•   
  •   

US News Leaderless rebellion: how social media enables global protests

17:35  26 october  2019
17:35  26 october  2019 Source:   ft.com

Extinction Rebellion plan to disrupt Tube during morning rush-hour

  Extinction Rebellion plan to disrupt Tube during morning rush-hour Extinction Rebellion activists are planning to cause disruption on the London Underground during Thursday's rush-hour.British Transport Police (BTP) are stepping up patrols after the activists announced plans to target the capital's Tube network, as part of their protests demanding action on climate change.

Get your information from social media !” Social media has not only enabled Chile’s protesters to organise themselves better because there are no clear leaders of The protesters learnt their lesson. Now, demonstrations are largely leaderless and decentralised with activists using social media to

Social media also allows a movement in one place to take inspiration from news of revolts in another. The occupation of the airport in Barcelona last week Get your information from social media !” Social media has not only enabled Chile’s protesters to organise themselves better because there are no

HONG KONG, CHINA - 2019/10/24: A Hong Kong masked protester holding a Catalonia flag during the demonstration. Hundreds of masked protesters gathered at Charter Garden in Central to show solidarity with demonstrators in Catalonia fighting for political freedom and in protest against sentences handed down to Catalonian politicians. (Photo by May James/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images) © Getty HONG KONG, CHINA - 2019/10/24: A Hong Kong masked protester holding a Catalonia flag during the demonstration. Hundreds of masked protesters gathered at Charter Garden in Central to show solidarity with demonstrators in Catalonia fighting for political freedom and in protest against sentences handed down to Catalonian politicians. (Photo by May James/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images)

“A single spark can start a prairie fire,” observed Mao Zedong in 1930, as he tried to convince his followers that revolution was possible in China. Almost a century later, Mao’s observation comes to mind as little sparks set off mass demonstrations across the world.

Greta's Green Revolution Moves to Europe's Ballot Boxes

  Greta's Green Revolution Moves to Europe's Ballot Boxes As far-right parties grow across other parts of Europe, Green parties are stalling that march in Austria and Switzerland.Greta Thunberg, the Swedish teenage environmentalist, seems to have done more than just inspire students to take to the streets: Her Fridays for Future revolution is increasingly moving to the European ballot box.

In an age of insurgency, legitimacy is crucial to harnessing the energy of protest , says author Carne Ross.

Media experts say social media has played a significant role in the documentation, organization, and assembly of the large-scale protests . The ongoing protests have remained leaderless , without a main figurehead, unlike the Umbrella Movement, where student leader Joshua Wong often publicly

In Lebanon, the trigger for protests was a tax on WhatsApp messages. In Chile it was a rise in metro fares. In France, the gilets jaunes protests that began last year were set off by a rise in petrol taxes. Elsewhere, the roots of popular revolt are more clearly political. In Hong Kong, it was an attempt to allow extradition of criminal suspects to China. In Algeria, where mass protests have been going on for most of the year, it was an announcement that Abdelaziz Bouteflika, the ailing president, intended to run for a fifth term.

The mass protests that have broken out during the past year in Asia, Europe, Africa, Latin America and the Middle East share other important characteristics. They are usually leaderless rebellions, whose organisation and principles are not set out in a little red book or thrashed out in party meetings, but instead emerge on social media. These are revolts that are convened by smartphone and inspired by hashtags, rather than guided by party leaders and slogans drafted by central committees.

Gardai issue warning as car flips over on wet Dublin road in frightening crash

  Gardai issue warning as car flips over on wet Dublin road in frightening crash Gardai issue warning as car flips over on wet Dublin road in frightening crashOfficers shared the image from the single car collision on Twitter and urged motorists to take care while driving in wet conditions.

Protestors expect a large turnout on 1 July, the anniversary of Hong Kong's return to China. Real-time voting. Many of the calls to protest are made anonymously, on message boards and in group chats The demonstrators say technology has made this a leaderless protest movement. Hidden identity.

