazil considers sending troops to Amazon fires as international pressure mounts (CNN)

The environmental crisis also has political implications, particularly for Jair Bolsonaro, who's in his first year as president of Brazil. The far-right politician and climate change skeptic came into power in January vowing to limit fines for damaging forests and open up the area for commercial exploitation.

Images of wildfires and plumes of smoke hovering over parts of Brazil prompted international alarm this week, shining a spotlight on the region and raising concerns about the broader damage.

The blazes in the Amazon are so big they can be seen from space. One map shows the alarming scale of the fires.

The blazes in the Amazon are so big they can be seen from space. One map shows the alarming scale of the fires. The Brazilian Amazon is burning at a record rate. Nearly 10,000 fires have sparked in the last week, and satellites have spotted the blazes.

The Amazon forest has been on the news recently as it has been burning up for the last three weeks. People don’t realise the importance of these It is an ecological pot of gold, which is now under severe threat by the raging forest fire . Sanctuary of biodiversity. The Amazon rainforest covers nearly 40

The Amazon is the largest tropical forest in the world, covering 5 . 5 million square kilometers (2.1 million square miles), an ecological treasure threatened by escalating deforestation and forest fires . - Sanctuary of biodiversity -. The Amazon basin, spanning 7.4 million square kilometers, covers nearly

Here are five things to know about the rainforest fires.

Five things to know about the Amazon rainforest fires © ASSOCIATED PRESS This photo released by Mato Grosso Firefighters, shows the Chapada dos Guimaraes wild fires, in Mato Grosso state, Brazil, Friday, Aug. 23, 2019. Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro on Friday said he might send the military to fight massive fires in the Amazon as an international outcry over his handling of the environmental crisis grows. (Matto Grosso Fire Department via AP)

Experts warn it could thwart major environmental goals

Nearly 200 nations in 2016 signed the Paris agreement to combat climate change. As part of the pact, countries pledged to cap global warming at "well below" 3.6 degrees before the end of the century.

But maintaining that goal may become nearly impossible due to a rise in deforestation and wildfires, as well as changing weather patterns, in the Amazon.

"If you continue to deforest... you are releasing this huge amount of carbon to the atmosphere," Paulo Moutinho, a senior fellow at the Woods Hole Research Center, told The Washington Post, noting that climate change would accelerate if the region were to release more carbon than it absorbs.

Brazil must protect Amazon rainforest, or I will seek to block EU Mercosur deal - Varadkar

Brazil must protect Amazon rainforest, or I will seek to block EU Mercosur deal - Varadkar Ireland will seek to block the Mercosur trade deal between the EU and South American countries unless Brazil protects the Amazon rainforest, Taoiseach Leo Varadkar has warned. Mr Varadkar also attacked controversial Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro for his claim environmental groups were starting fires in the forest to make him look bad. The Taoiseach branded the unsubstantiated allegations as "Orwellian".

Again, while forest fires often occur during this season, BBC reports that conservationists have blamed deforestation (clearing forests for conversion of forest land to farms, ranches, or urban use) for the increase VIDEO: A Record Number of Fires Are Currently Burning Across the Amazon Rainforest .

The Amazon Rainforest has been on fire for weeks and is increasingly destroying tress, killing wildlife and unconscionably contributing to climate change. 8668 fires have been detected in Amazonas, releasing more than 200 metric tones of greenhouse gas.#nature #Amazonia

Five things to know about the Amazon rainforest fires © ASSOCIATED PRESS Fire consumes an area near Porto Velho, Brazil, Friday, Aug. 23, 2019. Brazilian state experts have reported a record of nearly 77,000 wildfires across the country so far this year, up 85% over the same period in 2018. Brazil contains about 60% of the Amazon rainforest, whose degradation could have severe consequences for global climate and rainfall. (AP Photo/Victor R. Caivano)

Anna Cederstav, program manager for Latin America at the environmental advocacy group Earthjustice, told The Hill that the fires are "worsening the already severe climate crisis, which in turn causes more natural disasters not just in Brazil but internationally."

Deforestation is accelerating

Brazil's National Institute for Space Research (INPE) released data earlier this year showing deforestation had increased by 88 percent in June compared to the same month last year.

Additionally, fires in Brazil are up 85 percent this year compared to 2018, with a majority occurring in the Amazon, INPE said.

Five things to know about the Amazon rainforest fires © ASSOCIATED PRESS Fire consumes the jungle near Porto Velho, Brazil, Friday, Aug. 23, 2019. Brazilian state experts have reported a record of nearly 77,000 wildfires across the country so far this year, up 85% over the same period in 2018. Brazil contains about 60% of the Amazon rainforest, whose degradation could have severe consequences for global climate and rainfall. (AP Photo/Victor R. Caivano)

While the summer months can be a contributing factor to fires in the Amazon, experts say the dry season has not been extreme enough to cause such a drastic increase in wildfires.

