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US News Japan celebrates the 75th anniversary of the first atomic bomb in Hiroshima

07:15  06 august  2020
07:15  06 august  2020 Source:   pressfrom.com

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Bells have tolled in Hiroshima , Japan , to mark the 75 th anniversary of the dropping of the world's first atomic bomb . On 6 August 1945, a US bomber dropped the uranium bomb above the city, killing around 140,000 people. Three days later a second nuclear weapon was dropped on Nagasaki.

Bells have tolled in Japan 's Hiroshima for the 75 th anniversary of the world's first atomic bombing , with Hiroshima Mayor Kazumi Matsui delivers a speech during the 75 th - anniversary memorial service for atomic bomb victims at the Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima on August 6, 2020 [Jiji

La ville japonaise de Hiroshima en novembre 1945, trois mois après le bombardement nucléaire © Handout The Japanese city of Hiroshima in November 1945, three months after the nuclear bombing

Japan commemorated the first nuclear attack in history on Thursday , which occurred 75 years ago on August 6, 1945 in Hiroshima, in the particular context of the coronavirus pandemic which forced to limit this year tributes to the victims.

Atomic bomb survivors, descendants of victims, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and some foreign officials participated in the main remembrance ceremony early in the morning in Hiroshima (western Japan), most wearing masks.

Cérémonie marquant le 75e anniversaire du bombardement atomique de Hiroshima, au Japon, le 6 août 2020 © Philip FONG Ceremony marking the 75th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Japan, August 6, 2020

The general public, on the other hand, had not been invited to the event due to Covid-19, and had to just follow the ceremony online. Other events were completely canceled, including the Hiroshima Floating Lantern Ceremony, which was laid at nightfall on August 6 in memory of the victims.

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Keiko Ogura had celebrated her eighth birthday just two days before the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. Ogura tells me that the bomb is the one thing that she will never discuss with her children. And she can trace that reluctance to an incident in the immediate aftermath

Archive footage shows pre- bomb Hiroshima as a bustling, thriving city of trilby-topped gentlemen boarding trams, ladies dressed in elegant kimonos, and uniformed schoolchildren walking beneath cherry Japan will commemorate the 75 th anniversary of the bombing of the two cities on Aug.

Une visiteuse du mémorial de Hiroshima brûle de l'encens pour honorer les victimes de la bombe atomique, le 6 août 2020 © Philip FONG A visitor to the Hiroshima memorial burns incense to honor atomic bomb victims, August 6, 2020

A silent prayer was held at 8:15 am local time (Wednesday 11:15 pm GMT), marking the at the exact moment when the atomic bomb exploded in the sky over Hiroshima, 75 years ago.

"We must never allow this painful past to repeat itself," city mayor Kazumi Matsui said in a speech, calling on civil society to reject the "inward-looking" of nationalism.

"I pledge to do my best for the advent of a world without nuclear weapons and a lasting peace" promised Mr. Abe, often criticized for his intention to revise the pacifist Japanese constitution.

- Eternal debate -

The "Little Boy" bomb killed around 140,000 people in Hiroshima. Many victims were killed instantly, and many more also died from their injuries or from radiation in the weeks and months that followed.

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Keiko Ogura had celebrated her eighth birthday just two days before the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. Ogura tells me that the bomb is the one thing that she will never discuss with her children. And she can trace that reluctance to an incident in the immediate aftermath

HIROSHIMA , Japan — On the 75 th anniversary of the atomic bombing of his city, the mayor of Hiroshima planned to warn the world about the rise of "self-centered nationalism" and appeal for greater international cooperation to overcome the coronavirus pandemic. Support our journalism.

Three days later, a second American A-bomb was dropped on Nagasaki (southwest), causing an additional 74,000 deaths.

These two bombs of a destructive power unprecedented at the time brought Japan to its knees: on August 15, 1945, Emperor Hirohito announced to his subjects the surrender to the Allies, thus signing the end of the Second War global.

However, historians continue to debate whether this double nuclear attack actually saved more lives by hastening the end of the conflict.

Many consider the nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki to be war crimes, given the unprecedented scale of their devastation and the large number of civilian casualties.

- Need for "solidarity" -

The United States has never officially apologized. But in 2016, Barack Obama became the first sitting US president to visit Hiroshima, where he paid tribute to the victims and called for a world without nuclear weapons.

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When the Enola Gay dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima on 6 August, the Japanese ambassador in Moscow was The US invasion of the Japanese home islands was not due until November, so some have argued Truman could have put off the decision to use atomic weapons for

Hiroshima prepared for its annual 'Peace Memorial Ceremony' on Wednesday, as both schoolchildren and survivors visited the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park ahead of the landmark 75 th anniversary of an atomic bomb However, human beings, people in the world destroy nature. Destroying is like war.

Last year, Pope Francis also visited Hiroshima and Nagasaki, to hammer home his total rejection of atomic weapons, which he called a "crime", and to vilify the doctrine of deterrence. nuclear, a "false security" poisoning on the contrary relations between peoples, according to him.

The Secretary General of the United Nations Antonio Guterres regretted in a video message broadcast on Thursday that the objective of eliminating atomic weapons, formulated by the UN from its inception, is still unfinished. "Today, a world without nuclear weapons seems more and more distant," he said.

Some atomic bomb survivors have drawn parallels between their battle with nuclear weapons and the current coronavirus crisis.

"Whether it's the coronavirus or nuclear weapons, the way to overcome (these challenges, editor's note) is solidarity between peoples," Keiko Ogura, an 83-year-old survivor of Hiroshima, recently told reporters.

Some 136,700 survivors from Hiroshima and Nagasaki, called "hibakusha" in Japan, still live today. But with just over 83 years of average age, their strength is diminishing and they seek to pass the baton of witnessing to new generations.

With the help of other activists against atomic weapons, the hibakusha have created archives of their memory, whether in the form of recorded testimonies, poems or drawings.

Despite these initiatives, many fear a loss of interest in their heritage when they are no longer there, although the nuclear threat is still alive.

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