Social media and the explosion of access to information is reordering hierarchies of knowledge and The leaderless nature of many of the protests makes them harder for authoritarian governments to Who is protesting ? This month’s protests in Iraq were leaderless but mostly driven by young and

The rallying power of social media is a crucial enabler for leaderless movements. When the Hong Kong demonstrations broke out in June, Joshua Wong — the most high-profile democracy activist in the territory — was in jail. In Moscow, a month later, the Russian government moved swiftly to arrest Alexander Navalny, a leading opposition figure, but demonstrations continued without him. In Lebanon, France and Chile, authorities have searched in vain for ringleaders.

Across the world, demonstrators are using similar technologies to organise and spread their messages. Messaging services that offer end-to-end encryption — such as Telegram— are hard to spy on and are very popular. Facebook groups and Twitter allow amorphous protest movements to crowdsource ideas and articulate grievances.

Social media also allows a movement in one place to take inspiration from news of revolts in another. The occupation of the airport in Barcelona last week was a tactic borrowed from Hong Kong. Hong Kong demonstrators have been seen carrying the Catalan flag.

Extinction Rebellion Need To Stop Disrupting Commuters And Start Targeting The Real Enemy

  Extinction Rebellion Need To Stop Disrupting Commuters And Start Targeting The Real Enemy Seeing Extinction Rebellion protesters pulled from the roof of trains in Canning Town Station this morning is a horrific sight. It’s horrific because, despite their faults, I support Extinction Rebellion. For all the things they’ve got wrong, they have contributed, along with the school strikers, to an explosion in public climate concern, now running at the highest level since records began. I hope that we are at the very start of a massive change that they have helped catalyse. I don’t want to see their activists getting hurt. I also know that hundreds, if not thousands of XR activists tried to stop the tube actions from happening.

Extinction Rebellion (abbreviated as XR) is a global environmental movement with the stated aim of using nonviolent civil disobedience to compel government action to avoid tipping points in the climate

Either way, you would agree it’s a social media event. The movement has been largely leaderless , unlike most mass protests that are inspired and Executive councilor Regina Ip showed her lack of understanding of social media when she said the Facebook conversations proved the protesters

Video: Hong Kong pro-democracy protesters rally in support of Catalan separatists

The often leaderless quality of the revolts also makes them hard to either suppress or negotiate with. Different mass movements claiming to represent the “will of the people” can have contradictory demands — so the gilets jaunes’ demand for lower fuel taxes contradicts the calls from another mass protest movement that has taken to the streets across the west, the climate activists of Extinction Rebellion.

Without firm leadership, there is also a risk that demonstrations will degenerate into violence between police and protesters — alienating middle ground supporters and making it easier for governments to justify a further crackdown. This was the pattern in France — and now in Hong Kong and Chile. But it is not always the case. Demonstrations in Russia and Algeria have remained largely peaceful.

Extinction Rebellion 'regretful' after violence breaks out during Canning Town Tube station protests

  Extinction Rebellion 'regretful' after violence breaks out during Canning Town Tube station protests They said one of their activists responded in self defence 'in a moment of panic'Extinction Rebellion has said it is "regretful" for the violence which occurred this morning during a Tube station protest in London, where two activists were pulled from the roof of a train.

Carne Ross is the author of 'The Leaderless Revolution: How ordinary people will take power and change politics in the 21st century' - to be published in the UK This video foreshadows Bill Moyers’s interview with Carne Ross about “The Leaderless Revolution” to be broadcast nationally from April 6th.

Protests take many different forms. Some thoughtful analysts highlight the emergence of protests led by apparently spontaneous, largely leaderless social Long-Term Enabling Factors. This analysis of triggers provides a better understanding of the major near-term impulses fueling recent protests .

The biggest risk for the leaderless revolts, however, is that they will simply fail. Of the uprisings this year, probably only the revolt in Sudan achieved a clear success — with the toppling in April of the dictatorship of Omar al-Bashir.