Near the Amazon fires, residents are sick, worried, and angry

Near the Amazon fires, residents are sick, worried, and angry In Porto Velho, capital of a Brazilian state ravaged by recent fires, residents are on edge and falling ill from the pervasive smoke.

The Amazonian fires are so large that they can be seen from space (NASA Earth Observatory). In the long run, deforestation-driven fire could prove devastating to the carbon-absorbing rainforest . Although the Amazon currently accounts for roughly a quarter of the 2.4 billion metric tons of carbon

The Amazon forest , of which 2.1 million sq km are protected zones, is home to a biodiversity sanctuary that is unique in the world. Sections of the forest are now being devoured by fires . INPE figures show nearly 73,000 forest fires were recorded in Brazil between January and August — the highest

"The typical system in Brazil and in all Amazonian countries is that people cut down trees ... before setting it on fire in order to clear the land for agricultural purposes," Carlos Nobre, a senior researcher with the Institute for Advanced Studies at the University of São Paulo, told German broadcaster Deutsche Welle. "So this is a very common phenomenon."

"But what we're seeing this year is more deforestation," he added. "We estimate that the forest areas in the Brazilian Amazon have decreased something between 20 percent and 30 percent compared to the last 12 months."

Most of the land-clearing that takes place in the Amazon is done illegally for agricultural purposes. Environmental groups argue that Bolsonaro's rhetoric has emboldened farmers and ranchers to start fires without fear of punishment.

The advocacy group Greenpeace Brazil told The Hill that fires have increased in areas most affected by rises in deforestation.

Spotlight is on Bolsonaro

Bolsonaro, who once said that Brazil's environmental policies were "suffocating" its economy, took office pledging to open up the Amazon rainforest to business development.

He reportedly cut the main environmental agency's budget by 24 percent, and has expressed plans to allow the mining of protected indigenous reserves.

G7 leaders vow to help Brazil fight fires, repair damage

G7 leaders vow to help Brazil fight fires, repair damage RIO DE JANEIRO (AP) — Leaders of the Group of Seven nations said Sunday they are preparing to help Brazil battle fires burning across the Amazon region and repair the damage even as tens of thousands of soldiers got ready to join the fight against blazes that have caused global alarm. French President Emmanuel Macron said the summit leaders were nearing an agreement on how to support Brazil and said the agreement would involve both technical and financial mechanisms "so that we can help them in the most effective way possible.

The Amazon forest , of which 2.1 million sq km are protected zones, is home to a biodiversity sanctuary that is unique in the world. A quarter of the Earth’s INPE figures show nearly 73,000 forest fires were recorded in Brazil between January and August — the highest number for any year since 2013.

The Amazon Rainforest is the world’s largest container of animals, which makes it a great place for a wildlife tour from a number of excellent rainforest The guide covers things to do in Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil, which contain the largest fractions of Amazonia. The Amazon gateway towns covered

Earlier this month, his government disbanded the steering committee for the Amazon Fund, which aims to combat deforestation. The move prompted Norway and Germany to suspend their donations to the fund.

Five things to know about the Amazon rainforest fires Aerial picture showing smoke from a 2-kilometre stretch of fire billowing from the Amazon rainforest about 65 km from Porto Velho, in the state of Rondonia, in northen Brazil, on August 23, 2019. - Bolsonaro said Friday he is considering deploying the army to help combat fires raging in the Amazon rainforest, after news about the fires have sparked protests around the world. The latest official figures show 76,720 forest fires were recorded in Brazil so far this year -- the highest number for any year since 2013. More than half are in the Amazon. (Photo by Carl DE SOUZA / AFP) (Photo credit should read CARL DE SOUZA/AFP/Getty Images)

Bolsonaro also fired INPE Director Ricardo Galvão after Galvão defended agency data showing the rate of deforestation rising in the nation, calling the statistics "lies."

Earlier this week he accused nongovernmental organizations of starting the fires in a plot to tarnish his image, saying "everything indicates that people went there to film and then to set fires." He did not offer evidence to back up his allegation.

"You have to understand that the Amazon is Brazil's, not yours," Bolsonaro told reporters last month when addressing international scrutiny of his environmental policies, according to The Guardian. "If all this devastation you accuse us of doing was done in the past the Amazon would have stopped existing, it would be a big desert."

Amazon Wildfires: G7 Leaders Agree $20m Relief Package – But Trump Was Absent

Amazon Wildfires: G7 Leaders Agree $20m Relief Package – But Trump Was Absent The leaders of the group of seven nations have agreed to provide $20 million in emergency help to stop the Amazon forest fires, President Emmanuel Macron of France said on Monday. “The reality is that for the emergency aid they especially need financing because they don’t have the funds to enable planes, fire-fighting planes to take-off,” a source told Reuters, confirming the $20 million figure (about £16 million). President Donald Trump was absent from the talks on climate change and biodiversity at a G7 leaders’ summit, with host Macron explaining that he was busy holding bilateral meetings.

