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US NewsBillions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack

16:21  18 september  2019
16:21  18 september  2019 Source:   washingtonpost.com

Trump says the US is 'locked and loaded' as it awaits confirmation that Iran was the culprit behind the drone attack on Saudi oil plants after Tehran earlier insisted it is 'ready for war'

Trump says the US is 'locked and loaded' as it awaits confirmation that Iran was the culprit behind the drone attack on Saudi oil plants after Tehran earlier insisted it is 'ready for war' The President tweeted: 'Saudi Arabia oil supply was attacked. There is reason to believe that we know the culprit, are locked and loaded depending on verification.'

For years, Saudi Arabia has been a major buyer of U . S .-made weapons . That relationship intensified after President Trump took office, with the American leader pushing oil -rich Riyadh to buy more weapons and Saudi Arabia pledging a purchase of 0 billion in U . S . arms just months after his

The attacks on Saudi oil infrastructure were the most serious in decades and far outstripped any past attacks by the Houthis on Saudi Arabia . Billions spent on U . S . weapons didn ’ t protect Saudi Arabia ’ s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack . Today’ s coverage from Post correspondents

Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack © Sebastian Apel/U.S. Defense Department/AP German troops fire the Patriot system at the NATO Missile Firing Installation in Chania, Greece, on Nov. 8, 2017.

For years, Saudi Arabia has been a major buyer of U.S.-made weapons. That relationship intensified after President Trump took office, with the American leader pushing oil-rich Riyadh to buy more weapons and Saudi Arabia pledging a purchase of $110 billion in U.S. arms just months after his inauguration.

After this weekend, when a devastating attack on Saudi oil facilities blindsided the kingdom, some observers were left wondering what protection Riyadh’s outreach to the United States has bought it.

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Billions spent on U . S . weapons didn ’ t protect Saudi Arabia ’ s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack . 38 · 103 comments. Saudi oil attack : Pentagon prepares to show evidence to public. 314 · 252 comments. Putin advises Saudis to purchase S -400 s to prevent future possible attacks

Saudi Arabia oil supply was attacked . There is reason to believe that we know the culprit, are locked and loaded depending on verification, but are waiting to hear from the Kingdom as to who they believe was the cause of this attack , and under what terms we would proceed!

Notwithstanding the expensive military hardware purchased by Saudi Arabia, experts say, the Saturday attack represented an unusually well-planned operation that would have been difficult for even the most well-equipped and experienced countries to detect and neutralize.

“This was a really flawless attack,” said Michael Knights, a scholar at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy who has followed Saudi air defense for decades, adding that evidence suggests that only one of 20 missiles may have missed its target. “That’s astounding.”

Related: Iran warns US of 'immediate' retaliation in response to any attack

Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack © AP

The attack has been claimed by Houthi insurgents in Yemen, where a Saudi-led coalition has been staging a troubled intervention since 2015. U.S. officials have suggested that at least part of the attack was launched from Iran, Saudi Arabia’s rival across the Persian Gulf.

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A Saudi Aramco plant in Abqaiq, Saudi Arabia , was attacked early Saturday, one of two sites hit.CreditCreditHamad I Mohammed/Reuters. A still image from a video obtained from social media showing smoke billowing at an Aramco facility in Abqaiq, Saudi Arabia , one of two oil processing

Saudi Arabia produced 9.85 million barrels of oil a day in August, or about 10 percent of global supplies. Aramco said Saturday that the attack by “projectiles” had forced it to suspend production of 5.7 million barrels of crude per day, or more than half of the kingdom’ s output. A U . S . assessment

The operation appeared to circumvent the defenses of Saudi Arabia’s military, including the six battalions of Patriot missile defense systems produced by U.S. defense contractor Raytheon — each of which can cost in the region of $1 billion.

Russian President Vladimir Putin responded to Saturday’s attack with mockery. At an event Monday in Turkey, Putin suggested that Saudi Arabia buy the Russian-made S-300 or S-400 missile defense system, as Iran and Turkey had done. “They will reliably protect all infrastructure objects of Saudi Arabia,” Putin said.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, also in attendance at the event, was seen grinning at the remarks.

The S-400 system is untested in real-life situations, but it costs less than the Patriot system and has technical features that are, on paper at least, an improvement on the U.S. system, including a longer range and the ability to operate in any direction.

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The strikes on Saudi Arabia ’ s oil infrastructure have led to a production shutdown on a scale the Saudi and American officials said the Saturday attack on two sites in Saudi Arabia used cruise Most Popular Articles. Saudi Oil Attack Is the Big One. Your Parents’ Financial Advice Is (Kind Of)

The devastating blitz on Saudi Arabia ’ s oil industry has led to a flurry of accusations from US officials blaming Iran. The reason for the finger-pointing is simple: Washington’ s spectacular failure to protect its Saudi ally. Smoke billows from an Aramco oil facility in Abqaiq © AFP.