Chile: can't pay, won’t pay

Demonstrators march with flags and signs during a protest against Chile's state economic model in Santiago, Chile October 25, 2019. REUTERS/Ivan Alvarado © Reuters Demonstrators march with flags and signs during a protest against Chile's state economic model in Santiago, Chile October 25, 2019. REUTERS/Ivan Alvarado

As a Chilean TV reporter attempted to interview protesters heading towards a demonstration in Santiago on Wednesday, one young girl elbowed him and shouted directly into the camera: “Turn off your televisions, the media lie! Get your information from social media!”

Social media has not only enabled Chile’s protesters to organise themselves better because there are no clear leaders of the demonstrations that spontaneously broke out in the country this week, but also because there is no single cause that unites them.

What started as a complaint about a rise in metro fares has ballooned into a multifarious protest over a host of grievances. “One protester might be banging their pots because of pensions, another because of student debt, and yet another because they just can’t take it any more,” says Robert Funk, a political scientist at the University of Chile. “We each have real complaints. If you target the message correctly, you can gather all those complaints into one cause or movement.”

They're back: Extinction Rebellion protesters build pyramid in Oxford Circus

  They're back: Extinction Rebellion protesters build pyramid in Oxford Circus Extinction Rebellion protesters have built a pyramid in Oxford Circus - as activists who halted trains by climbing on them yesterday appear in court. Protesters blocked off the junction on the UK's busiest shopping street with banners before quickly erecting bamboo poles in a pyramid shape, with a tree branch hanging from the middle of it.Some of the protesters locked themselves to the structure to raise awareness of the climate emergency.Others attached themselves to each other with pipes as they lay on the ground around the pyramid with Extinction Rebellion flags on them.

‘Hong Kong Reddit’: how leaderless extradition protests took a lead from social media . Online platforms such as LIHKG and Telegram play a key role in helping protesters coordinate their moves and stay on message. Anonymity gives peace of mind, while coded language identifies ‘outsiders’.

HONG KONG — Pay attention to Hong Kong. The three months of protests here speak volumes about the state of democracy today — how the human quest for freedom can’t be snuffed out, even by the most powerful autocratic systems

Given that the demands of the protesters are diffuse and often symbolic makes it hard for the government of President Sebastián Piñera — which has offered some concessions— to provide solutions. Worse still, it is not even clear who they need to negotiate with.

Demonstrators hold posters depicting Chilean President Sebastian Pinera during a protest against Chile's state economic model in Santiago, Chile October 25, 2019. REUTERS/Pablo Sanhueza © Reuters Demonstrators hold posters depicting Chilean President Sebastian Pinera during a protest against Chile's state economic model in Santiago, Chile October 25, 2019. REUTERS/Pablo Sanhueza

Catalonia: links to regional power

The protests in Catalonia have been in part co-ordinated by an anonymous online platform known as Tsunami Democràtic, but the role of the regional government is also highly contentious.

The pro-independence Catalan administration is furious at prison sentences handed out this month to nine separatist leaders for their part in an illegal 2017 referendum and declaration of independence. As a result, Quim Torra, the head of the regional government, has urged the demonstrators to take to the streets and has himself participated in blocking a highway.

Video: Catalonia protests: key moments from a week of unrest (The Guardian)

He has declared his support for Tsunami Democràtic, which has used Twitter and Telegram to instruct activists where to protest, and the so-called Committees for the Defence of the Republic, a network of radical separatist groups also involved in the demonstrations.

President Michael D Higgins hits out at climate change deniers

  President Michael D Higgins hits out at climate change deniers President Michael D Higgins hits out at climate change deniers as well as highlighting the dangers posed by populists who use nationalism to further their aims.To mark the 1000th issue of Hot Press magazine the President, who was once a regular columnist, spoke about climate change, environmental campaigner Greta Thunberg and the threat posed by the alt-right.Mr Higgins also took the environmental fight to Donald Trump and his fellow climate change deniers while outlining his proposals for a greener planet that works for everyone.

