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US News Meghan, Kate, and the Architecture of Misogyny

16:45  16 january  2020
16:45  16 january  2020 Source:   msn.com

Sir Elton John is 'supporting' Prince Harry and Duchess Meghan

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Misogyny is “a social and political phenomenon with psychological, structural, and institutional manifestations”. And we should evaluate those The dynamic element of misogyny explains why the progress of some women in some spheres does not only not eradicate misogyny but can in fact

Down Girl: The Logic of Misogyny is a book by Kate Manne, treating misogyny in the tradition of analytic Feminist philosophy. The book won the Association of American Publishers 2019 PROSE Award in Philosophy (as one category in the Humanities)

  Meghan, Kate, and the Architecture of Misogyny © Getty

Editor’s note: The opinions in this article are the author’s, as published by our content partner, and do not represent the views of MSN or Microsoft.

Are you Team Kate or Team Meghan? If you’re anything like me, you don’t want to pick a side—and you don’t think there should be “sides” at all. Yet ever since Meghan Markle married Prince Harry, parts of the media have pitted the former actor against her sister-in-law.

Where Kate Middleton was once depicted as a dull social climber, she is now presented as the epitome of female virtue: a respectable, silent, discreet, and selfless mother. Meghan must therefore be her opposite—a political, manipulative, “woke” careerist.

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  Harry, Meghan and Britain’s new culture war The culture war previously known as Brexit has flared up in the responses to the departure of Harry and Meghan from their roles as senior royals. Editor’s note: The opinions in this article are the author’s, as published by our content partner, and do not represent the views of MSN or Microsoft.

Sprinkle some good ol’ misogyny and ‘blame it on the woman’ attitude and there you have it – the perfect recipe for disaster where Meghan Markle Nsenga Burton, a professor at Emory University in Atlanta who specializes in the intersection of race, class, gender and the media told CNN on January

As an even more common commoner than her ‘rival’ – and a black woman – the Duchess of Sussex never stood a chance.

Essentially, the two duchesses have been assigned to opposite sides of the culture war. All kinds of seemingly unrelated items have become symbols of one side or the other—quinoa, avocados, the English flag, attitudes toward the death penalty—and now Kate and Meghan have been conscripted too.

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More on this story:

Harry and Meghan told they're 'not welcome' in Canada (Evening Standard)

Revealed: Meghan targeted by racist messages (HuffPost UK)

Queen back in her role as 'crisis manager' (Washington Post)

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Kate is held up as an icon for traditionalists, metaphorically baking cookies (as Hillary Clinton once said stay-at-home mothers do), while Meghan has become the emblem of modern womanhood, outspoken and socially progressive. Never mind that they might just be following their own personalities and interests; they have become representatives of two distinct political positions. By carving up the messiness of female lives into a stark binary, the choices open to all women—not just Meghan and Kate—are limited.

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What is misogyny , exactly? Who deserves to be called a misogynist ? This book is an exploration of misogyny in public life and politics, by the moral philosopher and writer Kate Manne. It argues that misogyny should not be understood primarily in terms of the hatred or hostility some men feel toward

Meghan , Duchess of Sussex (born Rachel Meghan Markle; August 4, 1981) is an American member of the British royal family and former actress.

  Meghan, Kate, and the Architecture of Misogyny © Getty

Women’s lives provide a particularly vivid arena for the clash between traditionalism and modernity because we love to interpret women’s choices as commentary on other women’s choices. The Meghan-versus-Kate clash has echoes of the “Mommy Wars,” the feminist shorthand for how every decision made by a mother is interpreted as a rebuke to other mothers who choose differently—breast- versus bottle-feeding, C-section versus “natural birth,” stay-at-home mother versus “supermom.” (It is notable that Prince William and Prince Harry, despite their own different temperaments and approaches, are not being turned into cultural avatars in the same way.)

Gallery: Royals who gave up their titles (Lovemoney)

Wallis Simpson, Edward VIII of the United Kingdom are posing for a picture: Following Prince Harry and Meghan Markle's shock announcement that they are stepping back as 'senior' royals this January, there has been growing speculation as to whether they will go as far as giving up their titles altogether. But it's nothing new: by choice, law or the result of scandal, a surprising number of kings, queens, princes and princesses have forgone their privileges and given up their titles, including Harry's great grandfather, the former King Edward VIII (pictured). Click or scroll through as we look at some notable cases, and what happened next. 

There is a long tradition of regulating female behavior by defining women in opposition to one another. It is a familiar pattern in the coverage of American first ladies too: Think Laura Bush versus Clinton or Melania Trump versus Michelle Obama. While researching my history of feminism, Difficult Women, I was struck by a pattern in which “good girls” are promised an escape from misogyny, as long as they are docile and conformist—a pattern that has race- and class-based overtones. When Christabel Pankhurst and Annie Kenney staged the first suffragette protest, in Manchester in 1905, a newspaper article about the ensuing court case condemned their behavior—they shouted and spat at policemen—saying it resembled that of women “from the slums.” The report added: “It was regrettable that such a charge should be brought against persons who ought, at least, to be able to control themselves.” The aristocrat Lady Constance Bulwer-Lytton, another suffragette, wrote in her memoir that upper-class women were inculcated with “a maiming subserviency … so conditional to their very existence that it becomes an aim in itself, an ideal.”