Although Saudi Arabia once flirted with the idea of buying the S-400 system, it was probably aware that doing so would have a disastrous effect on its relationship with the Trump administration.

Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack © Planet Labs/AP A satellite image from Planet Labs shows thick black smoke rising from Saudi Aramco's Abqaiq oil processing facility on Sept. 14, 2019.

There is no evidence that the S-400, if deployed, could have handled Saturday’s incident better than the Patriot system. Even the best missile defense system cannot have a 100 percent success rate; shooting a moving target out of the sky is fundamentally difficult, requiring considerable speed and accuracy.

When Saudi officials claimed to have shot down a ballistic missile fired by the Houthis in 2017, a team of researchers argued in a report that the Patriot system, in fact, had done nothing to stop the missile, which had nearly hit its target — Riyadh’s airport.

Saturday’s attack would have been exponentially harder to neutralize than the 2017 strike. Both drones and cruise missiles appeared to have been used, with suggestions that the weapons were launched from multiple locations.

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Saudi Arabia ’ s oil production and exports were disrupted after the Houthis’ attack on two oil facilities in the Kingdom’ s eastern region, the Reuters news “The Saudi regime should know that our future operations will expand further and be more painful, as long as its siege and aggression will continue

Saudi Arabia shuts down about half its oil output after strikes. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo blamed Iran for coordinated strikes on the heart of Saudi Arabia ’ s oil industry, saying they marked an unprecedented attack on the world’ s energy Most Popular Articles. Saudi Oil Attack Is the Big One.

Knight said Saudi Arabia’s missile defense system was developed in the 1990s after watching the Iran-Iraq war and the Persian Gulf War, where airplanes and ballistic missiles were the main threat and could be spotted with radar easily, to be targeted by defense systems at a distance.

Related: US-Iran tensions soar (Photos)

Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack

However, cruise missiles and drones fly far closer to the ground, making them harder for radar to detect. Given the low altitude, shooting one down carries greater risk, especially when detected late. “If you are wrong, you just blew up a British Airways flight,” Knights said.

Saudi Arabia has several missile defense systems that can target a low-altitude flight. Thomas Karako, a senior fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, said that in theory the Patriot system could protect against such a threat, although it is primarily designed for ballistic missiles.

However, it would depend where it was placed. “The defended area for a Patriot battery is relatively small,” Karako said. “There are real limits, even if you have a ton of Patriots, on what you can defend.”

It is unclear whether the targeted oil facilities, in Khurais and Abqaiq, were defended by Patriot batteries or other systems.

Becca Wasser, a senior policy analyst at Rand Corp., said responsibility for protecting Saudi Arabia’s critical infrastructure was split between the Interior Ministry and the domestically focused Saudi Arabian National Guard, rather than the military.

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Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack
Billions spent on U.S. weapons didn’t protect Saudi Arabia’s most critical oil sites from a crippling attack

“These overlapping structures, roles and responsibilities are really a vestige of coup-proofing practices,” Wasser said, designed to prevent any one wing of power from posing a threat to the ruling family.

Saudi Arabia is planning military reforms to address such problems, she added, part of society-wide changes being pushed by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. The kingdom, aware of the technical threat posed by Iran to key facilities, may also seek to purchase new weapons that could combat the threat better.

The Iron Dome missile defense system, co-designed by the Israeli defense firm Rafael and Raytheon, may be one possibility, Karako said. The system is best known for its use in Israel, where it is used to shoot down rockets from Gaza and southern Lebanon. “The Saudis want to get something like Iron Dome, but they probably won’t call it Iron Dome,” Karako said.

Saudi Arabia also may seek to improve its radar capabilities with the use of elevated sensors that can detect threats from farther away.

For the time being, however, the country may have to learn to make better use of what it has already. New purchases from the United States could take years to go through, especially given a Congress increasingly suspicious of Saudi Arabia and export restrictions in place on some of the more advanced U.S. technology.

There may not be any handouts from the White House. Though Trump pushed the Saudi military to make more purchases, he suggested Monday that the United States did not have an obligation to protect the kingdom — and that if there was a conflict, Riyadh would again foot the bill.

“The fact is that the Saudis are going to have a lot of involvement in this if we decide to do something. They’ll be very much involved, and that includes payment,” Trump said.

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How the UK and Saudi Arabia became strategic allies .
Boris Johnson says Britain could ‘do more to defend Saudi’ after blaming Iran for oil bombingsJohnson’s assertion comes despite claims of responsibility for the attack from Houthi rebel groups in Yemen, against whom the Saudi government has waged a brutal war for more than five years, and there being no publicly released evidence of Iranian involvement. Nevertheless, Johnson appears to be backing the Trump administration, which is in the midst of a fierce war of words with Tehran over the attack.

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