However, few revolutions remain leaderless —which is exactly why it is very important to understand that the diffused nature of this revolution is hardly an inoculation against the emergence of this dynamic; in fact, it might even contain the seeds of extreme hierarchy.

Social media marketing is our passion; we believe in social attraction and the power of communities and bringing this magic to life is what gets us up in the We know Rochelle recognises a good thing when she sees it - she was the first to sign ‘ How To Dad’, and is a valuable committee member of the

Politicians in Madrid speculate that Tsunami Democràtic was set up to distance Catalan separatist leaders from legal responsibility for the protests. Pablo Casado, the leader of Spain’s centre-right opposition, has called on prosecutors to investigate any links between Mr Torra and both groups.

Government officials also suggest that Tsunami Democràtic may have had outside help, hinting that its sophisticated app, to which the authorities have now banned access in Spain, may have been developed with the aid of Russia.

Catalan separatists dismiss such suggestions as smear tactics. “The central government has made us separatists, by insulting us, by not treating us seriously,” says Jordi, a middle-aged professional at last week’s protests who did not want to give his surname.

Catalan pro-independence demonstrators attend a protest to call for the release of jailed separatist leaders in Barcelona, Spain, October 26, 2019. REUTERS/Albert Gea © Reuters Catalan pro-independence demonstrators attend a protest to call for the release of jailed separatist leaders in Barcelona, Spain, October 26, 2019. REUTERS/Albert Gea

In recent days the violence has subsided and relatively established Catalan activist organisations — principally two NGOs called Omnium and the Catalan National Assembly — have taken the lead in organising demonstrations planned for this weekend.

Hong Kong: shapeless protest

Anti-government demonstrators attend a protest in Hong Kong’s Chater Garden, China, October 26, 2019. REUTERS/Umit Bektas © Reuters Anti-government demonstrators attend a protest in Hong Kong’s Chater Garden, China, October 26, 2019. REUTERS/Umit Bektas

“Be formless, shapeless, like water” has been a rallying cry of almost five months of protests that have rocked Hong Kong. The slogan, originally coined by the city’s most famous son and kung-fu movie star Bruce Lee, embodies the nimble and creative strategies of protesters who have no leader and mostly mobilise through social media.

Hong Kong’s worst political crisis in decades, triggered by the controversial extradition bill, has evolved into a youth-led movement demanding universal suffrage. Many protesters experienced their political awakening during the pro-democracy demonstrations of 2014 now known as the Umbrella Movement — which ended in failure, with several of its leaders imprisoned.

Hong Kong withdraws controversial extradition bill

  Hong Kong withdraws controversial extradition bill The Hong Kong government has withdrawn the controversial extradition bill that sparked months of protests and violence. Security secretary John Lee said on Wednesday: "I now formally announce the withdrawal of the bill."However, he refused to take questions from pro-democracy politicians.The extradition bill allowed extraditions from Hong Kong to mainland China.Hong Kong's leader Carrie Lam had proposed amendments to extradition legislation to try to resolve a case involving a man wanted for murder in self-ruled Taiwan, who could not be sent to face charges because there was no extradition agreement.

Social , Political, Economic and Environmental Issues That Affect Us All. In three weeks, the leaderless , organic movement has put out shoots in San Francisco, Seattle, Los Angeles, Chicago and Boston, drawing hundreds, more often thousands, to protest the 2008 financial crash 'caused by

The protesters learnt their lesson. Now, demonstrations are largely leaderless and decentralised with activists using social media to co-ordinate and mobilise anonymously in the shadow of China’s rapidly-expanding surveillance state. Once an idea gains traction online, smaller groups spin off to co-ordinate specific actions.

