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US News Explainer: What’s the difference between Johnson’s Brexit deal and May’s deal?

10:50  19 october  2019
10:50  19 october  2019 Source:   msn.com

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Depending on who is talking, the Brexit deal Boris Johnson negotiated with the EU ranges from being vastly different to his predecessor Theresa May ’ s deal , to being almost exactly the same. To sort fact from fiction, the House of Commons library has produced a report. It says that “only two Articles in the

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a close up of a flag: Union and European Union flags outside the Houses of Parliament (Jonathan Brady/PA) © Jonathan Brady Union and European Union flags outside the Houses of Parliament (Jonathan Brady/PA)

Depending on who is talking, the Brexit deal Boris Johnson negotiated with the EU ranges from being vastly different to his predecessor Theresa May’s deal, to being almost exactly the same.

To sort fact from fiction, the House of Commons library has produced a report.

It says that “only two Articles in the main Withdrawal Agreement have changed from the November 2018 text, and the changes are minor”.

Theresa May wearing a suit and tie: Theresa May outside 10 Downing Street, watched by her husband Philip, just before she handed in her resignation to the Queen (Aaron Chown/PA) © Provided by The Press Association Theresa May outside 10 Downing Street, watched by her husband Philip, just before she handed in her resignation to the Queen (Aaron Chown/PA)

What about the backstop?

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The difference between Boris Johnson ’ s planned Brexit deal and that of his predecessor Theresa May can be summed up in one word: harder. Johnson wants to put greater distance between the U.K. and European Union so he can have greater freedom to strike international trade deals and diverge

Jeremy Corbyn has branded Boris Johnson ' s Brexit deal "worse" than Theresa May ' s , as he called for a Final Say referendum. In a statement released just minutes after No 10 and Brussels announced a new deal had been reached, the Labour leader said: "This sell out deal won't bring the country

The report says the main differences are in the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland, or the backstop as it is commonly known.

According to the report, Mr Johnson’s deal “contains very different arrangements, the UK will no longer be in a single customs territory or union with the EU”.

What next for Brexit? Follow key developments, expert analysis and multiple perspectives as the UK edges closer to leaving the EU

But Northern Ireland will still be in the UK’s customs territory and VAT area, meaning it will align with the EU’s rules in these areas.

“Northern Ireland will remain mostly aligned to the EU’s regulations for goods. Four years after the end of the transition period, Northern Ireland’s democratic institutions will vote on whether they wish to continue the arrangements in the Protocol,” the paper says.

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What is the Brexit deal ? The deal consisted of a withdrawal agreement - which set out the Currently, there are no border posts or physical barriers between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Image caption Boris Johnson , who replaced Mrs May as prime minister, says there are "abundant"

New deal swaps backstop for a four-year alignment between Northern Ireland and EU.

Under the new Protocol, if the UK and EU are unable to conclude a new future relationship agreement by the end of the transition period, an

open border will be able to be maintained between Northern Ireland and Ireland.

Boris Johnson wearing a suit and tie: Prime Minister Boris Johnson (Stefan Rousseau/PA) © Provided by The Press Association Prime Minister Boris Johnson (Stefan Rousseau/PA)

Is there still a divorce payment?

Yes. There are no changes to the previous financial settlement in the agreement reached between Mr Johnson’s Government and the EU.

It is estimated the settlement will cost the UK £33 billion by the time its final payment has been made, potentially in the mid-2060s. Any estimates of the cost are uncertain.

Amongst the underlying principles of the financial settlement are that no EU member state should pay more or receive less because of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU; and the UK should pay its share of the commitments taken during its membership.

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Boris Johnson has agreed a new Brexit deal with the EU - but what does it mean and will Parliament pass it? The main difference is on the crucial issue of the Irish border and whether the UK will leave the customs union Boris Johnson ' s deal mainly focuses on solving the problem of the Irish border.

So how does Boris Johnson ’ s Brexit deal differ from Theresa May ’ s ? Boris Johnson ’ s deal will lessen the ties between the EU and the UK, with the entirety of the UK free to sign trade deals . The UK will no longer “consider aligning with union rules in relevant areas”, as was stated in Theresa May ’ s

  Explainer: What’s the difference between Johnson’s Brexit deal and May’s deal? © Getty

What about the level playing field?

Annex 4 of the previous Protocol – which contained references to EU laws and international conventions that would apply to the whole of UK in what were called “level playing field” commitments – has now been removed.

According to the House of Commons library report: “These were put in by the EU to limit the UK’s capacity to gain what it would see as an unfair advantage by lowering standards.

Related: Brexit basics: What is Brexit and why does it matter? (Reuters) 

a screenshot of a cell phone: BREXIT? A blend of

“This was of particular concern due to the UK’s close geographical proximity to the EU, but also in the previous ‘backstop’ the UK would have been in a Single Customs Territory with the EU, and so the EU wouldn’t be able to use tariffs to compensate for competitive advantage.”

The level playing field provisions were in the areas of taxation, environmental protection, labour standards, state aid and competition.

These have now been replaced by less specific and non-binding commitments in the Political Declaration to uphold such principles in any future trade agreement between the EU and the UK.

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