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Meghan Markle and Kate Middleton’s handwriting reveals crucial differences between the pair in terms of how they control their emotions, said a handwriting

Meghan reportedly made Kate cry following following "Princess Charlotte's bridesmaid dress fitting" for Meghan and Harry's May 2018 wedding. The Christmas fight between Kate Middleton and Meghan Markle is allegedly more layered than one might think. It all started when Harry expressed anger

a couple of people that are talking to each other © KGC-09 / STAR MAX / IPx 2019 via AP Kate has now been anointed as the standard-bearer of that ideal. Tabloid headlines about her have become noticeably kinder since Prince Harry’s relationship with Meghan was announced. She was once deemed vulgar and hopelessly bourgeois, a schemer who chose to study at the University of St Andrews in Scotland precisely to ensnare Prince William. She and her younger sibling Pippa were the “wisteria sisters”—“highly decorative, terribly fragrant and with a ferocious ability to climb.”

How times change. Kate is now the woman against whom Meghan is judged and found wanting. “Of all the pictures published in this tumultuous week for the Royal Family, one stood out for me,” the Daily Mail’s Amanda Platell wrote on January 10. “It was of a smiling mother-of-three in jeans and a jumper … No tears or tantrums here, just a woman happy with her lot and who understands how to behave as a royal.” (Platell, like many other columnists in British right-wing newspapers, is a recent convert to Katemania, having previously condemned her “wardrobe malfunctions,” long hair, approach to parenting, and flight-attendant mother.)

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Meghan Markle and Kate Middleton may rarely do engagements together, but their working relationship behind the scenes is supportive and duty-focused, sources made clear to ELLE.com. But in addition to that, both Meghan and Kate share an interest in the arts and the importance of arts education.

Misogyny is not a matter of individual attitudes or sexist hatred of women, and in fact it is entirely consistent to claim that misogynist acts can be committed The introduction and first few chapters of Manne’s book introduce these basic ideas and other such motivating instances of misogynist hostility.

A timeline of Harry and Meghan's romance (Photos)

This new valorization of Kate is racially inflected, because Britain’s most durable template of respectable womanhood—the “English rose”—is much less accessible to anyone foreign or dark-skinned. The language used to indicate Meghan’s blackness has been noted by some writers, even as it fails to register with many white Britons: She is “exotic,” “urban,” “straight outta Compton.” The author Afua Hirsch told NPR that mixed-race people see in the coverage of Meghan “very colonial narratives about how we should be so grateful that we were allowed in.” But this “English rose” framing is not an unalloyed benefit for those anointed as the “right” kind of women, either. If minority and working-class women are attacked for being unruly and ungrateful—for not knowing their place—their wealthier white sisters are, in the feminist theorist Catharine MacKinnon’s description, dismissed as “effete, pampered, privileged, protected, flighty, and self-indulgent.”

Related: 'Black Britons know why Meghan wants out'

The pro-Meghan side has also embraced the culture war. She has been presented as a symbol of change—the first person of color in the royal family, an avowed feminist, a divorcée, and a woman with a successful career of her own. But as Nesrine Malik, the author of We Need New Stories, has argued, the radicalism of an actor marrying an aristocrat has often been overstated as a marker of progress. “When black and brown voices heralded the Meghan-Harry wedding as some sort of watershed moment on race it was, to use a problematic word, problematic,” she wrote. Inevitably, there are those who argue that any criticism of Meghan must be driven by racism. Although some of it undoubtedly is, Britain also has a long tradition of deeming royal women unsuitable— yet pointing this out is taken as denialism and white obliviousness.

As a result, much current commentary reads less like scrutiny of the specific situation at hand and more like artillery barrages in a proxy war. The real subject is anxiety over female emancipation and women’s roles in public life. In this framing, any praise for one duchess must be a negative commentary on the other. To be pro-Meghan is to be anti-Kate, and vice versa. Everyone is invited to pick a side, as if choosing a sports team. It is part of a broader trend where political discussions morph into something closer to battles between fandoms.

The trouble with a culture war—the reason there’s never a ceasefire—is that everyone gets what they want from it. One side prides itself on “defending traditional values,” speaking the plain truth about snowflake-Millennial duchesses and sticking up for the Queen (What did she do to deserve this?). The other sees itself as championing diversity and progressive values, standing up to racism and calling out the excesses of the media. Television and radio programs get inflammatory debates; participants burnish their in-group membership; big political arguments are thrashed out on-screen alongside pictures of attractive celebrities in lovely clothes.

But all women lose when women’s lives are boiled down to these simple binaries: selfless mother against ruthless careerist. Meghan is a mother too. Kate has political interests, such as mental health and early-childhood education. Both have nannies and live in homes worth millions. Not everything they do is “sending a signal” or “making a statement”; some of their personal choices are just that: personal choices. By focusing only on the differences between them, we lose sight of the institutions—the royal family and the architecture of misogyny—that constrain them both.

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Kate's on tour! Duchess of Cambridge continues her 24-hour tour of Britain as Royal Family pushes ahead with life after Megxit - while Meghan shares photos of her visit to London dog rescue centre before she left UK .
Mother-of-three Kate, 38, visited Cardiff this morning to attend a baby sensory class at the Ely and Careau Children's Centre where she will hear about the support that parents receive. The centre provides support services to children and their families and helps youngsters with special needs in addition to offering adult education, parenting support and community education teams.

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