Hong Kong protesters wave the Catalonia independence flag or ''Estelada'' in support of demonstrators in Spain's Catalonia region during a rally in Hong Kong on Thursday, Oct. 24, 2019. Organizers billed the Thursday night event as a show of solidarity for the Catalan movement, which was sparked by fury over lengthy prison sentences for leaders of the region's separatist movement. (AP Photo/Mark Schiefelbein) © AP Hong Kong protesters wave the Catalonia independence flag or ''Estelada'' in support of demonstrators in Spain's Catalonia region during a rally in Hong Kong on Thursday, Oct. 24, 2019. Organizers billed the Thursday night event as a show of solidarity for the Catalan movement, which was sparked by fury over lengthy prison sentences for leaders of the region's separatist movement. (AP Photo/Mark Schiefelbein)

Posters are shared in Telegram chat groups to thousands of followers, who print them out and post them around the city. Crowdfunding campaigns have raised more than $15m to pay for medical bills, legal fees and advertisements in international papers. And in a city where the iPhone is ubiquitous, Apple’s Airdrop function allows information to spread rapidly at protests, where people track police movements with regularly updated live maps. GitHub pages compile video feeds from news broadcasters for supporters watching at home.

As the movement has evolved, radical protesters also use social media to gauge public opinion, adjusting and explaining the intensity of their violence to avoid alienating moderate supporters.

Lebanon: protest over WhatsApp

An anti-government protester displays the words © AP An anti-government protester displays the words "Revolution" left, and "Lebanon" right, in Arabic on her hands, as she sits on the ground to block a road in Beirut, Lebanon, Saturday, Oct. 26, 2019. The removal of the roadblocks on Saturday comes on the tenth day of protests in which protesters have called for civil disobedience until the government steps down. (AP Photo/Bilal Hussein)

The protests sweeping Lebanon were sparked by a government plan to place a tax on WhatsApp calls but quickly morphed into a revolt against the country’s leaders, blamed for bringing it to the brink of economic collapse.

In towns and villages across the country, Christians, Sunnis, Shia and Druze have come out in a leaderless uprising to demand the ousting of all leaders, with no exception. “All Means All” is one of the slogans emblazoned on placards.

Twitter hashtags such as #LebanonProtests have helped mobilise protesters, spread news and share memes, videos, opinions and above all scathing sarcasm targeting politicians seen as kleptocratic, arrogant and inept. And after more than a week on the streets, there is no sign the protests are fizzling out as the Lebanese continue to demand the resignation of the power-sharing government headed by Saad al-Hariri, the Sunni Muslim prime minister.

Many are calling for the abolition of the political system intended to ensure a share of power for each of the country’s religious communities, arguing that it has given militia leaders from the civil war which ended in 1990 and their clans feudal-like powers over the country. 

Gallery: Photos of the day (Reuters)

a man wearing a suit and tie: Facebook Chairman and CEO Mark Zuckerberg testifies in front of a projection of a 'Zuck Buck' at a House Financial Services Committee hearing examining the company's plan to launch a digital currency on Capitol Hill in Washington. REUTERS/Erin Scott

An often-repeated demand is the replacement of the government with a cabinet of technocrats to steer the country towards elections on the basis of a new nonsectarian electoral law.

Mr Hariri unveiled a package of economic measures which promise some reforms and do not include any new taxes. But this has been deemed inadequate by the protesters.

MSN UK is committed to Empowering the Planet and taking urgent action to protect our environment. We’re supporting Friends of the Earth to help solve the climate crisis - please give generously here or find out more about our campaign here.

Hong Kong withdraws controversial extradition bill .
The Hong Kong government has withdrawn the controversial extradition bill that sparked months of protests and violence. Security secretary John Lee said on Wednesday: "I now formally announce the withdrawal of the bill."However, he refused to take questions from pro-democracy politicians.The extradition bill allowed extraditions from Hong Kong to mainland China.Hong Kong's leader Carrie Lam had proposed amendments to extradition legislation to try to resolve a case involving a man wanted for murder in self-ruled Taiwan, who could not be sent to face charges because there was no extradition agreement.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

usr: 13
This is interesting!