US News: Is Mount Everest shrinking? Nepal is on a mission to measure the world’s tallest mountain. - - PressFrom - United Kingdom
  •   
  •   

US News Is Mount Everest shrinking? Nepal is on a mission to measure the world’s tallest mountain.

16:20  21 october  2019
16:20  21 october  2019 Source:   washingtonpost.com

Marines correct 74-year-old Iwo Jima error

  Marines correct 74-year-old Iwo Jima error Historians determined that Cpl. Harold 'Pie' Keller was one of the six men who raised the flag.The Marine Corps admitted on Wednesday that for 74 years, it had misidentified one of the six fighting men who appeared in the Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph by Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal.

Some scientists believe that the world ’ s tallest mountain may have shrunk slightly after a powerful earthquake struck Nepal in 2015. It is known in Nepal as Sagarmatha and in Tibet as Chomolungma . The search for the mountain ’s English name began after it was declared the

Nepal will spend two years measuring Mount Everest to find out the actual height of the world ’ s tallest mountain , after fears the 2015 The Nepali government will conduct the measurement itself even though Chinese, Indian and other institutions offered to measure the height after the earthquake.

a view of a snow covered mountain: An aerial view of Mount Everest in April. © Sarah Lai/AFP/Getty Images An aerial view of Mount Everest in April.

KATHMANDU, Nepal —When Khim Lal Gautam reached the top of Mount Everest at 3 a.m. on May 22, it was dark, windy and lethally cold.

Gautam carried some unusual baggage — a ground-penetrating radar and a top-of-the-line satellite navigation device. Unlike most climbers, he and his team remained at the summit for nearly two hours so they could take the measurements they needed. Gautam suffered a serious case of frostbite, and his colleague nearly died of a lack of oxygen while descending.

But they completed their mission: to obtain crucial pieces of data that will help determine Mount Everest’s true height.

Johnson faces threat of deal being scuppered within the next 48 hours

  Johnson faces threat of deal being scuppered within the next 48 hours Boris Johnson told his MPs on Wednesday he was hopeful of a deal, but felt like he was on the Hillary Step of Everest, while the summit was "shrouded in mist".Boris Johnson told his MPs on Wednesday he was hopeful of a deal, but felt like he was on the Hillary Step of Everest, while the summit was "shrouded in mist".

KATHMANDU, Nepal — Mount Everest is the tallest mountain in the world , but precisely how tall is it? Then there is the challenge of geography: Reaching the summit of Everest is only possible a few weeks each year, and measuring the mountain ’ s height from sea level has presented difficulties in

There are at least 109 mountains on Earth with elevations greater than 7,200 metres (23,622 ft) above sea level. The vast majority of these mountains are located on the edge of the Indian and Eurasian

The most commonly accepted figure for Mount Everest’s height is 29,029 feet, a measurement that dates to the 1950s. Some scientists believe that the world’s tallest mountain may have shrunk slightly after a powerful earthquake struck Nepal in 2015.

Now, for the first time, Nepal has sent its own teams outfitted with the latest surveying technology to come up with a new measurement of the peak. The two-year, $1.3 million effort is driven both by patriotism and scientific inquiry, experts say.

  Is Mount Everest shrinking? Nepal is on a mission to measure the world’s tallest mountain. © Getty

The southern flank of Mount Everest “belongs to Nepal, but for 170 years foreigners have been measuring its height,” said Roger Bilham, a geologist at the University of Colorado. The current project could be “the most accurate measurement ever made.”

'Industrial scale' slaughter of Australian racehorses revealed

  'Industrial scale' slaughter of Australian racehorses revealed 'Industrial scale' slaughter of Australian racehorses revealedHorse racing is a popular and lucrative business in Australia, with the revelations coming on the eve of the world's richest turf race, The Everest in Sydney, and just weeks ahead of the prestigious Melbourne Cup.

so a team of Nepalese surveyors is heading to the summit of the world ’ s tallest mountain to Everest may have shrunk as the result of a devastating earthquake – so a team of Nepalese The peak was first measured by an Indian survey team in 1954 but the country was struck by a massive

Measuring a mountain is a Herculean effort that requires precision, but it uses relatively simple tools and a handful of trigonometric equations. The magnitude-7.8 earthquake that rocked Nepal on Saturday (April 25) may have caused the world ' s tallest mountain to shrink a bit.

