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US News Unusually large and deep ozone hole forms over the North Pole

04:35  02 april  2020
04:35  02 april  2020 Source:   washingtonpost.com

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Such ozone holes over the North Pole aren’t triggered by aerosols and their chemical destruction processes like over Antarctica, but just dispersed by But this year, the stratosphere over the North Pole is abnormally cold. Stratospheric clouds can form while sunlight reaches the pole , triggering

SWE said these small ozone holes over the North Pole do not develop because of a chemical destruction process, like over the Antarctic due "By late February and March when sunlight reaches the pole , the stratosphere over the north pole is usually not cold enough anymore to produce these

  Unusually large and deep ozone hole forms over the North Pole

There’s a new, albeit temporary, ozone hole to pay attention to, and it’s a lot closer to the United States than the more widely known one over the South Pole.

Because of an unusually strong polar vortex in the winter — which helped prevent Arctic air from infiltrating the midlatitudes and contributing to major snowstorms, conditions were ripe in the winter for the destruction of stratospheric ozone high above the Arctic, at altitudes of about 30,000 to 60,000 feet. This has resulted in an area of depleted ozone at the end of the winter season, also referred to as an ozone hole.

The protective ozone layer is responsible for blocking harmful ultraviolet radiation from the sun, which can cause skin cancer. However, the low levels of ozone across the Arctic are expected to be relatively short-lived, as the polar vortex — a low-pressure area surrounded by powerful winds in the upper atmosphere, which bottles up ultracold air near its center — breaks down for the spring and summer.

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An ozone hole is an area of the ozone layer that is seasonally depleted of the protective gas—such as the well-known hole over Ozone -depleted air can catch a ride south to more highly populated areas with the Arctic polar Rare, unusually large ozone hole develops over the Arctic-Canadian region.

These “mini” ozone holes over the North pole do not form because of a chemical destruction process. Here the ozone is not destroyed, but just That dispersion reduces ozone concentrations over larger areas, creating a hole in the ozone layer, which can be just as harmful as its larger counterpart over

Video: Rare, Record-Breaking Ozone Hole Opens Up Over the Arctic (Amaze Lab)

The record-low ozone levels for the Arctic in the month of March and early April cover an area that stretches from northern Scandinavia to far northwestern Canada. Ozone levels also hit record lows during early December. The low levels represent more of an unusual phenomenon for this region than an acute public health danger, considering how fleeting it will be and how few people live in the high Arctic. In addition, the sun angle is still low at such high latitudes. 

“From my point of view, this is the first time you can speak about a real ozone hole in the Arctic,” Martin Dameris, an atmospheric scientist at the German Aerospace Center in Oberpfaffenhofen, told Nature News.

Unusually large and deep ozone hole forms over the North Pole

  Unusually large and deep ozone hole forms over the North Pole A stronger than usual polar vortex provided the right ingredients for stratospheric ozone to be destroyed in the winter.Because of an unusually strong polar vortex in the winter — which helped prevent Arctic air from infiltrating the midlatitudes and contributing to major snowstorms, conditions were ripe in the winter for the destruction of stratospheric ozone high above the Arctic, at altitudes of about 30,000 to 60,000 feet. This has resulted in an area of depleted ozone at the end of the winter season, also referred to as an ozone hole.

An animation of ozone concentrations and mini ozone hole formation over the North pole , from NASA/GMAO. Cruise to the North Pole with Poseidon Expeditions - Продолжительность: 8:14 Poseidon Expeditions Recommended for you.

The North Pole is the northernmost point on the Earth, lying diametrically opposite the South Pole . Watching high above the sky, and deep below the ground. Rare, unusually large ozone hole develops over the Arctic-Canadian region. Winter ends with an all-out snowstorm for parts of

Nearly every year over the South Pole, extreme cold provides the right conditions needed for ozone-destroying chemicals, including chlorine and bromine, which are emitted by human activities such as the use of refrigerants, to break down ozone molecules.

Depiction of the region of maximum ozone depletion over the North Pole on March 31, 2020. Purple and blue colors are where there is the least ozone, and the yellows and reds are where there is more ozone. (NASA Ozone Watch) © NASA Ozone Watch Depiction of the region of maximum ozone depletion over the North Pole on March 31, 2020. Purple and blue colors are where there is the least ozone, and the yellows and reds are where there is more ozone. (NASA Ozone Watch) The ozone hole at the South Pole forms because temperatures get cold enough there for these chemical reactions to take place so efficiently in the complete darkness of polar night. Clouds that form in the frigid polar stratosphere aid in the destruction of ozone as well. 

However, in the Arctic, it’s rare to get conditions that are primed for ozone destruction over long periods of time. This is because the polar vortex often wobbles off-kilter or breaks down, raising stratospheric temperatures and halting or slowing ozone destruction.

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The ozone hole appeared first over the colder Antarctic because the ozone -destroying chemical process works best in cold conditions. News about the ozone hole that forms over Antarctica each October has spread around the world. The ozone hole can be as big as 1.5 times larger than the

Largest -ever ozone hole observed over antarctica. For color images of the ozone hole and stratospheric temperature information as observed by NOAA satellites: http While this ozone hole was very deep with an average September OMD comparable to the previous three years

The winter featured an unusually stable and strong polar vortex. Whereas the discussion in Washington and other cities in the midlatitudes was about the lack of cold and snow, high above the Arctic, it was a truly brutal and unrelenting winter, and the loss of protective ozone is a side effect.

Gallery: Facts to know about the ozone layer (Photo Services)

Ozone levels in the Arctic and Antarctic are measured by weather balloons released from observation stations. This year, these efforts were given a boost by an icebreaker called the Polarstern, which is spending a year trapped in sea ice. The balloons launched from around the region measured a precipitous drop in ozone, below levels seen in two particularly noteworthy seasons: 1997 and 2011. 

The Montreal Protocol, which was ratified in 1988 and widely viewed as the most successful international environmental treaty to date, mandates the reduction in use of substances that deplete the ozone layer. However, the healing process, particularly in the Southern Hemisphere, is slow, illustrating the importance of swift action only a few years after scientists discovered the ozone losses and the reasons behind it in the late 1970s and early to mid-1980s.


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