US News: Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle - - PressFrom - United Kingdom
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US NewsSkeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle

17:10  12 september  2019
17:10  12 september  2019 Source:   dailymail.co.uk

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Skeletons dubbed the ' Lovers of Modena ' were both MEN : Scientists now think ' couple ' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Both items, thought to have been released on the retailers' websites this morning, reference the Duchess of Sussex by name in the product description.

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Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle © Getty Modena province today A skeleton couple who were discovered holding hands in a tomb in Italy were both men, researchers have revealed.

The sex of the pair, known as the Lovers of Modena, could not be determined when they were unearthed in 2009 because they were so badly preserved.

But using a new technique, researchers were able to test the protein on tooth enamel to reveal the 4-6th Century AD skeletons were male.

Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle © Provided by Associated Newspapers Limited The sex of the pair, known as the Lovers of Modena, could not be determined when they were unearthed in Italy in 2009 because they were so badly preserved

The relationship between the pair remains a mystery, however researchers say the couple were buried hand-in-hand on purpose.

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Some suggest the skeletons - who were of similar age - could be related, such as brothers or cousins.

Other researchers claim they could have been soldiers who died in battle and the burial site was a war cemetery.

This is the first time two men have been found buried holding hands, researchers at at the University of Bologna revealed in Nature journal.

Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle © Provided by Associated Newspapers Limited Using a new technique, researchers were able to test the protein on tooth enamel to reveal the 4-6th Century AD skeletons were male

It is not known if the pair were homosexual, however it is unlikely that the nature of their relationship would be recognised so clearly by the people who prepared the burial.

' Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle © Provided by Associated Newspapers Limited The relationship between the pair remains a mystery, however researchers say the couple were buried hand-in-hand on purpose At present there are no other burials of this type,' Study author Federico Lugli told Italy's Rai news site.

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'In the past several graves were found with pairs of individuals laid hand in hand, but in all cases it was a man and a woman. What was the link between the two individuals of the Modena burial, instead, remains for the moment a mystery'.

Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle © Provided by Associated Newspapers Limited The pair were discovered in Modena, Italy. The new discovery could now help researchers understand ancient funeral practices in Italy The new discovery could now help researchers understand ancient funeral practices in Italy.

Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle © Provided by Associated Newspapers Limited Some suggest the skeletons - who were of similar age - could be related, such as brothers or cousins

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Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle
Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle
Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle
Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle
Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle
Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle
Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle
Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle
Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle
Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle
Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle
Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle
Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle
Skeletons dubbed the 'Lovers of Modena' were both MEN: Scientists now think 'couple' intentionally buried hand in hand in ancient Italian tomb were brothers, cousins or soldiers who died together in battle

How scientists use dental enamel to determine the sex of a skeleton

Researchers recently developed a brand new technique to determine the sex of the skeletons based on dental enamel.

A study led by the University of California in 2018 found that spectrometry – looking at the various chemicals - could be the answer.

Two particular proteins can be contained in the enamel: Amelx - present in individuals of both sexes - and Amely, present only in male individuals.

Applying this technique, the scholars analysed the findings of the Lovers of Modena with 14 other skeletons in a controlled sample.

They discovered the pair, buried in the necropolis in Italy, were both in fact male.

Usually, the sex of human remains can be determined by looking at the difference in bones between men and women, such as the ribs and pelvis.

However, these changes are not apparent in children, while a badly preserved skeleton can mean working out the sex is difficult.

Source: University of Bologna revealed in Nature journal, Journal of Archaeological Science, the University of California

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