The Amazon Rainforest , thousands of miles from many of us and populated by indigenous, often Unlike a natural disaster, the blame for the Amazon Rainforest fires are firmly rooted in politics too. Question your consumption – soy, palm oil and meat We all know by now that the best way to reduce

Tags: Amazon rainforest Bolivia Brazil fire protected area Suriname. Smoke from fires in the Amazon darkened the skies of Sao Paulo, Brazil, this week, as The smallest countries in the Amazon region are taking the lead in transitioning portions of their economies to ones based on “green” development.

The Amazon is home to a diverse ecosystem

Deforestation and climate change pose a threat to the millions of species of plants and animals that live in the region and could lead to a 58 percent decline in Amazon tree species richness by 2050, according to a study by Nature Climate Change.

Five things to know about the Amazon rainforest fires © ASSOCIATED PRESS In this Friday, Aug. 23, 2019 photo, fire consumes an area near Porto Velho, Brazil. On Friday, The Associated Press reported on photos circulating online incorrectly asserting they show recent fires burning in the Amazon rainforest. Four of the most shared photos were published between 2009 and 2018. (AP Photo/Victor R. Caivano)

The study found that under a worst-case scenario, about half of the Amazon's tree species would be threatened with extinction. It also indicated that climate change may become a greater threat to tree species than deforestation.

"The study should be seen as a big warning," Ima Vieira, a researcher at the Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi and a study co-author, told Mongabay, an environmental science conservation news platform. "It shows that if deforestation is currently the biggest cause of habitat loss in the Amazon, over the next 30 years it will probably be surpassed by climate change."

The fires are prompting a global response

The devastation from the fires prompted a range of responses from politicians around the world. French President Emmanuel Macron, whose country is hosting this weekend's Group of Seven summit of world leaders, called on nations to address what he branded as an emergency.

Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), a Democratic presidential candidate, condemned "Bolsonaro and his corporate cronies" and accused them of "burning the Amazon rainforest for personal profit and jeopardizing our planet's survival."

Brazil has angrily attacked offers to help it put out the huge fires in the Amazon — here is why it is pushing back against global outrage

Brazil has angrily attacked offers to help it put out the huge fires in the Amazon — here is why it is pushing back against global outrage The record number of fires consuming Brazil's Amazon rainforest has prompted demands from around the world for drastic action. But Brazil's leaders have pushed back, both downplaying the seriousness of the fires, and insisting that it is an issue for Brazil alone to manage. Brazil's president, Jair Bolsonaro, said world leaders have a "colonialist mentality" for trying to offer funds to help. Brazil has in the past worried that other countries may try to seize it and deny them use of its resources, a narrative Bolsonaro has used in the past, and is evoking once more.

The 2019 Amazon Rainforest Fire is a forest fire that spread in August 2019 for over three weeks. Due to conflicting data, the fires in the Amazon were barely covered by the media until later in the month. Concerns were raised by the public as the Amazon is the largest rainforest in the world and

Gallery: 20 Photos of the Amazon That Drive Home How Devastating the Rainforest Fires Really Are (POPSUGAR)

London Mayor Sadiq Khan echoed that sentiment, saying the burning of the Amazon is "seemingly aided & abetted by the Brazilian government."

United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres also expressed alarm, tweeting that he was "deeply concerned by the fires."

"In the midst of the global climate crisis, we cannot afford more damage to a major source of oxygen and biodiversity," he said. "The Amazon must be protected."

Bolsonaro and his allies have pushed back against the criticism. The Brazilian leader accused Macron of exploiting the issue for political gain, saying his "sensationalist tone" will do nothing to solve the problem.

Though he also appeared to acknowledge the magnitude of the issue.

"The Amazon is bigger than Europe, how will you fight criminal fires in such an area?" he asked reporters on Thursday, according to Reuters. "We do not have the resources for that."

Explore the issues faced by the UK’s most vulnerable children and young people this summer and discover what you can do to help.​​

Brazil has angrily attacked offers to help it put out the huge fires in the Amazon — here is why it is pushing back against global outrage.
The record number of fires consuming Brazil's Amazon rainforest has prompted demands from around the world for drastic action. But Brazil's leaders have pushed back, both downplaying the seriousness of the fires, and insisting that it is an issue for Brazil alone to manage. Brazil's president, Jair Bolsonaro, said world leaders have a "colonialist mentality" for trying to offer funds to help. Brazil has in the past worried that other countries may try to seize it and deny them use of its resources, a narrative Bolsonaro has used in the past, and is evoking once more.

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