Sometime early next year, the new height will emerge from a modest cluster of offices on the ground floor of a government building in Kathmandu, home to the country’s Survey Department. Susheel Dangol, the chief survey officer, recently installed a keypad-entry system for his department just to safeguard the Everest data.

“Everyone is curious about the project,” he said with a grin. During an interview, his cellphone rang with a call from a senior official in the country’s Land Ministry inquiring about the progress of the work. Dangol has developed a stock response to those who ask about the final figure: At the moment, I’m unable to say.

Dangol, 38, oversees a team of 80 people who have hiked, driven and helicoptered across Nepal to gather the data required for an updated measurement. Among their challenges: transporting a $200,000 Canadian-made gravimeter — which measures the force of gravity at a given location — along juddering Himalayan roads to nearly 300 different spots.    Is Mount Everest shrinking? Nepal is on a mission to measure the world’s tallest mountain. © AP

Swept by the sea: Dublin woman’s home falls onto beach from coastal erosion and now her dad’s house is at risk

  Swept by the sea: Dublin woman’s home falls onto beach from coastal erosion and now her dad’s house is at risk Across the world we are seeing the effects of climate change, however, residents of Portrane in North County Dublin are experiencing first-hand its devastating consequences. ‘I’m left with nothing. I’m on the wrong side of 50 and no financial institution is going to touch me with a barge pole for a mortgage or a loan.

There is no doubt that Mount Everest is the world ’ s highest mountain . But how tall is it, exactly? And did the powerful earthquake the struck in the high Himalayan Mountains two Those findings started a dispute between Nepal and China. Nepal said that the measure of a mountain is its snow height.

Some scientists believe that Mount Everest shrunk after a powerful earthquake in 2015, and officials are hoping to settle the debate. Beyond causing an estimated billion in damages, some experts claim that the tremor knocked an inch off the world ’ s tallest mountain .

The question of Everest’s height is intimately linked to its modern history. It is known in Nepal as Sagarmatha and in Tibet as Chomolungma. The search for the mountain’s English name began after it was declared the world’s tallest peak by surveyors in India in 1856. (Its namesake is George Everest, the prior chief surveyor of India, but even he wasn’t crazy about having the mountain named after him.)

Dangol’s team is tackling its task with two methods. The first is to measure Everest the old-fashioned way using trigonometry. Such calculations produced the first-ever tally of Everest’s height, as well as the measurement taken in the 1950s by an Indian team that serves as the current standard.

But that technique will serve as “a check, a redundancy,” said Christopher Pearson, a research fellow at the University of Otago in New Zealand who consulted with Nepal on the project. The pathbreaking part of the effort will come through the second method, which relies on a combination of readings from a satellite navigation system and a complex model of sea level.

Ozone hole at its smallest due to abnormal weather patterns

  Ozone hole at its smallest due to abnormal weather patterns The hole in the ozone layer above Antarctica has shrunk to its smallest since it was first discovered in the 1980s due to abnormal weather patterns, according to NASA. Roughly seven to 25 miles above Earth's surface, the ozone layer shields the planet from potentially harmful ultraviolet radiation that can cause skin cancer and cataracts, suppress immune systems and also damage plants. © Press Release The Antarctic ozone hole is at its smallest since records began. Pic: NASA Back in 2001, scientists at NASA said they located the largest ozone hole ever recorded, covering 11.

Mount Everest is called the world ' s highest mountain because it has the "highest elevation above sea level." No other mountain on Earth has a higher altitude. However, some mountains might be considered " taller " (with taller being "the total vertical distance between their base and their summit").

The world ' s tallest mountain was named after British surveyor George Everest in 1856, when a trigonometric survey put its height at 8,840 "China, in its border talks with Nepal , has always been demanding to measure the rock height without snow of Mount Everest ," Gopal Giri, a government

Enter Gautam, a 15-year veteran of the survey department. The 35-year-old had already summitted Everest once before in 2011. This time, however, his four-person team was carrying 90 pounds of equipment in addition to their regular climbing gear. They planned their ascent to arrive at the summit in the middle of the night so their work would not be disturbed by other climbers.

a couple of people that are standing in the snow: Nepali surveyor Khim Lal Gautam (right) at the summit of Mount Everest in the early hours of May 22. On his left is a satellite navigation device to measure the mountain’s peak. © Khim Lal Gautam/Khim Lal Gautam Nepali surveyor Khim Lal Gautam (right) at the summit of Mount Everest in the early hours of May 22. On his left is a satellite navigation device to measure the mountain’s peak.

While most climbers limit their time at the roof of the world to descend quickly from the “death zone,” Gautam and his team “did not have that privilege,” he recalled. They stayed at the summit for an hour and 45 minutes, taking readings with a Global Navigation Satellite System device and a ground-penetrating radar that can gauge the difference between the actual rock summit and the snow that covers it.

Wearing bulky mittens against the extreme cold, Gautam and his team couldn’t operate the small knobs on their equipment. So they took off the mittens and worked in fleece gloves instead. For weeks afterward, Gautam had no sensation in his fingers. The frigid temperatures also damaged his feet: He lost the tip of his left big toe to frostbite and now wears only sandals, rather than shoes.

North Korea's Kim orders demolition of South-built resort

  North Korea's Kim orders demolition of South-built resort North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has condemned a flagship tourist development with the South as an eyesore and ordered its demolition, state media reported Wednesday, in a stark illustration of dire relations between Pyongyang and Seoul. The Mount Kumgang tourist complex was built by Southern company Hyundai Asan in the North on one of the peninsula's most scenic mountains, drawing hundreds of thousands of Southern visitors.But tours came to an abrupt end in 2008 after a North Korean soldier shot dead a Southern tourist who strayed off the approved path and Seoul suspended travel.

There are two mountains that could claim the title of the world ' s tallest . The summit of Mount Everest is higher above sea level than the summit of any other mountain , but Mauna Kea is the tallest when measured from base to summit.

Did Mount Everest shrink after Nepal 's massive 2015 earthquake? To clear up these frequently raised questions once and for all, the Nepalese government has kicked off the long and arduous mission of re- measuring the height of the world ' s tallest peak.

On the descent, all their food and water was gone, and Gautam’s colleague ran out of oxygen, a life-threatening situation. Their climbing guide managed to borrow a bottle from another Sherpa who was heading up the mountain, Gautam said, saving his colleague’s life.

Although the data they carried with them on the way down weighed nothing, “its preciousness made it so heavy,” said Gautam.

Gallery: The most magical places on Earth (Love Exploring)

Yet the satellite readings from the Everest expedition are not sufficient. They give the mountain’s “ellipsoidal” height — the height of the summit above a smoothed geometric model of the Earth. The readings do not reveal an object’s precise height above sea level.

Judging exactly where sea level would begin beneath Everest’s massive tons of rock turns out to be a key question. Generating the model of sea level required lugging a gravimeter, which is carried in a large suitcase-like box, to 297 spots in Nepal. “We have to be cautious and drive slowly,” Dangol said. At each measuring point, the machine must be calibrated before taking readings for two sessions of three minutes each.

The data collection will be completed next month, Dangol said. Then the processing will begin: six people, sitting in a room equipped with high-speed computers and specialized software, for three to four months, checking and rechecking the figures. It will be a “closed camp,” Dangol said. Not even he will know the results at first.

Nepal’s effort has been “incredible,” said Pearson, the surveying expert in New Zealand. “Staggeringly, it has all worked, and they have all the information they need to get an accurate height.”

Dangol is already looking forward to next year, when Nepal plans to unveil Everest’s new height — both the rock height and the snow height, down to the centimeter. That will be “kind of like a thesis defense,” he said.

Even the loss of part of his toe did not dull Gautam’s pride in his work. “We are so happy because we finished our difficult task,” he said. “I was ready to take [a] risk for the nation.”

[email protected]

Ankit Adhikari contributed to this report.

MSN UK is committed to Empowering the Planet and taking urgent action to protect our environment. We’re supporting Friends of the Earth to help solve the climate crisis - please give generously here or find out more about our campaign here.

Ford recalls Ranger and Everest models from Irish market due to potentially killer fault .
It comes just under a week after BMW Ireland recalled vehicles due to the same safety issue . © FABRICE COFFRINI/AFP/Getty Images BMW The car giant carried out a recall on its 3-Series and 5-Series models manufactured between April 7, 1999 and December 10, 2003. It's understood there are 194 affected vehicles in Ireland.A spokeswoman told the Irish Mirror: "This action relates to the worldwide and already well-publicised Takata airbag recall. Affected owners will receive a letter from BMW Ireland inviting them to contact their local BMW retailer for the work to be carried out.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

usr: 3
This is interesting!